Philemon Commentaries

 

 

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PHILEMON RESOURCES

 Philemon Commentaries 1
 Philemon Commentaries 2

 

Philemon Resources
Part 1 of 2
Commentaries, Sermons, Illustrations, Devotionals
Updated July, 2011
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Index to Resources

AUTHOR

TITLE

LINK

Barnes, Albert Commentary Notes Click
Calvin, John Commentaries Click
Clarke, Adam Commentary (Click caveat) Click
Constable, Thomas Commentary Notes (Pdf - Adobe Acrobat) Click
Guzik, Dave Commentary Notes Click
Henry, Matthew Commentary - Complete Click
Illustrations Quotes and illustrations various sources Click
Intervarsity Press (IVP) Commentary Click
Jamieson, Fausset, Brown Commentary, Critical and Explanatory Click
MacArthur, John Expositional Sermons Click
Maclaren, Alexander Exposition Click
Meyer, F B Our Daily Homily Click
Miscellaneous Resources Multiple conservative resources
Listed by verse
Click
Morgan, G Campbell Notes Click
Our Daily Bread Links to Devotional Illustrations offsite Click
Richison, Grant Verse by Verse notes Part 1 (Part 2) Click
Robertson, A. T. Word Pictures in the NT (Greek studies) Click
Spurgeon, C. H. Devotional:  Morning & Evening Click
Spurgeon, C. H. Exposition of Philemon Click
Spurgeon, C. H. Sermon: Onesimus - A Runaway Slave Click
Today in the Word Devotionals from Moody Bible Institute Click
Vincent, Marvin Word Studies in the New Testament Click

Philemon
Chapter and Verse - Hold pointer over link
New American Standard Bible - 1995
(Mp3 for purchase to listen on your Ipod, etc)
Hint: Click on a verse to go to verse in context
and look in the right column of page for linked sermons
Note: If you go to the full context, you will need to click the back button twice to get back to this page.

Philemon 1
Philemon 2
Philemon 3
Philemon 4
Philemon 5
Philemon 6
Philemon 7
Philemon 8
Philemon 9
Philemon 10
Philemon 11
Philemon 12
Philemon 13

Philemon 14
Philemon 15
Philemon 16
Philemon 17
Philemon 18
Philemon 19
Philemon 19
Philemon 20
Philemon 21
Philemon 22
Philemon 23
Philemon 24
Philemon 25

Henry Alford
 Philemon Commentary
The New Testament for English Readers
Index to Mt-Rev Chapter by Chapter

Introduction to Philemon
Philemon

Henry Alford
Philemon Commentary
The Greek Testament
Index to Mt-Rev Chapter by Chapter

Philemon

Johann Bengel
Philemon Commentary Notes
The Critical English Testament
Similar to following but less Greek
Short Pithy Comments
Index to Mt-Rev Chapter by Chapter

Philemon

Johann Bengel
Philemon Commentary
Gnomon of the New Testament
Index to Mt-Rev Chapter by Chapter

C H Spurgeon wrote that Bengel's NT commentary "is the Scholar's delight! Bengel condensed more matter into a line than can be extracted from pages of other writers."

F W Farrar writes that Bengel's "Gnomon is a mine of priceless gems. It contains sentence after sentence exquisitely terse and finished, and throbbing with spiritual light. Few writers have so admirably succeeded in expressing in a few words the inmost purpose of each of the Epistles. A generation crowded with writers whose theology abounded in mutual anathemas is yet redeemed from the charge of sterility which has produced such a theologian as Bengel. His work must continue to have its value so long as men can recognise the richest fruits of a noble intellect, a pure spirit, and a blameless life. "Lord Jesus, unto Thee I live, unto Thee I suffer, unto Thee I die; Thine I am, living or dying." These words were repeated to him in his last moments, and on hearing them he pointed with his right hand to his heart, and fell asleep in peace." (Amen!) (History of Interpretation: Eight Lectures Preached Before the University of Oxford in the Year 1885).

John Wesley said of Bengel "I know of no commentator on the Bible equal to Bengel" and referred to him as "The great light of the Christian world."

Philemon

Joseph Beet
Commentary on Philemon

Philemon     1-7
Philemon   8-21
Philemon 23-25

John Calvin
Commentary on Philemon

Philemon     1-7
Philemon   8-14
Philemon 15-19
Philemon 20-25

George Clarke
Commentary on Philemon (1906)
"Designed for Pastors and Sunday Schools"

Philemon Introduction
Philemon Introduction and Outline
Philemon  Commentary

Expositor's Greek Testament
Philemon Commentary
W E Oesterley

Introduction
Philemon 1:1
Philemon 1:6

Philemon 1:14ff

John Gill
Commentary

Philemon  1
Philemon  2
Philemon  3
Philemon  4
Philemon  5
Philemon  6
Philemon  7
Philemon  8
Philemon  9
Philemon  10
Philemon  11
Philemon  12
Philemon  13
Philemon  14
Philemon  15
Philemon  16
Philemon  17
Philemon  18
Philemon  19
Philemon  20
Philemon  21
Philemon  22
Philemon  23
Philemon  24
Philemon  25

J B Lightfoot
Commentary on Philemon

Philemon Introduction
Philemon 1:1-3 Commentary
Philemon 1:4-7 Commentary
Philemon 1:8-11 Commentary
Philemon 1:12-17 Commentary

Philemon 1:18- 25 Commentary

John MacArthur
Sermons on Philemon

Philemon 1-3 A Living Lesson on Forgiveness
Philemon 4-7 The Characteristics of One Who Forgives
Philemon 8-18 The Actions of One Who Forgives
Philemon 19-25 The Motives of One Who Forgives

Alexander Maclaren
Commentary on Philemon
The Expositor's Bible

Philemon 1:1-3 The Epistle to Philemon
Philemon 1:4-7 I Thank My God Always
Philemon 1:8-11 Wherefore, Though I Have All Boldness
Philemon 1:12-14 Whom I Have Sent Back to Thee
Philemon 1:15-19 For Perhaps He was Therefore Parted

Philemon 1:20-25 Yea, Brother, Let Me Have Joy of Thee in the Lord

J Vernon McGee
Thru the Bible on Philemon
Commentary
Mp3 Only

Philemon Introduction
Philemon 1-3
Philemon 4-7
Philemon 8-16
Philemon 17-25

G. Campbell Morgan
Life Applications from Every Chapter of the Bible

Philemon 6 - That the fellowship of thy faith may become effectual.

That was the burden of Paul's prayer for Philemon; and in sending Onesimus back to him, he was creating a new opportunity for his realization of that very thing. Philemon had faith, as Paul had already said; and it was a double faith, "toward the Lord Jesus, and toward air the saints." That faith necessarily placed him in the realm of fellowship, and that was also two-sided: fellowship with the Lord Jesus, and fellowship with all the saints. Such was his faith, his conviction, that to which he had yielded himself. Such was his fellowship, his vital relationship, the good thing which was in him. Paul's prayer for him was that it might be effec­tual; that is, effective. Faith and fellowship are at once made valuable and vindicated as they are active. While a number of names are found in this letter, three stand out prominently, those of Paul, Philemon, and Onesimus. They share a common faith; they are members of one fellowship. The circumstances were such as to give the fellowship of their faith an oppor­tunity for action; that is, to become effectual. It was so in the case of Paul, as he sent Onesimus back to his master, even though he would have been serviceable to himself in his prison. It was so in the case of Onesimus, in that he went back to the master whom he had wronged in running away from him. The letter was written that it might be so in the case of Philemon as he received Onesimus, "no longer as a servant . . . but a brother beloved."

H C G Moule
Commentary on Philemon
(Notes can be searched)

Introduction - Authenticity, etc
Chief Persons in the Epistle
Slavery and the Attitude of Christianity Towards It
Argument of Philemon
Philemon 1:1
Philemon 1:2-3
Philemon 1:4-7
Philemon 1:8-9
Philemon 1:10
Philemon 1:11-12
Philemon 1:13-15
Philemon 1:16-18
Philemon 1:19-20
Philemon 1:21-22
Philemon 1:23-25

Miscellaneous Resources
Conservative, Evangelical

Enter Query below to search for articles in 27 conservative Theological Journals- An annual fee is required to view the entire article but will give you access to literally thousands of conservative articles:

Galaxie Software

Philemon: A Brother Restored Ray Stedman
Put it on Master Charge - Philemon Ron Ritchie

Expository Study Notes

Thomas Constable

Philemon., An Exposition of the Epistle of Paul to Philemon

William Kelly

Philemon

F B Hole

Expositor's Greek Testament

W E Oesterley

Commentary on Philemon David Guzik
Commentary on Philemon Matthew Henry
Commentary on Philemon H C G Moule
Commentary on Philemon Jamieson, F, Brown
Barnes' Notes on the New Testament - Philemon Albert Barnes
Adam Clarke's Commentary Adam Clarke
St Paul's Epistle to Philemon J B Lightfoot
Word Pictures in the New Testament - Philemon A T Robertson

Word Studies in the New Testament - Philemon (See also his formal commentary)

Marvin Vincent
Philemon Introduction - Audio only - Mp3 J Vernon McGee

Philemon

Study Guide for Philemon

Sermon Notes for Philemon

Chuck Smith
Philemon - Put That On Mine Account Dan Fortner
Philemon 1:1, 23 Prisoners of War Joseph Parker
Philemon - Introduction
Philemon 1:1  
Philemon 1:1b  
Philemon 1:1c
Philemon 1:2

Philemon 1:2b
Philemon 1:2c
Philemon 1:3

Philemon 1:3b
Grant Richison
Philemon 1-25 - Godly Relationships
Philemon 1-25 - The Changes of the Gospel
Steven Cole
Philemon 1-25 Rich Cathers
Philemon 1-25 Joe Guglielmo
Philemon 1-25 Koinonia; From Slavery To Brotherhood; Led By Grace Ron Daniel
Philemon 1-25 (A Power Packed Postcard)
Philemon 1-25 (Onesimus: The Story Of A Transformed Slave)
Philemon 1-12 (Philemon: A Master Called To Forgive)
Rob Salvato
Philemon 1:1-25 Questions For Modern Day Philemons   Alan Carr
Philemon 1:1-25 New Testament Postcards: Philemon   Ray Pritchard
Philemon 1:1-3 A Living Lesson on Forgiveness John MacArthur

Philemon 1:1-3 Paul's Greetings

IVP Commentary
Philemon 1:1-3 Devotional Today in the Word
Philemon 1:1-7 John Calvin
Philemon 1-3 - Mp3 J Vernon McGee
Philemon 1:2 The Church in thy house - Devotional
Philemon 1:2 A Pastoral Visit - Sermon
C H Spurgeon
Philemon 1:4
Philemon 1:5a 
Philemon 1:5b 
Grant Richison
Philemon 1:4-7 - Mp3 J Vernon McGee
Philemon 1:4-5 Devotional Today in the Word

Philemon 1:4-7 Paul's Prayer

IVP Commentary
Philemon 1:4-7 Characteristics of One Who Forgives John MacArthur
Philemon 1:6 
Philemon 1:6b

Philemon 1:7
Grant Richison
Philemon 1:6 G Campbell Morgan
Philemon 1:6-7 Devotional Today in the Word
Philemon 1:8 - Central Teaching Chuck Smith
Philemon 1:8-25 Explore the Bible
Philemon 1:8
Philemon 1:9

Philemon 1:9b
Philemon 1:10
Philemon 1:11
Philemon 1:12
Grant Richison
Philemon 1:8-16 - Mp3 J Vernon McGee
Philemon 1:8-9 Devotional Today in the Word

Philemon 1:8-22 (overview of the body of the letter)

Philemon 1:8-9 Paul's Relationship to Philemon  

IVP Commentary
Philemon 1:8-18 The Actions of One Who Forgives John MacArthur
Philemon 1:8-14 John Calvin

Philemon 1:10-11 Paul's Relationship to Onesimus

IVP Commentary
Philemon 1:10-11 Devotional Today in the Word
Philemon 1:10-11 Illustration
Philemon 1:12
Philemon 1:13
Philemon 1:14
Grant Richison
Philemon 1:12 F B Meyer

Philemon 1:12-16 Philemon's Relationship to Onesimus  

IVP Commentary
Philemon 1:12-14 Devotional Today in the Word
Philemon 1:15
Philemon 1:16
Grant Richison
Philemon 1:15 Onesimus: A Picture of Grace Don Fortner
Philemon 15-16 Joe Guglielmo
Philemon 1:15-19 - "Charge It" Chuck Smith
Philemon 1:15-16 Devotional Today in the Word
Philemon 1:15-19 John Calvin
Philemon 17-25 - Mp3 J Vernon McGee
Philemon 1:17  Grant Richison
Philemon 1:17-21 Devotional Today in the Word

Philemon 1:17-22 Paul's Relationship to Philemon  

IVP Commentary
Philemon 1:18 - "Charge It to Me" Chuck Smith
Philemon 1:18 A Good Account Our Daily Bread
Philemon 1:18
Philemon 1:19  
Grant Richison
Philemon 1:19 Owing Ourselves to Christ Alexander Maclaren
Philemon 1:19-25 The Motives of One Who Forgives John MacArthur
Philemon 1:20 
Philemon 1:21

Philemon 1:22 
Grant Richison
Philemon 1:20-25 John Calvin
Philemon 1:22 Devotional Today in the Word
Philemon 1:23  
Philemon 1:24 
Philemon 1:24b 
Philemon 1:25
Grant Richison
Philemon 1:23-25 Devotional Today in the Word
Philemon 1:1-25 Questions For Modern Day Philemons  
Philemon 1:24 The Man Who Could Not Govern Himself
Alan Carr

Philemon 1:23-24 Greetings

Philemon 1:25 Closing Prayer

IVP Commentary
Net Bible Notes
Commentary on Philemon

Philemon

Joseph Parker
Commentary on Philemon
(See also his entry on Philemon in the People's Bible)

Philemon

A T Robertson
Philemon
Word Pictures in the New Testament
Philemon  1
Philemon  2
Philemon  4
Philemon  5
Philemon  6
Philemon  7
Philemon  8
Philemon  9
Philemon  10
Philemon  11
Philemon  12
Philemon  13
Philemon  14
Philemon  15
Philemon  16
Philemon  17
Philemon  18
Philemon  19
Philemon  20
Philemon  21
Philemon  22
Philemon  23
Philemon  24
Philemon  25
Charles Simeon
Sermons on Philemon
Philemon 1:7 Benevolence Encouraged
Philemon 1:10, 11 The Efficacy of the Gospel
Marvin Vincent
Commentary on Philemon
Note: This is his commentary, not his more familiar Greek word study resource
"Word Studies in the New Testament" (
Click for that resource)
Philemon Introduction
Philemon 1:1-3 The Salutation
Philemon 1:4-7
Philemon 1:8-11
Philemon 1:12-16
Philemon 1:17-20
Philemon 1:21-25
Our Daily Bread
Excellent Illustrations  on Philemon
from Radio Bible Class

Philemon - Relationship Under Repair - Are you easy to get along with? Do you have a good relationship with your spouse or your friends? Then you probably aren't guilty of the following behaviors:

criticizing instead of praising
using insensitive words
neglecting others
making jokes at another's expense
not listening
refusing to admit wrong
being rude
belittling others' opinions

These kinds of behavior will wreck relationships and hinder the healing of past hurts.

For a good example of the way to strengthen relationships, read the apostle Paul's short letter to Philemon, a wealthy resident of Colosse. The subject is Onesimus, Philemon's slave, who had stolen from him and fled to Rome. There Onesimus met Paul, who led him to a saving knowledge of Jesus. The letter is Paul's kind, compassionate appeal to Philemon to accept Onesimus back--now as a brother. It's a great example of love in action.

Although Onesimus deserved Philemon's punishment, Paul called him a "son" (Philemon 1:10) and a "beloved brother" (Philemon 16). He said he would repay what Onesimus had stolen.

Paul knew how to restore a relationship. Do we? -- J D Brannon 
(Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

God of grace and God of goodness,
Teach me to be ever kind,
Always gentle and forgiving
With the Savior first in mind. --Brandt

Forgiveness is the glue that repairs broken relationships.

><>><>><>

Philemon - A New Flax Shirt

Bear one another's burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ. . --Galatians 6:2

Onesimus was Philemon's slave. According to the law, he could have been executed for running away. But Onesimus had run into Paul and into the arms of Jesus. Paul sent him back to Philemon with the assurance that the apostle would repay anything the runaway slave owed. Paul carried Onesimus' burden.

Booker T. Washington wrote about an experience he had that illustrates the same principle:

"The most trying ordeal that I was forced to endure as a slave boy . . . was the wearing of a flax shirt. . . . That part of the flax from which our clothing was made was . . . the cheapest and roughest part. I can scarcely imagine any torture . . . that is equal to that caused by putting on a new flax shirt for the first time. But I had no choice. . . . My brother, John, who is several years older than I am, performed one of the most generous acts that I ever heard of one slave relative doing for another. On several occasions when I was being forced to wear a new flax shirt, he generously agreed to . . . wear it for several days, till it was 'broken in.'"

Jesus endured the pain of the cross on our behalf. When we bear one another's burdens, we follow His example and fulfill His will for our lives (Gal. 6:2; 1John 3:16). Are you willing to wear someone's new flax shirt today? --H W Robinson (Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

Bearing people's heavy burdens,
Shouldering their pain and grief,
Shows the love of Christ to others,
Bringing them His sure relief. --Sper

Christ bears our burdens
that we may bear the burdens of others.

><>><>><>

Another Chance
READ: Philemon 1:8-19

[You] have put on the new man who is renewed in knowledge according to the image of Him who created him. —Colossians 3:10

For almost 100 years, a huge piece of flawed Carrara marble lay in the courtyard of a cathedral in Florence, Italy. Then, in 1501, a young sculptor was asked to do something with it. He measured the block and noted its imperfections. In his mind, he envisioned a young shepherd boy.

For 3 years, he chiseled and shaped the marble skillfully. Finally, when the 18-foot towering figure of David was unveiled, his student exclaimed to Michelangelo, “Master, it lacks only one thing—speech!”

Onesimus was like that flawed marble. He was an unfaithful servant when he fled from his master Philemon. But while on the run he came to know the Master Sculptor. As a changed man, he served God faithfully and was invaluable to Paul’s ministry. When Paul sent him back to Philemon, he commended him as one “who once was unprofitable to you, but now is profitable to you and to me” (Philemon 1:11). He asked Philemon to receive Onesimus back as a brother (Philemon 1:16).

Paul knew what it meant to be given another chance after past wrongs (Acts 9:26, 27, 28). He knew personally the transformation God can accomplish. Now he saw it in the life of Onesimus. The Lord can chisel His image on our flawed lives and make us beautiful and useful too. — Albert Lee

Christ takes each sin, each pain, each loss,
And by the power of His cross
Transforms our brokenness and shame
So that our lives exalt His name. —D. De Haan

Our rough edges must be chipped away
to bring out the image of Christ.

><>><>><>

Philemon 1:18 A Good Account

If he has wronged you or owes anything, put that on my account. —Philemon 1:18

As a young boy I watched my dad write checks and wished that I could do it. What I didn't realize was that there had to be money in an account to back them up.

The apostle Paul never wrote a check, but he did have an account good enough to pay an unusual debt if necessary. He referred to this in his letter to Philemon, a wealthy Christian whose slave Onesimus had run away and may have stolen some money from his master.

In the providence of God, Onesimus met Paul in Rome and became a follower of Christ. They agreed that it was right for him to return to his master. Paul wrote a letter to Philemon (the letter that bears his name), asking him to receive Onesimus as a brother, and assuring him that he himself would pay any debt Onesimus owed.

That's a picture of what happens in salvation. As sinners, we owed an enormous debt, but Jesus took care of it for us. Because of His sinless life, He has a limitless resource of righteousness. And by dying in our place, He paid the penalty for our sin. Now we can draw on this payment by faith. As Martin Luther said, "We are all His Onesimi." If we put our trust in Christ as our Savior, our sins are put to His account and we are free for all eternity. Praise God! —Dennis De Haan
(Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

Rejoice, rejoice, the debt is paid!
For all our sins on Christ were laid;
Estrangement once was all we knew,
But now we know a love that's true. —D. De Haan

Christ paid a debt He didn't owe
to satisfy a debt we couldn't pay.

Our Daily Homily
by F B Meyer

Philemon 1:12 My very heart. -- This fragment of ancient letter-writing gives us a model of the way in which our commonest or most prosaic dealings, and our letters, even on business matters, may breathe the spirit of Christ. It also illustrates the relation in which we stand to Jesus Christ. What Onesimus was to Paul and Philemon combined, that we are to our Lord.

What was Onesimus to Paul? — His child, whom he had begotten in his bonds. He had probably been discovered by some of his companions in the purlieus of Rome, where criminals concealed themselves from justice, and abandoned characters gave vent to the wildest passions. Or, having heard that the apostle, whom he had so often met in his master’s house, was residing in his own hired house in Rome, the runaway slave had found him out, when in the extremity of hunger. In either case he had now become dear as the apostle’s heart; had learnt to minister to him in his bonds; had proved more than a servant — a brother beloved. O Thou who hast redeemed us from our sins, may we be all this to Thee!

What was Onesimus to Philemon? — He had been unprofitable; and we have been. He was sent back; and we have returned to the Shepherd and Bishop of our souls. He had been a servant, henceforth he should be a beloved brother; and we are no longer servants, but friends. He had grievously wronged his master; but his sin had been forgiven, and so covered by over-abounding grace, that it would bring him into a position of greater privilege and blessing than ever before. In this man’s sin and restoration we see ourselves. Where our sin abounded, grace has much more abounded, through the tender pity of Him who had put our defalcations to his own account.

Quotations & Illustrations
From Various Resources

Philemon
Warren Wiersbe


Two statements in Paul’s letter to Philemon remind us of what Jesus did for us. “Receive him [Onesimus] as you would me” (Philemon 1:17) reminds us that we are “accepted in the Beloved” (Eph. 1:6). “Put that on my account” (Philemon 1:18) reminds us that Jesus paid the price for our redemption (Ro 4:1-8; 2Co 5:21). (With the word Bible commentary. Nashville: Thomas Nelson)

Philemon 1:10
C H Spurgeon

There are two passages in the Epistles which, when put together, have often amazed me. Paul compares himself both to a father and to a mother in the matter of the new birth: he says of one convert, “Whom I have begotten in my bonds” (Philemon 1:10), and of a whole church he says, “My little children, of whom I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you” (Galatians 4:19). This is going very far, much further than modern orthodoxy would permit the most useful servant to venture. Yet it is language sanctioned, even dictated by the Spirit of God Himself, and therefore it is not to be criticized. Such mysterious power does God infuse into the instrumentality which He ordains that we are called “laborers together with God” (1Corinthians 3:9). This is at once the source of our responsibility and the ground of our hope. (from The Soul Winner)

C H Spurgeon
Devotional from Morning and Evening

Philemon 1:2
The Church in Thy House by C. H. Spurgeon

Is there a Church in this house? Are parents, children, friends, servants, all members of it? or are some still unconverted? Let us pause here and let the question go round--Am I a member of the Church in this house? How would father's heart leap for joy, and mother's eyes fill with holy tears if from the eldest to the youngest all were saved! Let us pray for this great mercy until the Lord shall grant it to us. Probably it had been the dearest object of Philemon's desires to have all his household saved; but it was not at first granted him in its fulness. He had a wicked servant, Onesimus, who, having wronged him, ran away from his service. His master's prayers followed him, and at last, as God would have it, Onesimus was led to hear Paul preach; his heart was touched, and he returned to Philemon, not only to be a faithful servant, but a brother beloved, adding another member to the Church in Philemon's house. Is there an unconverted servant or child absent this morning? Make special supplication that such may, on their return to their home, gladden all hearts with good news of what grace has done! Is there one present? Let him partake in the same earnest entreaty.

If there be such a Church in our house, let us order it well, and let all act as in the sight of God. Let us move in the common affairs of life with studied holiness, diligence kindness, and integrity. More is expected of a Church than of an ordinary household; family worship must, in such a case, be more devout and hearty; internal love must be more warm and unbroken and external conduct must be more sanctified and Christlike. We need not fear that the smallness of our number will put us out of the list of Churches, for the Holy Spirit has here enrolled a family-church in the inspired book of remembrance. As a Church let us now draw nigh to the great head of the one Church universal, and let us beseech Him to give us grace to shine before men to the glory of His name.

Today in the Word
Moody Bible Institute
(
Click here to read today's Today in the Word)

Philemon 1:1-3 By the year 2000, Jenny Thompson had won more Olympic gold medals than any other American woman. She had won ten medals in the previous three Olympics and eight of them had been gold medals. Despite her skill, Thompson could not have won any of these medals on her own. Why? The reason is simple. She had competed in each of these events as part of a team. Her victories were the result of a group effort.

This is also true of the Christian life. Paul’s letter to Philemon, like so many of his other letters, begins by mentioning several of his co-laborers in ministry. Philemon was probably wealthy. He was at least enough well off to afford slaves. He lived in Colossae and his home was used as a meeting place for the church there. Paul had led Philemon to the Lord and now refers to him as his “dear friend” and as a “fellow worker.” Apphia, whose name meant something like “darling” or “sweetheart,” was probably Philemon’s wife. She is described by Paul as a “sister” in the Lord. Archippus may also have been a member of Philemon’s family, perhaps his son. It’s possible that he was one of the leaders of the church that met in Philemon’s home. The apostle calls Archippus a “fellow soldier.”

Paul also addressed this letter to the entire church that met in Philemon’s home. This is interesting in view of the personal nature of the request that occasioned the letter. Paul wrote on behalf of Onesimus, a runaway slave owned by Philemon, asking him to accept Onesimus back into his household as a brother in Christ. Paul also mentions Timothy in the introduction to this letter and refers to him simply as “our brother.”

Can you name at least three other “team members” who contribute to your effectiveness in serving Christ? Success in ministry is a group effort.

Philemon 1:4-5  Even though his father had died several decades earlier, every time Samuel Thornton spoke of him, he gave the impression he had just had a conversation with him. In fact, the memory of his father was so vivid that Samuel often referred to him in the present tense, as if he were still alive. What was most apparent, however, was the pleasure it gave Samuel to remember his father’s life. A missionary to India and then to Japan, his father had been a godly example to his family. Each story brought to Samuel’s mind the valuable spiritual lessons he had learned from his father while growing up.

Paul felt similarly about Philemon. Every time Paul remembered Philemon, he rejoiced. This was true of others also. Paul told the Roman believers that he remembered them constantly in prayer (Ro 1:9). He wrote to the Ephesian church, “I have not stopped giving thanks for you, remembering you in my prayers” (Eph. 1:16). He gave thanks to God every time he remembered the Philippian believers (Phil. 1:3). He assured the Thessalonians: “We continually remember before our God and Father your work produced by faith, your labor prompted by love, and your endurance inspired by hope in our Lord Jesus Christ” (1Thess. 1:3).

For Paul, remembering and praying were synonymous. The memory of those he loved immediately prompted him to pray for them (2Tim. 1:3). Paul also asked others to remember him (1Cor. 11:2). He asked the Colossians to “remember” his chains (Col. 4:18). He reminded the Thessalonians of his example of effort, endurance of hardship, and diligent work during his time of ministry among them (1Th. 2:9). He expected the churches to remember his teaching (2Thess. 2:5, 8).

Missionaries often use prayer cards with photographs to remind their supporters to pray for them. Why not use the snapshots and school photographs that friends and family members give you as a similar reminder? Use a bulletin board or refrigerator door to create a “wall of remembrance.” The pictures and keepsakes you post there will remind you of needs for which you can pray. Or you can simply praise God for the lives of those represented there.

Philemon 1:6-7 D. L. Moody once said: “If this world is going to be reached, I am convinced that it must be done by men and women of average talent. After all, there are comparatively few people in the world who have great talents.” Yet “average” ability may be one of the things that keeps Christians from sharing their faith. Many are intimidated by the thought that they are ordinary people given the extraordinary task of showing the love of Christ to others.

The good news is that we don’t have to be super heroes or have all the answers in order to share our faith effectively with others. In fact, Paul prayed that Philemon would be active in sharing his faith, so that he would have a greater understanding of all that was his in Christ. In Philemon’s case, however, “sharing” involved more than simply stating the facts of the gospel. It’s possible that the sharing Paul had in mind consisted of acts of hospitality or financial generosity that were prompted by Philemon’s faith in Christ.

In
Philemon 1:7 Paul praises Philemon for being an encouragement by “refreshing” the hearts of the saints. Philemon had used his resources to provide relief for other believers, perhaps by opening his home to them as they traveled from one city to another. Some commentators suggest that the “sharing” mentioned in verse 7 might even refer to the faith Philemon had in common with the rest of the church. If this is the sense, then Paul’s prayer would be that Philemon would grow in his understanding of the mutual treasure of faith that was his along with other believers.

How can you share your faith today? It may be by telling someone else the good news of Jesus Christ. Or, God may give you an opportunity to provide momentary relief to someone else. Don’t be discouraged if you feel as if you are just an “average” Christian with little to offer. Most of those who have had extraordinary ministries have been ordinary people who allowed our extraordinary God to use them. All who are active in sharing their faith learn more about the faith that they share.

Philemon 1:8-9 During the Civil War a woman sent Abraham Lincoln a letter asking for his autograph. She also requested that he include a sentiment with the autograph, perhaps hoping for something like “Best Wishes” or “Your Faithful Servant.” Lincoln was annoyed by the  selfish nature of her request and wrote back: “Dear Madam: When you ask from a stranger that which is of interest only to yourself, always enclose a stamp. There’s your sentiment, and here’s my autograph. A. Lincoln.”

Paul wrote to Philemon also to ask him for a favor, but the apostle’s request was not prompted by self-interest. Paul’s motivation was his concern for Onesimus and for the church. Onesimus had come to faith in Christ while Paul was in prison. It’s possible that Onesimus was himself a prisoner at the time. As a fellow Christian, this would have been reason enough for Philemon to rejoice. But the language Paul uses in describing Onesimus’ conversion is designed to remind Philemon of other things he and his former slave had in common. They both had Paul as their spiritual father. Now Paul was asking for a favor.

Yet Paul did not want Philemon to forgive Onesimus merely out of obligation. It’s true that as Philemon’s spiritual father and as an apostle, Paul had spiritual authority. “I could be bold and order you to do what you ought to do.” But Paul wanted Philemon to comply with his request willingly, not under compulsion: “I appeal to you on the basis of love.” Still, the apostle did make it clear that Philemon was also obligated to do what Paul asked.

Philips Brooks said,

“Duty makes us do things well; but love makes us do them beautifully.”

What do you have on your agenda today that might qualify as a duty? Do you plan to fulfill it out of a sense of grudging obligation or will you be motivated by your love for Christ and gratitude for all that He has done in your life? Choose at least one task on your “to do” list and consider how being motivated by gratitude will change the way you approach it.

Philemon 1:10-11 When he was young, Dan wasn’t expected to become interested in the Bible, let alone become the pastor of a church. Widely known as the “town drunk,” Dan had a reputation for hard fighting and heavy drinking. Then a local pastor began to pray for Dan and patiently share the gospel with him. When Dan trusted Christ, his life began to change. In time, he felt God calling him to prepare for the ministry. He left the small town where he had grown up and attended a Bible college. When the pastor who had led him to Christ felt called to the mission field, Dan returned to his hometown and replaced him as the church’s minister.

Charles Spurgeon once declared,

“The most useful members of a church are usually those who would be doing harm if they were not doing good.”

This was certainly true of the apostle Paul. Prior to trusting in Christ, he was a persecutor of Christians.

The same was true of Onesimus. In Greek the name Onesimus literally meant “useful.” In an ironic play on words, Paul admits that formerly Onesimus had been “useless” to Philemon. In fact, Paul uses one more word play here. The word translated “useless” is similar to the Greek word Christless. When Onesimus was Christless, he was useless. Once he came to know Christ, his life was changed, and he became useful, both to Philemon and to the Lord Jesus.

Have you become more useful to God and to others since you trusted in Jesus Christ? Has anyone expressed surprise at the change in your life? Think about these questions. Ironically, those who have experienced such a change can sometimes be the most skeptical about the possibility of God’s grace impacting others in the same way. Think of one such “hopeless case” that you know. Pray that by God’s grace they will come to know Christ, become His useful servant, and show God’s love to others.

Philemon 1:12-14 Hobbits, the fictional inhabitants of Middle Earth created by J. R. R. Tolkien, are fond of giving gifts. Instead of receiving gifts on their birthday, they give gifts to other Hobbits. “Actually in Hobbiton and Bywater every day in the year was somebody’s birthday,” the author explains in The Fellowship of the Ring, “so that every hobbit in those parts had a fair chance of at least one present at least once a week.” As they were required to give so many gifts, some Hobbits recycled them. What was received from one Hobbit was passed on to another on one’s birthday. For Hobbits, this habit of gift giving “was not a bad system.” We, however, might get offended if we knew that someone had given us a “recycled gift.”

Paul had a similar concern about the request that he was about to make of Philemon. Onesimus had become so useful to Paul in his ministry that he would have liked to keep him with him. However, he did not feel that he could do so without Philemon’s permission. He decided, instead, to send Onesimus back with his letter and let Philemon decide what must be done.

God is also concerned about the gifts that we give to Him. He commands us to offer ourselves to Him but wants us to do so willingly. We should see the command to offer our bodies as a living sacrifice as “reasonable service” (Rom. 12:1). Those who serve as leaders in the church are to do so because they are “willing” (1Peter 5:2). This is also to be true of those who offer their finances to God (2Cor. 9:7). How would you rate your willingness to serve Christ today on a scale of 1 to 10, if 1 is grudging and 10 is eager and willing?

Philemon 1:15-16 One of the most destructive results of slavery has been its tendency to dehumanize its victims. Slaves had monetary value in the eyes of those who bought and sold them, but their value as human beings was diminished. They were viewed as objects and often treated as such. Although some masters treated their slaves with respect (as Philemon seems to have done), others were abusive (1Peter 2:18).

The New Testament did not condemn the practice of slavery outright, but its principles undermined the values that made slavery acceptable. Its assertion that in Christ there is no such thing as slave or free and that every believer is a brother or sister in Christ sowed the seeds that would eventually lead to the abolition of slavery.

Paul wanted Philemon to appreciate Onesimus’ true value. As a believer Onesimus was “no longer a slave.” Even though society may have regarded him as such, in God’s eyes he was a free man (1Cor. 7:22). The believer who was not a slave had no right to look down on the Christian slave because the free man was Christ’s servant. Those who owned slaves were to recognize that they also had a master in heaven (Col. 4:1). At the same time, a new position in Christ did not give Christian slaves the right to be disrespectful. Slaves were to obey their masters with a sincere heart, out of reverence for the Lord (Col. 3:22).

We do not own slaves, but we do sometimes undervalue those around us. Although sin and character flaws may have rendered some “unprofitable servants,” these same people were so valuable that Christ shed His blood for them. Perhaps God brought these “difficult” people into your life for you to share the love of Christ with them. They have inherent value as people created in the image of God. Ask God for an opportunity to tell them about Christ, so that they can find their true worth in Him.

Philemon 1:17-21 A woman who had a long-standing grudge against her sister was describing her plan for revenge. “I’ve kept a list of every mean thing she has ever done to me,” the woman explained. “I keep it in my safe deposit box with instructions that it be given to my sister when I die.” When someone suggested that she was being bitter, the woman denied it. “I’m not bitter,” she declared. “I just want her to know what she has done.”

Although we may not be as careful about keeping accounts of what others have done to us, most of us do keep a mental list of the offenses we have suffered. Although we know we should forgive, it’s not always easy. We know that the offenses we have suffered are real and we are reluctant to let others “get away with murder.”

The feeling that a debt is owed when others hurt us is real. True biblical forgiveness is not saying that the offense another has committed is “nothing.” There must be an accurate reckoning of the offense in order to give true forgiveness. Unlock the mental safety deposit box where you keep the accounts of all your offenses. Look at the ledger and honestly calculate the debt. Now compare that to the price paid by Christ to forgive you. Shouldn’t you show the same kind of mercy to others as Christ has shown you? 

Philemon 1:22 On one of James Hudson Taylor’s journeys, the sailing ship in which the pioneer missionary to China was traveling passed dangerously close to a reef. The ship’s anxious captain kept hoping for a favorable evening wind to carry them away from certain disaster. When no wind came, the captain said, “Well, we have done everything that can be done. We can only await the result.” “No,” Taylor replied, “there is one thing we have not done yet.” “What is that?” the captain asked. “Four of us on board are Christians,” Taylor continued. “Let us each retire to his own cabin, and in agreed prayer ask the Lord to give us immediately a breeze. He can as easily send it now as at sunset.”

After a brief time of prayer, Taylor felt so sure that God would grant his request that he could pray no longer. He went up on deck and asked the first officer to let down the mainsail. An unbeliever, the first officer refused and scornfully said, “What would be the good of that?” “We have been asking God for a wind,” Taylor declared. “It is coming immediately and we are so near the reef that there is not a moment to lose!” As soon as the words were out of his mouth, Taylor saw the uppermost sail of the ship begin to stir, moved by a fresh breeze. They lowered the mainsail and within minutes the ship was steering toward safety.

Paul had the same confidence that God would answer his prayers for release from prison. He was so certain, in fact, that he asked Philemon to prepare a guestroom for him. Was this presumptuous? Not in view of the passages of Scripture that urge us to expect answers to our prayers. Jesus taught His disciples to pray with the assurance that God knew what they needed before they asked Him (Matt. 6:8). Jesus also taught His disciples to be persistent in prayer (Luke 18:1).

Examine your prayer list today. How many of your requests do you expect God to answer? Are there reasonable steps you should be taking to prepare for His answer? Remember, however, that God always reserves the right to answer our prayers in His own time and way. An answer of “No” or “Wait” is still an answer. When asked about delayed answer to prayer, Hudson Taylor explained, “If we are kept waiting, the spiritual blessing that is the outcome is far more precious than exemption from the trial.”

Philemon 1:23-25 Jill Briscoe tells of the time she sat at a table with three attractive young women and felt very insecure. “I felt fat, forty, and somewhat futile,” she writes. Then she sensed the Lord speaking to her. “Why do you think everyone is so tense?” In a flash, she understood the reason for the unease she had sensed between the women as well as her own insecurity. “Competition,” she replied to the Lord. “I distinctly heard his next words,” Briscoe writes, “ 'Jill, you’ll never be competition.’ For the first time I thanked God for my ordinary good looks. I could be a big sister to women, a friendly mother, an aunt. I could relax, knowing I would never threaten anyone. God had made me just right for my ministry of teaching women, and that was all that mattered.”

Briscoe’s experience is not unusual. Many Christians, both men and women, feel as if they are in competition with one another. We silently compare our jobs, children, homes, and even our spouses. Worse yet is the competitive spirit one often senses in churches. How happy are we when the church down the street begins to gain more members than our own? Such success is more likely to generate an attitude of jealousy rather than an occasion for rejoicing. If there’s a competition between us, we need to remind ourselves of our heavenly Master who looks at us all as fellow workers.

As you pray for your church and its ministries this week, why not also consider praying for the “competition”? Think of another Bible-believing church or Christian ministry and ask God to bless their efforts. Also ask God to make you sensitive to any areas of your life where you may be competing with others. We don’t always need to be the best. Indeed, the basic principle of life in the body of Christ is found in 1 Corinthians 12:26: “If one part suffers, every part suffers with it; if one part is honored, every part rejoices with it.”

Today's Word
Part 1- Philemon 1:1-7
Dr. Grant Richison
Click for Part 2
Verse by Verse
Devotional Study on
Philemon

INTRODUCTION TO PHILEMON

I. AUTHOR

A. Ignatius, Tertullian, Origen, and Eusebius confirm the canonicity of this brief book.
B. It was also included in the canon of Marcion and in the Muratorian fragment.
C. Letter affirms Paul as the author (Philemon 1:1,9,19).
D. Style and language is Pauline.


II. DESIGNATION

Philemon, a wealthy Christian at Colosse (Philemon 1:1,2,10).


III. OCCASION

A. Philemon was a wealthy businessman, owner of slaves and member of the Colossian church whom Paul led to Christ.

B. Philemon’s slave Onesimus escaped to Rome absconding some of Philemon’s property.

C. Philemon’s slave Onesimus came into contact with Paul and became a Christian in Rome (Philemon 10).

D. Onesimus was useful to Paul in the ministry but Paul sent him back to Philemon, his master, with the request to forgive Onesimus. Paul offered to pay for any financial loss Philemon may have incurred. Paul hoped for the release of Onesimus shortly.

E. The slave was at the absolute mercy of the master.

 

IV. MESSAGE

To show how Christians can mediate and communicate between each other even in interpersonal relationships within the context of difficult situations.


V. THEME

Intercession for a runaway slave.


VI. DATE

A.D. 62 during Paul’s house arrest in Rome.


VII. UNIQUE CHARACTER

· The book of Philemon gives us insight into the social fabric of the New Testament church especially the relationship between masters and slaves within the same local church.
· There may have been 60,000,000 slaves in the Roman Empire in the first century.
· Philemon is a personal but not a private letter.
· This letter shows how Paul bridged social differences between masters and slaves.
· Philemon and Colossians are associated because they were written by Paul and dispatched by the same messengers.
· Paul does not sponsor slavery and neither does Christianity. He dealt with the social structure of the Roman Empire as it was.
· One chapter, 25 verses, 445 words in KJV. There are 5 one-chapter books in the Bible: Obadiah, Philemon, 2 John, 3 John, and Jude. Of the 21 epistles, six of them are personal (1 & 2 Timothy, Titus, 2 John, 3 John and Philemon).
· This is an unusual letter with a three-verse introduction and a three-verse conclusion.
· 5 people named in the introduction and 5 in the conclusion.
· It is a prison epistle because Paul wrote it in prison.


VIII. KEYS

· Key verse: verse 17
· Key word: “Receive”


IX. OUTLINE

SALUTATION, Philemon 1:1-3
THANKSGIVING, Philemon 1:4-7
REQUEST, Philemon 1:8-21

· Paul’s plea, Philemon 1:1:8-11
· Paul’s purpose, Philemon 1:12-16
· Paul’s appeal, Philemon 1:17
· Paul’s proffer, Philemon 1:18-20
· Paul’s poise, Philemon 1:21

CONCLUSION, Philemon 1:22-25
 

Philemon 1:1  

 

Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus, and Timothy our brother,  To Philemon our beloved friend and fellow laborer…


The salutation comprises the first three verses.

Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus,

Thirteen books in the New Testament begin with the name “Paul”. None of his books begin with “a prisoner of Christ Jesus” except this one. Philemon is the only epistle where Paul portrays himself as a “prisoner.” He currently sits in prison in the city of Rome. Paul refers to his imprisonment six times (Philemon 1:1,9,10,13,22,23). Philemon is the fourth prison epistle.

Paul adds to “prisoner” the phrase “of Christ Jesus”. The intrepid Paul is primarily a prisoner of Christ and not the Roman government or Caesar. Paul wrote Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians and Philemon from this imprisonment. The Romans incarcerated him but Jesus Christ had captured his soul. Jesus Christ, under His sovereign plan, put Paul in prison (Ep. 3:1; 4:1; 6:19,20; Php 1:13; Col 4:3).

 

Ep 4:1 “I, therefore, the prisoner of the Lord, beseech you to walk worthy of the calling with which you were called…”

 

Paul sees no need to call attention to his apostleship due to the very personal nature of this epistle. Neither does Paul use the term “servant” or “slave” lest Philemon misunderstand his purpose in writing (the freeing of the slave Onesimus); he assumes the place of a petitioner.

Paul always says the very minimum about himself. He does not try to impress people with himself. We invariably try to impress others with our spirituality, our maturity, our training or our effort. Jesus Christ is the One with whom we should be impressed.

PRINCIPLE: All situations in our lives come by divine design.

APPLICATION: There is no circumstance that comes into our lives that is not of the Lord’s doing. We either have human viewpoint or divine viewpoint on life. Divine viewpoint allows us to look at our circumstances from God’s viewpoint. Any illness, handicap, affliction or tragedy cannot come upon us without God’s will. All of it is for our ultimate good and His glory.

Anyone who is “of Jesus Christ” waves their rights and relinquishes their freedom to Jesus Christ as Lord. He dictates where we go and when we get there. Disciples require discipline.
 

Philemon 1:1b  

 

and Timothy our brother

Timothy is not a writer of the book of Philemon but a companion of Paul. Timothy was with Paul on his third missionary journey in Ephesus (Ac 19:1ff) so he was acquainted with people in Colosse where Philemon lived. Paul mentioned Timothy in five other salutations (2 Co, Ph, Co, 1 and 2 Th). He was with Paul during most of his stay in Ephesus when Paul became acquainted with Philemon. By designating Timothy as “brother”, Paul reminds us that we are in the fraternity of the Father. Paul and Timothy were well nigh inseparable. There was a significant difference in their age but they were close companions. Paul calls himself “the aged” in verse nine. Paul wrote two books of the Bible to Timothy (1 & 2nd Timothy).
 

Timothy was Paul’s troubleshooter along with Titus. Paul could not be everywhere so he sent these two sterling men to address certain problems in the church. Timothy was the vest-pocket edition of the apostle Paul. Paul taught him everything he knew.

PRINCIPLE: Labor in a common cause binds people together.

APPLICATION: There are certain people that we can trust with delicate information. We know this because we know them. They will not garble the message or distort the truth. They will not add to the truth nor will they subtract from the truth.

 

Php 2:19 “But I trust in the Lord Jesus to send Timothy to you shortly, that I also may be encouraged when I know your state. 20 For I have no one like-minded, who will sincerely care for your state. 21 For all seek their own, not the things which are of Christ Jesus. 22 But you know his proven character, that as a son with his father he served with me in the gospel. 23 Therefore I hope to send him at once, as soon as I see how it goes with me.”

 

1Co 16:10 “Now if Timothy comes, see that he may be with you without fear; for he does the work of the Lord, as I also do.”

 

Philemon 1:1c

 

To Philemon our beloved friend and fellow laborer

This is the only occurrence of the name Philemon in Scripture. Philemon was the object of this little letter. He was a convert of Paul (Philemon 19; Acts 19:10). He was the master of the fugitive slave Onesimus (Col 4:9; Philemon 10). Onesimus stole from this wealthy slave owner. Onesimus later came to trust Christ through Paul and became a great help to Paul in ministry.

Philemon was Paul’s “beloved friend and fellow laborer.” Philemon was a beloved one, a dear friend. Paul viewed Philemon as someone close to him. They probably cultivated their friendship in Ephesus where Paul stayed for three years.

 

1Co 15:58 “Therefore, my beloved brethren, be steadfast, immovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, knowing that your labor is not in vain in the Lord.”

Php 4:1 “Therefore, my beloved and longed-for brethren, my joy and crown, so stand fast in the Lord, beloved.”

 

Fellow laborer means that Philemon participated with Paul in the ministry of Christ at Ephesus. “Fellow laborer” occurs 13 times, 12 times in Philemon and once in 3rd John 8. Paul claims no right to order Philemon to release Onesimus but appeals to Philemon as a “friend” and “fellow laborer.”

Philemon was a Christian businessman whose home was always open. He labored with Paul in Ephesus and later he opened his home for the cause of Christ in Colosse.

PRINCIPLE: A good leader values good workers.

APPLICATION: As Paul appreciated good men and women so should we, especially those who labor in the gospel and the Word. This is an indication of a good spiritual leader.

Those who labor with us in the truth of the Word are fellow-soldiers. We endure conflict together; we stand alert against the enemy together; we remind each other of our spiritual weapons; we take responsibility for one another.

Paul was some soul winner. He led the wealthy Philemon to Christ and he
led the salve Onesimus to Christ.

All of us can do something for the Savior. We may not have a public gift but we can serve the Lord. There is room for everyone in the service of the King. We cannot sit on our hands and say, “There is nothing for me to do in the ministry.” God will use all of us if we are willing.


Ac 15:38 “But Paul insisted that they should not take with them the one who had departed from them in Pamphylia, and had not gone with them to the work.”

1Co 3:9 “For we are God’s fellow workers; you are God’s field, you are God’s building.”

2Co 6:1 “We then, as workers together with Him also plead with you not to receive the grace of God in vain.”

2Ti 2:15 “Be diligent to present yourself approved to God, a worker who does not need to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.”

Philemon 1:2

to the beloved Apphia,

Apphia was the wife of Philemon (v. 1). Wives had the responsibility for slaves and thus Apphia had an interest in Onesimus’ situation. The wife, according to the custom of the times, had responsibility for the slaves in the household. She may have had responsibility over Onesimus.

PRINCIPLE: Good partnership in marriage is essential for successful ministry.

APPLICATION: If a person is married, success in ministry comes from good partnership. If a marriage is mighty grim, the focus is on conflict. If there is harmony in the marriage, there is a heart for others.

Pastors, whose wives are not behind their ministry, have a tough row to hoe. The pastor whose wife stands with him through difficulties and troubles receives a great blessing indeed. If you are considering ministry as a full time occupation, be very careful in your choice of a mate. It will make all the difference in your effectiveness for Christ. She will be criticized from every angle so she must be able to take disapproval and disparagement. If she cannot take criticism, her husband will not last in ministry.

Philemon 1:2b

 

Archippus our fellow soldier,

Archippus was Philemon’s son or possibly the pastor of the congregation or both. He was a “fellow soldier” with Paul. A “fellow soldier” is someone who undergoes brutal battle in campaigns for the cause of Christ with someone else. Archippus was a trooper in the cause of Christ.

 

Php 2:25 “Yet I considered it necessary to send to you Epaphroditus, my brother, fellow worker, and fellow soldier, but your messenger and the one who ministered to my need…”

 

Archippus is mentioned twice in the Bible: 1) here, and 2) Colossians 4:17 where Paul challenges Archippus to be true to his ministry. He ministered at Laodicea and Colosse both of which were in the Lycus valley.

PRINCIPLE: Success in ministry requires unswerving commitment to one’s calling.

APPLICATION: Successful ministry takes unswerving staunchness to one’s calling. Paul had this attitude.

 

Acts 20:24 “But none of these things move me; nor do I count my life dear to myself, so that I may finish my race with joy, and the ministry which I received from the Lord Jesus, to testify to the gospel of the grace of God.”

 

Paul challenged Timothy to “make full proof” of his ministry.

 

2Ti 4:5 “But you be watchful in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, fulfill your ministry.”

 

If God leads you to do ministry, do not settle for the Presidency of the United States nor the Prime Minister of Canada. Keep unswerving loyalty to God’s calling upon your life. Don’t settle for anything less.

Unswerving ministry means that there will be many battles. Ministry always involves hardships. It is not easy being a missionary or pastor. At times you will lay wounded on the spiritual battlefield but a good soldier of Jesus will keep fighting until he draws his last breath. Ministry is blessed and gratifying but not easy or glamorous.

 

2Ti 2:1 “You therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus. 2 And the things that you have heard from me among many witnesses, commit these to faithful men who will be able to teach others also. 3 You therefore must endure hardship as a good soldier of Jesus Christ. 4 No one engaged in warfare entangles himself with the affairs of this life, that he may please him who enlisted him as a soldier.”
 

Philemon 1:2c

 

and to the church in your house

Churches met in homes until A.D. 200. There were no church buildings until the third century. This church met in Philemon’s house, not Archippus’ house. Paul wanted the letter to Philemon to be read in the local church. This is an epistle to the local church as well as to Philemon. The design of this epistle was to teach the principle of forgiveness.


Ro 16:3 “Greet Priscilla and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus, 4 who risked their own necks for my life, to whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles. 5 Likewise greet the church that is in their house. Greet my beloved Epaenetus, who is the firstfruits of Achaia to Christ.”

1Co 16:19 “The churches of Asia greet you. Aquila and Priscilla greet you heartily in the Lord, with the church that is in their house. 19 The churches of Asia greet you. Aquila and Priscilla greet you heartily in the Lord, with the church that is in their house.”


There was another house church in Colosse that met at the house of Nymphas. Some people in Colosse preferred to meet in Philemon’s house and others preferred to meet in Nymphas’ house. There is room for individuality and difference in the family of God.

 

Col 4:15 “Greet the brethren who are in Laodicea, and Nymphas and the church that is in his house.”

 

PRINCIPLE: It is imperative that every believer attach himself to the local church for encouragement, edification and service.
 

APPLICATION: The word “church” occurs 114 times in the New Testament and is used upwards of 100 times for the local church. A local church is a geographically identifiable organized group of believers with local leadership. Local church members are baptized and identified with Jesus Christ in their local church. Every true Christian must belong to a local church.

 

Acts 12:5 “Peter was therefore kept in prison, but constant prayer was offered to God for him by the church.”

1Co 1:1 “Paul, called to be an apostle of Jesus Christ through the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother, 2 To the church of God which is at Corinth…”
 

1Co 16:1 “Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I have given orders to the churches of Galatia…”
 

2Co 8:1 “Moreover, brethren, we make known to you the grace of God bestowed on the churches of Macedonia…”
 

We all need the local church for encouragement, support and service. Are you an active part of the local church?
 

Philemon 1:3

 

Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

This verse expresses the usual, customary greeting from Paul. However, greetings in the New Testament are far from convention. They are a hope for the readers.

Grace to you  - “Grace” is what God does for the believer because of Christ. Grace is the source of our resources in Christ.

 

2Co 13:14 “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with you all. Amen.”


PRINCIPLE: Grace is our resource for life based on provision in Christ.

APPLICATION: A Christian can no more operate in the Christian life apart from grace and peace than he can run his car without gas and oil. Grace is God’s favor and goodwill that He bestows on us because of Christ. We do not earn or deserve this favor. God is not only the Giver but He also is the Gift. Grace is personified in the person of Christ.

 

Titus 2:11 ”For the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men…”

Jn 1:16 “And of His fullness we have all received, and grace for grace. 17 For the law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ.”

2Co 9:8 “And God is able to make all grace abound toward you, that you, always having all sufficiency in all things, may have an abundance for every good work.”

2Co 12:9 “And He said to me, ‘My grace is sufficient for you, for My strength is made perfect in weakness.’ Therefore most gladly I will rather boast in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me. 10 Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in needs, in persecutions, in distresses, for Christ’s sake. For when I am weak, then I am strong.”

He 4:16 “Let us therefore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy and find grace to help in time of need.”

1Pe 5:10 “But may the God of all grace, who called us to His eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after you have suffered a while, perfect, establish, strengthen, and settle you.”

 

God gives grace to those who say, “I cannot make it on my own. I’m going to sink. Please help me.” God gives grace to the humble. God’s grace enables us to maintain our spiritual equilibrium. The proud have blind spots whereby they do not recognize their spiritual deficiencies. Those who operate on grace look to God’s mercy and grace for help during their times of failings.
 

Philemon 1:3b

 

and peace

Peace” is the result of grace. It is the product of grace. There is no peace apart from grace whether in initial salvation or in progressive sanctification.

from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ

The source of grace is God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. Grace and peace have a double source. Paul puts Jesus Christ on a par with the Father. If Jesus Christ were anything less than God, this statement could not be true.

PRINCIPLE: The believer at peace is the believer who understands God’s sovereign care over his life.

APPLICATION: Peace is the right relation with God that comes from grace. Grace always precedes peace.

Every Christian has peace with God but very few have the peace of God. If we recognize God’s sovereign working in our lives, we will experience the peace of God. We will not fret and fuss about our circumstances. God’s peace will fortify us against carking, corroding anxiety.

 

Is 26:3 “You will keep him in perfect peace, Whose mind is stayed on You, Because he trusts in You.”

Ro 14:17 “…for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.”

Ro 15:13 “Now may the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that you may abound in hope by the power of the Holy Spirit.”

Php 4:6 “Be anxious for nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known to God; 7 and the peace of God, which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus.”

 

Anxiety will immobilize us. We will be afraid to take aggressive steps for the Lord. We must realize that nothing can touch us unless the Lord puts His initials on it. If He initials it, then it is His program for our lives. It will work out for His glory. His program for us differs from every other believer. He has a plan for each of us. If we accept this, we will have internal tranquility in the midst of external turbulence.

 

Ep 2:10 “For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand that we should walk in them.”

 

The believer who operates in the peace of God can sit down on the inside. He knows that the sovereign God runs interference for everything that comes into his life. This gives us confidence and courage to do the work of God.
 

Philemon 1:4

 

I thank my God, making mention of you always in my prayers…”

The first three verses comprise the introduction to Philemon and verse four begins the body of the epistle.

I thank my God,

All of Paul’s epistles begin with a thanksgiving except one where it is conspicuous by its absence -- Galatians contains no thanksgiving. He did not give thanks for the Galatians because of their serious doctrinal error.

 

Co 4:2 “Continue earnestly in prayer, being vigilant in it with thanksgiving…”

 

God was personal to Paul so he uses the term “my,” “my God.” He had a God he could call his own.

 

Ps 23:1 “The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want [lack].”
Ps 27:1 “The Lord is my light and my salvation; Whom shall I fear? The Lord is the strength of my life; Of whom shall I be afraid?”


making mention of you always in my prayers

Paul talked to God about Philemon on his knees. He does not simply offer a prayer or two for Philemon but he “always” prays for him. Philemon was in Paul’s regular prayers.

 

1 Sa 12:23 “Moreover, as for me, far be it from me that I should sin against the Lord in ceasing to pray for you; but I will teach you the good and the right way.”

Ps 55:17 “Evening and morning and at noon I will pray, and cry aloud, And He shall hear my voice.”

 

Ac 6:4 “…but we will give ourselves continually to prayer and to the ministry of the word.”

Ro 12:12 “…rejoicing in hope, patient in tribulation, continuing steadfastly in prayer…”

Ep 6:18 “…praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, being watchful to this end with all perseverance and supplication for all the saints…”

 

Philemon was on Paul’s prayer list. Paul bathed his leaders in prayer. The word “mention” implies intercession. The occasion for intercession is in Paul’s practice of his regular prayer life.

PRINCIPLE: Continual thanksgiving and intercession is God’s standard for every believer.

APPLICATION: Extend your prayer for other people. It is advisable to have a written prayer list. We need to bring the situations and circumstances of others before God in intercessory prayer. Thanksgiving should always be part of intercessory prayer.

 

Ja 5:16 “Confess your trespasses to one another, and pray for one another, that you may be healed. The effective, fervent prayer of a righteous man avails much.”

 

Every Christian should have stated times for prayer but he should also have an attitude of prayer. He should keep the receiver off the hook.

 

1Th 5:17 “…pray without ceasing…” We must make time for prayer to have a dynamic spiritual life. We will never have perfect conditions for prayer so we have to learn to pray under unfavorable conditions.

 

Philemon 1:5a 

 

…hearing of your love and faith which you have toward the Lord Jesus and toward all the saints…”

hearing of your love and faith

Paul now gives the reason he thanked God for Philemon in the previous verse. He continually was “hearing” [present tense] of Philemon’s character. Philemon developed a capacity of character that coupled “love and faith” together. He was a man of great spiritual caliber. Philemon was a man who loved and trusted the Lord Jesus and loved fellow Christians.

 

Ep 1:15 “Therefore I also, after I heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus and your love for all the saints…”

Col 1:3 “We give thanks to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, praying always for you,
since we heard of your faith in Christ Jesus and of your love for all the saints…”

1Th 1:2 “We give thanks to God always for you all, making mention of you in our prayers, remembering without ceasing your work of faith, labor of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ in the sight of our God and Father…”

2Th 1:3 “We are bound to thank God always for you, brethren, as it is fitting, because your faith grows exceedingly, and the love of every one of you all abounds toward each other…”

 

Paul appeals to Philemon’s character in forgiving the runaway slave Onesimus for his crimes, “Philemon, your genuine faith in the Lord Jesus and your love for Him gives you the capacity to forgive. You were forgiven so you now have the capacity to forgive. Forgive Onesimus for what he did.”

The “love” here is the love of self-sacrifice. This love does not come from emotions but from the will that has its source in humility. It says in effect, “I will sacrifice my pride to love you. I will do what it takes to meet your need.” This is a love that transcends emotion and does what it does out of a higher principle.

which you have toward the Lord Jesus

The words “you have” are present tense – “You continue to have unswerving love and faith toward the Lord Jesus. Your character revolves around the Lord Jesus.”

PRINCIPLE: Christians have the capacity to forgive because they have been forgiven.

APPLICATION: Love and faith go hand-in-hand. They are closely knit. As our faith in Christ develops so our love toward Him will strengthen. Do you love the Lord more this year than last? We know Him better so we should love Him more. Jesus proves Himself faithful in any and every situation. He is a friend that sticks closer than a brother (Pr 18:24).

 

Ps 116:1 “I love the Lord, because He has heard My voice and my supplications.”

Jn 21:15 “So when they had eaten breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, ‘Simon, son of Jonah, do you love Me more than these?’ He said to Him, ‘Yes, Lord; You know that I love You.’ He said to him, ‘Feed My lambs.’”

1Pe 1:8 “…whom having not seen you love. Though now you do not see Him, yet believing, you rejoice with joy inexpressible and full of glory…”

 

It is important to develop the capacity or caliber to forgive others of wrongs they do against us.  We develop this capacity because we first receive forgiveness from the Lord.

 

Ga 5:6 “For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision avails anything, but faith working through love.”

1Th 4:9 “But concerning brotherly love you have no need that I should write to you, for you yourselves are taught by God to love one another…”

 

Forgiveness produces forgiveness. This is part of the new nature in Christ. Failure to forgive violates our essential relationship to Christ.

 

Ep 4:32 “And be kind to one another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, just as God in Christ forgave you.”

Col 3:13 “…bearing with one another, and forgiving one another, if anyone has a complaint against another; even as Christ forgave you, so you also must do.”

 

Philemon 1:5b 

 

and toward all the saints

Philemon cared about other believers. Paul is sending the renegade Onesimus back to his master Philemon with the letter to Philemon. Paul could trust Philemon in dealing fairly with Onesimus. Philemon cared more than for his “four and no more.” Onesimus was a brother in the faith so Paul had confidence that Philemon would deal fairly with Onesimus. Onesimus needed Philemon’s forgiveness.

Philemon loved “all” the saints. Philemon will have his love for “all” challenged when Paul asks him to forgive Onesimus who did him wrong. This will be an acid test of his love for “all.”

PRINCIPLE: God wants us to love all the saints, not most.

APPLICATION: Biblical love is more than sentiment. It loves in good time and it loves in difficult times. The acid test of whether we love others is loving them in difficult times.

 

Jn 13:34 “A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another; as I have loved you, that you also love one another. 35 “By this all will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another.”

Jn 15:17 “These things I command you, that you love one another.”

Ro 13:8 “Owe no one anything except to love one another, for he who loves another has fulfilled the law”

1Co 13:1 “Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I have become sounding brass or a clanging cymbal… 13 And now abide faith, hope, love, these three; but the greatest of these is love.”

1Pe 4:8 “And above all things have fervent love for one another, for “love will cover a multitude of sins.”

 

You will have come to a great milestone in your spiritual life when you “cover” a believer’s sin rather than expose him. When we hear of a Christian speaking despairingly of another believer, we know automatically that he does not love his brother in Christ. None of us is in possession of all the facts. But even if we possess the facts, it makes no difference whether we are right or wrong in our criticism; we love them by not exposing them. Our criticism may be justified but our communication of it is not justified.

To love some of the saints is relatively simple but to love all is more difficult. We are naturally attracted to some people on a human level. Some are more compatible, friendlier or more personal but the criterion at hand is that God wants us to love all the saints whatever their human assets or liabilities.

Uncritical love is an indication that we are a genuine believer. We develop confidence that we are a Christians this way.

 

1 Jn 3:14 “We know that we have passed from death to life, because we love the brethren. He who does not love his brother abides in death.”

(Click Here for Part 2  of Verse by Verse Notes from Dr. Grant Richison)

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