Both Daniel 9 and 10
open with Daniel seeking God.
9:1 In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of
Median descent, who was made king over the kingdom of the Chaldeans--2
in the first year of his reign I, Daniel, observed in the books the
number of the years which was
revealed as the word of the LORD to
Jeremiah the prophet for the completion of the desolations of
Jerusalem, namely, seventy years.3 So I gave my attention to the
Lord God to seek Him by prayer and supplications, with fasting,
sackcloth, and ashes.
In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia a message was
revealed to Daniel, who was named Belteshazzar; and the message was
true and one of great conflict, but he understood the message and had
an understanding of the vision. 2 In those days
I, Daniel, had been mourning for three entire weeks. 3 I did not eat
any tasty food, nor did meat or wine enter my mouth, nor did I
use any ointment at all, until the entire three weeks were
completed....12 Then he said to me, "Do not be afraid, Daniel, for
from the first day that you
set your heart on understanding this and on humbling yourself before
your God, your words were heard, and I have come in response to your
In both Chapter 9 and 10 God sends an
angel to give Daniel understanding and insight (Click
here for all uses of understanding and/or insight in
Daniel) in regard to what was happened. Daniel records that Gabriel
me instruction and talked with me, and said, "O Daniel, I have now come
forth to give you insight with understanding." (Da9:22)
WHY IS ''UNDERSTANDING and
INSIGHT'' USED SO OFTEN IN DANIEL?
Daniel needed insight so that
1). HE MIGHT BE ABLE TO LEAD
OTHERS TO RIGHTEOUSNESS
"And those who have insight will shine brightly like the brightness of the
expanse of heaven, and those who lead the many to righteousness, like the
stars forever and ever." (Da 12:3)
If Daniel needed insight to lead
others to righteousness, we too need insight to lead many to righteousness.
Kay gives the example of how her insight and understanding of Daniel opened
the door to teach a Jewish man in Israel and Esther at the Temple museum
(Esther thought that the desolation of Daniel 9 was the fulfilled in the
holocaust--Kay showed her why the suffering of the Jews did not end with the
Holocaust.) When we get understanding we will be "living epistles" ("You
are our letter, written in our hearts, known and read by all men"
HE COULD DISPLAY STRENGTH, STAND
FIRM AND TAKE ACTION
Daniel 11:32-33 says that
"the people who know their
God will display strength and take action and those who have
insight among the people will give understanding to the many; yet
they will fall by sword and by flame, by captivity and by plunder, for many
Daniel 9, Daniel is praying with fasting because he is concerned about
the prophecy of 70 years of captivity and the return to Jerusalem. Secondly,
he is concerned about the sins of the people who have not repented. So he
"O Lord, hear! O Lord, forgive! O Lord, listen and take action!
For Thine own sake, O my God, do not delay, because Thy city and Thy people
are called by Thy name." (Da
In response God sends Gabriel (Da
"Now while I was speaking and praying, and confessing
my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication
before the LORD my God in behalf of the holy mountain of my God, while I was
still speaking in prayer, then the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the
vision previously, came to me in my extreme weariness about the time of the
evening offering. And he gave me instruction and talked with me, and said,
"O Daniel, I have now come forth to give you insight with understanding.
At the beginning of your supplications the command was issued, and I have
come to tell you, for you are highly esteemed; so give heed to the message
and gain understanding of the vision."
Gabriel is sent to give Daniel insight with understanding. Gabriel is God's
right hand angel, whereas Michael is the angel assigned to Israel.
GABRIEL EXPLAINS 2
THINGS IN DANIEL 9:24-27
1). The desolations for Israel and the sanctuary are not going to end with
the 70years of captivity. There is more to come.
2). Israel's sin is not over for she has not learned her lesson.
WHAT IS THE RESULT?
Because Israel had not responded to the 70 year judgment of God, He would
multiply the years of punishment sevenfold or 490 (7 x 70 = 490yrs)
LEVITICUS 26: Gives the blessings of obedience (Lev26:1-13)
followed by the judgments for disobedience beginning in (Lev26:14ff).
Beginning in verse 14 we read
if you do not obey Me and do not carry out all these commandments, 15 if,
instead, you reject My statutes, and if your soul abhors My ordinances so as
not to carry out all My commandments, and so break My covenant, 16 I, in
turn, will do this to you: I will appoint over you a sudden terror,
consumption and fever that shall waste away the eyes and cause the soul to
pine away; also, you shall sow your seed uselessly, for your enemies shall
eat it up. 17 'And I will set My face against you so that you shall be
struck down before your enemies; and those who hate you shall rule over you,
and you shall flee when no one is pursuing you. 18 'If also
things you do not
obey Me, then
will punish you seven times more for your sins."
And so (Lev26:18) describes 7x more punishment if they did not obey and Daniel was given
insight into this "seven fold" aspect of their punishment. This final vision
is to give Daniel understanding that it's not just 70 years for the 70
broken Sabbaths but the Jewish punishment will be extend for a "490 year"
period as described in
here) of the 6 things in
Daniel 9:24-27 that are to be accomplished in the 70 weeks:
Remember Daniel is crying out for his people and for the holy city and the sanctuary.
1). Finish transgression = it will come to an end
2). Sin will be brought to an end
3). Atonement for iniquity
4). Everlasting righteousness will be brought in for Israel (this will be
the end of the sins of his people)
5). Vision and prophecy will be sealed up = God's word will come to pass.
6). The most holy place will be anointed = the holy place in the temple
8-11) Ezekiel is transported from exile in Babylon back to
Jerusalem, where he is given a vision of the glory of God in the Temple. He
witnesses the progressive departure of the Shekinah glory from the
Holy Temple (which had been hovering
over the ark of the covenant since their days in the wilderness, cf
Ex40:34-38...the Holy of Holies in Herod's temple was
empty) (Ed note: see Ezekiel study on departure of the
glory). After the Babylonians sacked Jerusalem and the
Temple, the ARK OF THE COVENANT was never found. When the Jews rebuilt the
Temple, the Holy of Holies was empty, with no Ark, the symbol of the throne
of God. The Shekinah glory that came on the day that Solomon dedicated the
Temple (see description
1Kings 8:10-11) was absent in the Temple
which was rebuilt by the remnant of the exiles who returned to Jerusalem
upon completion of the 70 years of captivity.
The Temple had no glory for the next
400 years and God was silent. But the glory did return temporarily in the
New Testament times, when Jesus Christ (Who possessed the "glory as of
the only begotten from the Father"
Jn1:14) walked into the Temple grounds. The
Holy Place however was not anointed at that time and still had no Ark of the
Covenant. When the Messiah walked out of the Temple He declared...
your house is left to you desolate; and I say to you, you shall not see Me
until the time comes when you say, 'BLESSED IS HE WHO COMES IN THE NAME OF
THE LORD!'" (Lu13:35)
1 Then he led me to the gate, the gate facing toward the east; (Ezekiel
is describing a future millennial temple) 2 and behold, the
glory of the God of Israel was coming from the way of the east. And
His voice was like the sound of many waters; and the earth shone with His
glory. 3 And [it was] like the appearance of the vision which I saw, like
the vision which I saw when He came to destroy the city. And the visions
were like the vision which I saw by the river Chebar; and I fell on my
face. 4 And the glory of the Lord
came into the house by the way of the gate facing toward the east.
(Today this is the Golden Gate and it is sealed...repeated attempts to open
it have not succeeded but it will be opened when Jesus Christ, the King of
glory comes in.) 5 And the Spirit lifted me up and brought me into the inner
court; and behold, the glory of the Lord filled the house. 6 Then I heard
one speaking to me from the house, while a man was standing beside me. 7 And
He said to me, "Son of man, this is the place of My throne and the place
of the soles of My feet, where I will dwell among the sons of Israel
forever. (This is not yet fulfilled...some try to say it's not literal but
why not?) And the house of Israel will not again defile My holy name,
neither they nor their kings, by their harlotry and by the corpses of their
kings when they die, (they are not going to defile anymore because when the King
of Glory comes back there will be no more sin for Israel...and this is when
Christ anoints the Most Holy Place by His presence. In the prophecy of 70
weeks, Daniel is being shown that righteousness is coming, prophecy will be
fulfilled; there will be a Holy of Holies) (Ezek
24 "Seventy weeks
have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish the
transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity,
to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy,
and to anoint the most holy place.
25 "So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree
to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will
be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; it will be built again, with plaza
and moat, even in times of distress.
26 "Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and
have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy
the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even
to the end there will be war; desolations are determined.
27 "And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but
in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain
offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes
desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is
poured out on the one who makes desolate."
GIVING SPECIFIC PROPHECIES
SO THAT THE JEWS COULD KNOW...
WHEN MESSIAH WOULD COME
WHAT WOULD HAPPEN TO MESSIAH
Messiah would be cut off.
Many Jews failed to
understand that before Christ could wear a crown, He must be nailed to a
They did not understand John the Baptist's proclamation "Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away
the sin of the world!'' (Jn1:29)
If the Jews had studied Daniel and the specific prophecy in
Daniel 9:24-27, they would have known when Messiah would
come and would have also understood that He must be cut off.
The Hebrew for "cut off" literally means to sever something from
something by cutting it with a blade and then come to mean to destroy or kill,
especially speaking of a violent death and not a natural death. "Have nothing"
Daniel 9:26 could mean that
Messiah will have no earthly heir to come after Him.
WHAT WOULD HAPPEN DURING THE LAST 7 YEAR PERIOD
Why would this be
important? So some would see and understand the events that would transpire
during this difficult time, especially the last 3.5 years. If the Jews had
chosen to study and receive Daniel's prophecy, they could have had insight
which would have enabled them to stand firm even during the time when the
forces of darkness were ruling over the nations trying to bring Israel to
WHEN THE PROPHECY COUNTDOWN BEGINS:
The 70 weeks of Daniel begin with decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem
referring to the decree of
Artaxerxes Longimanus in 445BC.
Da9:25 says ''to know & discern''
--so you are not just to be filled up with facts but to really know the day
that their Messiah would come riding into Jerusalem on a donkey as their
prophet Zechariah had recorded over 500 years earlier writing
"Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout in triumph, O
daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your King is coming to you. He is just and
endowed with salvation, humble, and mounted on a DONKEY, even on a colt, the
foal of a DONKEY." (Zech 9:9)
...AFTER THE FIRST 7 WEEKS?
...AFTER 7 WEEKS PLUS 62 WEEKS?
One possible explanation for the first period of seven weeks is that 49 yrs
would be about the time
when Malachi was prophesying. Malachi was the last OT prophet. When
Malachi's prophecy was complete, the OT canon was closed. God would be
silent for the next 400yrs. So it could mean that in 7 weeks marked the end
of the Old Testament prophets, and that this time then be followed by 62 weeks. So in those 400 silent
years (which occurs during Daniel's next 62 weeks = 434 years) the prophecy would
be unfolding. Sir Robert Anderson as discussed in
Lecture 15 has calculated that the 483
years [7 "7's" + 62 "7's"] equates with 173,888 days using 360 days in
a year. This works out in his calculations to what would have been Nisan or April 6, 32AD,
the day Jesus came into Jerusalem on a donkey.
note: for discussion of Anderson's calculations, and of why 360 days,
which he refers to as the "prophetic year" should be used
instead of 365 days, etc, see Anderson's famous book which is now available
free online at "The
Coming Prince". You should also be aware that there is not a
clear consensus among scholars regarding the chronology of Jesus' earthly
life. Thus you will find other commentaries that agree that
Daniel 9:25-26 is fulfilled in the first coming of the Messiah,
they differ in regard to what they favor as the terminating event, either
His baptism or a very small minority His birth. Some who agree favor
Christ's Triumphal entry into Jerusalem on a donkey in fulfillment of
Zechariah 9:9 record a different month/year
date. This difference reflects the uncertainty regarding the exact
chronology of Christ's life. Do not let these relatively "minor"
disagreements shake your confidence in Daniel's prophecy for in truth they
all agree that Messiah came and that He died during this period of time. If
those prophecies have been literally fulfilled [which they have] you can
rest assured that all of the remainder of the prophecies regarding the 70th
"Seven" of Daniel will be fulfilled.)
Most conservative scholars don't debate what happened after the 7 weeks plus 62 yrs
(483 years) because it's
so clear. On the other hand, there is considerable controversy regarding the
correct interpretation of Daniel's 70th Week. (Editorial note:
This statement that most don't debate what happened after the 483 years is
generally true but
click discussion of how the RSV
translation affects one's interpretation of
and how their arguments are refuted) There is a
tendency to devise a ''SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY'' and then to take the Scriptures and
try to squeeze them into that system of interpretation rather than obtaining
THEOLOGY" from a literal approach to the Word of God.
Some Christians do not accept that Christ will literally reign
earth in His kingdom (Ed note: they are generally referred to in the
literature as "Amillennialists" because they so not believe there
will be a literal 1000 year or millennial reign by Christ on earth). These
individuals conclude that we are in the "kingdom" now. However, we know from
Daniel 2 that a Stone
(Messiah) will crush the feet of the statue at the 10 toe stage and that
the Stone, crushes the feet, He will set up a kingdom that will endure forever and
will crush all other worldly kingdoms (Da2:44).
here for a chart summary of the prophetic events in Daniel
and how they compare to Daniel's 70th Week)
we know that the DT beast
horns from which arises a "Little Horn" (Da7:8,
11, 20, 21) who magnifies himself and wears out the
saints for "time, times and half a time" (3.5 yrs). We know that the Little
Horn's career of persecuting the Jews will come to an end when the Ancient
of Days comes to earth (in the Person of Jesus Christ - one like a Son of
Man coming up to the Ancient of Days in
Daniel 7 Who is presented a kingdom).
At this point the kingdom and authority of the Little Horn is brought to an end.
If one says there will be no literal kingdom of Messiah, then you must say Daniel's 70th week has
already come to pass. There is also considerable
controversy regarding the
interpretation of the ''HE'' of Daniel 9:27 and that will be
discussed below in more detail
Daniel 9:26 "Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be
cut off and
have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the
city and the sanctuary. And its end [will come] with a flood; even to the
end there will be war; desolations are determined.
The following dates summarize what we
Summary of the Two Historical Events
Fulfilled Daniel 9:26
Jesus Christ was crucified in this year fulfilling Daniel's prophecy "the Messiah will be
The Roman general Titus' destroyed Jerusalem and the Holy Temple in
this year fulfilling the prophecy that the people "will destroy the city
and the sanctuary"
The phrase "desolations are determined" refers to Jewish persecution
and desolation and indicates that it was not completed either with the 70
year Babylonian exile or with the destruction of the Temple in
70A.D. The past 2000 years bears ample witness to the truth that
desolations against the Jews have continued.
Examples include the Crusaders, the Holocaust, etc and these desolations
will crescendo and reach their climax in the 70th week of Daniel until the one
that makes desolate is destroyed just as God decreed.
Da 9:27 "And HE
will make a firm covenant with the many (the Jews) for one week
(7 YEARS), but in the middle of the week (3.5 years) HE will put a stop to sacrifice
and grain offering (indicates
that the Jewish Temple must be rebuilt); and on the wing of abominations [will come] one who
makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is
poured out on the one who makes desolate."
As noted above, the phrase "put a stop to sacrifice"
indicates that the Jews must have a temple and since they don't have one now
(2004), the temple must be rebuilt.
The phrase "in the middle of the week"
obviously refers to the middle of the 7 years or stated another way at 3.5 years. Then one who comes and brings the desolation
will himself will be destroyed. This description parallels Daniel's
earlier description in
"Then I kept looking because of the sound of the boastful words
which the horn (referring to the "little horn") was speaking; I kept looking until the beast was slain, and
its body was destroyed and given to the burning fire."
The Little Horn will
be destroyed when the Son of Man returns.
WHO IS THE ''HE''
of DANIEL 9:27?
THERE ARE 3 POSSIBILITIES
proponents (Ed note: these same individuals are also proponents of "no
time gap" between the 69th and 70th weeks of Daniel -
Click here) say that Messiah made a firm covenant and they say that the word
for ''to make a covenant '' (gabar = strengthen, cause to prevail + beriyth
= covenant). So they say Jesus is strengthening His covenant and causing His
covenant to prevail and since He causes it to prevail, it is the new
covenant of grace and this new covenant brings a stop to sacrifice and offerings
because when Jesus Christ died there was no need any longer for sacrifice
offering. (Ed note:
Click here for a chart listing various sources and their
interpretative approach to Daniel 9:24-27)
The problem with this interpretation is that if He put a STOP to
SACRIFICE then He didn't do a good job because the Jews continued to
sacrifice for some 40 years after the veil had been rent in two (until 70AD, when the temple was destroyed). One would have to
''spiritualize'' (Ed note: interpret it symbolically, allegorically
or non-literally) Daniel 9:27 to make it fit with their interpretation. For sake of argument let's
say Christ did not put a stop to sacrifice. Why then if this is the fulfillment of
the 70th week of Daniel are the Jews still in sin? Why is there not a holy
place which has been anointed? Why are the Jews still transgressing? Why has
prophecy not been fulfilled? (Ed note: In other words why are all 6
Daniel 9:24 still not fulfilled as Gabriel
stated they would be within the 70 Weeks time period. The most logical
answer is that these six things are not fulfilled and that Daniel's 70th
Week has not been literally, historically fulfilled.)
How do some arrive at this conclusion? They teach that the decree for rebuilding of Jerusalem
was 538BC and that this date begins the countdown of the 70 Weeks of Daniel.
Then they say that the time from this decree to Titus comes out at
490years.They say Titus made a firm covenant because he destroyed Jerusalem and
the sanctuary and in so doing put a stop to sacrifices. There are several
problems with this interpretation, one of the most obvious being that if this is
true then why haven't the 6 prophecies in
Daniel 9:24 been fulfilled? (Ed note: These commentators
in essence do not interpret a time gap between the 69th and 70th weeks of
Daniel. They take the 70th week as following directly after the 69th week.
Click here for other reasons their
interpretation is very unlikely)
ONE YET TO BE DISCLOSED
This "one" will come from a revived Roman Empire ("people of the prince
who is to come" = the "people" were Roman).
The "Little Horn" of
Daniel 7 fits with every other prophecy in Daniel
click here for summary chart listing all of
the synonyms [prince who is to come, abomination of
desolation, king does as he pleases] for the "little horn"
in the book of Daniel). God is
showing Daniel that from the time the decree goes forth, Daniel can know
what is going to come to pass to FULFILL these 490 years that relate to Israel.
The 70th week is a 7
year period that has not yet been fulfilled in past history. In the last 3.5 years we know
Daniel 7 that the little horn persecutes the
Jews and makes war with the saints. But if that is true, then the little horn has
to make a covenant with the Jews that will be for 7 years. This postulate
allows fulfillment of the other parts of Daniel's prophecy. You could see
how the Jews would flee to the mountains if all of a sudden the little horn
were to walk into the Holy Temple and stop all the sacrifices and proclaim
himself as god (see
This scenario makes sense: If we have
a Temple, then when Christ returns, He can anoint the Temple, bring an end
to Israel's sin, bring an end to the war with the saints, and He will take
away their sins, remember them no more and will put His Spirit within them
(see passages from Ezekiel below) and cause them to walk in His statutes and to keep His commandments.
TEMPLE SACRIFICES and WORSHIP HAVE NOT BEEN POSSIBLE SINCE 70A.D.
Kay's discusses the
TEMPLE INSTITUTE in Jerusalem, in which
they are making Temple instruments and vessels, so that when the Jews rebuild the Temple, they
are ready to carry out sacrifices. She has seen them weaving the garments of
the high priest and has smelled the incense they have made to place on the
altar of incense. "Treasures of the Temple" is a booklet (no link found on
internet) that shows what they
have already prepared. The Jews have the vessel to collect the
sacrificial blood of the bulls, the trumpets they are going to blow, the
plate for the high priest's headgear (which says ''Holy to the LORD''). The cornerstone
for the Temple is in Jerusalem and they have tried to put it on the
Temple Mount but the Israeli government stopped them so far. A Jewish man
named Levi remarked that ''It's not yet time. But the high priests are ordering their
When Jesus Christ returns from heaven there will be a Temple in Jerusalem.
In the Revelation a temple is described, for John records that
given me a measuring rod like a staff; and someone said, "Rise and measure
the temple of God, and the altar, and those who worship in it.
And leave out the court which is outside the temple, and do not
measure it, for it has been given to the nations (synonymous with "the Gentiles"); and they will tread under foot the
holy city for 42 months." (Rev11:1-2
The Antichrist has to have some place to go when he declares himself as god
and put a stop to sacrifice.
Remember Ezekiel is a
contemporary of Jeremiah and Daniel.
EZEKIEL 36 is a prophecy about the mountains of Israel. This is a prophecy about Israel coming back and bearing
fruit in preparation for the people to return to Israel. THIS PROPHECY IS
BEING FULFILLED NOW. The Jews are coming out of other nations, like Russia,
EZEKIEL 37 is a prophecy about the
Jewish people and the DRY BONES, the dry bones being the children of Israel,
who are in their graves among the many nations and they have come back to
the land. So Ezekiel 36 shows the land being prepared to receive the people
and the desert has been blossoming again and it is bringing forth fruit. The
people are coming back in Ezekiel 37.
EZEKIEL 38 prophesies Gog and Magog ,
the prince of Rosh, et. al. will come against Israel.
man, set your face toward Gog of the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh,
Meshech, and Tubal, and prophesy against him...4 And I will turn you about,
and put hooks into your jaws, and I will bring you out, and all your army,
horses and horsemen, all of them splendidly attired, a great company [with]
buckler and shield, all of them wielding swords; 5 Persia, Ethiopia, and Put
with them, all of them [with] shield and helmet; 6 Gomer with all its
troops; Beth-togarmah [from] the remote parts of the north with all its
troops-- many peoples with you."
God says He is going to put His hook in Gog's jaw and bring them down
against Israel along with all these other countries.
Ezekiel 38:8 "After many days you will
be summoned; in the latter years you will come into the land that is
restored from the sword, [whose inhabitants] have been gathered from many
nations to the mountains of Israel which had been a continual waste; but its
people were brought out from the nations, and they are living securely, all
Is Israel living securely now? No. Obviously not. But they are back in the
land and the land is blossoming. When are they going to live securely? When
the ''he'' of Daniel 9:27, the Little Horn, makes a covenant with them for 7
years and because of that covenant they will be able to live ''securely''.
The Antichrist ( Little Horn = ''he'' of Daniel 9:27) says in essence ''I
will protect you'' and the Jews say then ''We'll rebuild our temple.'' If
the Arabs get angry the Antichrist will protect them. Read
THE HEAVENLY CONFLICT in
Daniel 10 explains why the nations are so arrayed
against the Jews. It is not just man energizing the nations against Israel,
but it is the forces of Satan and his fallen angels who are energizing these
We need to war on our knees
and pray for the peace of Jerusalem
so that the
Prince of Peace will return and the 490 years will be fulfilled.
Jesus is coming soon and His reward is with Him.
Father, thank You for Your Word. Thank You that it is a sure word. Thank
You that it is a light that shines in a dark place, so that we understand
what is going on, so that we understand how You have arranged the events of
time so that we don't stumble over them, so that we don't get carried away
by them or overwhelmed by them. Father, thank You for that light which keeps
us from stumbling. In Jesus' Name. Amen