Continuation of the explanation of Daniel 7
Every believer needs to be like the
first century Bereans in their approach to the Word
of God and this is especially true when it comes to interpretation of
Now these (Bereans) were
more noble-minded than those in Thessalonica, for they received (take hold
of = a deliberate and ready reception of what is offered) the word (logos)
with great eagerness, examining (present tense = constantly doing this, used
by Greeks to describe the preliminary investigation for gathering evidence
for trial), the Scriptures DAILY, to see whether these things were so. (Acts
Daniel 7 there are
4 beasts mentioned with a significant emphasis on the Fourth
the "dreadful and terrifying" ("DT") beast, the beast
which parallels the
fourth kingdom in
Daniel 2, which was illustrated by the legs of iron and
feet (with 10 toes) composed of iron mixed with clay.
elaborates on the DT beast explaining that
phrase - after the beast like a leopard) I kept looking in the
night visions, and behold, a fourth beast, dreadful and terrifying and
extremely strong; and it had large iron teeth. It devoured and crushed,
and trampled down the remainder with its feet; and it was different from
all the beasts that were before it, and it had ten horns.8 While I
was contemplating the horns, behold, another
a little one,
came up among them, (= 11 horns) and three of the first horns were
pulled out by the roots before
and behold, this horn
possessed eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth uttering great
& Terrifying Beast
Notice that the 10 horns will
precede the coming up of the Little Horn (an 11th one) and that three of
the 10 horns will be pulled out leaving 8 horns.
Remember also that the Ten horns
parallel the teaching in
Daniel 2 of 10 toes. Daniel
in the days
of those kings a Stone cut without hands will crush the feet of the statue.
Daniel 2:34"You continued
looking until a Stone
was cut out without hands, and
it struck the statue on
its feet of iron and clay, and crushed them.
the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver and the gold were crushed all
at the same time, and became like chaff from the summer threshing floors;
and the wind carried them away so that not a trace of them was found. But
that struck the statue became a great mountain and filled the whole earth.
42 "And as the toes of the
feet were partly of iron and partly of pottery, so some of the kingdom
will be strong and part of it will be brittle.
43 "And in that you saw the iron mixed with common clay, they will combine
with one another in the seed of men; but they will not adhere to one
another, even as iron does not combine with pottery.
44 "And in the days of those
phrase) the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which will
never be destroyed, and that kingdom will not be left for another people;
it will crush and put an end to all these kingdoms, but it will itself
45 "Inasmuch as you saw that a
was cut out of the mountain without hands and that
crushed the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver, and the gold, the
great God has made known to the king what will take place
in the future;
so the dream is true, and its interpretation is trustworthy."
As Daniel keeps looking in
he sees the Ancient of Days and what is clearly a picture of judgment.
9 "I kept looking until thrones were set up, and the
Ancient of Days
vesture was like white snow, and the hair of
head like pure wool.
throne was ablaze with flames, Its wheels were a burning fire.
10 A river of fire was flowing and coming out from before
thousands upon thousands were attending
and myriads upon myriads were standing before
The court sat, and the books were opened.
11 Then I kept looking because of the sound of the boastful words
which the horn
was speaking; I kept looking until the
was slain, and
body was destroyed and given to the burning fire.
12 "As for the rest of the beasts, their dominion was taken away, but an
extension of life was granted to them for an appointed period of time.
13 I kept looking in the night visions, and behold, with the clouds of
heaven One like a
Son of Man
was coming, and
came up to the
Ancient of Days
and was presented before
14 And to
was given dominion, glory and a kingdom, that all the peoples, nations,
and men of every language might serve
dominion is an everlasting dominion which will not pass away; and
kingdom is one which will not be destroyed.
Remembering that prophecy unfolds in
a progressive manner (see
special revelation of God),
when you begin to study the book of the Revelation you want to be careful
to observe for a time when you see a beast who is destroyed and is
eventually given to the burning fire. For now, the book of Daniel is
presenting a panoramic picture, giving an overview of Gentile dominion of
the world up until the time when it will be abruptly crushed and brought
to an end by the Stone which will set up a Kingdom that will never be
destroyed. This description fits well with the period in which Jesus
Christ will return to rule on the earth (during the so-called
"millennium"). You may not agree with a literal millennial rule but you do
believe in the literal return of Jesus Christ.
up to this point
describes 4 beasts, 10 horns, a little horn (LH),
judgment given, One like the Son of Man coming to the Ancient of Days and being given a dominion.
Comparing the beasts to the parts of the statue in
reveals more details about these
prophecies, especially the fourth kingdom, and thus demonstrates the
progressive revelation. The details
regarding these kingdoms will be further expanded in
Daniel 8 and
Daniel is a long study and you need to resist the temptation to not
resist the temptation to not finish this course because of it's length and
difficulty. Your Adversary, the devil, the enemy of your soul does not want you to understand these things because he
does not want you to understand what his demise is going to be, what
happens in his kingdom when he is cast out of heaven to earth. Hang in
Here is the interpretation of the
Daniel 7:17 'These
great beasts, which are four in number, are four kings who will arise from
Remember that "Kings" and "Kingdoms"
"But the saints of the Highest One will receive the kingdom and possess
the kingdom forever, for all ages to come."
"Saints" is synonymous with "holy ones",
those who have been set
apart by God and for God (this transaction occurring the moment one
believes in the Messiah, whether OT saints or NT saints). This is the first time Daniel tells us the
saints also receive
the kingdom and possess it forever.
Gives more detail about the Fourth Kingdom. If you read the commentaries,
you will discover that some writers feel this is a reference to the empire
of Greece but Greece did not
trample down and crush the kingdoms it conquered.
"Then I desired to know the exact meaning of the fourth beast,
which was different from all the others, exceedingly dreadful, with its
teeth of iron and its claws of bronze, and which devoured, crushed, and
trampled down the remainder with its feet, (Daniel 7:19)
Daniel 7:20 ''10 horns that were on its head''
which parallels the 10 toes that were on the great statue's feet in
"the meaning of the ten horns that were on its head, and the other horn
which came up, and before which three of them fell, namely, that horn
which had eyes and a mouth uttering great boasts, and which was larger in
appearance than its associates.
Daniel 7:23 Underline ''the whole earth''
"Thus he said: 'The fourth beast
will be a fourth kingdom on the earth, which will be different from all
the other kingdoms, and it will devour the whole earth and tread it down
and crush it.
Daniel 7:24 ''out of this kingdom'' - Which kingdom? the fourth kingdom.
What will come out of the fourth kingdom?
'As for the ten horns, out of this kingdom ten kings will arise; and
another will arise after them, and he will be different from the previous
ones and will subdue three kings."
The picture is that of a Little Horn
arising after the 10 have assumed power (which makes 11 total). The Little
Horn subdues 3 of the other kings.
"And he will speak out against the Most High''
'And he will speak out against the Most High and wear down the saints of
the Highest One, and he will intend to make alterations in times and in
law; and they will be given into his hand for a time, times, and half a
Who is ''he''?
"He" is the Little Horn who is a boastful (note the repetition of this
characteristic in Daniel 7:8,
and will wear down the saints of the Highest One. So now you know how long
the LITTLE HORN will war with the saints and they will be given into his
hand for a time, times, and half a time. What does this time phrase mean?
TIME, TIMES, AND HALF A TIME
This time period could be in units
of months, years, days, etc but if we
compare Scripture with Scripture
(always the best commentary), especially observing Daniel 4 where ''seven
periods of time'' equates with 7 years and interpret the text
literally (always interpret
literally unless the meaning defies common sense or is a
the phrase "TIME, TIMES & HALF A TIME" refers to 31/2 years
or 1260 days. Keep this time period in mind, as it becomes very
significant in the interpretation of the very end of the "latter days"!
The Little Horn's future is
reiterated in the last section of Daniel...
26 'But the court will sit for
judgment, and his
(the Little Horn's) dominion will be taken away, annihilated and destroyed
27 'Then (when?
when the LH is destroyed forever) the sovereignty, the dominion, and the greatness of all the
kingdoms under the whole heaven will be given to the people of the saints
of the Highest One; His kingdom will be an everlasting kingdom, and all
the dominions will serve and obey Him (who?
the Son of Man).' (Daniel 7:26-27)
Here is what we know about the
"Little Horn" (LH): The LH is the 11th horn who makes war against the
saints for probably. The LH is opposed to the Most High God and
to the saints (because he speaks out against the Most High and wears down the
saints) for 3.5 years and that when the court sits judgment is passed and the beast is
slain and the LH's body is destroyed and given to the burning
fire. (Daniel 7:11)
Now let's parallel our
from Daniel 7 with an
of Revelation 12...
1 And a great
appeared in heaven: a WOMAN clothed with the sun, and the moon
under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars; 2 and she was
with child; and she cried out, being in labor and in pain to give birth. 3
appeared in heaven: and behold, a
GREAT RED DRAGON having seven heads and TEN HORNS, and on his heads were
seven diadems. 4 And his tail swept away a third of the stars of heaven,
and threw them to the earth. And the DRAGON stood before the WOMAN who was
about to give birth, so that when she gave birth he might devour her
child. 5 And she gave birth to a son, a MALE CHILD, who is
TO RULE ALL THE
NATIONS with a rod of iron; and her child was caught up to God and to His
throne. 6 And the woman fled into the wilderness where she had a place
prepared by God, so that there she might be nourished for 1260 DAYS.
As already discussed, if 1 year is 360 days
and we multiply 3.5 years times 360
days/year we again arrive at 1260 days, a very critical time period in the
end times events.
What or who is the "woman"?
A "great sign" where the Greek word for "sign" (semeion)
refers to a mark, token or something that distinguishes one from another
and which could be used as a warning or could be a miraculous act (ie,
miracles were often signs) such as found in the gospel of John
Revelation 12, the "SIGN" acts as a distinguishing
mark or characteristic of the woman and the dragon. So as we look at these
distinguishing characteristics, we will learn something.
WOMAN: she was pregnant with child and was ready to give birth.
When she's ready to give birth, there is ANOTHER SIGN...IN HEAVEN:
"the great red dragon" trying to devour her child, a son (male) who is to RULE
ALL NATIONS WITH A ROD OF IRON (He is not ruling but ''is'' to rule). This child
is caught up to throne.
the woman fled into the wilderness for 1260 days (3.5 yr)
Who is the Woman? Who is the Child?
Who is the Dragon?
tells us that
the great DRAGON ... the SERPENT of old who is called the
DEVIL and SATAN, who deceives the whole world; he was thrown down to the
earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. (Rev 12:9)
And thus we can interpret
the dragon as the Serpent of old, the devil, Satan who
deceives whole world.
Now let's digress for a moment to
which presents an outline (in verse 19) for the entire book:
Revelation 1:3 Blessed is he who reads and those who HEAR the words of the
prophecy (the Revelation is prophecy written by John the Apostle while on
the Isle of Patmos about 90AD), and HEED (people say don't teach prophecy
because it's not practical--but when you UNDERSTAND prophecy, then you LIVE IN
THE LIGHT of it -- this is what it means to ''HEED'' ) the things which are written in it;
for the time is near. 4 John to the seven churches that are in Asia: Grace
to you and peace, from Him who is and who was and who is to come; and from
the seven Spirits who are before His throne;5 and from Jesus Christ, the
faithful witness, the first-born of the dead, and the ruler of the kings
of the earth. To Him who loves us, and released us from our sins by His
blood,6 and He has made us to be a kingdom, priests to His God and Father;
to Him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen.7 BEHOLD, HE
IS COMING WITH THE CLOUDS, and every eye will see Him, even those who
pierced Him; and all the tribes of the earth will mourn over Him. Even so.
What did we just study in Daniel 7 about the Son of Man?
He is COMING ON THE
"I kept looking in the night visions,
And behold, with the clouds of heaven One like a
Son of Man was coming,
And He came up to the Ancient of Days And was presented before Him. (Daniel 7:13)
the risen Christ instructs John to...
"Write therefore the things which
you have seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall take
place after these things."
This verse outlines the
entire book of the Revelation as follows...
Revelation 1 =
John saw the risen Lord
Revelation 2-3 = Things that are (the 7 churches
Revelation 4-22 = Things which shall take place (future events)
Revelation 12 is an overview of history
and describes the things which shall take place including the fate of the Dragon
Revelation 12:7 And there was war in heaven, Michael and his angels waging war
with the DRAGON. And the DRAGON and his angels waged war, 8 and they were
not strong enough, and there was no longer a place found for them in
heaven. 9 And the GREAT DRAGON was thrown down, the SERPENT of old who is
called the DEVIL and SATAN, who deceives the whole world; he was thrown
down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. 10 And I
heard a loud voice in heaven, saying, "Now the salvation, and the power,
and the kingdom of our God and the authority of His Christ have come, for
the accuser of our brethren has been thrown down, who accuses them before
our God day and night. 11 "And they (who? the brethren) overcame him
because of the blood of the Lamb and because of the word of their
testimony, and they did not love their life even
The brethren were willing to die rather than deny (like Shadrach, et. al.)
"For this reason, rejoice, O heavens and you who dwell in them. Woe to the
earth and the sea, because the DEVIL has come down to you, having great
wrath, knowing that he has only a short time." 13 And when (note the
timing ''when'' ) the DRAGON saw that HE was thrown down to the earth, HE
persecuted the WOMAN who gave birth to the MALE CHILD. 14 And the two
wings of the great eagle were given to the woman, in order that she might
fly into the wilderness to her place, where she was nourished for a TIME
AND TIMES AND HALF A TIME (cf. Dan 7:25) from the presence of the serpent.
So we see a WOMAN fleeing into the
wilderness in Rev 12:6. Why?
Because the devil was cast down to the earth and sought to make war with
And the serpent poured water like a river out of his mouth after the
WOMAN, so that he might cause HER to be swept away with the flood. 16 And
the earth helped the WOMAN, and the earth opened its mouth and drank up
the river which the dragon poured out of his mouth. 17 And the dragon was
enraged with the WOMAN, and went off to make war with the rest of HER
offspring, who keep the commandments of God and hold to the testimony of
WHO IS THE CHILD?
WHO IS THE WOMAN?
(Ed note: many if not most of the older commentaries have
interpreted the "woman" as "the church". For example Adam Clarke writes
"That the woman here represents the true Church of Christ most
commentators are agreed.")
First let's determine who the
comparing Scripture with Scripture.
Observe the phrase "rule...with a rod of iron."
Where else is this phrase used in
Ps 2:7 "I will surely tell of the
decree of the Lord: He said to Me, 'Thou art My Son, Today I have begotten
8 'Ask of Me, and I will surely give the nations as Thine
inheritance, And the [very] ends of the earth as Thy possession.
shalt break them with a rod of iron, Thou shalt shatter them like
11 And I saw heaven opened; and behold, a white horse, and
who sat upon it is called
Faithful and True;
and in righteousness
judges and wages war.
eyes are a flame of fire, and upon
head are many diadems; and
has a name written upon
which no one knows except
13 And He
is clothed with a robe dipped in blood; and
name is called
Word of God.
14 And the armies which are in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and
clean, were following
on white horses.
15 And from
mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it
may smite the nations; and
will RULE THEM WITH A ROD OF IRON; and
treads the wine press of the fierce wrath of God, the Almighty.
16 And on
robe and on
has a name written, "KING OF
KINGS, AND LORD OF
17 And I saw an angel standing in the sun; and he cried out with a loud
voice, saying to all the birds which fly in midheaven, "Come, assemble for
the great supper of God;
18 in order that you may eat the flesh of kings and the flesh of
commanders and the flesh of mighty men and the flesh of horses and of
those who sit on them and the flesh of all men, both free men and slaves,
and small and great."
19 And I saw
and the kings of the earth and their armies, assembled to make war against
Him who sat upon the horse, and against His army.
was seized, and with him the false prophet who performed the signs in his
presence, by which he deceived those who had received the mark of
and those who worshipped
image; these two were thrown alive into the LAKE OF FIRE which
burns with brimstone. (Have we seen a beast thrown into fire
in Daniel 7?)
Few would argue that this refers to Jesus Christ, the One Who in both
the Old Testament (see the psalm below) and the New Testament (John in the
Revelation) is to rule with a "rod of iron"
CAUGHT UP TO HEAVEN? Jesus
Christ. When Christ was born Herod attempted to kill him (Herod is
associated with and empowered by
Rome, the dreadful and terrifying beast. Compare
"And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, so
that when she gave birth he might devour her child."). Some have said the one caught
up to God is the church (eg, the respected commentary Matthew Henry
says "we see how the church is represented in this vision") but how can it be since it the text clearly
states a "male child, One to rule all nations with a rod of iron"?
This type of interpretation occurs when one fails to read the text for its
literal meaning (See
is the Woman"? She has to be
the nation of Israel. Why?
First, the Messiah is prophesied to come from the woman, Jehovah
addressing the Serpent after he had tempted Eve to sin declaring...
Gen 3:15 And I will put enmity
between you and the WOMAN, and between your
seed and her seed; He (the Messiah) shall bruise you on the head (a deadly
bruise), and you shall bruise
him on the heel."
Joseph's dream in
helps unravel the interpretation of the
"12 stars" in Revelation 12, Moses recording that Joseph...
had still another dream, and related it to his brothers, and said, "Lo, I
have had still another dream; and behold, the sun and the moon
and eleven stars (cf. Rev 12:1 ''sun, and the moon under her feet,
and on her head a crown of twelve stars'') were bowing down to me."
In this dream, the sun represents
Jacob, the moon represents Joseph's mother Rachel, and the eleven stars
are the sons of Israel who bow down to Joseph. In this sign with twelve
stars, Joseph is now "among" the other tribes of Israel. In short, the 11 brothers (plus Joseph)
headed the original 12 tribes that became the nation of Israel.
Paul teaches the Christ must come from
Israel describing the Jews as those...
who are Israelites, to whom belongs the adoption as sons and the glory and
the covenants and the giving of the Law and the temple service and the
promises, 5 whose are the fathers, and from whom is the Christ
according to the flesh, who is over all, God blessed forever. Amen.
Jesus represents the fulfillment of
in Isaiah where we read that...
the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold (which means in
essence "pay attention to what follows!"), a virgin will be with child and
bear a son, and she will call His name Immanuel (God with us). (Isaiah
For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; and the
government will rest on His shoulders; and His name will be called
Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. (Isaiah
Thus the "woman clothed with the sun and the moon under her feet and on
her head a crown of twelve stars and ...with child" represents the nation
of Israel from whom came the Messiah.
Thomas Constable explains the woman as follows...
This sign was
“in heaven,” not the sky but the heavenly scene John had been
viewing in contrast with what he saw happening on earth. What this
woman signifies puzzles interpreters. Some have felt that John was
alluding to something that his original readers knew about, namely,
the “mother of the gods” represented on Roman coins. Others see her
as standing for “the believing covenant-messianic community”
including the church. That this is not a symbol of Mary the mother
of Jesus, as some have suggested, seems clear from the fact that she
will be the object of persecution during the Tribulation (v. 13; cf.
v. 17).In view of Old Testament imagery (cf. Isa. 54:1–6; Jer. 3:20;
Ezek. 16:8–14; Hos. 2:19–20) and the following reasons, the
“woman” seems to symbolize the nation of Israel. She wears a
crown (Gr. stephanos) with the sun, moon, and stars, as God pictured
Israel in one of the nation’s early symbolic representations (Gen.
37:9–11; cf. Isa. 26:17–18; 60:1–3, 20). There are many figurative
references to Israel as a travailing woman in the Old Testament (Is.
26:17–18; 66:7–9; Jer. 4:31; 13:21; Mic. 4:10; 5:3). She eventually
gave birth to Christ (v. 5). In Genesis 37:9–10, the sun corresponds
to Jacob, the moon to Rachel, and the 12 stars to Israel’s 12 sons
(cf. 7:5–8; 21:12). (Tom Constable's Expository Notes on the Bible)
''PARENTHESIS'' IN DANIEL 7
In Daniel 7 there is an apparent
"skipping" (a parenthesis of time, a time gap) during the fourth kingdom to a time in which there are 10 kings
or 10 toes from which a little horn arises, a time that has not yet transpired in world history.
Three times Daniel records that the Little Horn removes 3 kings out of a
confederacy composed of 10 kings. This reiterated specific detail allows
the Jews alive at the time to clearly recognize the fulfillment of
Daniel's prophecy of the Little Horn.
It is not
uncommon for God to speak a prophecy in one OT verse that has
fulfillments that are separated by literally thousands of years, the
intervening time being a so-called "parenthesis" or "gap" of time.
For example in several Messianic prophecies, there is a blending of the
events of His first and second comings. A frequently used illustration is
that of an observer looking at two far-off mountain peaks. Unaware that
there is a great valley between the peaks, he assumes they are part of the
same mountain, describing the two together.
God gives us an
excellent example of such a "parenthesis" or "gap", based on His
prophecy of the first and
second coming of Christ in
1 The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me, because the Lord has anointed me
to bring good news to the afflicted; He has sent me to bind up the
brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to captives, and freedom to prisoners;
2 To proclaim the favorable year of the Lord
and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn,
Jesus quotes from
Isaiah 61:1-2 inaugurating His ministry in the Jewish
synagogue in Nazareth, opening the "book" (the scroll of the Old
Testament) and reading...
"THE SPIRIT OF THE LORD IS UPON ME, BECAUSE HE ANOINTED ME TO PREACH THE
GOSPEL TO THE POOR. HE HAS SENT ME TO PROCLAIM RELEASE TO THE CAPTIVES,
AND RECOVERY OF SIGHT TO THE BLIND, TO SET FREE THOSE WHO ARE DOWNTRODDEN,
19 TO PROCLAIM THE FAVORABLE YEAR OF THE LORD." (Note that in the
NAS, when the OT is quoted the quotation is identified by the fact that it
is in all capital letters).
Jesus stopped speaking in the middle of
and Luke records that...
He closed the book, and gave it back to
the attendant, and sat down; and the eyes of all in the synagogue were
fixed upon Him.21 And He began to say to them, "Today this Scripture has
been fulfilled in your hearing." (Luke
left off the last section of
which warns about..:
"the DAY OF VENGEANCE of our God"
This verse speaks of the second coming
of Christ. Thus between
there has been at least a 2000 year gap
or "parenthesis". And so it is not surprising or unique to find a
similar gap of time in the the book of Daniel between the beginning of the
fourth kingdom and the 10 king/toe stage of that kingdom.
The parenthesis in Daniel 2 and 7 is characteristic of how God often presents
prophecy and is illustrated by Jesus' quoting the first part of Isaiah
61:1-2 as having been fulfilled in Himself. He did not say the DAY OF
VENGEANCE was fulfilled bc that was a day yet future. So Isaiah 62:2
describes two different events separated by at least 2000 or more years.
We will look more at the DAY OF VENGEANCE next week and relate it to the
TEN HORNS & THE LITTLE HORN.