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2 Timothy 3:6 For
among them are
led on by
Amplified: For among them are those who worm their way into homes and
captivate silly and weak-natured and spiritually dwarfed women, loaded
down with [the burden of their] sins [and easily] swayed and led away
by various evil desires and seductive impulses.
For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive
silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,
For of this sort are those who creep into households and make
captives of gullible women loaded down with sins, led away by various
NJB: Of the same kind, too, are
those men who insinuate themselves into families in order to get
influence over silly women who are obsessed with their sins and follow
one craze after another,
They are the kind who worm their way into homes and gain control
over weak-willed women, who are loaded down with sins and are swayed
by all kinds of evil desires
Phillips: From their number come
those creatures who worm their way into people's houses, and find easy
prey in silly women with an exaggerated sense of sin and morbid
Wuest: For of these
are those who by means of insinuation slink into houses and take
captive the minds of silly women who have been in times past heavily
laden with sins, and who are at present heavily loaded down with them,
who are under the impelling urge of variegated, passionate desires,
for of these there are those coming into the houses and leading
captive the silly women, laden with sins, led away with desires
FOR AMONG THEM ARE THOSE
INTO HOUSEHOLDS: ek touton gar eisin (3PPAI) oi endunontes (PAPMPN) eis
tas oikias: (Titus
1:11; Jude 1:4)
craftily sneak (TLB)
work their way into (NLT)
worm (Amp, NIV, Darby)
go secretly (BBE)
slip into homes (NAB)
by means of insinuate (NET).
- Literally out of these, i.e., those described as a group in
verses 2-5 out of which will arise certain creepers and captivators.
Those - This is the masculine
(enduno from en = in, into + dúno
= sink) means to slip in, insinuate oneself into, enter secretly (with
insidious methods and ulterior motives), worm one's way in. Enduno conveys
the idea that these men were sneaking in stealthily and undetected.
Enduno comes from a root word which was used to describe "the
setting of the sun" which is so slow as to be almost imperceptible, and
yet it is most certainly actually taking place. In a similar manner,
these heretics don't come knocking loudly on the front door, but sneak
quietly in the back door (so to speak) while no one is watching or even
if they are watching, the movement is so "slow" as to be imperceptible.
They are very good at being bad. They are continually stealthily
sneaking (present participle) into households, creeping in undetected,
disguising "themselves as servants of righteousness" (2Cor 11:15).
They are like those described by Jude who
“crept in unnoticed,...who were long
beforehand marked out for this condemnation, ungodly persons who turn
the grace of our God into licentiousness and deny our only Master and
Lord, Jesus Christ” (Jude 4).
Peter also warned the saints about the clever nature of
teachers among you (coming
from within the body just like the men Paul is warning Timothy about) who will secretly introduce (secretly
& craftily bring in error alongside of the truth)
destructive heresies, even denying the Master who bought them, bringing
swift destruction upon themselves (cf "they will not make further
AND THEY CAPTIVATE: kai aichmalotizontes (PAPMPN):
carry off as their prisoners
making prisoners of (BBE)
take captive the minds (Wuest)
to get control of (ICB)
gain control over (GNT, NIV)
get influence over (NJB).
(aichmaloteuo from aichme = spear + halotós = be taken, conquered) means literally to take captive
at spear point which is a clear picture of one gaining complete control
over another . And thus by either force or deception these serpentine
shysters cause these women to become prisoners
of a very real spiritual war for the hearts and souls of men.
their continual practice.
Peter has a parallel
thought, ending his second epistle with the warning to the "beloved"
"be on your guard lest, being carried away by
the error of unprincipled men, you fall from your own steadfastness."
Paul warned the saints at Colossae to
"See to it that no one takes
you captive through philosophy and empty deception, according to the
tradition of men, according to the elementary principles of the world,
rather than according to Christ." (Col 2:8-note)
Jesus surely had these hypocritical hucksters in mind when he warned the
"Beware of the false prophets,
who come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly are ravenous wolves.
You will know them by their fruits...." (Mt 7:15, 16-note)
Because these "silly women" are deep
into sins and ungodly impulses that have weighed them down emotionally
and spiritually, they are especially vulnerable to being religiously
seduced by false teachers. They are weak in truth and feel the heavy weight of their sin
and the guilt it brings, making them open and vulnerable to being
"tossed here and there by waves, and carried about by every wind of
doctrine, by the trickery of men, by craftiness in deceitful scheming". (Eph4:14-note)
And just as wrong doctrine leads to wrong
living, so can their wrong living easily lead to embracing wrong
doctrine. False teachers prey on the gullible and vulnerable, lurking in
the shadows to
pick off spiritual stragglers.
WEAK WOMEN WEIGHED DOWN WITH SINS : gunaikaria sesoreumena (RPPNPA0
hamartiais: (Ps 38:4; Is 1:4; Mt 11:28 )
silly women (YLT, Wuest, Phillips, KJV, Darby)
weak minded women (GWT)
gullible women (NRSV)
vulnerable women (NLT)
silly and weak-natured and spiritually women (Amp)
Weak women (1133)
(gunaikarion the diminutive - small
size - of gune
= woman, wife) is used contemptuously here to describe a foolish or
frivolous woman and so speaks of the contemptible state into which these
weak minded, gullible women have fallen. The Greek can also be
translated as something like “silly” or “unstable” women. While this
term is not meant to describe all women, in context it does describe a
certain class of women who are unusually gullible. They carry a load of
guilt for their sins, and they let their sinful desires (perhaps a
reference to sexual immorality) get them into all sorts of bad
situations. The principle applies generally to all those who are easily
led and easily confused.
(4987) (soreuo from sorós = heap) is variously
translated "loaded down" (NIV, NKJV), "weighted down"
(BBE), "overwhelmed" (NLT, NRSV),
"heavily laden" (Wuest) and means to heap up
or pile up with
something, here picturing "sins" as a heavy burden which
overwhelms and weighs these women down.
further pictures this burdened state as an abiding or permanent one with
continuing effect. They have been weighed down by sins at some time in
the past and continue in the same state - they are overburdened and
vulnerable. Their conscience is weighted down with many sins of a
"multi-colored" nature. Uneasy about the consequences of their sins,
they are receptive to the false teachers worming their way in with their
attractive panaceas. Unconfessed sin forms a barrier in our relationship
with God, and it renders the decision-making faculty (the conscience)
ineffective. Those who have not broken free from the bondage to
sin are most susceptible to false teaching and they will believe
anything they are told. Just as Eve was the first target, as the weaker
sex (Peter 3:7-note),
so Satan continues to target women as his initial captives. Cults not
only are often spawned by women, but women are the most numerous and
LED ON BY VARIOUS IMPULSES: agomena (PPPNPA) epithumiais poikilais:
(1Co 12:2; 2Pe 3:17 Mk 4:19; 1Ti 6:9; Titus 3:3; 2Pe 2:18; Jude 1:16,
Swayed by (ISV)
obsessed with (NJB)
controlled by many desires (NLT)
who are under the
impelling urge of variegated, passionate desires (Wuest)
by ever changing caprice (Weymouth)
lead away (NKJV)
follow one craze after another
(ago) is in the passive voice indicating the effect of the
leading is being exerted by another force, in this case their "impulses"
and cravings which are personified as their "motley leader" or "master"
which governs their conduct. Paul reminded Titus "we
also once were foolish ourselves, disobedient, deceived, enslaved to
various lusts and pleasures" again picturing "lusts" as our
master. (Titus 3:3-note)
[word study]) means motley, various in character, different kinds,
diversified, manifold, variegated, many–colored.
Poikilos was used to
describe the skin of a leopard, the different-colored veining of marble
or an embroidered robe and thence passes into the meaning of changeful,
diversified, applied to the changing months or the variations of a
strain of music.
their fleshly cravings as "multi-colored" and of great variety but
provide specific details. Note the use of the
signifying action exerted by external power or force, in this case the
strong desires resident in the old
flesh [study] nature
which are "many colored", motley, diversified.
Various impulses - "various
evil desires & seductive impulses" (Amp), "desires manifold" (YLT),
"various passions" (ESV), "morbid cravings" (Phillips)
[word study] from epi = upon, motion toward
+ thumos = passion) literally
pictures one's drive or passion directed toward an object and although
it can be toward something good, is usually (as in this verse) a
description of depraved cravings and the unrestrained desires that
emanate from our fallen flesh nature inherited from Adam. These depraved
cravings and inner evil desires drive these women to open excesses.
2 Timothy 3:7
come to the
knowledge of the
Amplified: [These weak women will listen to anybody who will teach them]; they
are forever inquiring and getting information, but are never able to
arrive at a recognition and knowledge of the Truth.
Phillips: who are always learning
and yet never able to grasp the truth.
learning and never able to come to a precise and experiential
knowledge of the truth.
always learning, and never to a knowledge of truth able to come,
Ever learning, and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth.
ALWAYS LEARNING: pantote manthanonta (PAPNPA):
(2Ti 4:3;4:4 Dt 29:4; Pr14:6; Is 30:10;30:11 Eze 14:4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,
10; Mt 13:11; Jn 3:20;3:21 5:44; 12:42; 43)
Always seeking instruction (NET)
forever inquiring and getting information (Amp)
ever learning (KJV)
always learning something new (Weymouth)
forever following new teachings (NLT).
[word study]) means
to gain knowledge or understanding of or skill in by study, instruction,
or experience. At every opportunity these women are eager to receive
instruction. Note the
present tense emphasizes that this "learning"
was their continual pursuit, "professional learners" as it were! Most of
us know some folks like this.
25x in 24v - Matt 9:13; 11:29; 24:32; Mark 13:28; John 6:45; 7:15; Acts
23:27; Rom 16:17; 1 Cor 4:6; 14:31, 35; Gal 3:2; Eph 4:20; Phil 4:9, 11;
Col 1:7; 1 Tim 2:11; 5:4, 13; 2 Tim 3:7, 14; Titus 3:14; Heb 5:8; Rev
14:3. NAS = educated(1), find(1), learn(12), learned(9),
learning(1), receive instruction(1).
explains their learning...
Sin and lack of discernment neutralized their ability to apprehend God’s
truth. If they have been reared in the church, they are especially
susceptible to ideas that purport to be Christian. But their ignorance
of Scripture and their sinful living make them utterly undiscerning and
defenseless against unbiblical and ungodly precepts. They are
continually learning about everything except the knowledge of the truth.
Because legalism deals only in outward performance, it is very
attractive. Many such women, and men as well, are glad to find a way
that promises to make them right with God simply by adhering to certain
outward forms and conforming to certain behavioral standards.
J. 2 Timothy. Chicago: Moody Press
ABLE TO COME TO THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE TRUTH: kai medepote eie epignosin aletheias elthein (AAN) dunamena (PPPNPA):
can never arrive at (NRSV)
never able to arrive at (ESV)
(medepote = medé = not even + poté
= at any time, ever) means literally not even ever and
thus suggests an abiding inability on the part of these weak willed,
gullible women to come to a " precise and experiential knowledge of
(Wuest) of the Gospel, which alone proclaims "release to the
captives...recovery of sight to the blind" and freedom to "those
who are downtrodden", the very truth these heavily burdened women
needed to hear and receive. (Lk 4:18).
conveys the basic meaning of that which has the inherent ability to do
something or accomplish some end. Thus dunamai means to be able
to, to be capable of, to be strong enough to do or to have power to do
something. It is usually translated able (50x), can (61x
and cannot 58x) or could.
Words of this stem all have the basic
sense of ability or capability. Dunamai means a. “to be able” in
a general sense, b. “to be able” with reference to the attitude that
makes one able, hence sometimes “to will,” and c. (of things) “to be
equivalent to,” “to count as,” “to signify.”
that dunamai means...
to possess capability (whether
because of personal or external factors) for experiencing or doing
The truth -
This specific phrase is used by Paul 33x out of 76x in Scripture - Ro
1:18, 25; 2:8, 20; 3:7; 9:1; 15:8; 1Co 13:6; 2Co 7:14; 11:10; 12:6;
13:8; Gal 2:5, 14; 4:16; 5:7; Ep 4:15, 24; 2Th 2:10, 12, 13; 1Ti 2:4, 7;
3:15; 4:3; 6:5; 2Ti 2:18, 25; 3:7, 8; 4:4; Titus 1:1, 14
knowledge of the truth -
This is an important phrase used only by Paul (with one exception,
and all four uses are in the pastoral epistles.
our Savior...desires all men to be saved and to come to the
knowledge of the truth.
God is the One Who grants
repentance leading to
the knowledge of the
women and men "from the snare of the devil. (2Ti 2:25-note)
Finally, writing to Titus Paul opened that epistle with the reminder
knowledge of the truth
(leads to) godliness (Titus 1:1)
Hebrews warns that
if we go on sinning willfully after receiving
the knowledge of the truth,
there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins
I realize this last verse can be the cause of some consternation but see
Matthew Henry's helpful analysis
This text (Heb
has been the occasion of great distress to some gracious souls; they
have been ready to conclude that every willful sin, after conviction and
against knowledge, is the unpardonable sin: but this has been their
infirmity and error. The sin here mentioned is a total and final
apostasy, when men with a full and fixed will and resolution despise and
reject Christ, the only Saviour, -- despise and resist the Spirit, the
only Sanctifier, -- and despise and renounce the gospel, the only way of
salvation, and the words of eternal life; and all this after they have
known, owned, and professed, the Christian religion, and continue
to do so obstinately and maliciously.
The Truth About Truth - When
Harvard University was founded, its motto was
Veritas Christo et Ecclesiae—
“Truth for Christ and the Church.”
Its crest showed
three books, one face down to symbolize the limitation of human
knowledge. But in recent decades that book has been turned face up to
represent the unlimited capacity of the human mind. And the motto has
been changed to Veritas—“Truth.”
The pursuit of knowledge is praiseworthy, yet learning can quickly lead
to pride and a refusal to acknowledge any limits on our mental
abilities. When that happens, biblical truth is ignored.
What, then, is the truth about truth? A wise king wrote centuries ago,
“The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge” (Pr 1:7). We must
recognize the relationship between God and truth. Without the help of
God’s Spirit and the instruction of God’s Word, man will be ever
“learning and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth” (2Ti
3:7). When we acknowledge and obey His truth, however, we will be set
free from spiritual ignorance and error (Jn 8:32; 17:17). That’s why we
must be diligent in studying the Bible (2Ti 2:15-note). It is the only book
that tells us the truth about truth.— Vernon C. Grounds
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
Holy Bible, Book divine,
Precious treasure, thou art mine;
Mine to tell me whence I came,
Mine to teach me what I am.
To know Christ the Living Word,
study the written Word.
2 Timothy 3:8
regard to the
Amplified:Now just as Jannes and Jambres were hostile to and resisted
Moses, so these men also are hostile to and oppose the Truth. They
have depraved and distorted minds, and are reprobate and counterfeit
and to be rejected as far as the faith is concerned. [Exod. 7:11.]
These men are as much enemies to the truth as Jannes and Jambres were
to Moses. Their minds are distorted, and they are traitors to the
in the same manner as Jannes and Jambres set themselves against Moses,
so also these set themselves against the truth, men corrupted in mind;
after having been put to the test, disapproved concerning the Faith.
and, even as Jannes and Jambres stood against Moses, so also these do
stand against the truth, men corrupted in mind, disapproved concerning
AND JUST AS JANNES
AND JAMBRES OPPOSED
MOSES: on tropon de Iannes kai Iambres antesthesan (3PAAI) Mousei:
Other translations -
stand against (YLT),
set themselves against (Wuest),
fought against (NLT),
these teachers fight truth (TLB).
Just as -
Observe that this introduces a term of comparison ("just as" ~ simile).
Remember that figures of speech are always intended to convey a literal
meaning. So when you see these terms remember that it is not a license
to let your mind run wild allegorizing or spiritualizing the text.
Jannes and Jambres
- Not mentioned in Exodus but Jewish tradition identified them as those
who opposed Moses in Exodus 7:11. See
Jannes and Jambres -
[word study] from anti = against, opposite +
histemi = stand) means they set themselves in array
against the truth. The picture is of two enemy forces setting themselves
in array against one another in battle lines, the truth on one side
arrayed against lies, deception, error and falsehood on the other side.
This verb suggests vigorously opposing, with the idea of standing
face-to-face against an adversary so as to stand one's ground.
- Mt 5:39; Lk 21:15; Acts 6:10; 13:8; Ro 9:19; 13:2; Gal 2:11; Ep 6:13;
2Ti 3:8; 4:15; Jas 4:7; 1Pe 5:9. NAS - cope(1), oppose(1), has
opposed(1), opposed(4), opposing(1), resist(5), resists(2).
dramatically illustrates the idea of the verb anthistemi
when Cephas (Peter) began to withdraw from eating with the Gentiles for
fear of Jewish criticism, saying
(anthistemi) him (Peter) to his face. (Ga
Paul also used this "battle word" anthistemi to exhort the
saints at Ephesus (and us) to
take up the full armor of God,
that you may be able to resist (anthistemi)
in the evil day, and having done everything, to stand firm. (Ep 6:13-note)
Most expositors accept
Jannes and Jambres as the Egyptian court
magicians in Exodus (Ex 7:11; 22 8:7, 18)
but since they are not named in the OT account, this area is rife with
fruitless speculation. The point in the comparison that is quite clear
is their opposition to the truth of God. As Jannes and Jambres in Egypt
set themselves against the truth of God by means of their counterfeit
miracles, so these self-seeking, fraudulent men now oppose the truth of
the glorious Gospel. With this comparison, Paul does leave open the
possibility that these men likewise will avail themselves of occult
supernatural powers and practices. One would not be surprised if this
were the case for Jesus warned that in the end times (actually
referring in context to "the great tribulation", the last 3.5 year
period preceding Christ's return)
false Christs and false prophets will arise and will show great
signs and wonders, so as to mislead, if possible, even the elect. (Mt
SO THESE MEN ALSO OPPOSE THE TRUTH: houtos kai houtoi anthistantai (3PPMI) te
aletheia: (2Ti 4:15; 1Ki 22:22; 23, 24; Jer 28:1-17; Acts 13:8;
9, 10, 11, 15:24; Ga 1:7; 8, 9, 2:4; 5; Ep 4:14; 2Th 2:9; 10, 2Th 2:11 Titus
1:10; 2Pe 2:1; 2, 3; 1Jn 2:18; 4:1; Re 2:6, 14, 15, 20)
[word study] from anti = against + histemi = stand)
or literally stand against and resist the truth by either their words or
their deeds, effectively setting themselves against
the truth. Their opposition can span the range from mere objection to bitter hostility
or even open warfare (albeit all their opposition is a form of spiritual
middle voice indicates their personal involvement in
initiating the opposition and then actively participating in the
opposition. In other words they are fully cognizant that they are
standing against God and not simply happenchance,
They were men like
"Elymas the magician" who "was
opposing (anthistemi) them (Barnabas and Saul), seeking to turn the proconsul away
from the faith." (Acts 13:8).
They were like Alexander the coppersmith who "vigorously
opposed (Paul's) teaching."
The point is clear that when you stand for the truth, you will be opposed by the lie. So all you young "Timothys" and "Timotheas",
"gird your minds for action, keep sober in spirit, fix your hope
completely on the grace to be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus
Christ" (1Pe 1:13)
so that strengthened by this truth, you may be enabled to "fight the
good fight of faith (and) take hold of the eternal life to which
you were called (1Ti 6:12).
In 2Timothy 1:16-note
Phygelus and Hermogenes were ashamed of the truth, in
2Ti 2:17, 18-note
Hymenaeus and Philetus went astray from the truth and in
2Ti 3:8 men
like Jannes and Jambres were against the truth.
THE BATTLE FOR
2Ti 2:17, 18
MEN OF DEPRAVED MIND: anthropoi
katephtharmenoi (RPPMPN) ton noun: (Ac 8:21;8:22 Ro 1:28; 16:18;
2Co11:13;11:14,15 1Ti1:19; 4:2; 6:5; Titus 1:16; 2Pe2:14; Jude18, 19)
Their minds are variously described as:
debased intellectuals (Weymouth),
warped & twisted (TLB),
corrupt (NJB, NRSV),
whose minds do not function (TEV)
(kataphtheiro from katá = intensifies the
meaning + phtheíro = corrupt, destroy) describes a human
mind entirely spoiled and lain waste. The
perfect tense pictures the
unalterable, permanently corrupted condition of their minds which in
turn explains their utter moral depravity (as described in 2T 3:2, 3, 4, 5). They
are like those Paul warns about in (1Ti 4:2)
who are "seared in their own conscience as with a branding iron"
and whom Jude described as "worldly-minded, devoid of the Spirit"
(nous) is the God given faculty of perceiving and understanding
and is the channel through which truth reaches the heart. The mind of
these men has become so thoroughly corrupted that the truth of the
Gospel cannot penetrate and be perceived. This state naturally leads to
them being reprobate and disqualified regarding the Christian faith.
AS REGARDS THE FAITH: adokimoi peri ten pistin: (2Co13:5-note)
disqualified (NET, ESV)
reprobate and counterfeit and to be rejected (Amp)
their faith spurious (NJB)
of no real worth (Weymouth)
put to the test but disapproved (Wuest)
failures in the faith (TEV)
who cannot pass the test (Jewish NT)
(adokimos from a = without + dokimos
= that which after testing has stood the test and been proven authentic,
reliable, acceptable) refers to those who do not stand the test, and so
are worthless, unapproved, and rejected after God's searching test. They
failed to pass His test of purity and were "discarded", even as metals
that do not pass the purity test of purity are discarded.
8x in 8v - Ro 1:28; 1Cor 9:27; 2 Cor 13:5, 6, 7; 2Ti 3:8; Titus 1:16;
These men have
been tested in regard to ""the
faith" (Christian teaching and the gospel)
and like counterfeit coins they have been found wanting and hence are
discarded as worthless!
As Hiebert notes
the truth which they claim to bring in their teaching, upon examination,
is found to be counterfeit gold.
Adokimos was used in secular Greek
writings to describe (1) a counterfeit coin below standard weight, (2) a
cowardly soldier who fails
in the testing hour of battle, (3) a rejected candidate for office whom
citizens regarded as useless, (4) a stone which the builders rejected. If
a stone had a flaw it was marked with a capital "A" for
Adokimos and left
aside, as unfit to have any place in the building.
The ultimate test of life is usefulness, of doing the "good and
acceptable and perfect" will of the Lord (Ro12:1-note).
These men are like the stones marked with the letter "A" who
are of no value in building the Kingdom of God or building up the body
of Christ. In fact in context, instead of helping God's work, these men
actively (albeit often surreptitiously) oppose it and stand against it.
Furthermore, the fact that the men were rejected as regards the faith makes it very clear that Paul was speaking of individuals within the
church who professed to be Christians but were not.
The men Paul
describes are like those in Romans who arrogantly...
not see fit (dokimazo)
to acknowledge God any longer (so)
God gave them over to a
depraved (adokimos) mind (KJV = reprobate),
to do those things which are not proper.
Paul exhorted (actually
commanded) the Corinthians to
"Test yourselves to see if you are in
the faith; examine (dokimazo
= test something to prove it worthy) yourselves! Or do you not recognize this about yourselves, that Jesus
Christ is in you-- unless indeed you fail the test (adokimos)?(2Co
2 Timothy 3:9 But they will not
progress; for their
folly will be
just as Jannes's and Jambres's
Amplified: But they will not get very far, for their rash folly will become
obvious to everybody, as was that of those [magicians mentioned].
But they shall proceed no further: for their folly shall be manifest
unto all men, as theirs also was.
But in the long run they won't get far. Their folly will become as
obvious to everybody as did that of Moses' opponents.
they shall make no further progress, for their insane folly shall
become evident to all, as also their folly [namely, that of Jannes and
Jambres] became evident.
but they shall not advance any further, for their folly shall be
manifest to all, as theirs also did become.
BUT THEY WILL NOT MAKE FURTHER PROGRESS: all ou prokopsousin (2PFAI) epi pleion:
(alla) expresses contrast and here
the contrast is between the
false teacher's present "success" with silly women and opposition to the
truth and their final future fate. In order that Timothy
may be the more encouraged to fight, Paul makes it clear that the truth
of the Gospel of God will prevail and that these men's "end shall be
according to their deeds." (2Cor 11:15)
The NLT says "they won’t get away with this for long." NIV has "they
will not get very far".
Not (ou) signifies
absolute negation. Absolutely no way will they make progress.
[word study] from pró = before or forward +
kópto =cut, strike) means literally to "cut down in front" and was
used to describe the removal of obstacles from a road so that straight
and uninterrupted progress was possible.
FOLLY: e gar anoia auton: (Ex 7:12; 8:18;8:19, 9:11;1Ki22:25; Ps
76:10;Jer 28:15; 28:16, 17; 29:21, 22, 23,31,32;29:22, 29:23, 31, 32,
37:19; Acts 13:11;19:15, 16, 17)
rash folly (Amp)
their stupidity (ISV)
insane folly (Wuest)
what fools they are (NLT)
foolish behavior (BBE)
(anoia from ánous = mad, foolish in turn
from a = without + noús = mind) means
"without one's mind" and describes the senselessness of these men who
lacked understanding and good sense. This is what one would expect in "men
of depraved mind" who "in the long run they won't get far."
(Phillips) Their plunge into the depth of sin
and error, which deceives them and other ungodly men, ceases to deceive
the people of God, who see the folly of their error clearly.
absurdity and fraud eventually overstep their bounds and thus expose
WILL BE OBVIOUS TO ALL AS ALSO THAT OF THOSE CAME TO BE: ekdelos estai (3SFMI) pasin os kai e ekeinon egeneto (3SAMI):
Will be plain (ISV)
will be clearly manifest (Weymouth)
shall become evident (Wuest)
will be clear (NIV).
(ekdelos from ek = intensifies meaning +
delos = manifest) means very evident, clearly manifest, quite
plain, conspicuous (obvious to the eye and mind), easily known. These
men will be brought forth from concealment into open day just like
Jannes and Jambres who came to realize that the source of the plagues
was something other than human or demonic power as Moses explained --
magicians tried with their secret arts to bring forth gnats, but they
could not; so there were gnats on man and beast. Then the magicians said
to Pharaoh, "This is the finger of God." (Ex 8:18; 19)