AND THERE IS NO CREATURE HIDDEN FROM
HIS SIGHT: kai ouk estin (3SPAI) ktisis aphanes enopion autou:
(1Samuel 16:7; 1Chronicles 28:9; 2Chronicles 6:30; Psalms 7:9; 33:13, 14,
15; 44:21; 90:8; 139:11; Psalms 139:12; Proverbs 15:3,11; Jeremiah
17:10,23,24; John 2:24; 21:17; 1Corinthians 4:5; Revelation 2:23) (Nothing
is hidden from God - 2Ki 19:27; Mt 9:4; Jn 2:24, 25).
Secret Sins - C H Spurgeon on
“It may be a secret sin on earth, but it
is open scandal in heaven.” - Lewis Sperry Chafer
(ou) means absolute negation. No exceptions here! The old saying is
apropos - "You can run but you cannot hide"! Why not? Because God sees all,
all our thoughts and all our actions, everything hidden in our heart and
unknown to our mate!
1Samuel 16:7 But the Lord said to Samuel,
“Do not look at his appearance or at the height of his stature, because I
have rejected him; for God sees not as man sees, for man looks at the
outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.”
2 Chronicles 6:30 then hear from heaven
Your dwelling place, and forgive, and render to each according to all his
ways, whose heart You know for You alone know the hearts of the sons of men,
Job 34:21-22 For His eyes are upon the
ways of a man, And He sees all his steps. There is no darkness or deep
shadow Where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.
Psalm 7:9 O let the evil of the wicked
come to an end, but establish the righteous; For the righteous God tries the
hearts and minds.
Psalms 11:4 The Lord is in His holy
temple; the Lord's throne is in heaven; His eyes behold, His eyelids test
the sons of men.
Spurgeon: His eyes behold.
The eternal Watcher never slumbers; his eyes never know a sleep.
His eyelids try the children of men: he narrowly inspects their
actions, words, and thoughts. As men, when intently and narrowly inspecting
some very minute object, almost close their eyelids to exclude every other
object, so will the Lord look all men through and through. God sees each man
as much and as perfectly as if there were no other creature in the universe.
He sees us always; he never removes his eye from us; he sees us entirely,
reading the recesses of the soul as readily as the glancings of the eye. Is
not this a sufficient ground of confidence, and an abundant answer to the
solicitations of despondency? My danger is not hid from him; he knows my
extremity, and I may rest assured that he will not suffer me to perish while
I rely alone on him. Wherefore, then, should I take wings of a timid bird,
and flee from the dangers which beset me?
Psalm 33:13-15 The Lord looks from
heaven; He sees all the sons of men. From His dwelling place He looks out on
all the inhabitants of the earth, He who fashions the hearts of them all, He
who understands all their works.
Spurgeon: The Lord is represented
as dwelling above and looking down below; seeing all things, but peculiarly
observing and caring for those who trust in him. It is one of our choicest
privileges to be always under our Father's eye, to be never out of sight of
our best Friend. He beholdeth all the sons of men. All Adam's sons are as
well watched as was Adam himself, their lone progenitor in the garden.
Ranging from the frozen pole to the scorching equator, dwelling in hills and
valleys, in huts and palaces, alike doth the divine eye regard all the
members of the family of man. The Lord is represented as dwelling above and
looking down below; seeing all things, but peculiarly observing and caring
for those who trust in him. It is one of our choicest privileges to be
always under our Father's eye, to be never out of sight of our best Friend.
He beholdeth all the sons of men. All Adam's sons are as well watched as was
Adam himself, their lone progenitor in the garden. Ranging from the frozen
pole to the scorching equator, dwelling in hills and valleys, in huts and
palaces, alike doth the divine eye regard all the members of the family of
Psalm 44:21 Would not God find this out?
(What? Ps 44:20) For He knows the secrets of the heart.
Spurgeon: Shall not God search
this out? Could such idolatry be concealed from him? Would he not with holy
indignation have detected unfaithfulness to itself, even had it been hidden
in the heart and unrevealed in the life? For he knoweth the secrets of the
heart. He is acquainted with the inner workings of the mind, and therefore
this could not have escaped him. Not the heart only which is secret, but
the secrets of the heart, which are secrets of the most secret thing, are as
open to God as a book to a reader.
Psalm 90:8 You have placed our iniquities
before You, our secret sins in the light of Your presence.
Spurgeon: There are no secrets
before God; He unearths man's hidden things, and exposes them to the light.
There can be no more powerful luminary than the face of God, yet, in that
strong light, the Lord set the hidden sins of Israel. Sunlight can never be
compared with the light of Him who made the sun, of whom it is written, "God
is light, and in him is no darkness at all." If by His countenance is here
meant His love and favour, it is not possible for the heinousness of sin to
be more clearly manifested than when it is seen to involve ingratitude to
one so infinitely good and kind. Rebellion in the light of justice is black,
but in the light of love it is devilish. How can we grieve so good a God?
The children of Israel had been brought out of Egypt with a high hand, fed
in the wilderness with a liberal hand, and guided with a tender hand, and
their sins were peculiarly atrocious. We, too, having been redeemed by the
blood of Jesus, and saved by abounding grace, will be verily guilty if we
forsake the Lord. What manner of persons ought we to be? How ought
we to pray for cleansing from secret faults?
Proverbs 15:3 The eyes of the Lord are in
every place, watching the evil and the good.
Proverbs 15:11 Sheol and Abaddon lie open
before the Lord, How much more the hearts of men!
Jeremiah 17:9-10 “The heart is more
deceitful than all else And is desperately sick; Who can understand it?“I,
the Lord, search the heart, I test the mind, even to give to each man
according to his ways, according to the results of his deeds.
Jeremiah 23:24 "Can a man hide himself in
hiding places So I do not see him?" declares the Lord. "Do I not fill the
heavens and the earth?" declares the Lord.
Revelation 2:23 And I will kill her
children with pestilence, and all the churches will know that I am He who
searches the minds and hearts; and I will give to each one of you according
to your deeds.
No creature -
No created thing or thing created. Contemplate what the writer is saying.
Not a single created thing in the entire universe, in the whole of creation,
is unexposed before God's omniscient eye!
We should earnestly labour to be right,
for no deceptions will avail. The Lord's word lays us bare and opens up our
secret selves. Oh, to be clean before the Lord! This we can never be except
NOT ALL ARE GOD'S CHILDREN
(ktisis from ktízo = create, form or found) stresses work of
original formation of object and represents something which has undergone a
process of creation. While all of mankind represents a creation of God, but
not all of God's creations are God's children, contrary to popular teaching
in many churches today. Remember that in God's sight there are only two
families, the family of God (Jn 1:12, 13, 1Jn 3:7, 8, 9, 10) and (as
unpopular as truth is) the family of the Devil (1Jn 3:10, Jn 8:44), children
of light (Jn 12:36, Lk 16:8, Ep 5:8-note,
and children of darkness (Col 1:13-note,
cp 2Co 6:14, 15, 16, 17, 18), sons of obedience (Ro 6:16-note,
1Pe 1:2, 3-note)
and sons of disobedience (Ep 2:2-note,
2Th 1:8, 9, 10, 1Pe 4:17-note
- Note: Obedience per se does not save. Only faith in
Christ results in genuine salvation. But the faith that is real and
effective saving faith is a faith that shows itself real in one's grace
enabled obedience. This obedience is not legalism, nor is it perfection, but
instead it shows itself to be real by one's general "direction" toward the
light, toward righteousness, toward heaven. 2Pe 1:10,11 -note;
2Co 13:5, 1Co 6:9, 10, 11). There is no middle ground!
Ktisis - 19x in
19v - Mark 10:6; 13:19; 16:15; Rom 1:20, 25; 8:19ff, 39; 2 Cor 5:17; Gal
6:15; Col 1:15, 23; Heb 4:13; 9:11; 1 Pet 2:13; 2 Pet 3:4; Rev 3:14. NAS =
created thing(1), creation(14), creature(3), institution(1).
from a = without + phaíno = to appear) means
literally not appearing and so not manifest or non-apparent, concealed,
invisible. Unable to be known about.
God's microscope can lay bare the smallest microbe of doubt and sin.
As Jesus taught
there is nothing concealed that will not
be revealed or hidden that will not be known. (Mt 10:26)
Note the transition from the Word of God to the God of the Word as indicated
by the writer's use of these personal pronouns. The living Word transitions
to the living God.
(enopion from en = in + ops = ace, eye, countenance)
means in the face of, in front of, before, in the sight of.
Enopion - 94x
in 86v - Luke 1:15, 17, 19, 75f; 4:7; 5:18, 25; 8:47; 12:6, 9; 13:26; 14:10;
15:10, 18, 21; 16:15; 23:14; 24:11, 43; John 20:30; Acts 2:25; 4:10, 19;
6:5f; 7:46; 9:15; 10:30f, 33; 19:9, 19; 27:35; Rom 3:20; 12:17; 14:22; 1 Cor
1:29; 2 Cor 4:2; 7:12; 8:21; Gal 1:20; 1 Tim 2:3; 5:4, 20f; 6:12f; 2 Tim
2:14; 4:1; Heb 4:13; 13:21; Jas 4:10; 1 Pet 3:4; 1 John 3:22; 3 John 1:6;
Rev 1:4; 2:14; 3:2, 5, 8f; 4:5f, 10; 5:8; 7:9, 11, 15; 8:2ff; 9:13; 11:4,
16; 12:4, 10; 13:12ff; 14:3, 10; 15:4; 16:19; 19:20; 20:12. NAS =
before(46), front(1), presence(20), sight(22).
There is a natural transition from "the
word of God" in the previous verse to "God" Himself here, for the
word of God is not only the activity of God but also His revelation
of Himself, whether it be in judgment or in salvation. As God is its source
so also He is its fulfilment, and there is therefore the closest association
between God and the word by which he effectively acts and reveals himself.
"The author passes insensibly," says Spicq, "from the notion of the word of
God to God himself, and finally identifies them, since the word was truly in
the place of the omniscient and omnipresent God, and received its power and
its qualities only from him." Clearly, as God is by his word the Creator and
Sustainer of the whole order of creation, all, that is, all things which
includes all men, are open and laid bare to Him. There is not and
cannot be any part of reality which is unknown or incomprehensible to Him
Who is the source of all being and the fount of all knowledge. Every
creaturely covering and pretext is stripped away. There is no recess, no
dark depth, that is not wide open before Him (cf. 1Co 4:5).This profound and
solemn truth is one that man in his fallenness does not like to face.
In Genesis we read...
Now when Abram was ninety-nine years old,
the LORD appeared to Abram and said to him, "I am God Almighty (El
(a command - Interesting that the Lxx instead of using a verb for "walk"
substitutes the verb "be pleasing" in the
= command calling for continual obedience) before Me, and be
blameless. (Genesis 17:1)
God's charge to
Abraham was to walk before Him, in God's sight, indeed living in the
consciousness and knowledge that the eyes of God were always upon him.
What difference beloved would
it make in our walk if we conducted ourselves continually with a conscious
sense of God's presence? Would it not serve as a holy impediment to sin on
one hand (cp Job 1:1, Ge 39:9) and a desire to walk worthy of our
calling to please Him on the other hand
(cp Ep 4:1-note,
WILL FIND YOU OUT!
Achan experienced the
truth of this passage when he took some of the the banned spoil from
defeated Jericho (the spoil was to be for God) and then hid it in his tent
(hidden from man but not from God!)
Joshua 7:15-21'It shall be that the one
who is taken with the things under the ban shall be burned with fire, he and
all that belongs to him, because he has transgressed the covenant of the
Lord, and because he has committed a disgraceful thing in Israel.' " So
Joshua arose early in the morning and brought Israel near by tribes, and the
tribe of Judah was taken. He brought the family of Judah near, and he
took the family of the Zerahites; and he brought the family of the Zerahites
near man by man, and Zabdi was taken. He brought his household near man by
man; and Achan, son of Carmi, son of Zabdi, son of Zerah, from the tribe of
Judah, was taken. Then Joshua said to Achan, "My son, I implore you, give
glory to the Lord, the God of Israel, and give praise to Him; and tell me
now what you have done. Do not hide it from me." So Achan answered Joshua
and said, "Truly, I have sinned against the Lord, the God of Israel, and
this is what I did: when I saw among the spoil a beautiful mantle from
Shinar and two hundred shekels of silver and a bar of gold fifty shekels in
weight, then I coveted them and took them; and behold, they are concealed in
the earth inside my tent with the silver underneath it." ...Josh 7:25 Joshua
said, "Why have you troubled us? The Lord will trouble you this day." And
all Israel stoned them with stones; and they burned them with fire after
they had stoned them with stones. (Compare the similar sad saga of Elisha's
servant Gehazi whose greed prompted him to sin by taking booty from
Naaman - read 2Ki 5:15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27)
ALL THINGS ARE OPEN AND LAID BARE: panta de gumna
kai tetrachlismena (RPPNPN): (Job 26:6; 34:21; 38:17)
Proverbs 5:21 For the ways of a
man are before the eyes of the Lord, and He watches all his paths.
But - Always
observe what is being contrasted (See
contrasts) or what change of direction the writer is
making. Here the contrast is dramatic - NO...hidden...BUT...ALL...open...laid
means all without exception and amplifies "no" exceptions mentioned
in the first part of this verse. The all knowing God knows our actions, our
locations, our thoughts, our words, our ways, and our even our motives (1Co
4:5). Remember that the context is the Word of God, which penetrates like a
sharp sword the innermost part of our being which leaves no detail or aspect
of our light hidden from His inexorable gaze!
We see the effects of
this divine exposure in the book of beginnings where Moses writes that
before the fall...
the man and his wife were both naked
and were not ashamed. (Ge 2:25)
After the fall we
Then the eyes of both of them were
opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves
together and made themselves loin coverings. They heard the sound of the
Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his
wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the
garden. Then the Lord God called to the man, and said to him, "Where are
you?" He said, "I heard the sound of You in the garden, and I was afraid
because I was naked; so I hid myself." (Ge 3:7-10)
Anyone with any spiritual awareness is
made very uneasy by the thought of God's searching gaze. Remember the scene
in the garden after Adam and Eve had first sinned. In their original state,
before they fell into sin, they were "naked and were not ashamed" (Ge 2:25).
With no sin to condemn them, they delighted in the gaze of their loving
Creator. But after the fall, they hid their shame even from one another,
pathetically sewing on fig leaves for garments. Even more, they dreaded the
presence of God, fleeing and hiding from him as he approached. This is how
many Christians feel in their relationship with God. The thought of His gaze
chills their bones. They are willing to do anything but deal with God
Himself, skulking around the edges of his light rather than drawing near to
Him. They struggle to pray and seldom do unless forced by circumstances. It
is this paralyzing fear that the writer of Hebrews now addresses. As Philip
Hughes explains: "Sinners are no longer commanded to keep their distance in
fear and trembling, but on the contrary are now invited to draw near, and to
do so with confidence." (Reformed Expository Commentary – Hebrews)
A W Tozer
God knows instantly and effortlessly all
matter and all matters, all mind and every mind, all spirit and all spirits,
all being and every being, all creaturehood and all creatures, every
plurality and all pluralities, all law and every law, all relations, all
causes, all thoughts, all mysteries, all enigmas, all feeling, all desires,
every unuttered secret, all thrones, and dominions, all personalities, all
things visible and invisible in heaven and in earth, motion, space, time,
life, death, good, evil, heaven, and hell. (From Tozer, A. W., & Verploegh,
H. The Quotable Tozer I: Wise Words with a Prophetic Edge. Includes index.
Camp Hill, PA.: WingSpread annotated as from
The Knowledge Of The Holy)
The prophet Daniel
founded his prayer (the answer to which formed the very basis for God's plan
for the ages!) on the truth that all things are open to the eyes of God
It is He who reveals the profound and
hidden things; He knows what is in the darkness, and the light dwells with
Him. (Daniel 2:22)
Open - Stark
naked! Stripped down! Without clothing! We can hide from others. We can even
do a good job of hiding from ourselves. But how do we hide from the One
before Whom all hearts are open and all desires known? We cannot -- We
cannot hide from God. Given that we are naked before Him, there is
nothing to hide in or behind.
rightly exhorts based on the truth in this passage...
"Show, O man, shame and fear towards thy
God, for no veil, no twisting, bending, coloring, or disguise, can cover
(gumnos cp our English "gym") means not covered, nude or naked but not necessarily descriptive of
absolute nakedness as it was used of a person wearing only an under-tunic
(descriptive of the mode of dress in the ancient gymnasiums in Greece and
such it could mean one who was comparatively naked or scantily dressed. It
was used of one poorly dressed (Jas 2:15). Figuratively in this verse gumnos
means uncovered, manifest, disclosed, exposed, not hidden and easy to be
Gumnos - 15x in
15v - Matt 25:36, 38, 43f; Mark 14:51f; John 21:7; Acts 19:16; 1 Cor 15:37;
2 Cor 5:3; Heb 4:13; Jas 2:15; Rev 3:17; 16:15; 17:16. NAS = bare(1),
naked(11), open(1), stripped(1), without clothing(1).
Both soul and body are
effectively "naked" to the eyes of God. Remember that truth the next
time you commit a willful, premeditated sin beloved. You are sinning against
great grace, great light, a great God! (Ge 39:9) As it is the same sun that
melts the wax which hardens the clay, so it is the same Word of God that
leads some on to salvation, and turns others who will have none of it away
into outer darkness (contrast these two reactions to truth - Jn 3:19, 20
versus Jn 3:21) Dear believer,
are you in the Word daily that your thoughts, words and deeds might be
exposed and shown for what they truly are?
If not you need to be, for as Jesus said
He who has bathed (Gk = louo =
wash all over, the whole body, picturing the once for all bath of
"regeneration") needs (literally "has need" where "has" =
expressing this as a
continual necessity = the Word of God that first made us holy positionally,
must be "washed in" so that it might continue to daily make us holy in
practice, i.e., progressive sanctification, the walk of holiness, growth in
Christ-likeness - Jn 17:17) only to wash (Not louo but nipto =
wash a part of the body) his feet (cp "washing of water with the word" Ep
but is completely clean (positionally clean equating with the once for all
"cleansing" that occurs when by grace through faith we are justified or
declared righteous in standing before God - Ro 3:24-note;
and you are clean, but not all of you. (Jn 13:10)
What he is saying is that as far as men
are concerned we may be able to wear our outward trappings and disguises;
but in the presence of God these things are stripped away and we have to
meet Him as we are. (Barclay,
W: The Daily Study Bible Series. The Westminster Press
that open or...
Naked reminds us of the way God
saw through Adam’s feeble hiding (Ge 3:7, 8, 9). God sees through our hiding the same way.
(The Enduring Word Commentary Series)
Even the pagan mind understood this
concept of inability to hide from God, Seneca writing that...
We ought always to so conduct ourselves
as if we lived in public; we ought to think as if someone could see what is
passing in our inmost breast; and there is one who does thus behold us. Of
what avail is it, then, that any deed is concealed from man? Nothing can be
hidden from God. He is present with our very souls, and penetrates our
inmost thoughts, and, indeed, is never absent from us. (Seneca, Epistle 83)
Laid bare (5136)
(trachelizo from trachelos = neck) means to bend back the neck as the surgeon does for operating, as the anesthesiologist does that
he might be able to see the vocal cords thus enabling him to insert the
tube that conducts life giving oxygen thru the airway! Figuratively as used
here (the only NT use), trachelizo means to lay bare or open and the
pictures this effect as enduring or permanent.
also used to describes the bending back of the neck of an animal
to be slaughtered for an offering in order to expose the throat. It may refer to the
wrestler’s art of seizing one by the throat, rendering him limp and
means “to seize and twist the neck or
throat.” It was used of combatants who handled their antagonists in that
way. It meant also “to bend back the neck of the victim to be slain, to lay
bare or expose by bending back.” Hence the verb came to mean “to lay bare,
to uncover, to expose.”
K. S. Wuest's Word Studies from the Greek New Testament: Eerdmans
The exact metaphor, however, it is
impossible to determine. The following are the principal explanations
proposed: taken by the throat, as an athlete grasps an adversary; exposed,
as a malefactor’s neck is bent back, and his face exposed to the spectators;
or, as the necks of victims at the altar are drawn back and exposed to the
knife. The idea at the root seems to be the bending back of the neck, and
the last explanation, better than any other, suits the previous figure of
the sword. The custom of drawing back the victim’s neck for sacrifice is
familiar to all classical students. See Hom. Il. i. 459; ii. 422; Pindar, Ol.
xiii. 114. The victim’s throat bared to the sacrificial knife is a powerful
figure of the complete exposure of all created intelligence to the eye of
him whose word is as a two-edged sword. (Vincent, M. R. (2002). Word Studies
in the New Testament 4:429)
that trachelizo means...
strictly take hold of by the neck; only
passive in the NT, as a metaphor drawn from ancient custom, either of making
an enemy face his conquerors by a sword fixed under his chin, of fastening a
lock grip on an opponent in wrestling, or of bending back the head of a
sacrificial victim, ready for the knife be exposed, i.e. be easily known. (Friberg,
T., Friberg, B., & Miller, N. F. Analytical Lexicon of the Greek New
Testament. Baker Academic)
literally means to have the throat
exposed. It is taken from the games, and signified to bend back the neck.
Here the metaphor may be taken either from the sacrifice of a victim or from
a mode of punishment. Whatever the metaphorical sense is, the warning is
that there is no hiding oneself in any part of our being from God. (Vine,
W. Collected writings of W. E. Vine. Nashville: Thomas Nelson
that trachelizo had
two distinct uses in ancient times:
It was used of a wrestler taking his opponent by the throat. In this
position the two men were unavoidably face to face. The other use was in
regard to a criminal trial. A sharp dagger would be bound to the neck of the
accused, with the point just below his chin, so that he could not bow his
head, but had to face the court. Both uses had to do with grave face-to-face
situations. When an unbeliever comes under the scrutiny of God’s Word, he
will be unavoidably face-to-face with the perfect truth about God and about
John: Hebrews. Moody Press
Thayer has the
following entry for trachelizo...
1. to seize and twist the neck or throat;
used of combatants who handle thus their antagonists (Philo, Plutarch,
Diogenes Laërt, others). 2. to bend back the neck of the victim to be slain,
to lay bare or expose by bending back; hence, tropically, to lay bare,
God's sharp Word shows
us where we are wrong not only in what we do, but in how we think and feel.
We would like to hide our guilt but we cannot. God has perfect knowledge of
what is going on in His world, even to the point of knowing the very
thoughts of our hearts. This calls us to repent before we have to face the
The design of the remark here is, to
guard those to whom the apostle was writing from self-deception --since they
could conceal nothing from God. (Albert Barnes. Barnes NT Commentary)
summarizes the three potential meanings of trachelizo writing...
(i) It was a wrestler’s word and was used
for seizing an opponent by the throat in such a way that he could not move.
We may escape God for long enough but in the end he grips us in such a way
that we cannot help meeting him face to face. God is one issue that no man
can finally evade.
(ii) It was the word that was used for
flaying animals. Animals were hung up and the hide was taken off them. Men
may judge us by our outer conduct and appearance but God sees into the
inmost secrets of our hearts.
(iii) Sometimes when a criminal was being
led to judgment or to execution, a dagger, with point upwards, was so fixed
below his chin that he could not bow his head in concealment but had to keep
it up so that all could see his face and know his dishonour. When that was
done, a man was said to be tetrachēlismenos. In the end we have to meet the
eyes of God. We may avert our gaze from people we are ashamed to meet; but
we are compelled to look God in the face.
Kermit Eby writes in The God in You: “At
some time or other, a man must stop running from himself and his
God—possibly because there is just no other place to run to.” There comes a
time to every man when he has to meet that God from whose eyes nothing ever
can be concealed (Barclay,
W: The Daily Study Bible Series. The Westminster Press
TO THE EYES OF HIM WITH WHOM WE
HAVE TO DO: tois opthalmois autou pros on hemin ho logos:
(Ecclesiastes 12:14; Matthew 7:21,22; 25:31,32; John 5:22, 23, 24, 25, 26,
27, 28, 29; Acts 17:31; Romans 2:16; Romans 14:9, 10, 11, 12; 2Corinthians
5:10; Revelation 20:11, 12, 13, 14, 15)
"WITH WHOM WE HAVE TO DO"
To the eyes (3788)
(ophthalmos) anthropomorphic description of God, Who sees all and
knows all. You cannot hide, be you a saved or unsaved sinner.
God's eyes see all the
facts in our inmost hearts. There is neither wall nor veil to God's eye, nor
thinnest film of obscurity. Surely every servant of Christ today needs to
gaze into this revealing mirror and be honest with himself and God, Who
knows us better than we know ourselves!
In the Revelation, on
the isle of Patmos the apostle John has a face to face encounter with
the risen, glorified Christ writing...
His head and His hair were white like
white wool, like snow; and His eyes were like a flame of fire. (Re
Comment: John's description is
that of a penetrating discernment that is able to search the inmost depths
of our soul. His gaze is searching, revealing and infallible, thereby
revealing with piercing clarity the reality of everything there is to know.
John had seen these same eyes filled with tears when He wept at the grave of
Lazarus (Jn 11:35), but now the aged apostle sees that these are the
eyes of the Righteous Judge before whom all creation is laid bare (cp 2Ti
Tony Garland commenting on Rev
1:14 writes: His eyes are singled out as being like a flame of fire . This
evokes the image of a gaze which instantly pierces the deepest darkness to
lay bear all sin. It is a reference to His omniscience, omnipresence, and
judgment. There is no evil activity of men which Jesus does not see (Job
28:24; Ps. 90:8; 94:9; 139:23; Pr 15:3). There is no den of iniquity so dark
that Jesus is not there (Job 34:22; Ps. 139:7; Jer. 23:24; Am 9:2). There is
no work of man which will go unjudged by His piercing gaze (1Co 3:15; 2Co
5:10; He 4:13). Truly, God is an all-consuming fire (Num. 11:1; Dt 5:25;
9:3; 2Ki 1:10; Ps 50:3; 78:63; Is 33:14; Lk 9:54; He 12:29; Re 11:5). When
speaking to the church at Thyatira, after mentioning His “eyes like a flame
of fire” (Re 2:18), Jesus continues, “I know your works” (Re 2:19). He says
to the same church, “all the churches shall know that I am He who searches
the minds and hearts. And I will give to each one of you according to your
works” (Re 2:23). His piercing eyes are an identifying description in Re
19:12. It is impossible to escape His gaze! “And there is no creature hidden
from His sight, but all things are naked and open to the eyes of Him to whom
we must give account” (He 4:13).
God uses the Word to enable us to see the
sin and unbelief in our own hearts. The Word exposes our hearts; and then,
if we trust God, the Word enables our hearts to obey God and claim His
promises. This is why each believer should be diligent to apply himself to
hear and heed God's Word. In the Word we see God, and we also see how God
sees us. We see ourselves as we really are. This experience enables us to be
honest with God, to trust His will, and to obey Him.
W: Bible Exposition Commentary. 1989. Victor
God sees everything. This can be
discomforting if we have something to hide. This was the experience of some
boys who were stealing apples, because as they were in the act it so
happened that the great American astronomer Samuel Alfred Mitchell was
observing the sun through his telescope as it descended, and just as it set
there came into view the crest of an orchard-covered hill some seven miles
distant where Dr. Mitchell watched the two boys—one picking apples while the
other stood guard making sure they were not seen! (from Walter Paxendale,
Dictionary of Illustrations for Pulpit and Platform Chicago: Moody Press,
1949, p. 419)
To do (3056)
(logos) means an account or something said. Literally the Greek reads "to whom
the account is to us", "to whom is our word" or "with whom our matter is".
The idea is with whom our final reckoning has to be made.
The ESV and the NIV
render it "to whom we must give account."
Remember the context. The writer to the
Hebrews trusts that he has pierced the hearts of his audience, who were
contemplating “giving up” on Jesus. In this passage, he has made it plain
that they can’t give up on Jesus can keep it “hidden” from God. The word of
God has discovered and exposed their condition. (David Guzik. The Enduring
Word Commentary Series)
that it is
A play on the Greek term for "word";
i.e., if our lives conform to "the word of God" (v. 12), then our word
(account) in the day of judgment will be acceptable to God. (The
Ryrie Study Bible: New American Standard Translation: 1995. Moody Publishers)
With whom we have
to do - Other renderings...
to Whom we [must] [give] account (He 4:13NKJV)
to whom we must give account (He 4:13NIV)
to whom we must give account.
This is the God to Whom we must explain all that we have done (NLT - first
edition, not the revision)
with whom is our reckoning or to
whom we have to give account. (Marvin Vincent)
this truth commenting that...
The man who acknowledges that he is now
and that he will be hereafter "naked and exposed to the eyes of the One with
whom we have to reckon" (NEB), and that the discernment of God is always
without error and His judgment righteous and equitable (Is 11:3f), is a man
who is standing on the threshold of divine grace; for it is against the
background of human guilt and powerlessness that the grace of God which, in
Christ, brings forgiveness and victory is most particularly displayed.
In the final words of
Ecclesiastes, Solomon writes...
The conclusion, when all has been heard,
is: fear God and keep His commandments, because this applies to every
person. For God will bring every act to judgment, everything which
is hidden, whether it is good or evil. (Ecclesiastes 12:13, 14)
God “shall illuminate the crypts of the
darkness which naturally fills the self deceiving heart.”
In that day of manifestation both the
hypocritical and the hypercritical will be shown for What they
really are. (Paul's Second Epistle to the Corinthians)
We must give a
personal account to God for what we have said and done in our own lives (cp
2Cor 5:10, Ro 14:10, 11, 12-note,
cp 1Co 3:11, 12, 13, 14, 15); non-believers at the Great White Throne
Judgment - Re 20:11-note,
Re 20:15-note). A
personal relationship to God requires personal responsibility. Every time
you read the Word, you are exposed to His pure light and revelation always
calls for a response. Do not be deceived, for dear Bible believing,
Bible church attending Christian, to whom much is given, much is expected
(Lk 12:48, cp the same principle in Jas 3:1)! Everyone,
must render an account
to God for the life they lived while on earth (cp the motivation in 1Pe
is one appointment we will not be allowed to miss (even if we wanted to) and
this certainty should motivate us to reverential, loving, obedience
as we ponder the truth that nothing can be concealed from God.
We all should emulate
C H Spurgeon who when ask for permission to write his life story replied,
"You may write my life in the skies—I have nothing to hide!"
Commentary says that...
Ending with this solemn thought causes us
to ask, "Who can represent guilty sinners before a God who sees everything?"
This leads to the next section on the high-priestly work of Christ (He 4:14,
15, 16, etc) and its provision of mercy and help for wandering sinners.
He's Watching - In this age of electronics, we have all become
aware of bugging devices. A person's office, hotel room, or telephone can be
monitored so that every sound is picked up. This is accomplished through
highly sensitive microphones that are so small they can easily be hidden.
Heads of state, government officials, and business people in strategic
positions must be exceedingly careful of what they say, especially when
entering a strange setting. The awareness that they might be overheard is
sure to make them think twice before they speak.
Did you ever stop to think that God sees everything we do and hears
everything we say every moment of the day? Hebrews 4:13 says that "all
things are naked and open to the eyes of Him to whom we must give account."
This truth is both comforting and sobering--comforting because God stands
ready to deliver us when we are in trouble (Ps. 33:18-19), and sobering
because "the eyes of the Lord are in every place, keeping watch on the evil
and the good" (Prov. 15:3). What a profound effect this should have on the
way we live!
The next time you are tempted or in trouble, remember that God is watching
and listening. —Richard De Haan (Our
Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by
permission. All rights reserved)
There is no time of day or night,
No place on land or sea
That God, whose eye is never dim,
Does not see you and me. --DJD
To know that God sees us brings both conviction and comfort
Today in the Word (click
here) has the following devotional...
Read: Hebrews 4:12-16
In [Christ] and through faith in him we may approach
God with freedom and confidence. - Ephesians 3:12
TODAY IN THE WORD - The
British pastor Charles Spurgeon once made this observation about our need
for the application of the Scriptures: ""When a soldier is wounded in
battle, it is of little use for him to know that there are those at the
hospital who can bind his wounds and medicines there to ease all the pains
which he now suffers. What he needs is to be taken there and the remedies
applied. It is thus with our souls. To meet this need there is one, the
Spirit of truth, who takes of the things of Jesus and applies them to us.""
Although the writer of Hebrews may not specifically have had the comforting
power of God's Word in mind here, Spurgeon's point is helpful. Only the Word
of God, applied with surgical precision by the Spirit of God, can meet the
needs of the human heart.
Why did the author mention the Scriptures at this point (v. 12)? Because sin
is so deceitful (Heb. 3:13) and the danger of drifting away so real that our
only safe guide is the Word of God.
The Word is so potent that it can expose the deepest motives of our hearts.
We need this penetrating work desperately, as did the Hebrews, because ""the
heart is deceitful above all things and beyond cure. Who can understand
it?"" (Jer. 17:9). God's Word can reveal our tendency toward waywardness and
help keep us on the path of faithfulness to Christ.
We have another source of help and strength in our struggle. In addition to
the living written Word, we have the living incarnate Word in the Person of
In verse 14, Jesus is presented in His ministering role as our great High
Priest. Jesus took the blood of His sacrifice into the heavenly sanctuary,
just as Israel's high priest took the blood of animal sacrifices into the
inner sanctuary of the temple to make atonement for sin.
We are encouraged to approach Jesus in our weakness because He was tempted
in every way that we are tempted (v. 15). The difference, of course, is that
Jesus never succumbed to temptation. He never sinned.
Instead of Jesus' sinlessness being a barrier between Him and us, we are
encouraged to come to Him for mercy and grace in our time of need (v. 16).
TODAY ALONG THE WAY - With today's passage we begin the second
section of our study, the superiority of Christ's priesthood (see the April
1 study for our brief outline of the book of Hebrews).
We're in for several weeks of encouragement and blessing as we consider
Christ's priestly work on our behalf. That ministry is available to you
today, especially if you are facing a time of need. Bring your burden,
problem, or sin to the Lord right now and thank Him for His mercy and grace
to deal with it. (See
Bible Institute's Today in the Word)