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|Introduction: These transcripts of
Kay Arthur's lectures on Revelation (Parts 2-4) are provided as a service
to the body of Christ with the written permission of Precept Ministries
International. This material is the property of Precept Ministries
International and all rights are reserved. The transcripts are for the
most part verbatim with deletions identified by the characters (...).
The utilization of italics, bolding, hyperlinks and pop up notes represent
editorial additions. Any written additions are identified by the
designation "Ed note". Note that all underlined references are active links
and that any text underlined and in
blue identifies a popup note
which can be activated by holding the mouse pointer over the link. All
reference links and popups are the NASB unless otherwise indicated. Please note that these lectures by
Kay Arthur supplement the excellent Precept Upon Precept inductive Bible
study on the Revelation. Click the following links to view each division
of this encouraging study and note that you can also download the first
lesson of each of the 4 parts:
If you can
find a local Precept class studying Revelation, I would strongly encourage
you to join the class, as I know of no other study available anywhere in
the world that will equip you so thoroughly to discern the signs of the
times and cause you to live expectantly as you look for Christ's Return!
Rev Pt 3: Lecture 6:
When Does the
by Kay Arthur
following for literal chapter by chapter chart summary of:
|That's a question we
need to go to the word of God to find the answers to.
Why? You have been taught that there
will be 7 years of tribulation and those 7 years will be divided into two
3˝ year periods. They derive the 7 years from Daniel 9 where we see the
70th week of Daniel 9.24 27. They say that the 701h week equates with a 7
year period which is broken into 2 segments, 3˝ years and 3˝ years. What
you possibly have heard is that this 7 year period is called 'the
tribulation'. So what you have in the first 3˝ years is "the tribulation"
and what you have the last 3˝ years: is the 'great tribulation'. This is a
common teaching but when you study the Bible inductively and see what
God's word has to say sometimes you have to do a little adjusting. You may
be saying "If you are going to tell me that I have to adjust that, then I
am not going to listen." But just relax and listen because you don't want
to be wrong because you will be held accountable. Let's look at the word
'tribulation' in Revelation and let Scripture interpret Scripture.
THE USE OF 'TRIBULATION' IN THE
To the church at Thyatira, and to the
woman Jezebel and to those who commit adultery with her.
Rev 2:22 'Behold, I will cast
her upon a bed of sickness, and those who commit adultery with her
into great tribulation, unless they repent of her deeds.'
Note the text does not say 'THE'
great tribulation but it just says into 'great tribulation'.
Tribulation: Greek = thlipsis which means crushing or
pressing. Thlipsis refers to any affliction that comes upon
a person and is illustrated in Jesus' admonition to His disciples:
Jn 16:33 "These things I have
spoken to you, that in Me you may haw peace. In the world you have
tribulation, but take courage; I have overcome the world. "
Tribulation is also used to refer to
a very specific time. When tribulation is used m the letter to Thaytira,
the word could be referring to THE great tribulation or it could refer to
that judgment on the woman and those who commit fornication with her and
they are going to have grew tribulation. If the churches are prophetically
not just 7 literal churches in Rev 2 3, but they in fact are messages to
all the churches down through the ages until 'the church' is removed or
until Jesus Christ comes for her. So if it is a reference to all the
churches that are living until this tribulation period comes upon the
earth then it could be that what Jesus is saying is that any church that
is like the church Thyatira, those that are overcoming, keeping His deeds
He will not judge but those that are committing adultery with this woman
will be taken through great tribulation.
LETTER TO CHURCH AT PHILADELPHIA:
The word tribulation is not used here but the message is relevant to our
discussion. This message again seems to imply that although there were 7
literal churches that existed at that time, they are messages to the
churches down through the ages that are living until Revelation 4, where
we see the things that take place 'after these things', after the
Rev 3:10 "Because you have kept
the word of My perseverance, I also will keep you from the hour of
testing, that hour which is about to come upon the whole world, to
test those who dwell upon the earth.
When that HOUR comes we are told
that Philadelphia is not going to be there. And we know that this church
no longer exists. But there are churches today that bear the same
characteristics of the church at Philadelphia. And we also know that each
letter to the 7 churches ends this way: 'He who has an ear, let him hear
what the Spirit says to the churches'. So as Jesus speaks to each
individual church He is also speaking to all the churches.
CHAPTER 4 DEFINES A CHANGE OF FOCUS:
Rev 4:1 "After these things (as Rev
1:19 summarizes, this means after the things John had mentioned in
chapter 1 and and then after the things which are in chapters 2-3) I
looked, and behold, a door standing open in heaven, and the first
voice which I had heard, like the sound of a trumpet speaking with
me, said, "Come up here, and I will show you what must take place
after these things."
Write the following verse next to
Rev 4:1 as it summarizes the book
Rev 1:19 " "Write therefore the things
which you have seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall
take place after these things."
Rev 4 & 5 John is caught up to heaven to
see those things are going to happen after these things and he sees God
sitting on the throne with a 7 sealed scroll in His hand. So John cries
out because no one is found worthy to take that scroll and break the seals
until finally there comes forth the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Lamb
that has been slain, Jesus Christ, Who takes the scroll. In
Rev 6 Jesus breaks 6 seals. In
Rev 7 we have 2 groups of people, 144,000
Jews that are sealed before the earth can be harmed. Once they we sealed
the trumpet comes that brings judgment on the trees, the sea, the rivers,
the sun, moon and stars and then we see the locusts and an army. So before
all of that happens we have this group of 144,000 sealed
WE ALSO HAVE
ANOTHER GROUP OF PEOPLE IN REVELATION 7:
Rev 7.9 "After these things I
looked, and behold, a great multitude, which no one could count,
from every nation and all tribes and peoples and tongues, standing
before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes, and
palm branches were in their hands; 10 and they cry out with a loud
voice, saying, "Salvation to our God who sits on the throne, and to
the Lamb." 11 And all the angels were standing around the throne and
around the elders and the four living creatures; and they fell on
their faces before the throne and worshiped God, 12 saying, "Amen,
blessing and glory and wisdom and thanksgiving and honor and power
and might, be to our God forever and ever. Amen." 13 And one of the
elders answered, saying to me, "These who are clothed in the white
robes, who are they, and from where have they come?" 14 And I said
to him, "My lord, you know." And he said to me, "These are the ones
who come out of the great tribulation, and they have washed their
robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. 15 "For this
reason, they are before the throne of God; and they serve Him day
and night in His temple; and He who sits on the throne shall spread
His tabernacle over them. 16 "They shall hunger no more, neither
thirst anymore; neither shall the sun beat down on them, nor any
heat; 17 for the Lamb in the center of the throne shall be their
shepherd, and shall guide them to springs of the water of life; and
God shall wipe every tear from their eyes."
We can't tell from Rev 7 how this
'great multitude die, but we do know that they came out of The Great
Tribulation and that these are believers because they have wash their
robes and have made them white in the blood of the Lamb and for this
reason they are before the throne worshiping God. We know in all
probability that these people were afflicted by the sun, by thirst, by
hunger and now they are before the Shepherd and they are drinking of the
water of life.
These are two of the places 'TRIBULATION' is used in the book of
Revelation (Ed note: there is one other verse that uses 'thlipsis' Rev 1:9
"I, John, your brother and fellow partaker in the tribulation and kingdom
and perseverance which are in Jesus, was on the island called Patmos,
because of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus.")
THE QUESTION IS
THEN 'WHEN IS THE GREAT TRIBULATION?'
If the grew multitude are mentioned
in Rev 7, then this would be chronologically between the 6th and 7th seal.
Or is it the "great tribulation" that this great multitude comes out of
the first 6 seals? Or is John showing us what comes before it comes, what
is yet future?
GIVENS IN REVELATION
Rev 8:1 And when He broke the
seventh veal, there was silence in heaven for about half an hour. 2
And I saw the seven angels who stand before God; and seven trumpets
were given to them.
1st Trumpet: 1/3 of earth & trees, all green grass burned.
2nd Trumpet: 1/3 sea > blood
3rd Trumpet: 1/3 of streams/rivers > bitter
4th Trumpet: 1/3 of sun, moon, & stars > dark.
So to help
remember the trumpets think:
1/3, 1/3, 1/3
5th-7th Trumpet = 3 Woes
Rev 8:13 And I looked, and I
heard an eagle flying in midheaven, saying with a loud voice, "Woe,
woe, woe, to those who
dwell on the earth, because of the remaining blasts of the trumpet
of the three angels who are about to sound!"
9:1 And the fifth angel sounded,
and I saw a star from heaven which had fallen to the earth; and the
key of the bottomless pit was given to him. 2 And he opened the
bottomless pit; and smoke went up out of the pit, like the smoke of
a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by the smoke
of the pit. 3 And out of the smoke came forth LOCUSTS
upon the earth; and power was given them, as the scorpions of the
earth have power.
5th Trumpet = 1st Woe: Lasts
6th Trumpet = 2nd Woe:
Rev 9:12 The first woe is past;
behold, two woes are still coming after these things. 13 And the
sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the
golden altar which is before God, 14 one saying to the sixth angel
who had the trumpet, "Release the four angels who are bound at the
great river Euphrates."
So the we know that we have
progression in time ... after the first Woe come two more woes.
Rev 10:7 "but in the days of the
voice of the seventh angel, when he is about to sound, then the
mystery of God is finished, as He preached to His servants the
When the 7th Angel sounds = MYSTERY
OF GOD is FINISHED
Rev 9:13 we see that at the 6th Trumpet
1/3 of mankind is killed
A KEY TO HELP
UNDERSTAND THE TRIBULATION IN REVELATION 11
Rev 11:1 And there was given me
a measuring rod like a staff; and someone said, "Rise and measure
the temple of God, and the altar, and those who worship in it. 2
"And leave out the court which is outside the temple, and do not
measure it, for it has been given to the nations; and they will
tread under foot the holy city for forty-two months.
3 ˝ Years
= Time, times, and half a time = 42 months = 1260 days
The Jews reckoned 360 days to a year
not 365 days. We don't know whether the 42 months precede or follow the
Rev 11:3 "And I will grant
authority to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for twelve
hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth… 7 And when they have
finished their testimony, the beast that comes up out of the abyss
will make war with them, and overcome them and kill them. 8 And
their dead bodies will lie in the street of the great city which
mystically is called Sodom and Egypt, where also their Lord was
crucified. 9 And those from the peoples and tribes and tongues and
nations will look at their dead bodies for three and a half days,
and will not permit their dead bodies to be laid in a tomb… 11 And
after the three and a half days the breath of life from God came
into them, and they stood on their feet; and great fear fell upon
those who were beholding them… 12 And they heard a loud voice from
heaven saying to them, "Come up here." And they went up into heaven
in the cloud, and their enemies beheld them."
The 6th Trumpet (2nd Woe) has
already sounded. We know these events have taken place because in
Rev 11:14 THE SECOND WOE IS PAST; behold,
the third woe is coming quickly.
We know then that the 2 WITNESSES are caught up to heaven when the 2nd Woe
is passed. So on your chart between the 6th and 7th Trumpet you want to
put an "upward pointing arrow" next to "2 witnesses". So we know from this
time back there are 3 ˝ years but we don't know how far back in terms of
the other events mentioned in the Seals & first 6 trumpets. When the 2
witnesses am caught up we know that there is a BEAST an earth, and he
kills them when no one else could so that the whole world rejoices.
Rev 11:15 And the seventh angel
sounded; and there arose loud voices in heaven, saying, "The kingdom
of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord, and of His Christ;
and He will reign forever and ever." 16 And the twenty-four elders,
who sit on their thrones before God, fell on their faces and
worshiped God, 17 saying, "We give Thee thanks, O Lord God, the
Almighty, who art and who wast, because Thou hast taken Thy great
power and hast begun to reign.
Rev 11:15 write THE MYSTERY OF GOD IS
What is the Mystery? One aspect is that GOD BEGINS TO REIGN. This is an
ACTIVE reigning as the following verses show:
Rev 11:18 "And the nations were
enraged, and Thy wrath came, and the time came for the dead to be
judged, and the time to give their reward to Thy bond-servants the
prophets and to the saints and to those who fear Thy name, the small
and the great, and to destroy those who destroy the earth."
Between the 6th and 7th Trumpet is a very significant time. After the 6th
Trumpet sounds, you know that there is a beast on earth, that the 2
witnesses who have been witnessing for 31/2 years are killed, that when
the 7th Trumpet sounds the mystery of God is finished and God begins to
Go back to:
Rev 6.16 and they said to the
mountains and to the rocks, 'Fall on us and hide us from the
presence of Him who sits on the throne, and from the wrath of the
Lamb; 17 for THE GREAT DAY OF THEIR WRATH HAS COME and who is able
So under the 6th Seal is a
proclamation: THE GREAT DAY OF HIS WRATH HAS COME. The Greek tense of 'has
come' is Aorist Active Indicative. Aorist tense is "timeless" and does not
specify by itself whether the action is past or not.
John Sproul a Greek expert says that
'has come' in
Rev 6.17 could be a constative and speaks
of a past action. So constative aorist speaks of a past action. Therefore
Rev 6.17 'has come' would
speak to an action that preceded this seal. In other words, the great day
of His wrath has ALREADY COME. If the verb is a dramatic aorist, then the
tense is indecisive, so that when it occurs is indecisive. Paul Finberg,
professor of Greek, says it could be an ingressive aorist, which means
that it is an action which has just entered, go that when this 6th seal
happened, they have just entered into this action. Finberg says on the
other hand it could be a dramatic aorist, which is like a future tense and
it is about to begin. So HAS COME could mean that action has
already taken place, that it is just starting right now or it could mean
that it is about to take place. So let's just leave it there for now.
REV 12 TALKS
ABOUT SATAN GETTING KICKED OUT OF HEAVEN
Rev 12:10: And I heard a loud
voice in heaven, saying, "Now the salvation, and the power, and the
kingdom of our God and the authority of His Christ have come, for
the accuser of our brethren has been thrown down, who accuses them
before our God day and night.
Why has the salvation, power &
kingdom of our God come? For one thing Satan has been cast down. When it
says the 'kingdom of our God ... has come' it parallels Rev 11:15 where
God has begun to reign.
Rev 12:13: And when the dragon
saw that he was thrown down to the earth, he persecuted the woman
(ISRAEL) who gave birth to the male child. 14 And the two
wings of the great eagle were given to the woman, in order that she
might fly into the wilderness to her place, where she was^ nourished
for a time and times and half a time, from the presence of the
WHEN SATAN IS
CAST DOWN WHAT HAPPENS?
The woman runs into the wilderness.
Kay believes that when the two witnesses go up, and when the 6th Trumpet
is sounded & when the 7th Trumpet sounds you have Satan being cast to
earth. And when Satan is cast to earth, he knows that be only has short
time, so he persecutes the woman, Israel, in a general way but he also
persecutes a specific group in Judea (referring to
Mt 24:16 then let dome who am in Judea
flee to the mountains), the Jews who are living in Israel at that time.
But there are more Jews living elsewhere in the world and these are
Rev 12:17 And the dragon was
enraged with the woman, and went off to make war with the rest of
her offspring, who keep the commandments of God and hold to the
testimony of Jesus.
Mat 24:31 says that when Jesus
comes that His angels will "GATHER TOGETHER His elect from the four
winds, from one end of the sky to the other.'
So Satan's persecution
is worldwide as it says in
Rev 13 where the beast persecutes the
saints for 42 months, where the 'saints' are the Jews. The whole world
hates the Jews and those that dwell on the earth worship the beast.
THE BEAST IN
Rev 13:5 And there was given to
him a mouth speaking arrogant words and blasphemies; and authority
to act for forty-two months was given to him. 6 And he opened
his mouth in blasphemies against God, to blaspheme His name and His
tabernacle, that is, those who dwell in heaven. 7 And it was given
to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them; and
authority over every tribe and people and tongue and nation was
given to him.
HOW LONG DOES THE BEAST HAVE
AUTHORITY TO ACT?
Rev 13:8 And all who dwell on
the earth will worship him, everyone whose name has not been written
from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who
has been slain.... 14 And he (2nd Beast = false prophet)
deceives those who dwell on the earth because of the signs which it
was given him to perform in the presence of the beast, telling those
who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who had the
wound of the sword and has come to life.
Rev 13:16-17 he puts a mark on everyone
and without the mark they cannot buy or sell.
GOD BEGINS TO REIGN AT THE 7th
Satan, the Dragon, is cast down and
gives his power to the Beast for 42 months or 31/2 years. When is the
beast brought to his end? When Christ's returns. So from the 7th Trumpet
all the way down to the 2nd Coming would be 31/2 years because the beast
has authority to act for 3 1/2 years but when Christ comes in Rev 19 He
conquers the beast and throws him into the Lake of fire along with the
here for more detail)
Review: Disciples asked Jesus the sign
of the Temple being torn down and the sign of His coming and of the end of
the age. In
Mt 24, Jesus answers about THE END.
Mt 24:6: "
And you will be hearing of wars
and rumors of wars; see that you are not frightened, for those
things must take place, but that is not yet
7 "For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom,
and in various places there will be famines and earthquakes. 8 "But
all these things are merely the beginning of birth pangs. 9 "Then
they will deliver you
(Jews) to tribulation,
and will kill you, and you will be hated by all nations on account
of My name. 10 "And at that time many will fall away and will
deliver up one another and hate one another. 11 "And many false
prophets will arise, and will mislead many. 12 "And because
lawlessness is increased, most people's love will grow cold. 13 "But
the one who endures to
he shall be saved. 14 "And this gospel of the kingdom shall be
preached in the whole world for a witness to all the nations, and
then THE END
We saw in Rev 14:6-7 that the gospel will be preached to all the world and
then the end comes.
Rev 14:6 And I saw another angel
flying in midheaven, having an eternal gospel to preach to those who
live on the earth, and to every nation and tribe and tongue and
people;7 and he said with a loud voice, "Fear God, and give Him
glory, because the hour of His judgment has come; and worship Him
who made the heaven and the earth and sea and springs of waters."
Kay believers that when Jesus says 'these
are merely the beginning of birth pangs', that from the 6th
TRUMPET BACK is THE BEGINNING OF BIRTH PANGS. Then they are delivered to
What do we know from Revelation about when the Jews will be delivered to
Tribulation? When Satan is cast down, we know that he persecutes the Jews
for 31/2 years.
Mt 24:9 says "THEN they will deliver
you to tribulation".
Does this tribulation refer to a general tribulation or to a
specific time period? It does not say 'the tribulation' or the 'great
tribulation'. But we know that after they are delivered to
Tribulation and lawlessness increases and they are hated and the
gospel is preached, THEN THE END comes. When does THE END come? When Jesus
Christ comes down to earth ... that is THE END OF THE AGE.
Mt 24:15 "Therefore
when you see the ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION which was spoken of
through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place( let the
reader understand), 16 then LET THOSE WHO ARE IN JUDEA FLEE to the
mountains; 17 let him who is on the housetop not go down to get the
things out that are in his house; 18 and let him who is in the field
not turn back to get his cloak. 19 "But woe to those who are with
child and to those who nurse babes in those days! 20 "But pray that
your flight may not be in the winter, or on a Sabbath; 21 for then
there will be a GREAT TRIBULATION, such as has not occurred since
the beginning of the world until now, nor ever shall.
SO WHEN DOES THE GREAT
When the Abomination of Desolation stands in the Holy Place. Who is this
Abomination of Desolation? It is the Beast of Revelation 13. Remember that
at the 7th Trumpet when the Kingdom of this world has become the Kingdom
of our Lord and of His Christ The Abomination of Desolation is when the
Antichrist goes into the Temple declaring himself to be God (2
Thes 2:4, cf
Mt 24:29 "But
immediately after the tribulation of those days THE SUN WILL BE
DARKENED, AND THE MOON WILL NOT GIVE ITS LIGHT, AND THE STARS WILL
FALL from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken,30
and then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and then
all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the SON OF
MAN COMING ON THE CLOUDS OF THE SKY with power and great glory.31
"And He will send forth His angels with A GREAT TRUMPET and THEY
WILL GATHER TOGETHER His elect from the four winds, from one end of
the sky to the other.
So you have the Abomination of Desolation initiating a time of Great
Tribulation which lasts until the coming of the Son of God.
(Click here for Kay's
Lectures on Daniel 9:
(Click for additional notes on Daniel 9:24-27:Part
This is the incredible prophecy of 70
WEEKS (literally "sevens") of years or 490 years:
"Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people (JEWS)
and your holy city (JERUSALEM),
to finish the transgression (THE JEWS HAD TRANSGRESSED GOD'S
to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity (TO PAY
FOR THE SINS OF THE JEWS),
to bring in everlasting righteousness,
to seal up vision and prophecy (TO COMPLETE IT), and
to anoint the most holy place (THE TEMPLE NOT THE HOLY "ONE").
"So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree
to restore and rebuild Jerusalem (OF ARTAXERXES IN Neh 2:1-8 IN
until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks and sixty-two
weeks (THE JEWS COULD HAVE KNOWN WHEN THEIR MESSIAH WAS TO
it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of
"Then after the sixty-two weeks (Seven "7's" + sixty-two
"7's" or 483 years) the Messiah will be cut off (CRUCIFIXION)
and have nothing,
and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city
(JERUSALEM) and the sanctuary (THE TEMPLE – DESTROYED IN 70
AD BY THE ROMANS).
And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be
war; desolations are determined (SUFFERING FOR THE JEWS WOULD
OCCUR UNTIL THE END OF THIS AGE – THE CRUSADES OF THE MIDDLE AGES,
THE RUSSIAN POGROMS, HITLER'S "FINAL SOLUTION", ETC).
"And he (THE ANTICHRIST, THE BEAST OF REVELATION 13) will
make a firm covenant with the many (THE JEWS) for one week
(ONE SEVEN YEAR PERIOD),
but in the middle of the week (SEVEN YEARS OR AT 31/2 YEARS)
he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering (WHICH
INDICATES THERE IS A REBUILT JEWISH TEMPLE);
and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate
(ABOMINATION OF DESOLATION DESCRIBED BY JESUS IN
even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured
out on the one who makes desolate."
The reason people have said that the 70th Week of Daniel is the
TRIBULATION is because they just assumed that is what it was. But nowhere
in the Word of God is that tribulation period referred to in a time phrase
except as 3 ˝ years.
So at the beginning of the week the Antichrist makes a covenant with the
Jews and they can worship God in their temple. In the middle of the 7 year
period he walks into the Temple and he puts a stop to sacrifice and grain
offering. We know that when the 2 witnesses of Rev 11 are witnessing,
there is a Temple on earth. And the court outside the Temple is not
measured because the Gentiles are trampling it down for 3 ˝ years.
We know that the Beast declares himself to be God and that he is the
Abomination of Desolation that stands in the Holy Place. He has made a
covenant with the Jews for 3 ˝ years and how far back in the seals and
trumpets this goes we don't know but we do know that in the middle of that
7 year period, the Antichrist declares himself to be God and stops the
sacrifices and offerings because they are offering to a God that he says
does not exist. He sets up his kingdom and begins to persecute the Jews
and continues to do so until THE END. By THE END, the Jew's transgression
has been finished and atonement for iniquity has already been made because
of Jesus' death on the Cross. The Jews are brought to an end of sin as
Daniel 9:24 predicted. The most Holy Place is anointed because Jesus comes
to earth and the Temple which was desecrated has been anointed by the Most
Holy One because the King has come.
We will continue looking at Daniel and 2 Thessalonians next and it will
all fit together.