Romans 11:19-21 Commentary

 

 

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Summary of
Romans 9-11
Romans 9 Romans 10 Romans 11
Past
Election
Present
Rejection
Future
Reception
God's Sovereignty
Israel's Election by God
Man's responsibility
Israel's Rejection of God
God's Ways Higher
God Not Rejecting Israel

 

Romans 11:19-21 Commentary
Updated 12/25/13

Romans 11:19  You will say then, "Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in."
Greek: ereis (2SFAI) oun, Exeklasthesan kladoi hina ego egkentristho. (1SAPS
Amplified: You will say then, Branches were broken (pruned) off so that I might be grafted in!
ESV:  Then you will say, "Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in."
ICB: You will say, "Branches were broken off so that I could be joined to their tree."
NKJV: You will say then, "Branches were broken off that I might be grafted in."
NLT: "Well," you may say, "those branches were broken off to make room for me."
Phillips: You may make the natural retort, "But the branches were broken off to make room for my grafting!"
Wuest: You will say then, Branches were broken off in order that I might be grafted in.
Young's Literal: Thou wilt say, then, 'The branches were broken off, that I might be graffed in;' right!

REFERENCES
Updated 12/24/13
Caveat Emptor: Be a Berean - Not All Commentaries
Accept a Literal Restoration of the Nation of Israel!

Henry Alford
Paul Apple
Jack Arnold
Wayne Barber
Wayne Barber
William Barclay
Albert Barnes
David Baron
Brian Bell
Johann Bengel
Brian Bill
Brian Bill
John Calvin
Alan Carr
Rich Cathers
Adam Clarke
Steven Cole
Steven Cole
Steven Cole
Steven Cole
Steven Cole
Steven Cole
Steven Cole
Steven Cole
Thomas Constable
W A Criswell
W A Criswell
W A Criswell
W A Criswell
W A Criswell
W A Criswell
W A Criswell
W A Criswell
Bob Deffinbaugh
Explore the Bible
Expositor's Greek
Tony Garland
Tony Garland
Tony Garland
Tony Garland
Frederic Godet
Bruce Goettsche
A C Gaebelein
L M Grant
Scott Grant
Dave Guzik
Robert Haldane
Richard Halverson
Matthew Henry
Gregg Herrick
Daniel Hill
Charles Hodge
F B Hole
Barry Horner
Barry Horner
Harry Ironside
Jamieson, F B
S Lewis Johnson
William Kelly
Keith Krell
Steve Kreloff
John MacArthur
John MacArthur
John MacArthur
John MacArthur
John MacArthur
John MacArthur
John MacArthur
John MacArthur
J Vernon McGee
Middletown
G Campbell Morgan
Robert Morgan
Handley G C Moule
Net Bible Notes
Phil Newton
Phil Newton
Phil Newton
Phil Newton
Phil Newton
Phil Newton
Phil Newton
William Newell
John Piper
John Piper
John Piper
Matthew Poole
Ray Pritchard
Ray Pritchard
Ray Pritchard
Ray Pritchard
Ray Pritchard
Ray Pritchard
Ray Pritchard
A T Robertson
Gil Rugh
Rob Salvato
Charles Simeon
Charles Simeon
Charles Simeon
Charles Simeon
Chuck Smith
C H Spurgeon
C H Spurgeon
C H Spurgeon
Charles Stauffer
Ray Stedman
Ray Stedman
Ray Stedman
Ron Teed
Ron Teed
Ron Teed
John Trapp
Marvin Vincent
Drew Worthen
Precept Ministries
Steve Zeisler
Steve Zeisler

Romans 11 Commentary
Romans Notes in Outline Form
Commentary on Romans - 396 pages
Romans 11:1-10: Is God Through With Israel?
Romans 11:11-24: Is God Through With Israel?

Romans 11 Commentary (Daily Study Bible)
Romans 11 Commentary
The Jewish Problem - small book by Jewish believer in 1891
Romans 11 Sermon Notes
Romans 11 Commentary (Gnomon)
Romans 11:11-24 Holding on to Hope
Romans 11:33-36 Living for the Glory of God
Romans 11 Commentary
Romans 11:1-36 God's Plan For The Jew And For You
Romans 11:1-24 Romans 11:25-36
Romans 11 Commentary
Romans 11:1-6: Can Godís Promises Fail?

Romans 11:7-10: Chosen or Hardened?

Romans 11:11-15: Godís Certain Purpose for History

Romans 11:16-24: Guarding Against Spiritual Pride

Romans 11:25-27: Understanding Godís Prophetic Revelation

Romans 11:28-32: Stand in Awe

Romans 11:33-36: God is Great; You are not Great, Part 1

Romans 11:33-36: God is Great; You are not Great, Part 2

Romans 11 Commentary - Expository Notes
Romans 11:1 Israel in the Plan of God
Romans 11:1-2 Israel in the Remembrance of God - 1966
Romans 11:1-2 Israel in the Remembrance of God -1982
Romans 11:1-2 Hath God Cast Away His People?
Romans 11:1-2 Hath God Cast Away His People? -2
Romans 11:1 The Problem of Israel's Unbelief
Romans 11:24-29 The Future Restoration of Israel
Romans 11:1-36 The Problem of Israel's Unbelief
Romans 11:1-10; Ro 11:11-24; Ro 11:25-27; Ro 11:28-36
Romans 11:1-36 Concern of God
Romans 11 Commentary
Romans 11:1-6 God Has Not Cast Away The Jews (all his works recommended)
Romans 11:7-15 Life from the Dead
Romans 11:16-24 Two Olive Trees
Romans 11:25-36 The Salvation of Israel

Romans Commentary online
Romans 11:1-12; Ro 11:11-24; Ro 11:25-31; Ro 11:32-34
The Epistle to the Romans
Romans 11 Commentary

Romans 11 Mercy for All
Romans 11 Commentary
Romans 11 Commentary
Romans: Prologue to Prison
Romans 11 Commentary
Romans 11:25-32: Israel's Present Hardening and Future Salvation
Romans Notes - 200+ pages of Verse by Verse Notes
Romans Commentary online (Alternate source)
Romans 11 Commentary

Romans 11 Commentary - The Gospel and Israel's Salvation
Romans 11:18 Future Israel - Why Christian Anti-Judaism Must Be Challenged
Romans 11 Commentary
Romans 11 Commentary
Romans 11:1-10; Ro 11:11-24; Ro 11:25-27; Ro 11:28-36

Romans Commentary
Romans 11 He Loves Me, He Loves Me Not?
Romans 11 Sermons - Mp3 only - very good - Kreloff is a Jewish believer
The Goodness and Severity of God
Romans 11:1-2 Has God Cancelled His Promises to Israel? Part 1
Romans 11:2-6 Has God Cancelled His Promises to Israel? Part 2
Romans 11:7-10 Has God Cancelled His Promises to Israel? Part 3
Romans 11:11-15 Has God Cancelled His Promises to Israel? Part 4
Romans 11:16-26 Has God Cancelled His Promises to Israel? Part 5
Romans 11:25-29 Has God Cancelled His Promises to Israel? Part 6
Romans 11:30-36 Has God Cancelled His Promises to Israel? Part 7

Romans 11 Commentary- multiple Mp3's on this chapter from Thru the Bible
Romans 11 Notes
Romans 11 Commentary (The Analyzed Bible)
Romans 9-11 What's Ahead for Israel?
The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Romans
Romans 11 Commentary
Romans 11:1-6 Israel, Election, and Grace, Pt. 1 (scroll down page)
Romans 11:7-10 Israel, Election, and Grace, Pt. 1 (scroll down page)
Romans 11:11-16 Israelís StumbleóGodís Mercy (scroll down page)

Romans 11:17-22 The Danger of Spiritual Arrogance (scroll down page)
Romans 11:22-27 All Israel Will Be Saved  (scroll down page)
Romans 11:28-32 The God of Mercy  (scroll down page)
Romans 11:33-36 From Him-Through Him-To Him-Glory! (scroll down page)
Romans 11 Verse by Verse Commentary
Romans 11:1-6 Has God Rejected His People? Part 1
Romans 11:1-6 Has God Rejected His People? Part 2
Romans 11:1-10 For God's Sake, Let Grace Be Grace

Romans 11 Commentary
Romans 11:1-10 Has God Lost the Battle

Romans 11:11-16 No Hopeless Cases

Romans 11:17-24 No Place for Pride

Romans 11:25-26 Does Israel Have a Future-

Romans 11:28-29 God Unchanging

Romans 11:30-32 Sinners in the Hands of a Merciful God

Romans 11:33-36 Our Awesome God

Romans 11 Word Pictures
Romans 11 Does God Have a Future for Israel? 46 page booklet
Romans 11:1-36 Not Finished With Israel
Romans 11:22-24 The Dispensations of God Towards Jews and Gentiles
Romans 11:25-27 The Future Salvation of All Israel
Romans 11:28-29 The Jews Still Beloved of God for their Father's Sake
Romans 11:30-31 The Gospel Given to Us As a Deposit for the Jews
Romans 11-12 See Sermon Notes
Romans 11:36
Romans 11:36 Laus Deo or Duo (sermon) (Pdf)
Romans 11 Exposition
Romans 11 The Sovereignty of God Ė Romans 9:1 Ė 11:36
Romans 11:1-36: Christian and the Jew
Romans 11:1-24 There's Hope Ahead
Romans 11 Commentary
Romans 11:1-10 God is Patient and Forgiving, But Don't Push
Romans 11:11-26 Belief is Always the Bottom Line
Romans 11:26-36 How Great is God's Mercy
Romans 11 Commentary

Romans 11 Word Studies

Romans 11:1  Ro 11:2-10; Ro 11:11-16; Ro 11:17-25 Ro 11:26-12:1
Romans 9-11 - Part 3

Romans 11:1-32 Roots
Romans 11:33-12:2 Responding To Riches

ROMANS ROAD
to RIGHTEOUSNESS
Romans
1
:18-3:20
Romans
3:21-5:21
Romans
6:1-8:39
Romans
9:1-11:36
Romans
12:1-16:27
SIN SALVATION SANCTIFICATION SOVEREIGNTY SERVICE
NEED
FOR
SALVATION
WAY
OF
SALVATION
LIFE
OF
SALVATION
SCOPE
OF
SALVATION
WORK
OF
SALVATION


Related resources
...

Summary on the Attributes of God
Spurgeon on the Attributes of God

Israel of God - Is God "Finished" with Israel in His prophetic plan?

Off Site - Table Comparing/contrasting Israel & Church
Off Site - Does the Church Fulfill Israel's Program? - John Walvoord

The Jewish People, Jesus Christ and World History - S Lewis Johnson

Are you confused about God's plan for Israel? Then I highly recommend Tony Garland's 12 Hour Course on Romans 9-11 in which he addresses in depth the question of  What Will Happen to Israel?  (click) or see the individual lectures below)

Romans 9:1-5 Paul's Sorrow Concerning Israel
Romans 9:6-13 Children of the Promise
Romans 9:14-24 The Potter and the Clay
Romans 9:25-33 A Remnant Will be Saved
Romans 10:1-13 The Righteousness of God
Romans 10:14-21 Has Israel Not Heard?
Romans 11:1-6  God Has Not Cast Away The Jews
Romans 11:7-15 Life from the Dead
Romans 11:16-24 Two Olive Trees
Romans 11:25-36 The Salvation of Israel

Note that when you click the preceding links, each link will in turn give you several choices including an Mp3 message and brief transcript notes. The Mp3's are long (avg 70+ min) but are in depth and thoroughly Scriptural with many quotations from the Old Testament, which is often much less well understood than the NT by many in the church today. Garland takes a literal approach to Scripture, and his love for the Jews and passion to see them saved comes through very clearly in these 12 hours of teaching! Take your home Bible Study group through this series if you dare. Take notes on the tapes as the transcripts are a very abbreviated version of the audio messages. This course is highly recommended for all who love Israel! I think you will agree that Tony Garland, despite coming to faith after age 30 as an engineer, clearly has been given a special anointing by God to promulgate the truth concerning Israel and God's glorious future plan for the Jews. Garland has also produced more than 20 hours of superb audio teaching in his verse by verse commentary on the Revelation (in depth transcripts also available) which will unravel (in a way you did not think was possible considering the plethora of divergent interpretations) God's final message of the triumph and return of the our Lord Jesus Christ as the King of kings and Lord of lords! Maranatha (see Maranatha - In Depth Word Study)!

YOU WILL SAY THEN: ereis (2SFAI) oun:

Paul anticipated that in spite of this clear truth, some of his Gentile readers would continue to argue against him.

BRANCHES WERE BROKEN OFF SO THAT I MIGHT BE GRAFTED IN: exeklasthesan (3PAPI) kladoi hina ego egkentristho (1SAPS): (Ro 11:11,12,17,23,24)

The Bible Knowledge Commentary explains that

The apostle anticipated the rebuttal a Gentile believer might make: Branches were broken off so that I could be grafted in. Though that was not the real reason the branches were broken off, Paul accepted the statement for the sake of argument. Then he pointed out that the real reason the branches were broken off was Israelís unbelief and that any Gentile as a grafted-in branch stands (cf. Ro 5:2-note) by faith. (Walvoord, J. F., Zuck, R. B., & Dallas Theological Seminary. The Bible Knowledge Commentary. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books)

Thomas Constable commenting on Ro 11:19-20 adds that...

It is true that one of the reasons Gentiles have become partakers of the blessings of the Abrahamic Covenant is that many of the Jews have not believed. However the Gentile believer who may feel superior to the unbelieving Jew needs to remember that the only reason he is where he is is because he has simply believed God. He is not there because he has done some meritorious work that would be a ground for boasting (Romans 11 Commentary - Expository Notes)

 

Romans 11:20  Quite right, they were broken off for their unbelief, but you stand by your faith. Do not be conceited *, but fear;

Greek: kalos; te apistia exeklasthesan, su de te pistei estekas. (2SRAI) me hupsela phronei, (2SPAM) alla phobou; (2SPPM
Amplified: That is true. But they were broken (pruned) off because of their unbelief (their lack of real faith), and you are established through faith [because you do believe]. So do not become proud and conceited, but rather stand in awe and be reverently afraid.
ESV:  That is true. They were broken off because of their unbelief, but you stand fast through faith. So do not become proud, but stand in awe.
ICB: That is true. But those branches were broken off because they did not believe. And you continue to be part of the tree only because you believe. Do not be proud, but be afraid.
NIV: Granted. But they were broken off because of unbelief, and you stand by faith. Do not be arrogant, but be afraid.
NKJV: Well said. Because of unbelief they were broken off, and you stand by faith. Do not be haughty, but fear.
NLT: Yes, but remember--those branches, the Jews, were broken off because they didn't believe God, and you are there because you do believe. Don't think highly of yourself, but fear what could happen.
Phillips:  It wasn't quite like that. They lost their position because they failed to believe; you only maintain yours because you do believe. The situation does not call for conceit but for a certain wholesome fear.
Wuest: Well! Because of their unbelief they were broken off. But, as for you, by faith you stand. Stop having a superiority complex, but be fearing;
Young's Literal: by unbelief they were broken off, and thou hast stood by faith; be not high-minded, but be fearing;
QUITE RIGHT, THEY WERE BROKEN OFF FOR THEIR UNBELIEF BUT YOU STAND BY YOUR FAITH: kalos: te apistia exeklasthesan (3PAPI) su de te pistei esthkas (2SRAI): (John 4:17,18; James 2:19) (Ro 3:3; Acts 13:46,47; 18:6; Hebrews 3:12,19; 4:6,11) (Ro 5:1,2; 2Chronicles 20:20; Isaiah 7:9; 1Corinthians 16:13; 2Corinthians 1:24; Colossians 2:7; 1Peter 5:9,12)

That is true. But they were broken (pruned) off because of their unbelief (their lack of real faith), and you are established through faith [because you do believe]. So do not become proud and conceited, but rather stand in awe and be reverently afraid. (Amplified)

Yes, but remember--those branches, the Jews, were broken off because they didn't believe God, and you are there because you do believe. Don't think highly of yourself, but fear what could happen. (NLT)

Granted that Jews were rejected because of their unbelief, but nevertheless there was no personal merit in the Gentiles by which they became recipients of the divine favor. That favor was bestowed on the condition of their faith, and faith excludes boasting (Ro 3:27). Accordingly the real cause of their rejection is sufficient to correct a false inference.

Unbelief (570)(apistia [see word study] from a = without + pistůs = believing, faithful) means literally not believing = faithlessness, distrust, lack of belief. It describes an unwillingness to commit oneself to another or respond positively to the otherís words or actions.

Faith (4102)(pistis [see word study]) is synonymous with trust or belief and is the conviction of the truth of anything, but in Scripture usually speaks of belief  respecting man's relationship to God and divine things, generally with the included idea of trust and holy fervor born of faith and joined with it. Note that this discussion of pistis is only an overview and not a detailed treatise of this vitally important subject.

Wayne Grudem defines faith that saves one's soul...

Saving faith is trust in Jesus Christ as a living person for forgiveness of sins and for eternal life with God. This definition emphasizes that saving faith is not just a belief in facts but personal trust in Jesus to save me... The definition emphasizes personal trust in Christ, not just belief in facts about Christ. Because saving faith in Scripture involves this personal trust, the word "trust" is a better word to use in contemporary culture than the word "faith" or "belief." The reason is that we can "believe" something to be true with no personal commitment or dependence involved in it. (Grudem, W. A. Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine Zondervan

DO NOT BE CONCEITED BUT (have an attitude of reverential awe) FEAR: me hupsela phronei (2SPAM) alla phobou (2SPPM): (Ro 11:18; 12:16; Psalms 138:6; Proverbs 28:26; Isaiah 2:11,17; Habakkuk 2:4; Zephaniah 3:11; Luke 18:14; 2Corinthians 10:5; 2Thessalonians 2:4; 2Timothy 3:3-5; James 4:6; 1Peter 5:5,6; Revelation 3:17; Revelation 18:7) (Proverbs 28:14; Isaiah 66:2; 1Corinthians 10:12; Philippians 2:12; Hebrews 4:1; 1Peter 1:17)

Stop thinking so high

Stop having a superiority complex, but be fearing (Wuest)

The situation does not call for conceit but for a certain wholesome fear. (Phillips)

Conceited is two words in Greek - (5308) (hupselůs) which means high or lofty. The second word is (5426) (phroneo) which means to think, to have a mindset, to be minded. The activity represented by phroneo involves the will, affections, and conscience. The combination means to be high-minded, lofty in mind, proud or arrogant. The present imperative with the negative Greek word ("me" = conveys negation) calls for the reader to cease from an attitude that they are presently manifesting (i.e., spiritual arrogance toward the Jews).

Fear (5399) (phobeo from phobos = alarm or fright, fear, terror, reverence, respect, honor) means to cause to run away, to frighten, to terrify, to be alarmed. As used here phobeo conveys more the sense of to revere, to reverence or to be in awe of God. The present imperative calls for this to be one's lifestyle or habitual practice (which necessitates continually being filled with the Holy Spirit that we might have the supernatural enabling power to accomplish always "fear"-see Eph 5:18-note, Gal 5:16-note)..

If Israelís special calling and blessing from the Lord could not protect them from being broken off, then certainly the Gentilesí lack of that calling and blessing cannot protect them from being broken off for their unbelief.

Therefore you would do well, Paul advises his Gentile readers, to have a righteous holy fear and to strongly resist any temptation to arrogance (Ro 11:18) and conceit (Ro 11:20). If God cut off apostate Israel because of her unbelief, how much more surely will He cut off an apostate church because of unbelief.

As alluded to in a previous comment, this is a warning the "Church" has failed to heed as manifest by the evolution of allegorical interpretation of Scripture by the early church fathers such as Origen so that by the time of Augustine this respected and influential teacher taught that Israel was replaced by the Church, in this case the Roman Catholic church. And so it went for the first 1000 years and thus Jews were often despised and hated and persecuted by the very ones who Paul is clearly stating should have known better. Probably few of these were truly saved but only pretending to be ''Christians'', although even such revered saints as Martin Luther in his later years published vitriolic diatribes against the Jews even calling for their tongues to be torn out if they did not convert! (See a
sample link from a non-believing Jewish source)

When we leave the (real) Literal we enter the surreal and we are in the land of ''science fiction'' with all sorts of fantastic interpretations and vain imaginings, the end of which is potentially deception and destruction.

 

Romans 11:21  for if God did not spare the natural branches, He will not spare you, either.

Greek: ei gar o theos ton kata phusin kladon ouk epheisato, (3SAMI) [me pos] oude sou pheisetai. (3SFMI
Amplified: For if God did not spare the natural branches [because of unbelief], neither will He spare you [if you are guilty of the same offense].
ESV:  For if God did not spare the natural branches, neither will he spare you.
ICB: If God did not let the natural branches of that tree stay, then he will not let you stay if you don't believe.
NIV: For if God did not spare the natural branches, he will not spare you either.
NKJV: For if God did not spare the natural branches, He may not spare you either.
NLT: For if God did not spare the branches he put there in the first place, he won't spare you either.
Phillips: If God removed the natural branches for a good reason, take care that you don't give him the same reason for removing you.
Wuest: for in view of the fact that God did not spare the branches which were according to nature, neither will He spare you.
Young's Literal:  for if God the natural branches did not spare -- lest perhaps He also shall not spare thee.
FOR IF GOD DID NOT SPARE THE NATURAL BRANCHES NEITHER WILL HE SPARE YOU: ei gar o theos ton kata phusin kladon ouk epheisato (3SAMI) (me pos) oude sou pheisetai (3SFMI): (Ro 11:17,19; 8:32; Jeremiah 25:29; 49:12; 1Corinthians 10:1-12; 2Peter 2:4-9; Jude 1:5)

Jer 25:29 For behold, I am beginning to work calamity in this city which is called by My name, and shall you be completely free from punishment? You will not be free from punishment; for I am summoning a sword against all the inhabitants of the earth,Ē declares the LORD of hosts.í

1Cor 10:1 For I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that our fathers were all under the cloud and all passed through the sea; 2 and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea; 3 and all ate the same spiritual food; 4 and all drank the same spiritual drink, for they were drinking from a spiritual rock which followed them; and the rock was Christ. 5 Nevertheless, with most of them God was not well-pleased; for they were laid low in the wilderness. 6 Now these things happened as examples for us, so that we would not crave evil things as they also craved. 7 Do not be idolaters, as some of them were; as it is written, "THE PEOPLE SAT DOWN TO EAT AND DRINK, AND STOOD UP TO PLAY." 8 Nor let us act immorally, as some of them did, and twenty-three thousand fell in one day. 9 Nor let us try the Lord, as some of them did, and were destroyed by the serpents. 10 Nor grumble, as some of them did, and were destroyed by the destroyer. 11 Now these things happened to them as an example, and they were written for our instruction, upon whom the ends of the ages have come. 12 Therefore let him who thinks he stands take heed (present imperative = calls for continual guarding of our hearts lest we too fall like Israel did. Flesh is flesh whether it is Old Testament or New Testament flesh!) that he does not fall.

For - Always pause and ponder this small but "strategic" term of explanation.

Why did He not spare them? Why were they cut off? Their unbelief. And if God set aside Israel for their unbelief, He could do the same to Gentiles for their pride.

W E Vine - High mindedness is the forerunner of stumbling. A privilege granted affords no room for self-glorying. On the contrary there is room for fear of the danger of stumbling, as Israel had done. If the natural descendants of Abraham, and partakers of the blessings of the covenant, were deprived of their privileges through unbelief, verily the Gentile has reason to beware of the danger that God will not spare him, who by nature was a stranger from the covenant of promise (Eph 2:12-
note). (Collected Writings of W E Vine)


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