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Israel's Election by God
Israel's Rejection of God
God's Ways Higher
God Not Rejecting Israel
Romans 10:19 But I
Israel did not
(3SAAI), did they?
(3SPAI), "I WILL
WHICH IS NOT A
NATION, BY A
Amplified: Again I ask, Did Israel not understand? [Did the
Jews have no warning that the Gospel was to go forth to the Gentiles,
to all the earth?] First, there is Moses who says, I will make you
jealous of those who are not a nation; with a foolish nation I will
make you angry.
ESV: But I ask, did Israel not understand? First Moses says, "I
will make you jealous of those who are not a nation;
with a foolish nation I will make you angry."
ICB: Again I ask: Didn't the people of Israel understand? Yes,
they did understand. First, Moses says: "I will use those who are not
a nation to make you jealous. I will use a nation that does not
understand to make you angry." Deuteronomy 32: 21
NIV: Again I ask: Did Israel not understand? First, Moses says,
"I will make you envious by those who are not a nation; I will make
you angry by a nation that has no understanding."
NKJV: But I say, did Israel not know? First Moses says: "I will
provoke you to jealousy by those who are not a nation, I will move you
to anger by a foolish nation."
NLT: But did the people of Israel really understand? Yes, they
did, for even in the time of Moses, God had said, "I will rouse your
jealousy by blessing other nations. I will make you angry by blessing
the foolish Gentiles."
Phillips: Then I say to myself: "Did Israel not know?" And my
answer must be that they did. For Moses says: 'I will provoke you to
jealousy by those who are not a nation. I will anger you by a foolish
Wuest: But I say, Israel did not fail to know, did it? First
Moses says, I will provoke you to jealousy by those who are no people,
and by a foolish people I will provoke you to anger.
Young's Literal: But I say, Did not Israel know? first Moses
saith, 'I will provoke you to jealousy by that which is not a nation;
by an unintelligent nation I will anger you,'
Summary on the Attributes of God
Spurgeon on the Attributes of God
Israel of God - Is God "Finished"
with Israel in His prophetic plan?
Off Site - Table
Comparing/contrasting Israel & Church
Off Site - Does the Church Fulfill
Israel's Program? - John Walvoord
The Jewish People, Jesus Christ and World History
- S Lewis Johnson
Are you confused about God's plan for Israel?
Then I highly recommend Tony
12 Hour Course on Romans 9-11
in which he addresses in depth the question of What
Will Happen to Israel?
or see the individual lectures below)
Romans 9:1-5 Paul's Sorrow Concerning Israel
Children of the Promise
The Potter and the Clay
A Remnant Will be Saved
The Righteousness of God
Has Israel Not Heard?
God Has Not Cast Away The Jews
Life from the Dead
Two Olive Trees
The Salvation of Israel
Note that when you click the
preceding links, each link will in turn give you several choices
including an Mp3 message and brief transcript notes. The Mp3's
are long (avg 70+ min) but are in depth and thoroughly Scriptural with
many quotations from the Old Testament, which is often much less well
understood than the NT by many in the church today. Garland takes a
literal approach to Scripture, and his love for the Jews and passion to
see them saved comes through very clearly in these 12 hours of teaching!
Take your home Bible Study group through this series if you dare. Take
notes on the tapes as the transcripts are a very abbreviated version of
the audio messages. This course is highly recommended for all who love
Israel! I think you will agree that Tony Garland, despite coming to
faith after age 30 as an engineer, clearly has been given a special
anointing by God to promulgate the truth concerning Israel and God's
glorious future plan for the Jews. Garland has also produced more than
20 hours of superb audio teaching in his verse by verse commentary on
depth transcripts also available) which will unravel (in a way you did
not think was possible considering the plethora of divergent
interpretations) God's final message of the triumph and return of the
our Lord Jesus Christ as the King of kings and Lord of lords! Maranatha!
BUT I SAY, SURELY ISRAEL DID NOT KNOW, DID THEY: alla
lego (3SPAI), me Israel ouk egno (3SAAI):
(Ro 10:18; 3:26; 1Co 1:12; 7:29; 10:19; 11:22; 15:50)
Listen to Dr J Vernon McGee:
Romans 10:16-21 Mp3
The Amplified Version helps
understand what Paul is asking...
Again I ask, Did Israel not
understand? [Did the Jews have no warning that the Gospel was to go
forth to the Gentiles, to all the earth?] First, there is Moses who
says, I will make you jealous of those who are not a nation; with a
foolish nation I will make you angry. (Bolding added for
Surely Israel did not know -
Paul's question calls
for a negative answer. Robertson translates, “Did Israel fail to
Paul raises this question of whether
having heard it perhaps they still did understand that most of the
nation would reject the word of Christ.
And the answer is “no.”
Their own Scriptures foretold exactly what would happen.
Israel in its blindness, claimed
to have monopoly on salvation in spite of the fact that two of their
prophets Moses (Ro 10:19 quoting Dt 32:21) and Isaiah (see
Ro 10:20 quoting Is 65:1) had clearly predicted that the Gentiles would
be included in salvation. In short, the Jews had clear warnings that the
Gospel was to go forth to the Gentiles, to all the earth.
AT THE FIRST MOSES SAYS "I WILL MAKE YOU JEALOUS BY THAT WHICH IS NOT A NATION BY A NATION
WITHOUT UNDERSTANDING WILL I ANGER YOU": protos Mouses legei (3SPAI) ego parazeloso (1SFAI) humas ep ouk ethnei, ep ethnei asuneto parorgio
(1SFAI) humas: (Ro 11:11; Deuteronomy 32:21; Hosea 2:23; 1Peter
2:10) (Ro 1:21,22; Psalms 115:5, 6, 7, 8; Isaiah 44:18, 19, 20; Jeremiah
10:8,14; 1Corinthians 12:2; Titus 3:3)
At the first Moses says -
The first of two illustrations that the Scriptures had foretold of the
salvation of the Gentiles. God's gracious call of the Gentiles and the
rejection of the gospel by most of Israel should not have been a
surprise to the nation of Israel because the OT clearly foretold this
I will make you jealous by that
which is not a nation - In other words Gentiles will be saved and
Jews will become jealous of their salvation. This is amazing grace and
justice combined to bring about God's intended purpose of redemption of
the world. When Israel rejected the Messiah, God sent the Gospel to the
Gentiles so that they might be saved which is what Moses had predicted
(Dt 32:21). Paul had alluded to the truth of Gentile salvation in Romans
9 (see Ro 9:22, 23, 24, 25, 26).
One reason why God sent the Gospel to the Gentiles was that they might
provoke the Jews to jealousy (Ro 10:19 11:11). It was an act of grace
both to the Jews and to the Gentiles. The Prophet Isaiah predicted too
that God would save the Gentiles (Isa 65:1). The very calling of the
Gentiles, predicted and interpreted as it is in the passages quoted,
should itself have been a message to the Jews, which they could not
misunderstand; it should have opened their eyes as a lightning flash to
the position in which they stood—that of men who had forfeited their
place among the people of God—and provoked them, out of jealousy, to vie
with these outsiders in welcoming the righteousness of faith.”
Romans 10:20 And
THOSE WHO DID NOT
THOSE WHO DID NOT
Amplified: Then Isaiah is so bold as to say, I have been found
by those who did not seek Me; I have shown (revealed) Myself to those
who did not [consciously] ask for Me.
ESV: Then Isaiah is so bold as to say, "I have been found by
those who did not seek me;
I have shown myself to those who did not ask for me."
ICB: Then Isaiah is bold enough to say: "I was found by
those who were not asking me for help. I made myself known to people
who were not looking for me." Isaiah 65:
NIV: And Isaiah boldly says, "I was found by those who did not
seek me; I revealed myself to those who did not ask for me."
NKJV: But Isaiah is very bold and says: "I was found by those
who did not seek Me; I was made manifest to those who did not ask for
NLT: And later Isaiah spoke boldly for God: "I was found by
people who were not looking for me. I showed myself to those who were
not asking for me."
Phillips: And Isaiah, more daring still, puts these words into
the mouth of God: 'I was found by those who did not seek me; I was
made manifest to those who did not ask for me'.
Wuest: Moreover, Isaiah breaks out boldly and says, I was found
by those who are not seeking me. I was made manifest to those who are
not inquiring about me.
Young's Literal: and Isaiah is very bold, and saith, 'I was
found by those not seeking Me; I became manifest to those not
inquiring after Me;'
AND ISAIAH IS VERY BOLD AND SAYS: Esaias de apotolma (3SPAI)
kai legei (3SPAI): (Isaiah 58:1; Ephesians 6:19,20)
(apotolmao from apó = an intensifier + tolmáo = to
dare) means to dare very much, to be very bold and so to speak out
boldly or boldly declare.
Solomon records for example that...
The wicked flee when no one is
pursuing, but the righteous are bold as a lion (Proverbs 28:1)
I WAS FOUND BY THOSE WHO SOUGHT ME NOT I BECAME MANIFEST TO THOSE WHO
DID NOT ASK FOR ME: heurethen (1SAPI) (en) tois eme me zetousin (PAPMPD),
emphanes egenomen (1SAMI) tois eme me eperotosin (PAPMPD): (Ro
9:30; Isaiah 65:1,2) (Isaiah 49:6; 52:15; 55:4,5; Matthew 20:16;
22:9,10; Luke 14:23; 1John 4:19)
Paul quotes Isaiah 65:1, 2, which occurs in the context of
God’s judgment on Israel (Isa 64:8, 9, 10, 11, 12), of Gentiles being accepted into
God’s household (Isa 56:3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8) and of God restoring the remnant of Israel
to Himself (Isa 65:8, 9).
In Isaiah God declared in a
passage that should make every Gentile reader shout "Hallelujah"...
I permitted Myself to be sought by
those (the Gentiles) who did not ask for Me; I permitted Myself to be
found by those (the Gentiles) who did not seek Me. I said, 'Here am I,
here am I,' To a nation which did not call on My name. "I have spread
out My hands all day long to a rebellious people (Israel, cp Isa
59:1,2), who walk in the way which is not good, following their own
thoughts (Isaiah 65:1,2)
(heurisko; English = "eureka" from an exclamation
attributed to Archimedes on discovering a method for determining the
purity of gold) means to learn location of something, either by
intentional searching or by unexpected discovery to learn the
whereabouts of something
(zeteo) means to try to learn the location of something often by
movement from place to place in process of searching. To attempt to
learn something by careful investigation or searching. To seek
information by thinking, meditating, reasoning.
Paul's point is that as a general
rule most of the Gentiles did not seek after God (cp Ro 3:11-note),
for they were blinded by their idolatrous, immoral gods (who themselves
were immoral). However, many of the Gentiles did respond when they heard
the gospel (cp the church at Thessalonica - see 1Th 1:9, 10-note,
the church at Ephesus was composed primarily of Gentiles, cp Eph
Ep 2:13, 14-note)
(emphanes from epí
= over, upon + phaíno = to shine) (See in depth study on verb
epiphaino) means literally to make to
shine upon, and metaphorically means to make apparent, manifest or
(eperotao, from epí = intensifies meaning + erotáo
= to ask, inquire of, beg of) means to interrogate, question or inquire.
Isaiah also told Israel that God would be found by those who did not seek Him;
this prediction of the gospel going out to the Gentiles and its
fulfillment again makes Israel more accountable. The very fact that the
church in Paul's time was primarily Jewish should have been like a
flashing beacon or a lighthouse to alert the Jews that they had missed
His kingdom bc they had pursued their own righteousness.
In summary, these OT prophecies help us to understand that we should not be so
amazed that Israel, for the most part, has rejected the gospel of Jesus
Christ, for such a national tragedy was foretold.
As an aside, as we study the New Testament, we discover that “to the Jew first” is
a ruling principle of operation. Jesus began His ministry with the Jews.
He forbad His disciples to preach to the Gentiles or the Samaritans when
He sent them on their first tour of ministry (Mt 10:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6). After His
resurrection, He commanded them to wait in Jerusalem and to start their
ministry there (Lk 24:46, 47, 48, 49 Acts 1:8). In Acts 1-7,
the apostolic ministry is directed primarily to Jews (and to Gentiles who were Jewish proselytes). But
when the nation stoned Stephen and persecution broke loose, God sent the
Gospel to the Samaritans (Acts 8:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8), and then to the Gentiles (Acts 10:1-48).
The Jewish believers were shocked when Peter went to the Gentiles
(Acts 11:1, 2, 3) but he explained that it was God who sent him (Acts
11:5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12) and that it
was clear to him that Jews and Gentiles were both saved the same way—by
faith in Christ (Acts 11:15, 16, 17, 18). But the opposition of the Jews
(especially those who held strictly to the laws including circumcision,
Acts 15:1, 2, 5) was so great
that the churches had to call the famous Jerusalem council to resolve
the debate (Acts 15:6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14). The Jerusalem
council concluded that the Jews and
Gentiles were all saved by faith in Christ (Acts 15:11, 19, 20), and that a Gentile did not
have to become a Jewish proselyte before he could become a Christian
(Acts 15:8, 9, 10, 11).
But as for
DAY LONG I HAVE
HANDS TO A
Amplified: But of Israel he says, All day long I have stretched
out My hands to a people unyielding and disobedient and self-willed
[to a faultfinding, contrary, and contradicting people].
ESV: But of Israel he says, "All day long I have held out my
hands to a disobedient and contrary people."
ICB: But about Israel God says, "All day long I stood
ready to accept people who disobey and are stubborn." Isaiah 65:2
NIV: But concerning Israel he says, "All day long I have held out
my hands to a disobedient and obstinate people."
NKJV: But to Israel he says: "All day long I have stretched out
My hands To a disobedient and contrary people."
NLT: But regarding Israel, God said, "All day long I opened my
arms to them, but they kept disobeying me and arguing with me."
Phillips: And then, speaking of Israel: 'All day long I have
stretched out my hands to a disobedient and contrary people'.
Wuest: But to Israel He says, The whole day I stretched out my
hands to a non-persuasible and cantankerous people.
Young's Literal: and unto Israel He saith, 'All the day I did
stretch out My hands unto a people unbelieving and gainsaying.'
BUT AS FOR ISRAEL HE SAYS ALL THE DAY LONG I HAVE STRETCHED OUT MY
HANDS: pros de ton Israel legei (3SPAI) holen ten hemeran
exepetasa (1SAAI) tas cheiras mou:
20:1-15; 21:33-43; 22:3, 4, 5, 6, 7; Matthew 23:34, 35, 36, 37; Luke
24:47; Acts 13:46,47)
But (de) marks a
striking contrast between the Gentiles and the Jews in regard to their
respective reception (Gentile) and rejection (Jew) of God's gracious
Israel's stubborn refusal to believe led to the destruction of Jerusalem
in 70AD followed by her worldwide, age-long dispersion and
suffering among the Gentile nations.
Through Isaiah God declared
(Paul's quote is from verse 2 but the other verses are included to give
one a sense the depth of their depravity)
I have spread out My
hands all day long to a rebellious people, who walk in the way which is
not good, following their own thoughts, a people who continually provoke
Me to My face, offering sacrifices in gardens and burning incense on
bricks; who sit among graves, and spend the night in secret places; who
eat swine's flesh, and the broth of unclean meat is in their pots. Who
say, 'Keep to yourself, do not come near me, for I am holier than you!'
These are smoke in My nostrils, a fire that burns all the day. (Isaiah
Solomon records a similar refrain...
Because I called, and you refused; I
stretched out my hand, and no one paid attention And you neglected all
my counsel, And did not want my reproof I will even laugh at your
calamity; I will mock when your dread comes, (Proverbs 1:24, 25,
Jeremiah agrees noting that...
And the LORD has sent to you all His
servants the prophets again and again, but you have not listened nor
inclined your ear to hear, (Jeremiah 25:4)
(God speaking) Also I have sent to
you all My servants the prophets, sending them again and again, saying:
'Turn now every man from his evil way, and amend your deeds, and do not
go after other gods to worship them, then you shall dwell in the land
which I have given to you and to your forefathers; but you have not
inclined your ear or listened to Me. (Jeremiah 35:15)
Jesus echoes the sad refrain...
O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills the prophets and stones those who are
sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, the
way a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, and you were unwilling. (Matthew
TO A DISOBEDIENT AND OBSTINATE PEOPLE:
pros laon apeithounta (PAPMSA) kai antilegonta (PAPMSA):
(Deuteronomy 9:13; 31:27; Jeremiah 44:4, 5, 6; 1Thessalonians 2:16;
Moses records that...
"Know, then, it is not because of
your righteousness that the LORD your God is giving you this good land
to possess, for you are a stubborn people. Remember, do not forget how
you provoked the LORD your God to wrath in the wilderness; from the
day that you left the land of Egypt until you arrived at this place, you
have been rebellious against the LORD. (Dt 9:6, 7)
The LORD spoke further to me, saying,
'I have seen this people, and indeed, it is a stubborn people...You have
been rebellious against the LORD from the day I knew you.
(Deuteronomy 9:13, 24)
Moses later predicted
Israel's persistently hard hearted attitude declaring...
For I know your rebellion and your
stubbornness; behold, while I am still alive with you today, you have
been rebellious against the Lord; how much more, then, after my death?
Samuel records a similar
saga of Israel's disobedient and obstinate heart (on the occasion of
Israel asking Samuel to appoint a king over them to judge them like all
the Gentile nations)...
And the LORD said to Samuel, "Listen
to the voice of the people in regard to all that they say to you, for
they have not rejected you, but they have rejected Me from being king
over them. Like all the deeds which they have done since the day that
I brought them up from Egypt even to this day—in that they have
forsaken Me and served other gods—so they are doing to you also. (1Samuel
Nehemiah adds that even in
the face of God's abundant provision
But they became disobedient and
rebelled against Thee, and cast Thy law behind their backs and killed
Thy prophets who had admonished them so that they might return to Thee,
and they committed great blasphemies." (Nehemiah 9:26)
Luke records Stephen's
accusation against the Jews (for which they repaid him with stoning!
Acts 7:58, 59, 60)
You men who are stiff-necked
(sklerotrachelos - from sklerós = hard [gives us our medical term
atherosclerosis, hardening of the arteries, less deadly in some ways
than spiritual hardening!] + tráchelos = neck and
uncircumcised in heart and ears are always resisting (striving against -
= their continual attitude) the Holy
Spirit; you are doing just as your fathers did. Which one of the
prophets did your fathers not persecute? And they killed those who had
previously announced the coming of the Righteous One, whose betrayers
and murderers you have now become (Acts 7:51,52)
Comment: This is the
climax of Stephen’s speech, the personal application that cut his
hearers to the heart. Throughout the centuries, Israel had refused to
submit to God and obey the truths He had revealed to them. Their ears
did not hear the truth, their hearts did not receive the truth, and
their necks did not bow to the truth. As a result, they killed their own
Disobedient - They heard
the the Gospel but persisted in being unpersuadable!
Obstinate - They
continually opposed the Gospel.
[word study] from a =
without + peítho = persuade) means literally not to allow one’s
self to be persuaded. It describes one who refuses to be persuaded and
so to willfully and perversely disbelieve. It conveys an attitude of
unbelief and involves deliberate disobedience or conscious resistance to
authority. Men do not avoid Christ because of insufficient facts but
because of proud and unrepentant hearts. Paul says that Israel was
indicates this was
their habitual practice) remained unpersuaded and disbelieving.
[word study] from anti = instead of + lego =
speak) means to speak against and so to oppose another, to decline to
obey him (in this case the will of God, which is good and acceptable and
perfect). It means to declare one’s self against another (God) or to
refuse to have anything to do with Him. Again the
indicates that this was
Israel's habitual practice year after year, in the face of God's
lovingkindnesses and persistent seeking.
All uses of the English word "obstinate"
in the NAS - Ex 32:9; 33:3, 5; 34:9; Deut 2:30; Isa 48:4; Ezek 2:4; 3:7;
In sum, Israel was a persistently unyielding,
disobedient, self-willed, fault-finding, contrary, contradicting people.
Woe! Remember that this describes the majority of Israel in the Old Testament...for
some reason many evangelicals have the misconception that most of Israel
was saved because they were the "Chosen" people (Dt 7:7) or they were "saved" out
of Egyptian bondage (Dt 7:8) and this equates with genuine heart circumcision
(Ro 2:28, 29-note), but
careful reading of Exodus 32 (Ex 32:1, 2, 3,4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and Ex 32:9 =
"And the LORD said to Moses, "I have seen this people, and behold,
they are an obstinate [stiffnecked] people". And there are many other similar passages, like
virtually the entire book of
Judges [Jdg 21:25-note]
which accounts for almost 25% of Israel's OT history!
see notes on Judges) reveals otherwise
(except for a relatively small believing
remnant). Deliverance from
physical bondage did not equate with deliverance from the penalty and
power of sin. And so verse like this one by Paul and a study of Hebrews
3 (e.g., see Heb 3:18, 19-note)
and Hebrews 4 (e.g., see Heb 4:1, 2-note) clearly indicate that Israel was largely lost and only a
remnant was saved (Ro 11:4-note,
“The arms outstretched all the day long are the symbol
of that incessant pleading love which Israel through all its history has
consistency despised. It is not want of knowledge, then, nor want of
intelligence, but wilful and stubborn disobedience that explains the
exclusion of Israel (meanwhile) from the Kingdom of Christ and all its
STILL THRONED IN
by William Bright
in Heav’n, to men in unbelief
Christ spreads His hands all day;
They scan His claims, give judgment cold and brief,
And fearless turn away.
Once more, O peerless mystery
Thy sweet appeal renew;
Light up dark minds; win souls to Thine embrace;
High forts of doubt subdue.
Speak, till the sons of
peace, with hearts unseared,
Led by that voice of Thine,
Find Him each day more glorious, more endeared,
Christ human, Christ divine. (Play