Hebrews 13:12-14 Commentary

 

 

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Hebrews 13:12-14 Commentary

Hebrews 13:12 Therefore Jesus also, that He might sanctify the people through His own blood, suffered outside the gate (NASB: Lockman)

Greek: dio kai Iesous, ina agiase (3SAAS) dia tou idiou aimatos ton laon, exo tes pules epathen. (3SAAI)
Amplified: Therefore Jesus also suffered and died outside the [city’s] gate in order that He might purify and consecrate the people through [the shedding of] His own blood and set them apart as holy [for God].   
(Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Barclay: That was why Jesus suffered outside the gate, so that he might make men fit for the presence of God by his own blood. (Westminster Press)
ESV:  So Jesus also suffered outside the gate in order to sanctify the people through his own blood.
KJV:   Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate.
NLT:  So also Jesus suffered and died outside the city gates in order to make his people holy by shedding his own blood. (
NLT - Tyndale House)
NIV: And so Jesus also suffered outside the city gate to make the people holy through his own blood.
 (NIV - IBS)
Phillips: That is why Jesus, when he sanctified men by the shedding of his own blood, suffered and died outside the city gates.  (
Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest:  Wherefore, also Jesus, in order that He might set apart for God and His service the people through His own blood, suffered outside the gate. (
Eerdmans
Young's Literal: Wherefore, also Jesus -- that he might sanctify through his own blood the people -- without the gate did suffer;

References

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Scott Grant
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Hebrews: Looking Unto Jesus - go to page 335 in Pdf
Hebrews 13 The New Testament for English Readers
Hebrews Study Guide
Hebrews 13:1-17 Sermon Notes
Hebrews 13 Commentary
Hebrews:13:8-16 Sermon
Hebrews 13 The Critical English Testament
Hebrews 13 Articles that reference Hebrews 13 passages
Hebrews 13 Notes
Hebrews 13 Commentary
Hebrews 13:5-15 Unchanging Reasons For Thanksgiving
Hebrews 13 Sermon Notes
Hebrews 13 Commentary
Hebrews 13:7-14 The Antidote for False Teaching

Hebrews 13 Expository Notes
Hebrews 13:8-15 Hebrews 13:16
Hebrews 13:9-16 Outside the Camp

Hebrews 13 Expositor's Greek Testament
Hebrews 13:1-14 Exhortations for Christian Living
Hebrews 13:1-22 Sundry Exhortations
Hebrews 13:1-8,12-19 Love One Another
Hebrews 13 Commentary (Cambridge)
Hebrews 13:11-13 Without the Camp-With The Savior

Hebrews 13:7-17 Them Which Have The Rule Over You

Hebrews 13:7-19 Bread for the Journey
Hebrews 13 Commentary
Hebrews 13 Commentary
Hebrews Commentary
Hebrews 13 Commentary

Hebrews 13:10-19 The Christian Altar

Hebrews 13 Commentary
Hebrews 13 Commentary
Hebrews 13:7-14 Steadfastness, Separation, Sacrifice

Hebrews 13:13, 14 Without the Camp
Hebrews - 115 Mp3's Thru the Bible Commentary
Hebrews 13:12-14 Commentary (Critical & Exegetical)
Hebrews 13 Commentary Notes - Defender's Study Bible
Hebrews 13 Commentary - The Holiest of All
Hebrews 13 Notes

Hebrews 13:7-14  A Few Things for Christians to Remember

Hebrews 13:11,12 Christ Our Sin Offering
Hebrews 13:12, 13 Outside the Camp
Hebrews 13:12, 13 Outside the Camp

Hebrews 13:12-16 Let us go with Jesus, bearing reproach

Hebrews 13  Greek Word Studies
Hebrews 13:7-14 Spiritual Duties
Hebrews 13:11:13 The Burnt Sacrifices Typical of Christ
Hebrews 13:14 The Christian's Portion

Letter to Hebrews - 329 page commentary
Hebrews 13:15 A Lifelong Occupation
Hebrews 13:1-25. Faith At Work

Hebrews 13:7-19 Life in the Church
Hebrews 13:1-21 The Intended Life
Hebrews 13:7-19; 7-19; 17-18; 20-25; 20-25

Hebrews Commentary
Hebrews 13 Greek Word Studies
Hebrews 13:10-14; 13:15-16; 13:17; 13:18-25 Sermons
Download lesson one of Part 1;  Part2

THEREFORE JESUS ALSO, THAT HE MIGHT SANCTIFY THE PEOPLE: Dio kai Iesous, hina hagiase (3SAAS) dia tou idiou haimatos ton laon:

In other words, Jesus has fulfilled the sacrifices of the Day of Atonement; they are completed in Him; they find their final meaning in Him. And the meaning is: All there was to eat on the Day of Atonement was forgiveness and hope. That's all there is to eat from the altar of Calvary where the body of Jesus was consumed with suffering.

So the point is: When you feel like a failure, when you feel discouraged and hopeless and dirty, don't turn to food. It's an alien remedy, and v9 says, it has not benefited those who walk in it. It only makes things worse. Instead go to the altar of grace. We have an altar. And there is food. And the food is grace - the grace of forgiveness and the grace of hope. The only way to be strong is to come back to this table again and again.

THROUGH HIS OWN BLOOD: dia tou idiou haimatos

SUFFERED OUTSIDE THE GATE: exo tes pules epathen (3SAAI)
:

The purpose of Christ's people. The gate of the city of Jerusalem which, bounded by its walls, corresponds to the holy ground of the wilderness camp.

Jesus was crucified outside the city gate. We know from the Gospels that he was crucified at Golgotha (Mk15:22) which must have been outside the gate for we read that Simon of Cyrene, who was forced to bear the cross of Jesus, “was passing by on his way in from the country” (Mk15:21) while “they were going out” (Mt27:32

 

Hebrews 13:13 So, let us go out to Him outside the camp, bearing His reproach  (NASB: Lockman)

Greek: toinun exerchometha (1PPMS) pros auton exo tes paremboles, ton oneidismon autou pherontes; (PAPMPN)
Amplified:  Let us then go forth [from all that would prevent us] to Him outside the camp [at Calvary], bearing the contempt and abuse and shame with Him. [Lev. 16:27.] (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Barclay: So then let us go to him outside the camp, bearing the same reproach as he did,  (Westminster Press)
ESV: Therefore let us go to him outside the camp and bear the reproach he endured.
KJV:  Let us go forth therefore unto him without the camp, bearing his reproach.
NLT: So let us go out to him outside the camp and bear the disgrace he bore. (
NLT - Tyndale House)
NIV:  Let us, then, go to him outside the camp, bearing the disgrace he bore.
 (NIV - IBS)
Phillips: Let us go out to him, then, beyond the boundaries of the camp, proudly bearing his "disgrace".(
Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest:  Therefore, let us be going out to Him outside of the camp, bearing His reproach. (
Eerdmans
Young's Literal: we have an altar, of which to eat they have no authority who the tabernacle are serving,
11 for of those beasts whose blood is brought for sin into the holy places through the chief priest -- of these the bodies are burned without the camp.
12 Wherefore, also Jesus -- that he might sanctify through his own blood the people -- without the gate did suffer;
13 now, then, may we go forth unto him without the camp, his reproach bearing;
14 for we have not here an abiding city, but the coming one we seek;

HENCE: toinun (for that very reason):

The inferential particle draws a conclusion from the preceding. . The subj. is hortatory "let us go out." The pres. tense expresses vividly the immediate effort. This could be a call for the readers to refuse to go back into Judaism

LET US GO OUT TO HIM OUTSIDE THE CAMP: exerchometha (1PPMS) pros auton exo tes paremboles:

Click for all 12 "let us..." exhortations in Hebrews (in the NASB).

BEARING HIS REPROACH: ton oneidismon autou pherontes (PAPMPN)
: Heb10:33, 11:26 Mt5:11,10:22,23, 16:24 27:39-44 Lu 6:22 Cp. Ac5:41:

You have to hold to this truth whether you have to suffer for it or not.

Jews considered one crucified to be cursed (Dt21:23; Ga3:13; 1Co1:23). Jesus was crucified as a traitor and a criminal. Through their sufferings, which included insult and persecution (10:33), the readers were bearing his disgrace.

 

Hebrews 13:14 For here we do not have a lasting city, but we are seeking the city which is to come (NASB: Lockman)

Greek: ou gar echomen (1PPAI) ode menousan (PAPFSA) polin, alla ten mellousan (PAPFSA) epizetoumen. (1PPAI)
Amplified: For here we have no permanent city, but we are looking for the one which is to come.  (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Barclay: for here we have no abiding city but are searching for the city which is to come. (Westminster Press)
ESV:  For here we have no lasting city, but we seek the city that is to come.
KJV:  For here have we no continuing city, but we seek one to come.
NLT: For this world is not our home; we are looking forward to our city in heaven, which is yet to come. (
NLT - Tyndale House)
NIV: For here we do not have an enduring city, but we are looking for the city that is to come.
 (NIV - IBS)
Phillips: For we have no permanent city here on earth, we are looking for one in the world to come. (
Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest:  for we do not have here an abiding city, but we are seeking that one which is to come. (
Eerdmans
Young's Literal:  for we have not here an abiding city, but the coming one we seek;

FOR HERE WE DO NOT HAVE A LASTING CITY: ou gar echomen (1PPAI) hode menousan (PAPFSA) polin: Heb10:34,

Vincent rightly argues that the Epistle must have been written before the destruction of Jerusalem else a reference to that event could hardly have been avoided here.

BUT WE ARE SEEKING THE CITY WHICH IS TO COME: alla ten mellousan (PAPFSA) epizetoumen (1PPAI): Heb11:10, 12:22, 2Pe3:13,14

The lack of need for materially expressed religion is underscored by this statement. Like Abraham of old, believers are pilgrims and strangers in the world, looking forward, as he did, to “the city with foundations, whose architect and builder is God” (11:10). This is not intended to sentence believers of every age to penury—for Abraham was rich—or to prohibit involvement with politics or business—for Abraham was involved in both. But it frees us from lusting after material benefits, and especially from seeking to gain influence by religious display. We have already attained to that “city that is to come” in our spirits (12:22); we shall enter it in body at the resurrection when Jesus returns (Rev 21:2–4). We are in no need now of ornate buildings, special ceremonies and elaborate ritual.

The cities of the earth—all earthly institutions—will fall apart. Only the heavenly Zion will remain. We must go, flee to him outside the camp, and willfully embrace his “disgrace,” for such an act is worth doing a million times over! Thus Jesus Christ, who is “the same yesterday and today and forever,” becomes our constant meal—our food, our drink, our life—and we will receive from him grace upon grace upon grace. And because he is outside the camp, he will always be accessible. In fact, he is with us, in us, and coming to us! This understanding that he nourishes us and is accessible to us will help us keep on course.

><>><>><>

GLAD TO GET HOME - In wintertime, a condition known as a "whiteout" sometimes occurs along the Lake Michigan shoreline. The air becomes so filled with powdery snow that you can't see more than a few feet ahead. You feel totally helpless, especially if you're driving, and that's what we were doing on a bitterly cold December day.

Our family had been invited to my sister's house for Christmas dinner. As we headed west toward Lake Michigan, the weather became treacherous, but we made it to our destination. Later, however, as we were driving home after dark, the situation grew even worse. The expressway was covered with ice, traffic slowed to a crawl, and several cars were in the ditch. Then all at once we were enveloped by a brief whiteout. Believe me, it was frightening. After a slow, tedious journey, we finally reached Grand Rapids and pulled into our driveway. I think every member of the family said, "I'm sure glad to get home!"

I wonder if we'll have a similar feeling when we enter heaven. The dangerous "whiteouts" of our earthly journey will be over. The temptations, stresses, and failures will all be in the past. Best of all, we'll be safe with our Savior.

Yes, we'll be so glad to get home!— David C. Egner
  (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

When we all get to heaven,
What a day of rejoicing that will be!
When we all see Jesus,
We'll sing and shout the victory.
—Hewitt

Heaven for the Christian is best spelled H-O-M-E.

><>><>><>

TO BE CONTINUED - Do you like continued stories? Let’s say you’re reading a magazine article or watching a television program for half an hour, and you come to the place where the hero plunges into the water to rescue his drowning sweetheart. Then you’re left hanging in the air with the words: “To be continued.” How disappointing!

I have quite a different response to the inscription on the tombstone of a follower of Christ. It reads: “To Be Continued Above.”

Yes, this life is but the first chapter of the book of life. Whether that chapter is long or short—it is not the end, but it is to be continued. For the believer, it will be continued in heaven with our Lord. There is no break between the chapters; you don’t have to wait till next month’s installment or tune in next week to hear the concluding episode. Chapter two follows chapter one without interruption. It is continued immediately, for “to be absent from the body [is] to be present with the Lord” (2Cor 5:8-
note).

What will the next chapter be for you? It will be written sooner or later, either in heaven or in hell. Remember, when your time comes to die, that is not the end. Your story is “to be continued”—but where?--by M. R. De Haan  (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

Life's fleeting days will soon be o'er
When death ends all that's gone before;
Yet life in Christ continues still,
For all who lived to do His will.
—DJD

Death is the last chapter of time,
but the first chapter of eternity.

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