AND TO WAIT FOR HIS SON FROM
HEAVEN: kai anamenein (PAN) ton huion autou ek ton ouranon:
(1Thes 4:16,17; Ge 49:18; Job 19:25, 26, 27; Isa 25:8,9; Lk 2:25; Acts
1:11; 3:21; Ro 2:7; 8:23, 24, 25; 1Co 1:7; Php 3:20; 1Thes 1:7; 2:7; 2Ti
4:1; Titus 2:13; Heb 9:28; 2Pe 3:12,14; Rev 1:7)
And [how you] look forward to and await the coming of His Son from
and to be expectantly waiting for His Son from heaven (Wuest)
The fact that the saints are
actively, eagerly awaiting the Second Coming is a reflection of their steadfastness of hope in (1Th
(anemeno from ana = upon, Vine says it
intensifies meaning of meno + meno = abide,
remain) conveys the meaning of expectant waiting—sustained, patient,
trusting waiting. It pictures an eager looking forward to the coming
of one whose arrival was anticipated at any time, waiting for
one whose coming is expected.
In an extra-biblical writing (2Clement
19:4) anemeno is used figuratively of time in the phrase "a
blessed time awaits (the devout)". In another use it
describes debtors who are to pay up without "waiting for" the
time allowed them. This verb is used in Modern Greek.
Anemeno is used only here in NT and 4 times in
LXX - Job 2:9,
Job 7:2 = "as a hired man who eagerly waits for his wages", Isa
59:11 = "we hope [wait for] justice", Jer 13:16.
Commentary writes that anemeno
means more than just wait; it
emphasizes an expectant and active attempt to live for His glory in
the meantime. It is an attitude of faith toward the complete
fulfillment of the messianic promises of the Old Testament in the
second coming of Christ. (Dobson,
E G, Charles Feinberg, E Hindson, Woodrow Kroll, H L. Wilmington: KJV
Bible Commentary: Nelson)
writes that anemeno...
it the suggestion of waiting with patience and confident expectancy.
To wait for the Lord's return
is a sure characteristic of a true believer. The
can be rendered "keep on waiting". Waiting for the return of their
Lord and King was their lifestyle, the habit of their life, the truth
that colored all their daily activities and afflictions.
To the first
century believers the advent of Christ was not regarded as a distant
possibility, but as an imminent probability! (See
discussion on imminency)
(for Jesus' return) is a good antidote for
Who are you
looking for today?
Remember Jesus could come back today! Are you ready to meet Him in the
clouds? (See the related study on "The
where hope is God's absolute assurance to believers that He will show
them future good)
Beloved do not be
deceived like those who say...
Where is the
promise of His coming? (2Pe 3:$-note)
What is your
view of world history? Are you were living with the assured conviction
that Jesus will return? The trustworthy promise after the Resurrection
Men of Galilee, why do you stand
looking into the sky? This Jesus, Who has been taken up from you into
heaven, will come in just the same way as you have watched Him go into
heaven. (Acts 1:11) (Maranatha! Our Lord Come!)
over death makes this promise completely credible. And this truth
emphasizes why we must always speak of His resurrection when we
proclaim the gospel. There is no good news without Jesus'
See the same
powerful, predominant NT theme of waiting and looking expectantly
for the King, our Lord Jesus Christ, in these other word studies -
As F F
To wait for him has
implications; those who wait are bound to live holy lives so as to be
ready to meet him (1Th 3:13, 5:6, 7, 8, 23-see notes
5:23, 1John 2:28,
3:2, 3). (Bruce,
F. F. 1 and 2 Thessalonians. Word Biblical Commentary series. Waco:
Word Books, 1982)
Note that in
first and second Thessalonians each chapter (in both epistles) ends
with a reference to the second coming of the Lord! We look back to His
first coming, but among these early believers the great hope
lay in His coming again. This should likewise be the mindset of modern
believers! When was the last time you contemplated the return of the
Coming of the Messiah was the
ever-present hope of the early church, and that hope was a prominent
theme in the Thessalonian epistles. The answer the Thessalonians gave
to the threat of persecution and possibly even death was a firm belief
in Jesus' resurrection. Jesus gave His unfailing Word that...
I am the resurrection and
the life; he who believes in Me shall live even if he dies, and
everyone who lives and believes in Me shall never die. Do you
this? (John 11:25-26)
Because I live, you
will live (John 14:19)
The Thessalonians were confident of
their victory over death.
to wait for means "to await, expect, wait up for" and pictures them
as people who were eagerly and expectantly looking forward to the
coming of One Whose arrival was anticipated at any time; the
gives this as their continuing attitude. Clearly the
Thessalonians viewed Christ's return not simply as the consummating
event due to take place in the indefinite end time but as something to
be actively expected in the near future: it is assumed rather than
asserted in these early letters that Christians of that generation may
hope to witness it. This picture of anticipation carries the further
suggestion of being ready to receive the One whose coming was awaited.
D. Edmond: 1 & 2 Thessalonians)
is a recurring theme (1Th 2:17, 19, 3:13, 4:15, 16, 17, 5:8, 23-see notes
In fact this
epistle is only 88 verses long
but has at least 14 verses referring to Christ's Second coming.
his last recorded words Paul wrote young Timothy that
future there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the
Lord, the righteous Judge, will award to me on that day; and not only
to me, but also to all who have loved His appearing.
2 Timothy 4:8)
Writing to Titus on the
isle of Crete Paul reminds him that
the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all men,
instructing us to deny ungodliness and worldly desires and to live
sensibly, righteously and godly in the present age,
for the blessed hope and
the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ
Jesus. (see notes
This anticipation of Christ's return characterized the Christian
church from its very beginning. Acts makes it clear that it was an
essential part of the preaching of the gospel. That Paul laid
considerable emphasis upon this hope in his preaching at Thessalonica
seems clear from the perverted charge against the Christians in Acts
17:7 when read in the light of the Thessalonian epistles. This
eschatological hope is the keynote of these epistles. It had taken a
firm hold on the Thessalonian believers. If their serving a living and
true God distinguished them from the Gentiles, this expectant hope for
Christ's return distinguished them from the Jews. (Hiebert,
D. Edmond: 1 & 2 Thessalonians: BMH Book. 1996)
Denney sounded an important note when he wrote that...
That attitude of expectation is the
bloom, as it were, of the Christian character. Without it there is
something lacking; the Christian who does not look upward and onward
wants one mark of perfection.
Remember Jesus till you feel that
He is with you, till His joy gets into your soul, and your joy is
full. Remember Him till you begin to forget yourself, your
temptations, and your cares. Remember Him till you begin to think of
the time when He will remember you and come in His glory for you.
Remember Him till you begin to be like Him. (And all God's people cry
Much of modern
Christendom has lost this expectant waiting for the return of Christ,
much to its own impoverishment. This "blessed
hope" is under attack today, even within ecclesiastical circles.
It would appear that the early Christians believed that Christ might
come at any time, even in their days; the first advent, being so
recent, excited within them the expectation of the immediateness of
the second. Hence the doctrine of the second advent occupied a much
more prominent place in the thoughts of the primitive Christians than
it does in ours. It was to them a living power; believers then lived
in constant expectation of the coming of the Lord; whereas the
teaching of the present day has in a measure passed from it. Its
uncertainty, instead of exciting us to holiness and watchfulness, is
too often abused as an encouragement to sloth and security." (The
Pulpit Commentary: New Testament;
Old Testament; Ages Software
scriptures allude to the concept of expectant looking that
motivates living in light of Messiah's imminent return (see
discussion on imminency).
Testament saints were living in the light of His first coming.
We who are living at the end of this age are to be doing so in
light of His triumphant return.
Study the following passages (for quick review hold pointer over
links for popup or click to read
in context or better yet download
free and see how easy it is to use!) if you need your passion for His appearance
Job 14:14 Isa 8:17, 25:9, 26:8,9, 30:18, 33:2, 40:31 La 3:25,26
Ps 25:5, 40:1,3, 62:1,5, 6, 7 Ps 119:166, 176, 123:2 130:5 Mic
7:7 Ho 12:6 Mt 24:42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51 Mk
15:43 Lk 2:25, 12:36, 23:51, 24:21, Acts 24:15 Ro 8:19, 23, 24,
25, Gal 5:5 Php 3:20 1Co 1:7 2Co 5:2 Titus 2:13 2Ti 4:8 Heb
9:28, 10:36, 37 1Pe 1:13 2Pe 3:12,13,14 1Jn 2:28, 3:3 Jude 1:21
this is one of the peculiarities of our holy religion,
to wait for Christ's second coming, as those who believe He will come
and hope He will come to our joy. The believers under the Old
Testament waited for the coming of the Messiah, and believers now wait
for His second coming; He is yet to come. And there is good reason to
believe He will come, because God has raised Him from
the dead, which
is full assurance unto all men that He will come to judgment, Act
17:31. And there is good reason
to hope and wait for His coming, because He has delivered us from the
wrath to come. He came to purchase salvation, and will, when He comes
again, bring salvation with Him, full and final deliverance from sin,
and death, and hell, from that wrath which is yet to come upon
unbelievers, and which, when it has once come, will be yet to come,
because it is everlasting fire prepared for the devil and his angels,
The hope of the second coming of Christ was real and powerful
with the Thessalonian believers who had made an ''about face'' from
(dead) idols to serve a living an true God. In the NT, hope is always the expectation of something good.
It is also something we must wait for. In the NT, unlike the OT, just
what we hope for is carefully explained. The mystery that the OT does
not solve is untangled in the NT, and we are told about the wonders
God has in store for us.
comments on their (and our)
To expect a future state of glory, and resurrection of the body,
according to the Gospel doctrine, after the example of Jesus Christ,
Who was raised from the dead,
and ascended unto heaven, ever to
appear in the presence of God for us.
that the return of the Son of God from heaven was an important point
which had been insisted on when he was there, and that their conduct,
as borne witness to by all, had shown with what power it had seized
upon them, and what a practical influence it had exerted in their
lives. They lived as if they were” waiting” for his return. They fully
believed in it; they expected it. They were looking out for it, not
knowing when it might occur, and as if it might occur at any moment.
They were, therefore, dead to the world, and were animated with an
earnest desire to do good. This is one of the instances which
demonstrate that the doctrine that the Lord Jesus will return to our
world, is fitted, when understood in the true sense revealed in the
Scriptures, to exert a powerful influence on the souls of people. It
is eminently adapted to comfort the hearts of true Christians in the
sorrows, bereavements, and sicknesses of life.
The Preacher's Commentary
sounds an important note writing that...
of the second advent is sadly neglected in many churches today and
even rejected in some. Unfortunately, in yet others it is majored upon
in the form of predictions. The recovery of a dynamic view of the
Second Coming of Christ must be a matter of high priority for us. The
technical term for this is eschatology, from the Greek word,
eschaton, meaning “last” or “last things.” What is at stake in
eschatology is not how to predict the end of the world, but how to
understand what history is all about.
advent of Christ means that history is moving to a particular
conclusion. That conclusion centers in the coming of Christ the King
to establish eternally the kingdom of God which began with His first
advent. The kingdom will be complete when, and only when, He comes
of the concept of deliverance from “the wrath to come” is troublesome
to those who are uncomfortable with the idea of a God of wrath. Such
an idea is offensive to those who want only to stress the love of God.
But the wrath of God is too prevalent throughout the Bible to be
dismissed. God’s wrath is not to be regarded as the anger and ire
expressed in human temper tantrums. Rather, His wrath is the other
side of His love. It is the necessary corollary of His love, reminding
us that our choices do indeed have significant consequences. God’s
love and wrath are best seen as two sides of the same coin. (Demarest,
G. W., & Ogilvie, L. J. The Preacher's Commentary Series, Volume 32:
1, 2 Thessalonians; 1, 2 Timothy; Titus. Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas
His Son from heaven - this is
the only description of Jesus as the Son of God in the letters to the
is in the plural here so more literally reads "from the heavens"
(See study on
The Third Heaven)
commenting on from heaven writes...
Comp. 1Cor 15:47; 1Th. 4:16; 2Th
1:7. Paul uses the unclassical plural much oftener than the singular.
Although the Hebrew equivalent has no singular, the singular is almost
LXX, the plural occurring mostly
in the Psalms. Ouranos is from a Sanskrit word meaning to cover
or encompass. The Hebrew
signifies height, high district, the upper regions. Similarly we have
in N. T. en hupsistois , in the highest (places), Matt. 21:9; Luke
2:14: en hupsielois in the high (places), He 1:3
(note). Paul’s usage is
evidently coloured by the Rabbinical conception of a series of
heavens: see 2Cor 12:2; Ep 4:10
(note). Some Jewish teachers held that
there were seven heavens, others three. (See study on
The Third Heaven)
The idea of a series of heavens appears in patristic writings, in
Thomas Aquinas’s doctrine of the celestial hierarchies, and in
Dionysius the Areopagite. Through the scholastic theologians it passed
into Dante’s Paradiso with its nine heavens. The words to await his
Son from heaven strike the keynote of this Epistle.
WHOM HE RAISED FROM THE DEAD,
JESUS: on egeiren (3SAAI) ek (ton) nekron, Iesoun:
(Acts 2:24; 3:15; 4:10; 5:30,31;10:40,41;17:31; Ro 1:4; 4:25; 8:34;
1Co 15:4-21; Col 1:18; 1Pe 1:3,21; 3:18; Rev 1:18) (1Th 5:9; Mt 1:21;
Ro 5:9,10; Gal 3:13; 1Pe 2:21)
to waken, rouse from sleep, from sitting or lying, from disease, from
death, from inactivity, from ruins. It means to lift up,
raise up, arise again, stand up. Metaphorically, egeiro is used in the NT to describe to awaken from sluggishness or
lethargy (see note
It also refers as in the present use to be awakened up from death and
so to be raised from the dead. The Thessalonian's acceptance and
belief in the resurrection as an act of God, gave them confidence in the
certainty of Christ’s return in
resurrection was confirmation of the Father’s acceptance of the Son’s
substitutionary death (cf. 1Cor 15:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7-notes). It is worth noting that all three
persons of the Trinity were active in Christ’s resurrection: the
Father—Acts 2:24; 3:15; 4:10; 5:30; 10:40; 13:30, 33, 34, 37; 17:31;
the Spirit—Ro 8:11 and the Son—John 2:19, 20, 22; 10:17,18.
from the dead is the grand proof of
His divine Sonship and thus Paul writes that Jesus
was established (openly designated, marked out, declared) with
(literally "in") power (in a striking, triumphant and miraculous
manner) as the Son of God by the resurrection from the dead according
to the Spirit of holiness. (see
Resurrection was the guarantee of God’s power to carry out the rescue
of those who are His and to judge those who are not, for as Luke
recorded in Acts...
He has fixed a day in which He will
judge the world in righteousness through a Man Whom He has
having furnished proof to all men by raising Him from the dead. (Acts
17:31) (Note: The Scriptures generally attribute the
resurrection of Jesus to the activity of the Father - Acts 2:24; 3:15;
4:10; 5:30,31; 10:40,41)
And so the certainty (cf 500
witnesses did not lie in 1Cor 15:6) of His resurrection past carries
the promise of His future return! If the one promise was fulfilled
literally, the other promise is just as certain. A further proof of
the gospel’s veracity is its ability to inculcate faith in Jesus
Christ, a faith that is so demonstrably total and real that it causes
the believer to predicate his life on Jesus’ return.
Calvin writes that Paul...
makes mention here of Christ’s
resurrection, on which the hope of our resurrection is founded, for
death everywhere besets us. Hence, unless we learn to look to Christ,
our minds will give way at every turn. By the same consideration, he
admonishes them that Christ is to be waited for from heaven, because
we will find nothing in the world to bear us up, while there are
innumerable trials to overwhelm us.
Warren Wiersbe emphasizes the point that...
Every chapter in 1
Thessalonians ends with a reference to the return of Jesus Christ, and
that truth is applied to daily living. An eager looking for His return
is an evidence of salvation (1Thes 1:9, 10), a motivation for soul
winning (1Thes 2:17, 18, 19, 20), and an encouragement for holy living (1Thes
3:11, 12, 13). This truth is a comfort in sorrow (1Thes 4:18) and a
stimulus to have more confidence in the Lord (1Thes 5:23, 24). (Wiersbe, W. W.
With the Word:
Nashville: Thomas Nelson)
means Joshua, Jehovah saves. The angel in Matthew 1:21 declared to
And she will bear a Son; and
you shall call His name Jesus, for it is He who will save His people
from their sins. (Mt 1:21)
Commenting on this verse, C
H Spurgeon wrote that...
The angel spake to Joseph the
name in a dream: that name so soft and sweet that it breaks no man’s
rest, but rather yields a peace unrivalled, the peace of God. With
such a dream Joseph’s sleep was more blessed than his waking. The name
has evermore this power, for, to those who know it, it unveils a glory
brighter than dreams have ever imagined. (The Metropolitan Tabernacle
Vincent looks at the Name, Iesous writing of the Old
Testament foreshadowing of the glorious Name of Jesus...
The Greek form of a Hebrew
name, which had been borne by two illustrious individuals in former
periods of the Jewish history — Joshua, the successor of Moses, and
Jeshua, the high-priest, who with Zerubbabel took so active a part in
the re-establishment of the civil and religious polity of the Jews on
their return from Babylon. Its original and full form is Jehoshua,
becoming by contraction Joshua or
Joshua, the son of Nun, the
successor of Moses, was originally named Hoshea (saving), which was
altered by Moses into Jehoshua (Jehovah [our] Salvation) (Nu 13:16).
The meaning of the name, therefore, finds expression in the title
Saviour, applied to our Lord (Luke 1:47; 2:11; John 4:42).
Joshua, the son of Nun, is a type of Christ in his office of captain
and deliverer of his people, in the military aspect of his saving work
(Rev 19:11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16). As God’s revelation to Moses was in the character of
a law-giver, his revelation to Joshua was in that of the Lord of Hosts
(Josh 5:13, 14). Under Joshua the enemies of Israel were conquered,
and the people established in the Promised Land. So Jesus leads His
people in the fight with sin and temptation. He is the leader of the
faith which overcomes the world (He 12:2-note).
Following him, we enter into rest.
The priestly office of Jesus is foreshadowed in the high-priest Jeshua,
who appears in the vision of Zechariah (Zechariah 3:1, 2, 3, 4, 5ff; compare Ezra 2:2) in
court before God, under accusation of Satan, and clad in filthy
garments. Jeshua stands not only for himself, but as the
representative of sinning and suffering Israel. Satan is defeated. The
Lord rebukes him, and declares that he will redeem and restore this
erring people; and in token thereof he commands that the accused
priest be clad in clean robes and crowned with the priestly mitre.
Thus in this priestly Jeshua we have a type of our “Great High-Priest,
touched with the feeling of our infirmities, and in all points tempted
and tried like as we are;” confronting Satan in the wilderness; trying
conclusions with him upon the victims of his malice — the sick, the
sinful, and the demon-ridden. His royal robes are left behind. He
counts not “equality with God a thing to be grasped at,” but “empties
himself,” taking the “form of a servant,” humbling himself and
becoming “obedient even unto death” (Php 2:5, 6,7-see notes
Php 2:5-7). He assumes
the stained garments of our humanity. He who “knew no sin” is “made to
be sin on our behalf, that we might become the righteousness of God in
him” (2Co 5:21). He is at once priest and victim. He pleads for
sinful man before God’s throne. He will redeem him. He will rebuke the
malice and cast down the power of Satan. He will behold him “as
lightning fall from heaven” (Luke 10:18). He will raise and save and
purify men of weak natures, rebellious wills, and furious passions —
cowardly braggarts and deniers like Peter, persecutors like Saul of
Tarsus, charred brands — and make them witnesses of his grace and
preachers of his love and power. His kingdom shall be a kingdom of
priests, and the song of his redeemed church shall be, “unto him that loveth
us, and loosed us from our sins by his own blood, and made us to be a
kingdom, to be priests unto his God and Father; to him be the glory
and the dominion forever and ever. Amen” (Rev 1:5, 6).
It is no mere fancy which sees a suggestion and a foreshadowing of the
prophetic work of Jesus in the economy of salvation, in a third name
closely akin to the former. Hoshea, which we know in our English Bible
as Hosea, was the original name of Joshua (cf Ro 9:25-note)
and means saving. He is, in a peculiar sense, the prophet of grace and
salvation, placing his hope in God’s personal coming as the refuge and
strength of humanity; in the purification of human life by its contact
with the divine. The great truth which he has to teach is the love of
Jehovah to Israel as expressed in the relation of husband, an idea
which pervades his prophecy, and which is generated by his own sad
domestic experience. He foreshadows Jesus in his pointed warnings
against sin, his repeated offers of divine mercy, and his patient,
forbearing love, as manifested in his dealing with an unfaithful and
dissolute wife, whose soul he succeeded in rescuing from sin and death
(Hosea 1-3.). So long as he lived, he was one continual, living
prophecy of the tenderness of God toward sinners; a picture of God’s
love for us when alien from him, and with nothing in us to love. The
faithfulness of the prophetic teacher thus blends in Hoses, as in our
Lord, with the compassion and sympathy and sacrifice of the priest.
(from Marvin Vincent's notes appended to Mt 1:21)
WHO DELIVERS US FROM THE WRATH
TO COME: ton rhuomenon (PMPMSA) hemas ek tes orges tes erchomenes
(PMPFSG): (Mt 3:7; Lk 3:7; Heb 10:27) (Jn 3:36, Eph 2:3 Col
Who personally rescues and delivers us out of and from the wrath
[bringing punishment] which is coming [upon the impenitent] and draws
us to Himself investing us with all the privileges and rewards of the
new life in Christ, the Messiah]. (Amp)
the One Who delivers us from the wrath which is coming (Wuest),
even Jesus, our Deliverer from God's coming anger (Weymouth)
It is he who saves us from the Retribution which is coming. (NJB)
writes that here Paul refers to
historic, crucified, risen, and ascended Jesus Christ, God's Son, who
delivers from the coming wrath. He is our Savior (Mt 1:21)
true to His name Jesus (meaning "Jehovah is salvation"). He is
our Rescuer (Ro 11:26-note).
from rhúo = to draw, drag along
the ground) (Click
in depth study on
rhuomai) means to draw or snatch to oneself (drawing us to Himself!) from danger, evil or an enemy. The
thought of deliverance by power is apparently always associated with
Rhuomai emphasizes greatness of peril from which deliverance
is given by a mighty act of power. The basic idea is that of rescuing from danger
and was used of a soldier’s going to a wounded comrade on the
battlefield and carrying him to safety (he runs to the cry of his
comrade to rescue him from the hands of the enemy). Picture someone
wading in a rushing river and suddenly they are caught in the current,
powerless to save themselves. As they cry out someone hears and holds
out a hand as they go rushing by. As they lie beside the river safe in
the presence of the one who pulled them out, they still are in the
presence of the dangerous rushing current...they can hear it...they
can see it...but they've been delivered from danger.
Rhuomai is in the
present tense indicating that is our Savior continually delivers
us. The tense is not
past, “Who delivered us,” namely, by his death (which He did
do); nor future, “Who shall deliver us,” (which He will do),
but present, “Who delivers us” which emphasizes that in one
sense the deliverance is ongoing (we are daily delivered from the
power of sin, the lure of the world and the temptation of the devil by
our Strong Deliverer!) — it commenced with His death, burial and
resurrection, and will be consummated at His advent! The
middle voice is reflexive ("He Himself rescues us") and
emphasizes His personal involvement in the rescue. He initiates the and
participates in the carrying out of the rescue.
A T Robertson emphasizes
it is the historic, crucified,
risen, and ascended Jesus Christ, God’s Son, Who delivers from the
coming wrath. He is our Saviour ("for it is He who will save
His people from their sins." Mt 1:21) true to his name Jesus.
He is our Rescuer (Paul recording that in
Romans 11:26 [see
note] "and thus all Israel will be saved;
just as it is written, "THE DELIVERER [rhuomai] WILL COME FROM ZION,
HE WILL REMOVE UNGODLINESS FROM JACOB." [quoting from Isa 59:20)
T Robertson's Notes)
(Bolding and Scripture added)
the wrath to come - Note the significant preposition from
which means out of. Although believers fully recognize
the seriousness of God's wrath against sin, they rest in the glorious
truth of the gospel that Christ delivers His own from (ek)
or out of the coming wrath. Milligan remarks that in either
case (whether from or out of) the preposition
ek emphasizes the completeness of the deliverance and adds
He brings us altogether out of the reach of future judgment.
Indeed as D. Michael Martin has written
anticipating a coronation
rather than a condemnation. (Martin,
D. Michael. 1, 2 Thessalonians. The New American Commentary Series:
Broadman & Holman Publishers)
Some commentators favor the wrath to come as a reference to
deliverance from eternal separation in the Lake of Fire, certainly a
valid interpretation. However as discussed more below when verse 10 is
read in context with Paul's second epistle to the Thessalonians, the wrath
appears from context to be an allusion to the Day of the Lord.
Paul states in the first epistle that Jesus would deliver them
from the wrath to come.
This might explain why the saints at Thessalonica were so shaken and disturbed in
2Th 2:1,2 Paul writing
request you, brethren, with regard to the coming of our Lord Jesus
Christ, and our gathering together to Him, that you may not be quickly
shaken from your composure or be disturbed either by a spirit or a
message or a letter as if from us, to the effect that the day of the
Lord has come." (Paul goes on to exhort them to) "Let no one in
any way deceive you, for it (the
Day of the Lord) will not come
unless the apostasy comes first, and the man of lawlessness (the
antichrist) is revealed, the son of destruction, who opposes and
exalts himself above every so-called god or object of worship, so that
he takes his seat in the temple of God, displaying himself as being
God. (2Th 2:3-4)
(Comment: When will the antichrist take his seat in the Holy of
holies, the rebuilt Jewish Temple in Jerusalem? Comparing Scripture
with Scripture the answer is at the midpoint of the last 7 years known
Daniel's Seventieth Week,
this last three and one-half years being the time of Jacob's Distress,
about which Jesus forewarned in Mt 24:15ff)
Because of the tribulations the
saints at Thessalonica were experiencing, some must have
thought (and false teachers were encouraging this false doctrine) that
they were experiencing the
very event Paul had stated that they were going to be delivered from ("the
wrath to come").
has nice summary of the variation of interpretations on the wrath to
For example, William Hendriksen,
New Testament Commentary: Exposition of I and II Thessalonians, p. 57,
an amillennialist, believed Paul was speaking generally. However, Leon
Morris, The Epistles of Paul to the Thessalonians, pp. 40–41, and The
First and Second Epistles to the Thessalonians, p. 64, also an
amillennialist, wrote that Paul referred to a specific event, the
judgment associated with the second coming of Christ. In the
things this judgment will end the present age. Premillennialists also
disagree with one another on this point. John F. Walvoord, The
Thessalonian Epistles, p. 17, took Paul’s words as a general
reference. However, D. Edmond Hiebert, The Thessalonian Epistles, p.
71, also a premillennialist, believed Paul had in mind the
Tribulation, which for a pretribulationist is the next great
outpouring of God’s wrath in history....(Constable goes on to add his
interpretation, with which I agree, noting that) "If this was the only
reference to “the wrath to come” in this epistle, we might conclude
that Paul was probably referring to the outpouring of God’s wrath on
unbelievers generally. There is no specific reference to a particular
judgment here. However, later he spent considerable space writing
about the outpouring of God’s wrath in the Tribulation (1Thes 4:13,
14, 15, 16, 17, 18;
5:1-11). Therefore it seems that this is the first reference to that
outpouring of wrath in the epistle (cf. 1Thes 2:16; 5:9) (Expository
has a nice compromise comment writing that there...
This is a future deliverance, but
this verse does not make clear whether Paul is referring to a specific
time or to the outpouring of God’s wrath on unbelievers in a more
general sense. Because Christ endured God’s wrath at Calvary, all who
are in Christ will escape all aspects of God’s wrath (see 1Th 5:9). Thus,
they have nothing to fear. (Radmacher,
E. D., Allen, R. B., & House, H. W. The Nelson Study Bible: New King
James Version. Nashville: T. Nelson Publishers.)
from orgao = to teem, swell) is
literally rendered "the unique and specific wrath which is coming".
This is not a reference to
hell but to a time of "hell on earth" so to speak, to "the specific"
(definite article "the" precedes "orge" indicating it is not just
wrath in general but is a specific wrath) coming period of wrath on earth, which
almost certainly refers to the prophetically significant time period
known as the
Day of the
the time period Jesus referred to as "The Great Tribulation" (Mt
24:21) that occurs in the last half of
Daniel's Seventieth Week. (See also God's
(erchomai) is in the
which indicates that this wrath is an absolute certainty, a certain future event which is
continually coming or continually on its way. It is a horrible time from which
the afflicted saints at Thessalonica could also be assured of deliverance by their Lord.
And so for believers, Jesus’ Second Coming is their great hope, but
for others it will be their eternal loss. Believers will experience
the persecution and pressure of Jews and pagans now, while their
persecutors will be recompensed with wrath of God in time and
Orge refers to a swelling which eventually bursts and
refers to deep seated wrath, which has become firmly established by
long persistence. Orge is not a petulant, irrational
burst of anger, such as we humans exhibit, but a holy, just revulsion
against what is contrary to and opposes his holy nature and will.
Orge is God's settled indignation and controlled passionate
feeling against sin and the sinner. Think of God's orge
as a tomato ripening, and as it grows and ripens it swells until it
reaches such a point of tension that it begins to split. Orge
is God's slow burning anger which refuses to be satisfied (except by
the Cross- Ro 5:9-note,
until it is justifiably poured out on deserving parties.
Koch writes that...
“The wrath of God is, in its deepest ground, love; love itself becomes
a consuming fire to whatever is opposed to the nature of goodness”
Paul writes later in this same epistle that
"God did not
to wrath, but to obtain salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ"
Commentary writes that...
There is wrath coming in its awfulness; but there is a Deliverer — One
us now, who is daily delivering us from the power of sin, as we
draw nearer and
to him; who will deliver us from the punishment of sin, if by the
gracious help of the blessed Spirit we abide in him. And this
Deliverer is Jesus. (The
Pulpit Commentary: New Testament;
Old Testament; Ages Software
Jonathan Edwards (in his famous sermon "Sinners in the Hands of an
Angry God") writes that
The wrath of God
is like great waters that are dammed for the present; they increase
more and more, and rise higher and higher, till an outlet is given;
and the longer the stream is stopped, the more rapid and mighty is its
course, when once it is let loose. It is true, that judgment against
your evil works has not been executed hitherto; the floods of God’s
vengeance have been withheld; but your guilt in the mean time is
constantly increasing, and you are every day treasuring up more wrath;
the waters are constantly rising, and waxing more and more mighty; and
there is nothing but the mere pleasure of God, that holds the waters
back, that are unwilling to be stopped, and press hard to go forward.
If God should only withdraw his hand from the flood-gate, it would
immediately fly open, and the fiery floods of the fierceness and wrath
of God, would rush forth with inconceivable fury, and would come upon
you with omnipotent power
God's wrath includes His present displeasure
with evil as well as the ultimate confinement and defeat of all evil
in the everlasting lake of fire (Mt 13:49, 50, Mt 8:12). Wrath is as
much a part of the character of God as is love. A God who does not
exercise wrath against injustice is an immoral God. A universe in
which evil exists unchallenged and ultimately unvanquished is
inconceivable and could not be ruled by a good God of holy love.
Essential to a good God of love is His wrath against evil.
Hiebert adds that
The fact of God's
wrath against sin is declared in both the Old and New Testaments. His
against sin arises out of the holiness of His nature. "Wrath is the
holy revulsion of Gods being against that which is the contradiction
of his holiness." Without the truth of divine wrath the universe would
sink into moral chaos. In the words of Rienecker God would completely
dissolve and deny himself as God if he would not prove himself as a
"real and terrible wrath" against the sinning man. God cannot and will
not favor sin. Therefore his wrath burns against everyone who opposes
him. The wrath of God is not an illusion, but a reality... The
manifestation of divine wrath is perfectly compatible with God's love.
Anger had its proper place in the perfect human character of Christ
(Mark 3:5)."' God must be angry with sin because of the destructive
character of sin. His love will not allow Him to be tolerant toward
the devastating effects of sin. Hughes aptly remarks, "For God to have
permitted sin to flourish unchecked and unpunished, and passively to
have watched the world degenerate into a dung heap of corruption and
violence, would have been very far removed from an expression of love,
apart from the fact that it would have argued the impotence of His
purposes in creation and the incompetence of His hand to control the
affairs of men, which would mean in turn that He was not God at all. (Hiebert,
D. Edmond: 1 & 2 Thessalonians: BMH Book. 1996)
Arthur Pink writes in "The Attributes
of God" that His wrath is
His eternal detestation of
all unrighteousness. It is the displeasure and indignation of Divine
equity against evil. It is the holiness of God stirred into activity
Trench writes that
Orge is an anger “which
righteous men not merely may, but as they are righteous, must feel;
nor can there be a surer and sadder token of an utterly prostrate
moral condition than the not being able to be angry with sin—and
R. C. Synonyms of the New Testament. Hendrickson Publishers. 2000)
Marvin Vincent says describes
God’s personal emotion with regard to
sin. It represents God’s abhorrence and hatred of sin. The same
authority notes that orge is not punishment of sin but God’s attitude
Christians are waiting for Jesus
Christ, and He may return at any time. We are not waiting for any
“signs” but for the Saviour. We are waiting for the
redemption of the body (Ro 8:23, 24, 25-note) and
"the hope of righteousness" (Gal 5:5). Because "our citizenship is in
heaven" it follows that "we eagerly wait for a Savior, the Lord Jesus
Christ Who will transform the body of our humble state into conformity
with the body of His glory, by the exertion of the power that He has
even to subject all things to Himself."
(Php 3:20, 21-note), and
"when He appears, we shall be like Him, because we shall see Him just
as He is. And everyone who has this hope fixed on Him purifies
himself, just as He is pure." (1Jn 3:1,2). He will take us to
the home He has prepared (John 14:1-6), and He will reward us for the
service we have given in His name "for we shall all stand before the
judgment seat of God" (Ro 14:10, 11, 12 -note).
In 1886, in his introduction to a
sermon on Joel (Joel 2:32:
One More Cast of the Great Net)
C H Spurgeon near the end of his life mused about the brevity
of life and certainty of seeing Jesus...
When I hear of first one and then another in strong health being
suddenly taken away, I am made to know the uncertainty of life in my
own case. It were wiser to trust a spider’s cobweb than the life of
man. Brethren, we live on
brink of eternity, and had need behave ourselves as men who will soon
face its realities. We may have to do so far sooner than we think.
MacDonald has nice summary of
this last verse in chapter 1...
2. The Place—from heaven
3. The Pledge—whom He raised from the dead
4. The Precious Name—even
5. The Prospect—who delivers us from the wrath to come
(MacDonald, W., &
Believer's Bible Commentary : Old
and New Testaments. Nashville: Thomas Nelson)
Warren Wiersbe sums up this
A local church that truly lives in
the expectation of seeing Jesus Christ at any time will be a vibrant
and victorious group of people. Expecting the Lord’s return is a great
motivation for soul-winning
(1Th 2:19,20-note) and Christian stability (1Th
3:11, 12, 13-note). It is a
wonderful comfort in sorrow (1Th 4:13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18-see notes
18) and a great encouragement
for godly living (1Th 5:23, 24-note). It is tragic when churches forget
this wonderful doctrine. It is even more tragic when churches believe
it and preach it—but do not practice it. (Ed note: And all
God's people said "Amen" or "O my!") (Wiersbe,
W: Bible Exposition Commentary. 1989. Victor)
Brooks has some
sobering thoughts on the eternal wrath to come...
A misery beyond all expression!
"Then He will say to those on His left—Depart from Me, you who are
cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels!"
This solemn sentence breathes out nothing but fire and brimstone,
terror and horror, dread and woe! The last words that Christ will ever
speak to the ungodly, will be:
the most tormenting and dreadful,
the most stinging and wounding,
the most killing and damning!
Here is utter rejection: "Depart
from Me—Pack! Begone! Get out of My sight! Let Me never more see your
"Depart from Me!" is the first and worst of that dreadful sentence
which Christ shall pass upon the ungodly at last. Every syllable
sounds horror and terror, grief and sorrow, dread and astonishment—to
all whom it concerns. Certainly, the tears of hell are not sufficient
to bewail the loss of heaven!
Here is imprecation: "You who are cursed!" "But Lord, if we must
depart, let us depart blessed!" "No! Depart—you who are cursed!" You
shall be . . .
cursed in your bodies,
and cursed in your souls,
and cursed by God,
and cursed by Christ,
and cursed by angels,
and cursed by saints,
and cursed by devils,
and cursed by your wicked companions!
Yes, you shall now curse your very
selves, your very souls—that ever you have . . .
despised the gospel,
refused the offers of grace,
scorned Christ, and
neglected the means of your salvation!
O sinners, sinners—all your curses,
all your maledictions shall at last recoil upon your own souls! Now
you curse every person and thing which stand in the way of your lusts,
and which cross your designs. But at last, all the curses of heaven
and hell shall meet in their full power and force upon you! Surely
that man is eternally cursed—who is cursed by Christ Himself!
"But, Lord, if we must depart, and depart cursed, oh let us go into
some good place!" "No! Depart into the eternal fire!" Here is
vengeance and continuance of it. You shall go into fire, into eternal
fire! The eternity of hell—is the hell of hell. If all the fires that
ever were in the world, were contracted into one fire—how terrible
would it be! Yet such a fire would be but as 'painted fire' upon the
wall—compared to the fire of hell. It is a very sad spectacle to
behold a malefactor's body consumed little by little in a lingering
fire. But ah, how sad, how dreadful, would it be to experience what it
is to lie in unquenchable fire—not for a day, a month, or a year, or a
hundred or a thousand years—but forever and ever!
"If it were," says Cyril, "but for a thousand years, I could bear it;
but seeing it is for eternity—this frightens and horrifies me!"
"I am afraid of hell," says
Isidore, "because the worm there never dies, and the fire never goes
To be tormented without end—this is that which goes beyond all the
bounds of desperation.
Grievous is the torment of the damned . . .
for the bitterness of the
but more grievous for the diversity of the punishments;
but most grievous for the eternity of the punishments!
To lie in everlasting torments,
to roar forever in anguish of heart,
to rage forever for madness of soul,
to weep, and grieve, and gnash the teeth forever
—is a misery beyond all expression!
Mark, everything that is conducible
to the torments of the damned, is eternal:
God who damns them is eternal!
The fire which torments them is eternal!
The prison and chains which hold them are eternal!
The worm which gnaws them is eternal!
The sentence which is upon them, shall be eternal!
Fire is the most furious of all
elements, and therefore the bodies of men cannot be more exquisitely
tormented than with fire. The bodies which sinned on earth, shall be
punished and tormented in hell. What can be more grievous and
vexatious, more afflicting and tormenting to the bodies of men—than
eternal fire? Oh, then, how will the bodies of men endure to dwell in
unquenchable fire, to dwell in everlasting burnings! The brick-kilns
of Egypt, the fiery furnace of Babylon, are but as a spark, compared
to this tormenting hell, which has been prepared of old to punish the
bodies of sinners with.
"The sinners in Zion are terrified; trembling grips the godless! Who
of us can dwell with the consuming fire? Who of us can dwell with
everlasting burning?" Is. 33:14
Wicked men, who are now the jolly fellows of the times, shall one day
go from burning—to burning; from burning in sin—to burning in hell;
from burning in flames of lusts —to burning in flames of torment;
except there be found repentance on their side, and pardoning grace on
Surely, the serious thoughts of the agonies of hell while people
live—is one blessed way to keep them from going into those torments
after they die! Look! as there is nothing more grievous than hell—so
there is nothing more profitable than the fear of hell.
"Jesus, who rescues us from the coming wrath!" 1Thessalonians 1:10
"For God did not appoint us to suffer wrath but to receive salvation
through our Lord Jesus Christ." 1Thessalonians 5:9
A B Simpson feels that the
doctrine of the Lord's return...
is presented as a means of
conviction and motive to conversion. "You turned to God from idols to
serve the living and true God; And to wait for his Son from heaven,
whom he raised from the dead, even Jesus which delivered us from the
wrath to come."(1Thes 1:9, 10).
It is evident from this passage
that it was the truth of the Lord's coming that led the Thessalonians
to turn from heathen idols to the Lord Jesus Christ. It is, therefore,
a most appropriate message to preach to the unsaved and to proclaim to
It was a similar message carried by
Jonah to the people of Nineveh that brought them to repentance, and
awakened profound and universal conviction throughout the empire of
Assyria (cf Jonah 3:4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9).
Our missionaries tell us that when
they announce to the most wicked chiefs of pagan tribes that there is
another Sovereign to whom they are accountable, and who is soon to
appear to call them to account, there is an instinct in the human
heart that seems to respond to such a message, and they are often led
by it to deep conviction and awakening. Surely this is the meaning of
"the gospel of the kingdom," which the Lord has commissioned us to
give to the world as a witness before His coming. We are sent forth
not merely as heralds to individual Christians, but as ambassadors to
all nations, and we are to proclaim the King Who is coming to call
them to judgment as well as to deal with every individual conscience
and life (cf 2Ti 4:1-note).
May God give us wisdom as Christian
workers and missionaries to understand and fill our great commission.
If any reader of these lines is still unsaved, let us appeal to you by
all the powers of the world to come to prepare for that great day!
"Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we persuade men...be you
reconciled to God." (2Co 5:11, 20) (A. B. Simpson. Christ in the
Bible - Thessalonians)
><> ><> ><>
For What We Are
It is not for a sign we are watching...
For wonders above and below
The pouring out of vials of judgment,
The sounding of trumpets of woe;
It is not for a day we are looking
Nor even the time yet to be
When the earth shall be filled with God's glory
As the waters cover the sea;
It is not for a king we are longing
To make the world-kingdoms His own;
It is not for a judge who shall summon
The nations of earth to his throne.
Not for these, though we know they are coming;
They are but adjuncts of Him,
Before whom all glory is clouded,
Besides whom all splendor grows dim.
We wait for the Lord, our beloved,
Our Comforter, Master and Friend,
The substance of all that we hope for,
Beginning of faith and its end;
We watch for our Savior and Bridegroom,
Who loved us and made us his own;
For Him we are looking and longing;
For Jesus and Jesus alone.
-- Annie Johnson Flint
C H Spurgeon discusses 1 Thessalonians 1:10 in the
second half of his sermon...
II. I shall want you to be patient with me while I very briefly unfold
the second half of this great roll. Here even to a greater degree we
have mullum in parvo, much in little; A BODY OF DIVINITY packed away
in a nutshell. "To wait for his Son from heaven, whom he raised from
the dead, even Jesus, which delivered us from the wrath to come."
To begin my body of divinity, I see here, first, the Deity of
"To wait for his Son." "His Son." God has but one Son in the
highest sense. The Lord Jesus Christ has given to all believers power
to become the sons of God, but not in the sense in which he, and he
alone, is the Son of God. "Unto which of the angels said he at any
time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee?" "When he
bringeth in the First-begotten into the world he saith, Let all the
angels of God worship him." The Eternal Filiation is a mystery into
which it is better for us never to pry. Believe it; but how it is, or
how it could be, certainly it is not for you or for me to attempt to
explain. There is one "Son of the Highest," who is "God, of the
substance of the Father, begotten before all worlds," whom we with all
our souls adore, and own to be most truly God; doing so especially
every time in the benediction we associate him with the Father and
with the Holy Spirit as the one God of blessing.
Side by side with this in this text of mine is his humanity.
"His son, whom he raised from the dead." It is for man to die. God
absolutely considered dieth not; he therefore took upon himself our
mortal frame, and was made in fashion as a man; then willingly for our
sakes he underwent the pangs of death, and being crucified, was dead,
and so was buried, even as the rest of the dead. He was truly man, "of
a reasonable soul, and human flesh subsisting": of that we are
confident. There has been no discussion upon that point in these
modern times, but there was much questioning thereon in years long
gone; for what is there so clear that men will not doubt it or mystify
it? With us there is no question either as to his Deity, which fills
us with reverence; or his manhood, which inspires us with joy. He is
the Son of God and the Son of Mary. He, as God, is "immortal,
invisible"; and yet for our sakes he was seen of men and angels, and
in mortal agony yielded up the ghost. He suffered for our salvation,
died upon the cross, and was buried in the tomb of Joseph of
Arimathaea, being verily and truly man.
Notice a third doctrine which is here, and that is the unity of the
Divine Person of our Lord; for while the apostle speaks of Christ
as God's Son from heaven, and as one who had died, he adds, "even
Jesus": that is to say, one known, undivided Person. Although he be
God and man, yet he is not two, but one Christ. There is but one
Person of our blessed and adorable Lord: "one altogether; not by
confusion of substance, but by unity of Person." He is God, he is man;
perfect God and perfect man; and, as such, Jesus Christ, the one
Mediator between God and man. There have been mistakes about this also
made in the church, though I trust not by any one of us here present.
We worship the Lord Jesus Christ in the unity of his divine Person as
the one Saviour of men.
Furthermore, in our text we perceive a doctrine about ourselves
very plainly implied, namely, that men by nature are guilty, for
otherwise they would not have needed Jesus, a Saviour.
They were lost, and so he who came from heaven to earth bore the name
of Jesus, "for he shall save his people from their sins." It is clear,
my brethren, that we were under the divine wrath, otherwise it could
not be said, "He hath delivered us from the wrath to come." We who are
now delivered were once "children of wrath, even as others." And when
we are delivered it is a meet song to sing, "O Lord, I will praise
thee: though thou wast angry with me, thine anger is turned away, and
thou comfortedst me." We were guilty, else we had not needed a
propitiation by the Saviour's death: we were lost, else we had not
needed one who should seek and save that which is lost; and we were
hopelessly lost, otherwise God himself would not have shared our
nature to work the mighty work of our redemption. That truth is in the
text, and a great deal more than I can mention just now.
But the next doctrine, which is one of the fundamentals of the
gospel, is that the Lord Jesus Christ died for these fallen men.
He could not have been raised from the dead if he had not died. That
death was painful, and ignominious; and it was also substitutionary:
"for the transgression of my people was he stricken." In the death of
Christ lay the essence of our redemption. I would not have you
dissociate his life from his death, it comes into his death as an
integral part of it; for as the moment we begin to live we, in a
sense, begin to die, so the Man of Sorrows lived a dying life, which
was all preparatory to his passion. He lived to die, panting for the
baptism wherewith he was to be baptized, and reaching forward to it.
But it was especially, though not only, by his death upon the cross
that Jesus put away our sin. Without shedding of blood there is no
remission of sin. Not even the tears of Christ, nor the labours of
Christ could have redeemed us if he had not given himself for us an
offering and a sacrifice. "Die he, or justice must," or man must die.
It was his bowing the head and giving up of the ghost which finished
the whole work. "It is finished" could not have been uttered except by
a bleeding, dying Christ. His death is our life. Let us always dwell
upon that central truth, and when we are preaching Christ risen,
Christ reigning, or Christ coming, let us never so preach any of them
as to overshadow Christ crucified. "We preach Christ crucified." Some
have put up as their ensign, "We preach Christ glorified"; and we also
preach the same; but yet to us it seems that the first and foremost
view of Jesus by the sinner is as the Lamb of God which taketh away
the sin of the world. Therefore do we preach first Christ crucified,
while at the same time we do not forget that blessed hope of the child
of God,—namely, Christ in glory soon to descend from heaven.
The next doctrine I see in my text is the acceptance of the death
of Christ by the Father.
"Where is that?" say you. Look! "Whom he raised from the dead." Not
only did Jesus rise from the dead, but the Father had a distinct hand
therein. God as God gave the token of his acceptance of Christ's
sacrifice by raising him from the dead. It is true, as we sometimes
"If Jesus had not paid the debt,
He ne'er had been at freedom set."
The Surety would have been held in prison to this day if he had not
discharged his suretyship engagements, and wiped out all the
liabilities of his people Therefore it is written, "He was delivered
for our offences, and was raised again for our justification." In his
glorious uprising from the dead lies the assurance that we are
accepted, accepted in the Beloved: the Beloved being himself certainly
accepted because God brought him again from the dead.
Further on, we have another doctrine, among many more. We have here
the doctrine of our Lord's resurrection, of which we spake when we
mentioned the acceptance of his offering.
Christ is risen from the dead. I pray you, do not think of the Lord
Jesus Christ as though he were now dead. It is well to dwell upon
Gethsemane, Golgotha, and Gabbatha; but pray remember the empty tomb,
Emmaus, Galilee, and Olivet. It is not well to think of Jesus as for
ever on the cross or in the tomb. "He is not here, but he is risen."
Ye may "come and see the place where the Lord lay," but he lies there
no longer he hath burst the bands of death by which he could not be
holden: for it was not possible that God's holy One could see
corruption. The rising of Jesus from the dead is that fact of facts
which establishes Christianity upon an historical basis, and at the
same time guarantees to all believers their own resurrection from the
dead. He is the firstfruits and we are the harvest.
Further, there is here the doctrine of his ascension:
"to wait for his Son from heaven." It is clear that Jesus is in
heaven, or he could not come from it. He has gone before us as our
Forerunner. He has gone to his rest and reward; a cloud received him
out of sight; he has entered into his glory.
I doubt not our poet is right when he says of the angels—
"They brought his chariot from on high,
To bear him to his throne;
Clapped their triumphant wings and cried,
'The glorious work is done!'"
That ascension of his brought us the Holy Spirit. He "led captivity
captive, and received gifts for men," and he gave the Holy Ghost as
the largess of his joyous entry to his Father's courts, that man on
earth might share in the joy of the Conqueror returning from the
battle. "Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up, ye
everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in," was the song
of that bright day.
But the text tells us more: not only that he has gone into heaven, but
that he remains there; for these Thessalonians were expecting him to
come "from heaven," and therefore he was there. What is he doing? "I
go to prepare a place for you." What is he doing? He is interceding
with authority before the throne. What is he doing? He is from yonder
hill-top looking upon his church, which is as a ship upon the sea
.buffeted by many a storm. In the middle watch ye shall see him
walking on the waters; for he perceives the straining of the oars, the
leakage of the timbers, the rending of the sails, the dismay of the
pilot, the trembling of the crew; and he will come unto us, and save
us. He is sending heavenly succours to his weary ones; he is ruling
all things for the salvation of his elect, and the accomplishment of
his purposes. Glory be to his blessed name!
Jesus is in heaven with saving power, too, and that also is in the
text: "His Son from heaven, even Jesus, which delivereth us from the
wrath to come." I alter the translation, for it is a present
participle in the case of each verb, and should run, "Even Jesus,
delivering us from the wrath coming." He is at this moment delivering.
"Wherefore also he is able to save them to the uttermost that come
unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them."
He is away in heaven, but he is not divided from us; he is working
here the better because he is there. He has not separated himself from
the service and the conflict here below; but he has taken the post
from which he can best observe and aid. Like some great commander who
in the day of battle commands a view of the field, and continues
watching, directing, and so winning the fight, so is Jesus in the best
place for helping us. Jesus is the master of legions, bidding his
angels fly hither and thither, where. their spiritual help is needed.
My faith sees him securing victory in the midst of the earth. My God,
my King, thou art working all things gloriously from thy vantage
ground, and ere long the groans and strifes of battle shall end in
Hallelujahs unto the Lord God Omnipotent! Christ's residence in the
heavens is clearly in the text.
Here is conspicuously set forth the second coming, a subject which
might well have occupied all our time,—" To wait for his Son from
heaven." Every chapter of this epistle closes with the Second Advent.
Do not deceive yourselves, oh ye ungodly men who think little of Jesus
of Nazareth! The day will come when you will change your minds about
him. As surely as he died, he lives, and as surely as he lives he will
come to this earth again! With an innumerable company of angels, with
blast of trumpet that shall strike dismay into the heart of all his
enemies, Jesus comes! And when he cometh there shall be a time of
judgment, and the rising again of the dead, and "Every eye shall see
him, and they also which pierced him: and all the kindreds of the
earth shall wail because of him." He may come tomorrow! We know not
the times and the seasons; these things are in the Father's keeping;
but that he comes is certain, and that he will come as a thief in the
night to the ungodly is certain too. Lay no flattering unction to your
souls as though when he was crucified there was an end of him; it is
but the beginning of his dealings with you, though you reject him.
"Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his
wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their
trust in him."
A further doctrine in the text is that Christ is a deliverer—
"Jesus delivering us from the wrath coming,." What a blessed name is
this! Deliverer! Press the cheering title to your breast. He
delivereth by himself bearing the punishment of sin. He has delivered,
he is delivering, he always will deliver them that put their trust in
But there was something to be delivered from, and that is, the coming
wrath, which is mentioned here. "Oh," saith one, "that is a long, way
off, that wrath to come!" If it were a long way off it were wise for
you to prepare for it. He is unsafe who will be destroyed most
certainly, however distant that destruction may be. A wise man should
not be content with looking as an ox doth, as far as his eye can carry
him, for there is so much beyond, as sure as that which is seen. But
it is not far-off wrath which is here mentioned; the text saith, "who
delivereth us from the wrath coming"; that is, the wrath which is now
coming; for wrath is even now upon the unbelieving. As for those Jews
who had rejected Christ. the apostle says of them in the sixteenth
verse of the next chapter, "Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles
that they might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath
is come upon them to the uttermost." The siege of Jerusalem, and the
blindness of Israel, are a terrible comment upon these words.
"Indignation and wrath, tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of
man that doeth evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile." It is
said of every one that believeth not in Christ Jesus, that "the wrath
of God abideth on him." "God is angry with the wicked every day." This
wrath abideth upon some of you. It is the joy of believers that they
are delivered from this wrath which is daily coming upon unbelievers,
and would come upon themselves if they had not been delivered from it
by the atoning sacrifice.
There is evidently in the text the doctrine of a great division
between men and men.
"He hath delivered us." All men have not faith, and therefore all men
are not delivered from wrath. Today there is such a division; the
"condemned-already" and the "justified" are living side by side; but
ere long the separation shall be more apparent. While some will go
away into everlasting punishment, the people of God will be found
pardoned and absolved, and so will be glorified for ever.
Lastly, there is here the doctrine of assurance.
Some say, "How are you to know that you are saved?" It can be known;
it ought to be known. "Surely," cries one, "it is presumption to say
that you are sure." It is presumption to live without knowing that you
are delivered from wrath. Here the apostle speaks of it as a thing
well known, that "Jesus delivers us from the wrath coming." He does
not say "if," or "perhaps," but he writes that it is so, and therefore
he knew it, and we may know it. My brother, you may know that you are
saved. "That would make me inexpressibly happy," cries one. Just so,
and that is one of the reasons why we would have you know it this day.
God saith, "He that believeth in him hath everlasting life," and
therefore the believer may be sure that he has it. Our message is, "He
that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth
not shall be damned." God make you to escape that dreadful doom! May
you be delivered from the wrath which is coming for Jesus' sake. Amen.
Experience & Body)
F B Meyer in Our Daily Homily has the following
devotional thought on 1Thessalonians 1:10...
TO WAIT FOR HIS SON FROM HEAVEN. - OH blessed hope! Is it not
wonderful that each of the chapters of this Epistle brims over with
the glad anticipation of the Master's quick return!
We should never lose this spirit of eager longing and waiting. It hath
the promise of the life that now is, as of that which is to come.
It lifts above the darkness of the present age;
links the present with the great future;
comforts us amid bereavement with the hope of speedy reunion;
quickens us to watchfulness and consecration by the thought of the
shortening of our opportunities;
leads us to purify ourselves as He is pure, to gird our loins and trim
Notice how closely the apostle combines the service of the living and
true God, herein distinguishing Him from the dumb, dead stones of
heathen idolatries, with this waiting for His Son from heaven.
It has been alleged that the hope of the Second Advent is a dreamy,
mystical sentiment, which disqualifies one for the active fulfillment
of the duties of life.
Nothing could be further from the truth. Those who cherish that
anticipation, who awake in the morning, saying, "Perhaps it will be
today"; who go to their sleep whispering to their hearts, "Perchance I
shall be changed into His likeness in a moment as I sleep, and wake in
my resurrection body" these are among the most devoted, strenuous, and
successful workers of the Church. They are not recognized in the daily
or religious Press; but God knows and honors them.
Oh, blessed Hope! With this elate,
Let not our hearts be desolate;
But strong in faith and patience, wait
Until He come.
Good News Or Bad? - A
teacher tells her young students, "Class, I'm going down the hall to
the school office for a few minutes. I don't expect to be away long.
I'm sure there won't be any trouble. I'm trusting you to work on your
assignments while I'm gone."
Fifteen minutes pass, then 20, then 40. Suddenly the teacher returns.
Dennis has just thrown an eraser at Carol, who is doing her math.
Steven is standing on the teacher's desk making faces. The students
carrying out the teacher's instructions are delighted at the teacher's
return, but Dennis and Steven wish she hadn't come back at all.
Jesus is coming back! That stands as both a warning and a promise
throughout the New Testament, as in today's reading from Luke 12. It's
good news or bad, depending on who hears it.
In church we sing songs like "Come, Thou Long-Expected Jesus." When we
partake of the Lord's Supper, we "proclaim the Lord's death till He
comes" (1Co 11:26). On Sunday morning, the second coming of
Christ sounds like great news. But during the rest of the week, are we
as ready for His return?
Jesus is coming back! It may be soon. It will be sudden. Is that good
news or bad? It's up to you. —Haddon W. Robinson
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
When Jesus comes
to reward His servants,
Whether it be noon or night,
Faithful to Him will He find us watching,
With our lamps all trimmed and bright? —Crosby
for you do not know what hour your Lord is coming.
Surprised To Be Here? - It was early February 2000. My wife
and I had just flown into Palm Springs, California, for the funeral of
a family member. At the airport, a couple we had never met asked us if
we were associated with RBC Ministries. They had overheard my name at
the car rental counter where they were standing. When the woman
learned that I was with RBC, she said, "We are Christians too." Then
she asked, "Are you surprised to still be here?"
"No, not really," I replied, wondering what was behind her question.
But the reason soon became clear. She said that many people had
expected Jesus to come on January 1, 2000, to take believers to
Ever since Jesus left this earth, people have tried to interpret
history in the light of prophecy and predict the day of His return.
After centuries of unsuccessful date-setting, many well-meaning
believers have been surprised—and disillusioned—on the day after they
were supposed to be gone.
When Jesus told His disciples about His second coming, He said that
only God the Father knew the day and hour (Matthew 24:36). Jesus gave
many details about the time, but one practical truth stands out: If we
are faithfully serving Him, we'll be ready no matter when He comes.
—Dennis J. De Haan
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
O Lord, we do not need to know
Exactly when You will return;
So give us patience as we make
A godly life our main concern. —Sper
If Christ comes today, will you be ready to meet Him
I Will Come Back For You - In 1914 Ernest Shackleton led an
expedition to sail to Antarctica, and then walk to the South Pole. The
expedition went according to plan until ice trapped the ship and
eventually crushed its hull. The men made their way by lifeboat to a
small island. Promising to come back for them, Shackleton and a small
rescue party set out across 800 miles of perilous seas to South
With only a sextant to guide them, they made it to the island.
Shackleton then led his party over steep mountainous terrain to the
whaling port on the other side. Once there, he acquired a ship to
rescue his crew. Their leader had kept his word and returned for them.
Not one man was left behind.
As Jesus was preparing to leave His disciples, He promised to return.
He said, "If I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and
receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also" (John
14:3). After enduring the horrors of the cross, Jesus rose from the
dead to provide eternal life to all who believe in Him as their
Savior. He indwells us today by the Holy Spirit, but one day He will
return and gather us into His presence (1Thessalonians 4:15, 16, 17, 18).
Jesus is true to His word.
If you are His, He will come back for you! —Dennis Fisher
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
Lift up your heads, pilgrims aweary!
See day's approach now crimson the sky;
Night shadows flee, and your Beloved,
Awaited with longing, at last draweth nigh. —Camp
© Renewal 1941, Singspiration, Inc.
Christ's second coming is as certain as His first
It's For Sure - Before our second child was born, my wife
and I attended a childbirth class offered by the hospital. During the
course we watched a film designed to relieve the fears of expectant
parents. All of us had questions like: When will the labor begin? Will
there be plenty of time to get to the hospital? Will the delivery be
hard? And what about our baby? Will it be a boy or a girl? Will it be
large or small? Will it be healthy?note). Then we will be ready for the blessed event. —Mart De Haan
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
The narrator then summed it up like this: "Yes, there are so many
questions left unanswered. But one thing is for sure: You will
deliver. You will give birth!" The class laughed. One thing was
certain—the baby would come.
The experience reminded me of the Lord's second coming. We have so
many questions about it. What will it be like? Will it be a startling
experience? Will we be happy when we see Jesus? Where will we be when
it occurs? Will we be living, or will we be among those who are raised
from the dead?
Yes, as we anticipate the birth of that new day, there are many
unanswered questions. But one thing is for sure—He is coming! That is
why we should prepare ourselves through faith, hope, and love (1Th
Marvelous message we bring,
Glorious carol we sing,
Wonderful word of the King:
Jesus is coming again! —Peterson
(c) 1957 Singspiration, Inc.
Jesus may come at any time, so we should be ready all the time.