Romans 5:8-9 Commentary

 

 

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Romans 5:8-9 Commentary

Romans 5:8 But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for (instead of, in place of) us. (NASB: Lockman)

Greek: sunistesin (3SPAI) de ten heautou agaphen eis hemas o theos hoti eti hamartolon onton (PAPMPG) hemon Christos huper hemon apethanen. (3SAAI
Amplified: But God shows and clearly proves His [own] love for us by the fact that while we were still sinners, Christ (the Messiah, the Anointed One) died for us. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
Barclay:  But God proves his love to us by the fact that while we were still sinners Christ died for us.
NIV: But God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us. (NIV - IBS)
NLT: But God showed his great love for us by sending Christ to die for us while we were still sinners. (
NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: Yet the proof of God's amazing love is this: that it was while we were sinners that Christ died for us. (
Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: But God is constantly proving His own love to us, because while we were yet sinners, Christ in behalf of us died. (
Eerdmans
Young's Literal: and God doth commend His own love to us, that, in our being still sinners, Christ did die for us;

REFERENCES

Henry Alford
Paul Apple
Wayne Barber
Albert Barnes
Brian Bell
Johann Bengel
Bethany Bible
Bible.org
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Brian Bill
John Calvin
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Alan Carr
B H Carroll
Rich Cathers
Adam Clarke
Thomas Constable
David Cox
Robert Deffinbaugh
Robert Deffinbaugh
James Denney
John Dummelow
Easy English
Explore the Bible
E H Gifford
Frederic Godet
Bruce Goettsche
George Goodman
Scott Grant
Dave Guzik
Robert Haldane
Richard Halverson
Matthew Henry
Greg Herrick
Daniel Hill
Charles Hodge
F B Hole
Jamieson, F, B
S Lewis Johnson
William Kelly
John MacArthur
John MacArthur
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Alexander Maclaren
J Vernon McGee
Middletown
G Campbell Morgan
George Morrison
H C G Moule
H C G Moule
Net Bible Notes
William Newell
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Pulpit Commentary
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Precept Ministries
Romans 5 Commentary
Romans Notes in Outline Form
Romans 5:6-11 Detail of God's Good News-9
Romans 5 Commentary
Romans 5 Sermon Notes
Romans 5 Commentary
Romans 5:1-11 The Blessings of Justification
Romans 5:8-9 Resources
Romans 5:6-8 God's Timing is Perfect
Romans 5:9-11 The Results of Reconciliation

Romans 5 Commentary
Romans 5:6-11 He Did It All For Me
Romans 5:6-11 All This Just For Us
Romans 5:1-21 Commentary
Romans 5:6-11 Notes; More Notes
Romans 5 Commentary
Romans Commentary Notes

List of Commentaries on Romans
Romans 5: The Object of Our Faith
Romans 5:1-11 The Benefits of Justification

Romans 5 Commentary (Expositor's Greek Testament)
Romans 5 Commentary
Romans: Paul's Letter to the Romans
Romans 5:1-11 Do You Have Peace with God
Romans 5 Commentary (Speaker's Commentary)
Romans 5:1-11 The Certainty of Final Salvation for Believers
Romans 5:6-11 The Wonder of God's Love
The “Much More” of Grace, Romans 5
Romans 5 The New Humanity
Romans 5 Commentary
Romans 5 Commentary
Romans: Prologue to Prison
Romans 5 Commentary
Romans 5:1-11 Exposition
Romans Notes - 200 pages Verse by Verse Notes
Romans 5 Commentary
Romans Commentary
Romans 5 Commentary
Romans 5:1-11 Html, Pdf, Mp3
Romans 1 - 7
Romans 5:5-11 Links in the Chain of Security: Love, Deliverance, and Joy
Romans 5:1-11 Your Salvation Is Secure!

Romans 5:5-11: Security of Salvation Pt 3
Romans 5:8 What Proves God’s Love
Romans Commentary - Through the Bible -  Mp3's by chapter/verse
Romans 5 Notes
Romans 5:8 Amazing Love!
Romans 5:8 The Proof of God's Love
Romans 5:1-11 Peace, Love Joy for Justified (Expositor's Bible)
Romans 5:1-11 Commentary
Romans 5 Notes
Romans 5 Commentary
Romans 5:6-8 Did 'ere such love and sorrow meet?
Romans 5:9-11 Saved from Wrath
Romans 5:9,10 A Fortiori
Romans 5:1-8: Called to Rejoice in Suffering
Romans 5:3-8 Love of God Poured Out
Romans 5:1-11 The Greatest of These Is Love
Romans 5:5-8 God Demonstrates His Love Toward Us
Romans 5:6-8 Joy Purchased
Romans 5:6-11 That's Incredible!
Romans 5 Commentary
Romans 5 Greek Word Studies
Romans 5:8 While We Were Yet Sinners!
The Seasons Of Life Romans 5:1-11
Romans 5 Commentary
Romans 5:6-10 The Believer's Security in Christ
Romans 5-6 Commentary
Romans 5:8: Love's Commendation
Romans 5:8 God's Love Commended To Us

Romans 5:8 Sin and Grace
Romans 5 Exposition
Romans 5:3-10 Rejoicing In Suffering

Romans 5:1-11: Faith Faces Life

Romans 5: Greek Word Studies
Romans 5:6-11 In Christ We Have Been Reconciled Even While Enemies
Romans 5:1-11 Let Him Who Boasts Boast In The Lord
Romans Pt 1: Download lesson 1 of 14

ROMANS ROAD
to RIGHTEOUSNESS
Romans
1
:18-3:20
Romans
3:21-5:21
Romans
6:1-8:39
Romans
9:1-11:36
Romans
12:1-16:27
SIN SALVATION SANCTIFICATION SOVEREIGNTY SERVICE
NEED
FOR
SALVATION
WAY
OF
SALVATION
LIFE
OF
SALVATION
SCOPE
OF
SALVATION
SERVICE
OF
SALVATION
God's Holiness
In
Condemning
Sin
God's Grace
In
Justifying
Sinners
God's Power
In
Sanctifying
Believers
God's Sovereignty
In
Saving
Jew and Gentile
Gods Glory
The
Object of
Service
Deadliness
of Sin
Design
of Grace
Demonstration of Salvation
Power Given Promises Fulfilled Paths Pursued
Righteousness
Needed
Righteousness
Credited
Righteousness
Demonstrated
Righteousness
Restored to Israel
Righteousness
Applied
God's Righteousness
IN LAW
God's Righteousness
IMPUTED
God's Righteousness
OBEYED
God's Righteousness
IN ELECTION
God's Righteousness
DISPLAYED
Slaves to Sin Slaves to God Slaves Serving God
Doctrine Duty
Life by Faith Service by Faith

Modified from Irving L. Jensen's excellent work "Jensen's Survey of the NT"

BUT GOD DEMONSTRATES (gives proof of, renders conspicuous, shows openly) HIS OWN LOVE TOWARD US: sunistesin (3SPAI) de ten heautou agaphen eis hemas o theos: (Ro 5:20; 3:5; Jn 15:13; Eph 1:6, 7, 8; 2:7; 1Ti 1:16)

Note: Hold mouse pointer over underlined links for pop up of Scripture which stays open and can be copied.

But God - He is contrasting the love of man and the love of God. A bold contrast! God did much more than men would ever dare to do by laying down His life for His enemies! Compare this contrast with the other great "but now's" in Romans - Ro 3:21, 6:22, 7:6, 11:30, 16:26 - see notes on  Ro 3:21, 6:22, 7:6, 11:30, 16:26.

Godet writes that...

What man hardly does for what is most worthy of admiration and love, God has done for that which merited only His indignation and abhorrence. (Godet, F L: Commentary on Romans. Kregel. 1998)

James Denney writes that God...

commends, or rather makes good, presents in its true and unmistakable character, His own love toward us... His (emphatic), not as opposed to Christ's (as some have strangely taken it), but as opposed to anything that we can point to as love among men: His spontaneous and characteristic love.  (Nicoll, W Robertson, Editor: Expositors Greek Testament: 5 Volumes. Out of print. Search Google)

Demonstrates (4921) (sunistemi/sunistao from sún = together with + hístemi = set, place, stand) means literally to set, place or put together. To set in the same place, this literal meaning being found in Luke 9:32 (below). To bring together.

When one brings together a person with another person, it is a way of presenting or introducing them. This gives sunistemi the meaning of commend, which means to recommend as worthy of confidence (the implication being that others adopt a similar attitude) or to present to one’s acquaintance for favorable notice. (9/16 NT uses)

Sunistemi can mean to put together by way of composition or combination, to teach by combining and comparing, and hence, make known by action, to demonstrate (to prove or make clear by putting together reasoning or evidence), to show, to prove, to establish, to exhibit. This is the primary meaning in Romans 5:8 (and in Ro 3:5-note) BDAG says the idea is "to provide evidence of a personal characteristic or claim through action". Vine adds that the idea is "to give proof of". It is the act whereby God establishes beyond question the reality of His love.

Finally, sunistemi can mean to put, bring or hold together something in its proper or appropriate place or relationship as when one unites parts into a whole (2Pe 3:5-note). It can convey the idea of to cohere or hold together (Col 1:17-note)

Hodge writes that demonstrate in Romans 5:8 means...

“proves” or “renders conspicuous”. What renders the love of God so especially conspicuous is his sending His Son to die, not for the good, nor even for the righteous, but for sinners, for those who deserve wrath instead of love. (Hodge, Charles: Commentary on Romans. Ages Classic Commentaries  or Logos)

Here are the 16 NT uses of the predominantly Pauline verb sunistemi...

Luke 9:32 Now Peter and his companions had been overcome with sleep; but when they were fully awake, they saw His glory and the two men standing with Him.

Romans 3:5 (note) But if our unrighteousness demonstrates the righteousness of God, what shall we say? The God who inflicts wrath is not unrighteous, is He? (I am speaking in human terms.)

Romans 5:8 (note) But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.

Romans 16:1 (note)  I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea;

2 Corinthians 3:1  Are we beginning to commend ourselves again? Or do we need, as some, letters of commendation to you or from you?

2 Corinthians 4:2 but we have renounced the things hidden because of shame, not walking in craftiness or adulterating the word of God, but by the manifestation of truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God.

2 Corinthians 5:12 We are not again commending ourselves to you but are giving you an occasion to be proud of us, that you may have an answer for those who take pride in appearance, and not in heart.

2 Corinthians 6:4 but in everything commending ourselves as servants of God, in much endurance, in afflictions, in hardships, in distresses,

2 Corinthians 7:11 For behold what earnestness this very thing, this godly sorrow, has produced in you: what vindication of yourselves, what indignation, what fear, what longing, what zeal, what avenging of wrong! In everything you demonstrated yourselves to be innocent in the matter.

2 Corinthians 10:12 For we are not bold to class or compare ourselves with some of those who commend themselves; but when they measure themselves by themselves, and compare themselves with themselves, they are without understanding.

2 Corinthians 10:18 For not he who commends himself is approved, but whom the Lord commends.

2 Corinthians 12:11  I have become foolish; you yourselves compelled me. Actually I should have been commended by you, for in no respect was I inferior to the most eminent apostles, even though I am a nobody.

Galatians 2:18 "For if I rebuild what I have once destroyed, I prove myself to be a transgressor.

Colossians 1:17 (note) And He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together.

2 Peter 3:5 (note) For when they maintain this, it escapes their notice that by the word of God the heavens existed long ago and the earth was formed out of water and by water

There are 15 uses of sunistao/sunistemi in the Septuagint (LXX) (Ge 40:4; Ex 7:19; 32:1; Lev 15:3; Nu 16:3; 27:23; 32:28; Job 28:23; Ps. 39:1; 107:36; 118:27; 141:9; Pr. 6:14; 26:26; Da 7:21)

To reiterate, in Romans 5:8 Paul uses sunistao in the sense of putting together with a view to showing, proving, or establishing. God gives proof of or renders conspicuous His great love for sinners. 

Notice Paul's interesting choice of verb tenses in this verse. In the phrase Christ died for us, died is in the aorist tense indicating a past, action completed on the Cross and thus indicating a historical event which is fixed, objective and unchanging. How natural it would have been, then, for Paul to write: In this historical act, God demonstrated his own love toward us. But instead Paul used the present tense for sunistao/sunistemi  which conveys the idea not of a past tense completed event but an ongoing demonstration of God's love. One could paraphrase it...

God continually demonstrates (present tense - He keeps on showing) His own love toward us. (Comment: In other words God’s love for us is not limited to the past, but has relevance for the present as well. Kenneth Wuest tries to convey this sense rendering it "God is constantly proving His own love to us".)

Leon Morris commenting on Paul's use of the present tense writes that..

The Cross is an event of the past but it keeps showing the love of God. (Morris, L. The Epistle to the Romans. W. B. Eerdmans; Inter-Varsity Press)

His own love toward us - There is extra emphasis for it is not just His love, but His OWN love! Who is "His"? Obviously the Father, not the Son. Sanday & Headlam note that ‘His own love,’ is emphatic, prompted from within not from without."

 Leon Morris offers a beautiful explanation of the significance of His own love writing that...

Paul says that the cross shows us God’s own love. One might expect him to say that the cross shows us the love of Christ. It does that, of course, but own puts the emphasis on the love of the Father (cf. 1John 4:10). “Christ’s action is God’s action. Christ’s love is God’s love” (Nygren). It would be easy to see the cross as demonstrating the indifference of God, a God who let the innocent Jesus be taken by wicked men, tortured, and crucified while he did nothing. And that would indeed be the case were it not that “God was in Christ, reconciling the world to himself” (2Co 5:19). Unless there is a sense in which the Father and Christ are one, it is not the love of God that the cross shows. But because Christ is one with God, Paul can speak of the cross as a demonstration of the love of God. There is no opposition between the Father and the Son in the means of our salvation. (Morris, L. The Epistle to the Romans. W. B. Eerdmans; Inter-Varsity Press)

Romans 5:8 is history’s clearest and greatest “I love you!” Let this certainty of God’s own love give you a new perspective on all aspects of your present life. Such a quality of love is distinctive, unexpected, and unheard of in human relations. As one person has well said the nails could never have kept Jesus on the Cross had love not held Him there!

God's supernatural love is demonstrated irrespective of merit which is totally unlike natural love which is given to those who are lovable. How amazing that God’s love embraces even the unlovely. Natural human love is almost invariably based on the attractiveness of the object of love, and we are inclined to love people who love us. Consequently, we tend to attribute that same kind of love to God. We think that His love for us is dependent on how good we are or on how much we love Him, but such "logic" does not apply to God's love.

What renders the love of God so especially conspicuous is his sending His Son to die, not for the good, nor even for the righteous, but for sinners, who truly deserve wrath not love. Can you see the much more aspect of our salvation here? He didn't save us when we were lovely and lovable but when we were helpless, ungodly sinners which makes our salvation a much more salvation. This quality (and quantity) of divine self-less, undeserved love is completely beyond human comprehension. And yet this is the very love that the just and infinitely holy God had toward us even while we were yet sinners. The God Who hates every sinful thought and every sinful deed nevertheless loves the sinners who think and do those things, even while they are still hopelessly enmeshed in their sin.

Cranfield explains that...

For Paul the death of Christ is the proof of the fact, and the revelation of the nature, of God’s love. (Cranfield, C. E. B Exegetical Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans. Vol 1: Ro 1-8.; Volume 2: Romans 9-16)

Love (26)(agape) describes a love which is foremost an unconditional and sacrificial love. As such it is ultimately a love that God is (1Jn 4:8,16) and that God demonstrates (Jn 3:16, 1Jn 4:9), the supreme demonstration being God's gift of Jesus on the Cross. Agape love seeks the highest good for another no matter what the cost, as demonstrated by Christ’s sacrifice on our behalf. It is therefore not surprising that pagan Greek literature throws little light on the distinctive New Testament meaning of agape love.

Agape love is the love of choice (intentional, volitional, conscious choice), the love of serving with humility, the highest kind of love, the noblest kind of devotion.

Agape love is not motivated by the recipient's appearance, by an emotional attraction, or by a sentimental relationship.

The perfect expression of this sacrificial love on earth is the Lord Jesus Christ for He left heaven, came to earth, took on a human form, was spit on and mocked, was crowned with a crown of thorns, nailed to a cross, abused, and had a spear thrust into His side and yet through all this suffering, His agape love did not waver nor dissipate. He loved the church unto death and that is sacrificial love.

 

Constable observes that...

Paul here was contrasting the worth of the life laid down, Jesus Christ’s, and the unworthiness of those who benefit from His sacrifice. Whereas people may look at one another as meriting love because they are righteous or good, God views them as sinners. Nevertheless God loves them. His provision of His own Son as our Savior demonstrated the depth of His love (John 3:16). (Expository Notes)

Charles Hodge observed,

“If [God] loved us because we loved him, He would love us only so long as we love Him, and on that condition; and then our salvation would depend on the constancy of our treacherous hearts. But as God loved us as sinners, as Christ died for us as ungodly, our salvation depends, as the apostle argues, not on our loveliness, but on the constancy of the love of God”

O the Deep, Deep Love of Jesus
Vast, unmeasured, boundless, free!
Rolling as a mighty ocean
In its fullness over me!
Underneath me, all around me,
Is the current of Thy love
Leading onward, leading homeward
To Thy glorious rest above! (
play)

IN THAT WHILE WE WERE YET SINNERS CHRIST DIED FOR US: hoti eti hamartolon onton (PAPMPG) hemon Christos huper hemon apethanen (3SAAI): (Isa 53:6; 1Pe 3:18; 1Jn 3:16; 4:9,10)

Were (5607) (on) means being and refers to our existence. This verb is in the present tense which indicates our very lifestyle was characterized by sin. We did not simply sin a little here and a little there. Our every thought, word and deed was contaminated by sin.

Yet (2089) (eti) means still and is used here as a function word to indicate the continuance of an action or condition. Leon Morris adds that yet or...

Still points to our state at the time. God did not make some indication that we were ready to amend our lives a precondition of bringing about our salvation. It was for people who had sinned and were still sinners that Christ died. (Morris, L. The Epistle to the Romans. W. B. Eerdmans; Inter-Varsity Press)

Sinners (268) (hamartolos from hamartáno = deviate, miss the mark which some lexicons say is from a = negative + meiromai = attain -- not to attain, not to arrive at the goal) is an adjective (e.g., "that through the commandment sin might become utterly sinful" - see Ro 7:13 -note)  that is often used as a noun (as in this verse and Ro 5:19 [note]) to describe those who are continually erring from the way, constantly missing God's mark, living in opposition to His good and acceptable and perfect will.

Hodge says that the

word sinners expresses the idea of moral wickedness and consequent exposure to divine displeasure. (Ibid)

Hamartolos is translated (NAS) as sinful (3), sinner (12), sinners (31).

Hamartolos is used 47 times in the NAS (Mt. 9:10, 11, 13; 11:19; 26:45; Mark. 2:15, 16, 17; 8:38; 14:41; {note concentrated use in Luke} Lk. 5:8, 30, 32; 6:32, 33, 34; 7:34, 37, 39; 13:2; 15:1, 2, 7, 10; 18:13; 19:7; 24:7; Jn. 9:16, 24, 25, 31; Ro 3:7; 5:8, 19; 7:13; Gal. 2:15, 17; 1Ti 1:9, 15; Heb 7:26; 12:3; James 4:8; 5:20; 1Pe 4:18; Jude 1:15) and 85 times in the Septuagint (LXX) (Ge 13:13; Nu 16:38; 32:14; Deut. 29:19; 1Ki. 1:21; 2Chr. 19:2; Ps 1:1, 5; 3:7; 7:9; 9:16, 17; 10:3, 15; 11:2, 6; 28:3; 32:10; 34:21; 36:11; 37:10, 12, 14, 16, 17, 20, 21, 32, 34, 40; 39:1; 50:16; 55:3; 58:3, 10; 68:2; 71:4; 73:3, 12; 75:8, 10; 82:2, 4; 84:10; 91:8; 92:7; 94:3, 13; 97:10; 101:8; 104:35; 106:18; 109:2, 6; 112:10; 119:53, 61, 95, 110, 119, 155; 125:3; 129:3, 4; 139:19; 140:4, 8; 141:5, 10; 145:20; 146:9; 147:6; Pr 11:31; 12:13; 23:17; 24:19; Is 1:4, 28, 31; 13:9; 14:5; 65:20; Ezek 33:8, 19; Da 12:10; Amos 9:8, 10) Note that in the Septuagint (LXX), hamartolos is frequently used to translate the Hebrew words for wicked or ungodly persons (especially in the Psalms, eg, Ps 1:1 "How blessed is the man who does not walk in the counsel of the wicked [Lxx = hamartolos]").

Hamartolos is used by Homer of missing the mark in shooting. From Homer on it carried the moral sense, "to miss the right, to go wrong, to sin". In the Septuagint it means missing the divinely appointed goal, deviation from what is pleasing to God. A sinner then, is not necessarily one who has gone far astray in wicked living. Rather, every man without Christ is a sinner because he has missed the goal of God's purpose for us as human beings; namely, that we should live holy lives in fellowship with a holy God.

The Jews used hamartolos to describe those who had no respect for Mosaic law or rabbinic traditions and were therefore the most vile and worthless of people.  In their spiritual arrogance the Jews applied hamartolos to the Gentiles to express the contempt in which they held them. And now in the light of the life and death of Christ the Jew discovered himself to be in exactly the same case (under sin - see note Romans 3:9)

The Pharisees felt sinners or hamartolos were inferior because they had no interest in scribal tradition and did not eat food in a state of ceremonial cleanness (see Mark 2:16 "...Why is He [Jesus] eating and drinking with the tax-gatherers and sinners?"). In sum, hamartolos was thus used not only to describe man's natural relationship to God (not hitting His mark) or as a value judgment for a class of people.

In Luke our Lord tells the story of the prideful Pharisee and the humble tax gatherer (noting the irony in the Mark 2:16 passage above that the Jews often grouped tax gatherers with "sinners")...

The Pharisee stood and was praying thus to himself (to whom? "to himself," rather than God, merely congratulating himself on his own self-righteousness and thus received no forgiveness), 'God, I thank Thee that I am not like other people: swindlers, unjust, adulterers, or even like this tax-gatherer. 'I fast twice a week; I pay tithes of all that I get.'

But the tax-gatherer, standing some distance away, was even unwilling to lift up his eyes to heaven, but was beating his breast, saying, 'God, be merciful to me, the sinner!'

I tell you, this man went down to his house justified (acquitted, vindicated, declared righteous) rather than the other; for everyone who exalts himself shall be humbled, but he who humbles himself shall be exalted. (Luke 18:11, 12, 13, 14) (Comment: Paul W. Powell once observed, “Pride is so subtle that if we aren’t careful we’ll be proud of our humility. When this happens our goodness becomes badness. Our virtues become vices. We can easily become like the Sunday School teacher who, having told the story of the Pharisee and the publican, said, ‘Children, let’s bow our heads and thank God we are not like the Pharisee!’“)

A common use of hamartolos in Paul's day is interesting, BDAG explaining that it pertained

to behavior or activity that does not measure up to standard moral or cultic expectations -- being considered an outsider because of failure to conform to certain standards is a freq. semantic component. Persons engaged in certain occupations, e.g. herding and tanning, that jeopardized cultic purity, would be considered by some as ‘sinners’, a term tantamount to ‘outsider’. Non-Israelites were esp. considered out of bounds. (E.g., Gal 2:15 "We are Jews by nature, and not sinners from among the Gentiles") (Arndt, W., Danker, F. W., & Bauer, W. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature)

Moulton and Milligan record that hamartolos was frequently found in a common phrase in pagan sepulchral epitaphs in Asia Minor, the epitaph serving as a threat against anyone who would desecrate the tomb. A typical epitaph read “Let him be as a sinner (hamartolos) before the subterranean gods”.

Newell adds that...

"sinning" (hamartolos - sinners) is a stronger word than "strengthless": but it is strong in the wrong direction! Strengthless indeed toward God and holiness, we were all; yet vigorous and active in sin. And what did God do? What does God here say? It was while we were thus sinning that Christ died for us! (Verse by Verse Exposition)

Christ (5547) (Christos from chrio = to rub or anoint as with oil, consecrate or set apart for sacred work) is a transliteration of the Greek word Christos which in turn is used in the Septuagint (LXX) to translate the Hebrew word Messiah or Anointed One. Messiah was a term applied to the OT priests who were anointed with the holy oil, particularly the high priest (Lev 4:3, 5, 16) In the LXX, the prophets are called the anointed of God (LXX = hoi christoi Theou, Ps 105:15). A king of Israel was described upon occasion as “the anointed of the Lord” (LXX = christos tou Kuriou, 1Sa 2:10). In the Gospels the Christ is not a personal name but an official designation for the expected Messiah (see Matthew 2:4, Luke 3:15). As by faith the human Jesus was recognized and accepted as the personal Messiah, the definite article ("the") was dropped and the designation Christ came to be used as a personal name. The name Christ speaks of His Messianic dignity and emphasizes that He is the fulfillment of all the Old Testament promises concerning the coming Messiah (see Messianic Prophecies).

Died (599) (apothnesko from apo = intensifies or means away from +  thnesko = die) is literally to die off, to die a natural death in a sense stronger than thnesko. As noted the aorist tense speaks of a past completed action, and in context is specifically the Crucifixion of Christ, which is not a figment of Paul's but a definite historical event, which in fact constitutes the most profound event in all eternity.

For (5228) (huper) means “for the sake of, in behalf of, instead of.” Click for synopsis of huper used in the NT to convey the idea of substitution.

John uses huper in recording the high priest Caiaphas' "prophecy"

“It is expedient for you that one man should die  instead of (huper) the people, and not that the whole nation perish” (Jn 11:50)

In Galatians 3:13 Paul writes that,

“Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, having become a curse  instead of (huper) us.”

Dana and Mantey in their Manual Grammar of the Greek NT say,

In both of these passages the context clearly indicates that substitution is meant.

Thus our Lord died instead of us, taking our penalty, and in behalf of us, in that His death was in our interest.

Notice the downward progression of Paul's description of humanity: "helpless;" "ungodly;" "sinners;" "enemies." The gulf between the preciousness of God's gift and our unworthiness is humanly inconceivable. Only a love way beyond our own would do such a thing. Yet this is exactly what God has done! And he did it for us "while we were yet" this way. He did not extend his love to you only after you turned to him; he extended his greatest gift of love to you even while you were headed the other way (Luke 23:33,34).

C H Spurgeon has the following expositional notes on Romans 5:8...

 

He did the utmost for us when we were the least deserving of it. Oh, what a love is this. Let it be shed abroad in our poor stony hearts, and commended by us to others.

 

When we were not even just, much less good, “Christ died for us.”

 

It is under that aspect that Christ is to be regarded as dying for the ungodly, dying for sinners. Ungodly man, guilty sinner, is there not hope for you in this blessed truth? Does anyone say, “I shall be lost, for I am ungodly; I must necessarily perish, for I am a sinner”? Your logic is at fault, dear friend. “Christ died for the ungodly;” “while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us;” therefore, the ungodly,—sinners—be saved because of his death, and all who trust him shall be saved.

 

Certainly we were not “good” men, we were not even “just” men, but we are included in this black description “sinners”; and “while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.” He died for us as sinners, he did not come to save saints, but to save sinners; and it was for sinners that he died.

 

We were without any attraction, without any righteousness, without any goodness, yet Christ loved us. Out of the graciousness of his own heart he loved us, according to that text, “I will love them freely.”

 

While we were neither righteous nor good, “while we were yet sinners, Christ” did the most he ever could, or ever can do for us, he “died for us.” this is the best gift for the worst of men, and that best gift given to them when they are at their worst state: “While we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.”

 

When we were not righteous, when we certainly were not good, when the whole description of our character could be summed up in that one word “sinners” — rebels offending against God: “while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.”

 

We were neither righteous nor yet good, yet Christ died for us. “Oh!” said a little boy once to his mother, “I do not think so much of Christ dying for men, I think I would be willing to die if I could save a hundred men by dying.” But his mother said,” Suppose it was a hundred mosquitoes, — would you die for them?” “Oh, no!” he said, “I would let the whole lot of them die.” Well, we were much less, in comparison with Christ than mosquitoes are in relation to men, yet he died for us, good-for-nothing creatures that we are. Well does one say, “God shows part of his love to us in many different ways, but he shows the whole of his love in giving Christ to die for us.” Here you see his heart laid bare, the very heart of God laid open for the inspection of every believing soul. To die for saints would be great love; but to die for sinners, while they are yet sinners, and regarding them as sinners, — this is love with emphasis, the very highest commendation that even divine dove can have

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Here is an illustration...They tell the story about a great Russian tribal leader in the early days who had two laws. The first was that all the tribe were to love their parents and the second was they were not to steal. This man's leadership and these laws made his tribe the greatest in all of Russia. Now one day they discovered that someone was stealing. This angered the leader greatly and he brought all the people together. He said, "Let the thief come forward and receive 10 lashes for his crime." No one came and he upped the ante to 20 lashes. Then 30, then 40 lashes. He stopped there for he knew that it would take a strong man to survive 40 lashes with the whip. The crowd dispersed and the leader sent his men to find the thief. Within a week they brought the thief to him and the leader gasped, for the thief was his own mother. The guards were wagering among themselves as to what this great and wise leader would do. Would he keep his word, obey his second law and whip his mother? Or would he obey the first law, love his mother and let her go free, thus disgracing himself and the laws he sought to enforce? If the crime went unpunished, surely everyone would steal. The leader gathered the tribe together. They brought his mother forward and bared her frail back. "Ah, ha," thought the people, "he's going to whip her." Then, just before the whip master brought the whip to bear, the leader strode over to his mother, tearing his shirt off as he went and draped himself over her frail body, taking the 40 lashes himself. That's exactly what Jesus did for us. Jesus took our punishment on the cross. We should have rightly died for our sins, but Jesus took our place. "But God shows his love for us in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us."

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Why Me? (READ: Romans 5:6, 7, 8, 9, 10,.11) - British pastor Joseph Parker was asked, "Why did Jesus choose Judas to be one of His disciples?" He thought deeply about the question for a while but could not come up with an answer. He said that he kept running into an even more baffling question: "Why did He choose me?"

That's a question that has been asked throughout the centuries. When people become painfully aware of their sin and are overcome with guilt, they cry out to Jesus for mercy. In joyous wonder they experience the truth that God loves them, that Jesus died for them, and that they are forgiven of all their sins. It's incomprehensible!

I too have asked, "Why me?" I know that the dark and sinful deeds of my life were motivated by a heart even darker, and yet God loved me! (Romans 5:8). I was undeserving, wretched, and helpless, yet He opened His arms and His heart to me. I could almost hear Him whisper, "I love you even more than you loved your sin."

It's true! I cherished my sin. I protected it. I denied its wrongdoing. Yet God loved me enough to forgive me and set me free.

"Why me?" It's beyond my understanding. Yet I know He loves me—and He loves you too! — David C. Egner
(Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

Love sent the Savior to die in my stead.
Why should He love me so?
Meekly to Calvary's cross He was led.
Why should He love me so? —Harkness
(c) Renewal 1952 Broadman Press

God loves us not because of who we are, but because of who He is.

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Loving the Unlovely (John 8:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11) - An inner-city mission worker longed to show Christ’s love to others, but she found it difficult to give genuine affection to one particular vagrant. One day the sickly and unkempt woman to whom she had been witnessing was sentenced to jail. When the Christian worker saw her sobbing bitterly, she was filled with compassion. Quickly going to her side, she tenderly put her arm around her. Never having felt such love, the distressed woman was deeply moved, and later she accepted Jesus as her Savior.

After being released from prison, the woman was nursed back to health by the mission worker. Not only had a needy sinner been rescued, but a Christian had been brought into a deeper experience of Christlike compassion.

God doesn’t love us because we’re lovable but because of His grace. We freely receive His undeserved favor through the Savior, who loved us “while we were still sinners” (Ro 5:8). We are to reflect this new relationship with Christ in our daily lives by showing His compassion to those who are difficult to love.

As one who has been saved by God’s grace, are you showing His love to the unlovely?— Henry G. Bosch
(Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

Give to the needy a warm helping hand,
And lift up the fallen today;
Filled with God’s Spirit, love all who are lost,
And point them to Jesus, the Way!
—H G Bosch

Loving the lost is the first step in leading the lost to Christ.

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Love Undeserved - Years ago in North Carolina, Judge Clara Warren served in the juvenile court system. She was known for her strict interpretation of the law, but also for her love and compassion.

One day Judge Warren took reporter Phyllis Hobe on a tour of a correctional facility. Hobe was surprised by the judge's sincere concern for many of the inmates. She was helping them to get into schools and find jobs when they were released. She even continued to care for them if they were readmitted. "How can you keep on loving them?" the reporter asked. "They don't seem to appreciate all you've done for them." The judge explained that she didn't love them because she wanted to receive their thanks. She simply loved them, expecting nothing in return.

Isn't that how God loves us? The Bible tells us that He loved the world so much that He gave His Son to die for us (John 3:16; Romans 5:8). Though sinful and ungrateful, every man, woman, and child is the object of His love. Yes, He longs for our loving obedience. But when that doesn't happen, He continues to love us no matter how unlovable we are.

Dear Father, enable us to love others the way that You love us. —Vernon Grounds 
(Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

O Love that wilt not let me go,
I rest my weary soul in Thee;
I give Thee back the life I owe,
That in Thine ocean depths its flow
May richer, fuller be. —Matheson

Nothing is more powerful than God's love.

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W.D.J.D. - Have you seen the W.W.J.D. bracelets? They remind us to ask "What Would Jesus Do?" A few years ago, a Holland, Michigan, youth group was reading the classic In His Steps by Charles Sheldon. One person came up with the idea of making W.W.J.D. bracelets to remind believers of the key question in that book: What would Jesus do in any given situation? Those bracelets have prompted thousands to pause and ponder that question.

As I think about the importance of this question in living a God-pleasing life, I wonder how many people need to ask a more basic question: W.D.J.D.--What Did Jesus Do?

Before contemplating the W.W.J.D. questions of life, we must first understand what Jesus did. He died on the cross to provide a sacrifice for us. Although innocent of any wrongdoing, He was crucified, taking upon Himself the punishment for our sin. He provided the only way to establish a relationship with a holy God.

What did Jesus do? He gave His life to give us life. Even if we were to live perfectly by the maxim W.W.J.D., we could never be good enough to reach heaven without Jesus' sacrifice. For that, we have to depend on what Jesus did.

Have you put your faith in what Jesus did? — Dave Branon
(Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

To follow Christ in all we do
Can be a worthy goal
If first we've put our trust in Him
To save our sinful soul. --Sper

If you've never met Christ, you can't follow Him

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The Power Of Demonstration- "If I can make a point with an explosion, I do." That's the motto of chemistry teacher Susan Willson, 1995 Science Teacher of the Year in Texas. Al Balmer, her colleague at McNeil High School in Round Rock, won the same award in 1996. His classroom ceiling bears the marks of numerous soda-bottle "missile" launches, and the walls are pockmarked from being struck by mousetrap-propelled cars.

These enthusiastic educators use creative ways to demonstrate the scientific principles they're trying to teach. "I've tried to show these kids how I fell in love with physics," Balmer says, and "how it relates to their life."

A true passion doesn't confine itself to words alone. We see this vividly in God's dealings with us. Paul wrote, "God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us" (Rom. 5:8). God gave us His Son to show us the extent of His love. Jesus Christ came into this world to die on the cross, freely giving His life to pay the penalty for our sin. God said, "I love you!" and showed it through the most remarkable demonstration the world has ever seen. Has it moved your heart to trust Him as your Savior? — David C. McCasland
(Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

God sent His Son to die for us;
No other life would do.
So why not trust in Christ today--
Accept His gift to you.
-J D Branon

Nails could not have kept Jesus on the cross had love not held Him there.

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Why Did Jesus Die? (Read Isa 53:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12) - The atoning death of Christ is a truth so profound that scholars have been unable to fully plumb its depths. Think of it—Jesus, God's Son, died to pay the penalty for our sins! Various theories have been advanced to explain what happened, but Scripture teaches that substitution lies closest to the heart of this great mystery. One innocent man bore the sins of all humanity.

Cliff Barrows tells of the time his two young children did something wrong. Although they were gently warned, they repeated the offense and needed to be disciplined. Cliff's tender heart was pained at the thought of having to punish the ones he loved. So he called Bobby and Bettie into his room, removed his belt and shirt, and with bare back he knelt by his bed. He told each child to whip him 10 times. Oh, how they cried! But the penalty had to be paid. The children sobbed as they lashed their daddy's back. Then Cliff hugged and kissed them, and they prayed together. "It hurt," he recalls, "but I never had to spank them again."

Are you haunted by the memory of some cowardly, selfish, or shameful acts? Jesus took the lashes for all our sins. Now He invites us to accept His forgiveness and devote the rest of our lives to Him. He wants us to know the greatness of His Father's love. That's why He died! — Dennis J. De Haan
(Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

The Lamb of God was crucified,
The penalty for sin was paid,
God's holiness was satisfied,
For all our sins on Christ were laid. —Sper

God the judge not only declared us guilty but also paid our penalty.

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Everybody Needs Love - From the cradle to the grave, we all need love. How vividly this is illustrated in the song "Jesus Loves Me" by Anna B. Warner (1824-1915). She and her sister Susan were gifted novelists. Anna also published many poems. The familiar lines of "Jesus Loves Me" were penned in 1860 as a poem of comfort spoken to a dying child in one of Susan's stories. Today it's sung by children and adults around the world.

When a famous theologian visited a leading US seminary, a student asked him, "What is the greatest single thought that ever crossed your mind?" Expecting a profound theological answer, the class waited breathlessly for his reply. He bowed his head in thought and then slowly lifted his head and said, "Jesus loves me, this I know, for the Bible tells me so."

But why is Jesus' love so important? Because His love is not some sentimental, easygoing acceptance of sinners. It's a sacrificial love that absolved us from our guilt and took the burden of our sins when He died on the cross for us (Romans 5:8).

Jesus' love is so important because He is God in the flesh. And only He can meet our deepest longing—our lifelong need for love. — Dennis J. De Haan 
(Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

Jesus loves me! He who died
Heaven's gate to open wide;
He will wash away my sin,
Let His little child come in. —Warner

The cross of Jesus is the supreme evidence of the love of God.
—Oswald Chambers

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How Much Are You Worth? - When a baseball player signed a huge contract that would pay him $8 million a year, he unashamedly declared that he was worth that much. Most of us would disagree. It's hard to understand how anyone can feel he is worth that much money to hit and catch a ball for 6 months.

Yet there is a sense in which this rich outfielder really is worth $8 million--and more. It's not because of his skills, but because of the value that God in His love places on each person. When we consider the worth our God sees in us as His image-bearers for whom He sent Jesus to suffer and die, it's easy to see that we are worth at least that much.

We often estimate our value by how much money we make or by the titles we hold. Or we measure our value by the important things we do for others. Instead, we must realize that our value lies in the importance God places on us. And that value is based on two facts: God created us in His image (Ge 1:27), and God loves us so much that He sent His Son Jesus to earth to die for us (Ro 5:8).

That makes each of us far more valuable than a mere $8 million. When God sees us in His Son, you can't put a price tag on our worth! — Dave Branon
(Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

Redeemed--how I love to proclaim it!
Redeemed by the blood of the Lamb;
Redeemed through His infinite mercy,
His child, and forever, I am. --Crosby

Our value is not in what we own but to whom we belong.

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C H Spurgeon writes...

If you do not know Jesus Christ, troubles may force you to face a stern reality. Have you ever been on the edge of death? Have you ever had your body racked with pain and the chance of recovery only one in ninety-nine? Have you ever felt that death was near? Have you ever peered into eternity with anxious eyes? Have you ever pictured hell and thought you were there? Have you ever thought of being shut out of heaven?

It is in these times that God’s Holy Spirit works great things. Christ is pleased when you are brought low and forced to cry to God. He is pleased because this is the stepping stone to genuine trust in Him. It is much better to lose an eye or a hand than to lose your soul (Mark 9:47). It is better to go to heaven poor and ragged than to enter hell rich. It is better to melt into heaven with cancer than go down to hell with your bones full of marrow and your muscles full of strength. To God be the glory when trials and troubles bring us to Christ.

Once you prevail with God and believe in Him you will have deliverance. Remember this: the one thing necessary for eternal life is to trust in the Lord Jesus Christ (John 3:16). You know the story. Christ came down from heaven and took your sins on His shoulders (Heb 9:26-note). He died as your substitute (Ro 5:8), and if Christ suffered for you, you cannot suffer that way. Jesus paid your debts, and you are free (Heb 9:28-note). If you believe this, then you are as pure as the angels in heaven.

May God bring you to faith for Jesus’ sake. Amen

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NO GREATER LOVE: A young British soldier, Alexander Russell, was on his way to join his regiment in India when the ship on which he was sail­ing was torpedoed. Within minutes the lifeboats were crowded to capacity. On the one that Mr. Russell boarded was a young mother with her newborn infant. Anxiously looking for her hus­band, she suddenly spied him struggling helplessly in the water. Becoming hysterical, she cried out for someone to save him. Exhibiting great courage, Alexander Russell dove overboard, rescued the drowning man, and placed him in the boat. Not one of the frail barks bobbing on the waves could possibly bear the weight of another man, so with strong vigorous strokes the young man swam away to his death.

Alexander Russell died for a fine young husband and father. His heroic act reminds us of what Paul says in Ro 5:7-
note, ". . . yet perhaps for a good man some would even dare to die." We admire such selfless courage. What feelings would we entertain, however, if this promising young man had given his life to save a drunkard, a gangster, or a murderer? We might be inclined to say, "That type of person is not worth such a sacri­fice!" Yet that was not the attitude displayed by the Lord Jesus. He died for the very people who mocked Him and nailed Him to the cross!

You and I, like those who hated Christ when He was here on earth, are sinners; but despite our enmity, God loved us so much that He was willing to send His Son to die in ignominy and shame to save us. Such compassion surpasses our limited capacity for heroism. It requires a divine love which goes "beyond all human measure." (
Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

There’s a Wideness in God’s Mercy
For the love of God is broader
Than the measure of man's mind,
And the heart of the Eternal
Is most wonderfully kind!
—Faber (
play)

The wonder of it all is that God loves us out of His own nature, and not on conditions.—Beecher

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GOD LOVES NAUGHTY BOYS: The love of God goes beyond all human comprehension. With our finite minds we cannot fully grasp the significance of this truth. It is impossible to fathom how a holy God should so love sinners that He would actually give His very own Son to die that they might be saved. Who of us would ever give one of our precious children to die that the world's worst criminal might be spared from paying his just debt to society?

God's love for sinners is beautifully emphasized in a story told by the late Dr. H. A. Ironside. When he was a lad he attended a missionary meeting where the speaker displayed many interest­ing curios which he had brought back from the field. Right in the middle of his talk, however, he stopped abruptly, and said, "Boys, I'd like to tell you what kind of Gospel we preach to the people in Africa. But, first of all, this one question: How many good boys do we have in the room today?" All of those present wanted to raise their hands, but not a one dared — their mothers were there and they knew better! Since not a hand was lifted, the missionary continued, "If that's the case, then the message I have for you is exactly the same that we give to the heathen in Africa, for God loves naughty boys!" Dr. Ironside says that as a lad he first rebelled against that statement, since he had always heard that the Lord loved you if you were good. But then, as the speaker continued, he discovered that the missionary was right after all. God did not wait for people to become good before He decided to save them. Rather, "God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us."

Yes, God hates sin, but He loves the sinner. Have you taken time to thank Him for His love today? (
Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

The Love of God
The love of God is greater far
Than tongue or pen can ever tell;
It goes beyond the highest star,
And reaches to the lowest Hell.
—F. M. Lehman (
play)

God loves us out of His own nature, and not on conditions. —Beecher

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LOVING THE UNLOVELY: An inner-city mission worker longed to show Christ's love to others, but she found it difficult to give genuine affection to one particular vagrant. One day the sickly and unkempt woman to whom she had been witnessing was sentenced to jail. When the Christian worker saw her sobbing bitterly, she was filled with compassion. Quickly going to her side, she tenderly put her arm around her. Never having felt such love, the distressed woman was deeply moved, and later she accepted Jesus as her Savior.

After being released from prison, the woman was nursed back to health by the mission worker. Not only had a needy sinner been rescued, but a Christian had been brought into a deeper experience of Christlike compassion.

God doesn't love us because we're lovable but because of His grace. We freely receive His undeserved favor through the Savior, who loved us "while we were still sinners" (see note
Romans 5:8). We are to reflect this new relationship with Christ in our daily lives by showing his compassion to those who are difficult to love.

As one who has been saved by God's grace, are you showing His love to the unlovely? -- H G Bosch (
Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

Give to the needy a warm helping hand,
And lift up the fallen today;
Filled with God's Spirit, love all who are lost,
And point them to Jesus, the Way! --HGB

Loving the lost is the first step in leading the lost to Christ.

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O the Deep, Deep Love of Jesus
By Hymn Stories

S. Trevor Francis, 1834-1925

"I pray that you, being rooted and established in love, may have power, with all the saints, to grasp how wide and long and high and deep is the love of Christ." (Ephesians 3:17, 18)

Who can fully grasp the dimensions of God's great love for us? Yet the Scriptures teach that we are to have a growing awareness of divine love. Love is the very heart and essence of God, not only for the lovely but for the vilest of sinners. Christ did not die merely to display God's love--He died because God is love (1 John 4:8). If the New Testament teaches us anything, it teaches us about God's love in searching for lost men. Becoming a Christian in a very real sense is simply putting ourselves in the way of being found by God--to stop running from His loving pursuit.

As we mature in the Christian faith, we begin to realize that every situation that comes our way is an opportunity for God's love to be made more evident in our lives. Once we realize this, our attitude changes dramatically toward suffering people as well as toward ourselves when we are called to suffer. Then even during those times when our spiritual fervor declines and our devotion to God subsides, despite these shortcomings, God's love remains unfailing--continually working for our eternal good.

The author of this text, S. Trevor Francis, was a prominent lay leader with the Plymouth Brethren in England and was known as an effective devotional speaker throughout Great Britain and around the world.

"O the deep, deep love of Jesus--vast, unmeasured, boundless free! Rolling as a mighty ocean in its fullness over me, underneath me, all around me, is the current of Thy love--leading onward, leading homeward, to my glorious rest above.

"O the deep, deep love of Jesus--spread His praise from shore to shore! How He loveth, ever loveth, changeth never, nevermore. How He watches o'er His loved ones, died to call them all His own; how for them He intercedeth, watcheth o'er them from the throne.

"O the deep, deep love of Jesus, love of ev'ry love the best! 'Tis an ocean vast of blessing; 'tis a haven sweet of rest. O the deep, deep love of Jesus--'tis a heav'n of heav'ns to me; and it lifts me up to glory, for it lifts me up to Thee."

For Today: Romans 5:8; 8:35 36 37 38 39; Ephesians 3:14-20; 1Jn 4:8; Revelation 1:5,6

Ask God to enlarge your understanding of His great love and the ability to share it with others.

 

Romans 5:9  Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from the wrath of God through Him (NASB: Lockman)

Greek: pollo oun mallon dikaiothentes (APPMPN) nun en to haimati autou sothesometha (1PFPI) di' autou apo tes orges. 
Amplified: Therefore, since we are now justified (acquitted, and brought into right relationship with God) by Christ’s blood, how much more [certain is it that] we shall be saved by Him from the indignation and wrath of God. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
NIV: Since we have now been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God's wrath through him! (
NIV - IBS)
NLT: For since we were restored to friendship with God by the death of his Son while we were still his enemies, we will certainly be delivered from eternal punishment by his life. (
NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: Moreover, if he did that for us while we were sinners, now that we are men justified by the shedding of his blood, what reason have we to fear the wrath of God?  (
Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: Much more therefore, having been justified now by His blood, we shall be saved through Him from the wrath. (
Eerdmans
Young's Literal: much more, then, having been declared righteous now in his blood, we shall be saved through him from the wrath;

MUCH MORE THEN HAVING NOW BEEN JUSTIFIED BY (in) HIS BLOOD: pollo oun mallon dikaiothentes (APPMPN) nun en to haimati autou:  (Romans 5:1; 3:24, 25, 26; Eph 2:13; Heb 9:14,22; 1Jn 1:7)

If you are ready for an edifying, challenging and encouraging word on this verse, I highly recommend listening to Dr John Piper's sermon Much More Shall We Be Saved By His Life. In this message (note that you will miss much of the impact of the message by only reading it...the transcription is not verbatim, nor can you sense the passion in Piper's presentation) Piper gives a wonderful illustration you can use to explain the truth of this passage to your children. Do you wrestle with the issue of eternal security? This sermon may be just what the doctor ordered!

EBC notes that...

Whereas the preceding paragraph dealt with the depth of the love of God as seen in the cross, the present section moves on to declare the height of that love, its refusal to stop short of effecting final and everlasting salvation in which the enmity created by sin has been completely overcome. We are invited to take our stand on the fact of an achieved justification (the terminology is identical with that found in v. 1), then turn to face the far-reaching effects of this justification on our future. Lest it be taken lightly, the means of that justification is repeated also-"by his [Christ's] blood." (Gaebelein, F, Editor: Expositor's Bible Commentary 6-Volume New Testament. Zondervan Publishing)

Much more then - is used in the logical sense: much more certainly, and not: much more abundantly. This introduces Paul's argument which is what is often referred to as from the greater (the justification in Christ’s blood - God the Son died for us when we were sinners, unlovely and unlovable, rebellious against Him, hating Him) to the lesser (the final future salvation from God's wrath).

Leslie Allen says that...

Since God has already done so much, He can be trusted to put the finishing touches to His work (cf. Php 1:6-note).  The past guarantees the future. Acceptance through Christ’s death (cf. Ro 3:25-note) carries with it an assurance that He will finally save from the wrath of the day of judgment when sinners are punished (cf. Ro 2:5ff-noteff.; 1Th 5:9-note). (Bruce, F F, et al: New International Bible Commentary).

The UBS Handbook explains that...

In typical Jewish fashion, Paul reasons from the greater to the lesser. If Christ was willing to die in order to bring men into a right relation with God (the greater), how much easier it will be for him to save us from God’s wrath on the final day of judgment (the lesser). (The United Bible Societies' New Testament Handbook Series or Logos)

Cranfield adds that...

The point made is that, since God has already done the really difficult thing, that is, justified impious sinners, we may be absolutely confident that He will do what is by comparison very easy, namely, save from His wrath at the last those who are already righteous in His sight. (Cranfield, C. E. B Exegetical Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans. Vol 1: Ro 1-8.; Volume 2: Romans 9-16)

Ironside explains it this way...

Since now we are cleared of every charge by the blood of the Son of God, we are forever beyond the reach of the divine vengeance against sin. (Ironside, Harry. Romans and Galatians. Kregel. 2006)

Leon Morris says that much more...

introduces an argument from the greater to the less: if Christ has done the great work of justifying sinners, dying for God’s enemies, he will certainly perform the comparatively simple task of keeping those who are now God’s friends. (Ibid)

Hodge explains that...

From the free nature and greatness of God’s love just demonstrated, this and the following verse draw the obvious inference that believers will be ultimately saved. It is an a fortiori argument. If the greater benefit has been bestowed, the less will not be withheld. If Christ has died for his enemies, he will surely save his friends. (Ibid)

James Denney writes that...

The argument is from the great to the less. The supreme difficulty to be overcome in the relations of man and God is the initial one: How can God demonstrate His love to the sinner, and bestow on Him a Divine righteousness? In comparison with this everything else is easy. Now the Apostle has already show (Ro 3:21-30) how the Gospel meets this difficult: we obtain the righteousness required by believing in Jesus, Whom God has set forth as a propitiation through faith in His blood. If such grace was show us then, when we were in sin, much more, justified as we have now been by His blood, shall we be saved from wrath through Him. (Nicoll, W Robertson, Editor: Expositors Greek Testament: 5 Volumes. Out of print. Search Google)

Much (4183) (polus) means many, much of number, quantity or amount. Paul is fond of polus using it 82 times with 20 uses in Romans (Ro 3:2; 4:17, 18; 5:9, 10, 15, 16, 17, 19; 8:29; 9:22; 12:4, 5; 15:22, 23; 16:2, 6, 12 - note some verses have more than one use of polus)

More (3123) (mallon a comparative of mála = very, exceedingly) means very, very much, exceedingly, as a higher point in the extent of something or to a greater degree. Paul combines it with polus on a number of occasions, but four  occurrences of mallon in Romans 5 (Ro 5:9, 10, 15, 17, cp uses in Ro 8:34; 11:12, 24; 14:13 - translated "rather" in Ro 14:13). Mallon is obviously important in the contrast between Adam and Christ in Romans 5:12-21.

The form of these arguments goes like this: If God has done the greater thing, then certainly ("how much more") we can trust Him to do the lesser thing. Paul uses this "much more" argument four other times in Romans (Ro 5:9, 10, 15, 17, 11:12, 24-see notes
Ro 5:9; 10; 15; 17; 11:12;  11:24]

Having been justified - Pardoned; accepted as his friends. The aorist tense indicates this is a past tense, completed, once for all time act. Our justification is an accomplished fact. We will never be more justified then we were the moment we believed in Christ Jesus our Lord. The NLT paraphrases it...

we were restored to friendship with God by the death of his Son

Justified (1344) (dikaioo from dike = right, expected behavior or conformity, not according to one’s own standard, but according to an imposed standard with prescribed punishment for nonconformity) (Click study of dikaioo) means to secure a favorable verdict, acquit or vindicate. It must be clearly understood that in the NT the verb dikaióo never means to make anyone righteous or to do away with his violation of the law, by himself bearing the condemnation and the imposed sentence.

Note that Paul uses the passive voice (have been justified), which is a so called "divine passive" indicating that the subject is being acted upon by a source or power from without himself or herself. God of course is the Source exerting the action of justification. It is interesting to note that there are 4 other divine passives in these two verses (Romans 5:9; Romans 5:10) -- having...been justified, shall be saved, were reconciled, having been reconciled, we shall be saved. It is all of God. To Him be the glory. Amen.

Dikaioo - 39x in the NT - Matt. 11:19; 12:37; Lk. 7:29, 35; 10:29; 16:15; 18:14; Acts 13:38f; Rom. 2:13; 3:4, 20, 24, 26, 28, 30; 4:2, 5; 5:1, 9; 6:7; 8:30, 33; 1 Co. 4:4; 6:11; Gal. 2:16f; 3:8, 11, 24; 5:4; 1 Tim. 3:16; Tit. 3:7; Jas. 2:21, 24f. The NAS translates dikaioo as acknowledged justice(1), acquitted(1), freed (3), justified(24), justifier(1),justifies(2), justify(4), vindicated(3).

Justification is by grace (Ro 3:24-note), by faith (Ro 3:28 -note), and connected with the resurrection (see note Romans 4:25). Justification is in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ (1Co 6:11), in the Spirit (1Co 6:11), in Christ (Gal 2:17), and here in Romans 5:it is by his blood.

In the NT, man in his fallen condition can never do anything in order to pay for his sinfulness and thus be liberated from the sentence of guilt that is upon him as it happens in the mundane world; i.e., when a guilty person has paid the penalty of a crime, he is free from condemnation. In the NT, dikaióo means to recognize as righteous, to declare righteous or to justify as a judicial act. Justification is not a process but an act, not something the sinner does, but something God does for the sinner when he trusts Christ.

Blood (129) (haima) refers to blood as the basis of life or what constitutes the life of an individual.

Jehovah explained that...

the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you on the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood by reason of the life that makes atonement.' (Lev 17:11)

Blood is the basic component of a living organism. The shedding of Christ's blood (death) was the penalty price for sin. What was foreshadowed (shadow) in the Levitical system was realized (substance) at the Cross when the Son of God laid down His life in death and ransomed men from sin. His precious blood paid the ransom price for our redemption (Cf 1Pe 1:18-note, 1Pe 1:19-note; Re 5:9-note, Ro 3:24-note; Ro 3:25-note)

Note that the blood of Christ means more that just the death of Christ. It refers to a particular aspect of that death, as a sacrifice, a death having a definite efficacy. The Old Testament foreshadowed this sacrifice in the blood of the victims offered under the OT Law, not for redemption but for purposes of purification and as a temporary covering of sins committed (looking forward toward and awaiting the full atonement made possible by the shedding of the blood of Christ, the Lamb of God, Who takes away completely the sin of the world, a truth that becomes efficacious only for those who believe upon Him).

By His blood - Is literally in (en) His blood (see Vine's explanation below)

Paul makes a parallel statement in Romans 3 of Christ...

Whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation (Propitiation is not placating a vengeful God but, rather, it is satisfying the righteousness of a holy God, thereby making it possible for Him to show mercy righteously) in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance (means intentionally not regard) of God He passed over the sins previously committed (See note Romans 3:25)

Vine commenting on Romans 3:25 writes that...

Faith is the means of making the pardon ours; the blood is the means of its effect. The preposition en of the original is instrumental. The phrase by His blood expresses the means of propitiation. The blood of Christ stands not simply for the physical element, nor merely for a life surrendered, but for His sacrificial death under the judgment of God by means of the shedding of His blood. Since blood is essential to life (Lev 17:11), the shedding of blood involves the taking, or in His case the giving up, of life in sacrifice. It is not merely that death takes place, but it is the giving up of a life as a victim or sacrifice in expiation of sin. This was the significance of the sacrifice of victims under the old covenant. (Vine, W. Collected writings of W. E. Vine. Nashville: Thomas Nelson or Logos)

In Christ's own words...

this is My blood of the covenant (the new covenant, prophesied in the OT in Jer 31:31, 32, 33, 32:39, 40 cp Ezek 11:19, 20, 36:23, 24, 25,26, 27), which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins. (Mt 26:28)

Thus Christ's blood denotes the ratification of a brand new relationship between God and man (see studies on covenant - New Covenant in the Old Testament, Why the New is Better, Abrahamic vs Old vs New)

Paul also made reference to Christ's blood and the church when he warned the Ephesian elders to...

Be on guard (present imperative - continually being cautious, attentive, in a state of readiness to learn of future danger, need, or error, and to respond appropriately. Paul repeated this call to self-examination to Timothy when his young son in the faith served as pastor of the Ephesian congregation.) for yourselves (look after your own spiritual health first!) and for all the flock, among which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to shepherd the church of God which He purchased with His own blood. (Acts 20:28)

In this letter to the Ephesian Gentiles Paul writes of the efficacy of Christ's blood to restore unity between Jew and Gentile explaining that...

But now in Christ Jesus you who formerly were far off (Gentiles) have been brought near by the blood of Christ. (see note Ephesians 2:13)

In Hebrews we see the efficacy of Christ's blood in opening access to the very throne of God...

Since therefore, brethren, we have confidence to enter the holy place (God's throne room in heaven!) by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way which He inaugurated for us through the veil, that is, His flesh (Heb 10:19, 20 -see notes He10:19; 20)

In Colossians Paul explains the efficacy of Christ's blood to bring about reconciliation writing that...

it was the Father's good pleasure for all the fulness to dwell in Him, and through Him (Christ) to reconcile all things to Himself, having made peace through the blood of His cross; through Him, I say, whether things on earth or things in heaven. (See notes Colossians 1:19; 20)

Expositor's Greek Testament goes on to add that

in the NT the "blood" of Christ is used with reference to the ethical power of Christ's death in purifying or in overcoming (1Pe 1:19-note, 1John 1:7, Re 12:11 [note]). But its special use is with reference to justification (Re 5:9-note), the position of non-condemnation (Heb 12:24-note), the cleansing of the conscience (Heb 9:14-note), the making of peace between God and the world (Col 1:20-note), the manifestation of the righteousness of God in the passing over of sins (Ro 3:25-note), the remission of sins (Heb 9:22-note).

Matthew records Jesus' declaration that...

"the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many." (Mt 20:28, cf parallel verse in Mark 10:45) (Comment: Observe that the word "for" means "in the place of", Christ clearly interpreting the meaning of His sacrifice as a substitution for sinners. Service and salvation, not power and prestige, were His goals.)

Paul affirms that...

there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave Himself as a ransom for (preposition speaks of and equates with substitution, on behalf of, in our place) all, the testimony borne at the proper time. (1Timothy 2:5, 6)

The writer of Hebrews adds that Christ functioned as mankind's High Priest but unlike the Jewish high priests of the OT, Christ entered through perfect tabernacle not made with hands, not of this creation...

and not through the blood of goats and calves (like the Jewish high priest, when he entered the Holy of holies, to sprinkle blood on the Mercy Seat covering the Ark of the Covenant), but through His own blood, He entered the holy place (equates with the Holy of holies) once for all (for all time), having obtained eternal redemption. (in marked contrast to the Jewish high priest who entered the Holy of holies only once per year on the Day of Atonement). For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling those who have been defiled, sanctify for the cleansing of the flesh (there was a specified role for the OT shadows that prefigured and were fulfilled in Christ, the perfect Lamb of God), how much more will the blood of Christ, Who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? (see notes Hebrews 9:12; 13; 14)

THE BLOOD OF JESUS

There is no forgiveness without it.

"Without shedding of blood is no remission." (Heb 9:22-note)

It satisfies the Holy claims of God.

"When I see the blood, I will pass over you." Exodus 12:13

It makes atonement for the soul.

It is the blood that makes an atonement for the soul" Leviticus 17:11

It redeems the believer.

"Redeemed... with the precious blood of Christ" (1Pe 1:18,19 -note)

It cleanses from all sin.

"The blood of Jesus Christ... cleanses us from all sin." 1John 1:7

It justifies the believer.

"Being now justified by His blood" (Ro 5:9-note)

                                                                                     — From Moments for You

Newell notes that...

There are in this remarkable chapter four "much mores" which it is interesting and profitable to note. Two are in this first section; and two in the second. First, we have the two "much mores" of future safety; verses 9 and 10; then the two "much mores" of grace's abundance: verses 15 and 17, which are developed in the other section of the chapter. (Romans 5)

God has done the harder thing. Thus surely He will do the easier thing. Since now we are cleared of every charge by the blood of the Son of God, we are forever beyond the reach of the divine vengeance against sin.

In other words, if Christ died to save us when you were unrighteous sinful rebels who hated Him, how much more will He save us from the future wrath,  now that we are righteous (in Him) and justified! If He died for us when you were His enemy, how much more will He do for us now that you are His friend! If God loved us when we were sinners, how much more will He shower His love upon us now that I am His children!

MacDonald says

"In Ro 5:6-20, Paul's logic is that if God’s love went out to us when we were His ungodly enemies, will He not much more preserve us now that we belong to Him?" (MacDonald, W., & Farstad, A. Believer's Bible Commentary: Old and New Testaments. Nashville: Thomas Nelson)

One major point of the passage is to increase the assurance of Christians that God is for us and will be for us through all our tribulations and through the last great outpouring of wrath on the world.

Newell observes that Christ's...

shed blood is the justifying ground, the procuring cause, of our being accounted righteous; and that instead of our being uncertain of preservation from the wrath which is coming at the Last Judgment, the fact that Christ died for us while were were still sinners should give us a constant state of calm security! (Romans 5)

Ray Stedman explains it this way:

"Now we come to the force of Paul's argument. If you clearly knew God's love when you became a Christian -- when you were enemies and helpless and powerless -- how much more can you count on the fact that God loves you now that you are his child? Even though you are suffering, even though you don't feel loved right now, even though it seems as though God is against you, how much more you can count on the fact that God loves you. Paul is arguing from the greater to the lesser. If God could love you when it was so evident to you that you didn't deserve it, how much more must you reckon upon his love now that you know that you are dear to him and loved by him." (Click Rejoicing in Suffering for full sermon)

He Giveth More Grace
When we have exhausted our store of endurance,
When our strength has failed, 'ere the day is half done,
When we reach the end of our hoarded resources,
Our Father's full giving is only begun.

His love has no limit, His grace has no measure;
His power no boundary known unto men.
For out of His infinite riches in Jesus,
He giveth, and giveth, and giveth again.
-- Annie Johnson Flint
(play hymn)

WE SHALL BE SAVED FROM THE WRATH OF GOD THROUGH HIM: sothesometha (1PFPI) di autou apo tes orges:

Saved from the wrath -  Although God's wrath is continually being revealed (see Ro 1:18-note -- cp the state of deception of the unbelieving word in 2Pet 3:4, 5, 6-note - witness the global flood, Sodom and Gomorrah, etc), this wrath is future. Paul's point is that if you have been justified by faith (if you are a genuine believer), there is no wrath to come for the child of God. As an aside this truth would add some support to premise that the rapture will occur before the last 7 year period, the Tribulation, for this period will witness the culmination of God's wrath (Click for discussion of evidence in support of a "Pre-Tribulation Rapture"). (See also Table comparing Rapture vs Second Coming).

Puritan writer John Trapp explained this much more benefit this way...

It is a greater work of God to bring men to grace, than, being the state of grace, to bring them to glory; because sin is far more distant from grace than grace is from glory.

Saved (4982) (sozo) (Click for in depth word study of sozo) has the basic meaning of rescuing one from great peril. Additional nuances include to protect, keep alive, preserve life, deliver, heal, be made whole. Sozo is sometimes used of physical deliverance from danger of perishing (see Mt 8:25; Mt 14:30; Lk 23:35; Acts 27:20, 27:31), physical healing from sickness (Mt 9:21, 22; Mk 5:23, Acts 4:9), and deliverance from demonic possession (Lk 8:36). More often sozo refers to salvation in a spiritual sense. It is interesting that this is Paul's first use of sozo in the book of Romans.

Note the future tense and the passive voice, this voice indicating that the effect is exerted on believers from an outside source, i.e., God (so called "divine passive").

Morris adds that

We shall be saved” looks to the future, and, indeed, this verb is in the future tense in seven of its eight occurrences in Romans; in this letter Paul is very interested in the future aspect of salvation. (Morris, Henry: Defenders Study Bible. World Publishing)

Wrath of God - 12 NT uses- Jn. 3:36; Rom. 1:18; 5:9; 12:19; Eph. 5:6; Col. 3:6; Rev. 14:10, 19; 15:1, 7; 16:1; 19:15 (Where are most uses? Why?)

Of God - Not in the original Greek but added by the translators

Wrath (3709) (orge from orgaô = to teem, to swell) (Click word study on orge) refers to to an inner, deep resentment that seethes and smolders. Orge does not refer to an explosive outburst of temper but to an inner, deep resentment that seethes and smolders, often unnoticed by others. (see Wrath)

Orge - 36x in the NT - Matt. 3:7; Mk. 3:5; Lk. 3:7; 21:23; Jn. 3:36; Rom. 1:18; 2:5, 8; 3:5; 4:15; 5:9; 9:22; 12:19; 13:4f; Eph. 2:3; 4:31; 5:6; Col. 3:6, 8; 1 Thess. 1:10; 2:16; 5:9; 1 Tim. 2:8; Heb. 3:11; 4:3; Jas. 1:19f; Rev. 6:16f; 11:18; 14:10; 16:19; 19:15.

In the OT the prophet Nahum described God as...

A jealous and avenging God is the LORD; The LORD is avenging and wrathful. The LORD takes vengeance on His adversaries, and He reserves wrath for His enemies. (Nahum 1:2)

John explains that the fate of unbelievers writing that...

He who believes (present tense = as one's general habit or lifestyle)  in the Son has eternal life; but he who does not obey  (present tense = as one's general habit or lifestyle) the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.  (John 3:36)

On the other hand believers can safely...

"wait for His Son from heaven, whom He raised from the dead, that is Jesus, who delivers (He draws or snatches to Himself) us from the wrath to come." (literally "the wrath, the coming") (see note 1Thessalonians 1:10)

Later in this same letter in the context of discussing the Day of the Lord, Paul again assures the believers...

For God has not destined (believers) for wrath, but for obtaining salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ (See note 1Thessalonians 5:9)

Jesus assured His listeners...

"Truly, truly, I say to you, he who hears My word, and believes Him who sent Me, has eternal life, and does not come into judgment, (will never be condemned for their sins) but has passed out of death into life. (Jn 5:24)

Believers are justified by faith, declared not guilty and thus protected because God's just wrath fell on their substitute, Christ Jesus Who bore the full fury of His Father's wrath against sin.

What is the wrath Paul is referring to? It could refer to eternal separation from God in the Lake of Fire or to the outpouring of God's wrath during the time of the
Great Tribulation.  In either event, the phrase much more this should give each believer a firm assurance that they will be protected from God's wrath! This is part of the good news, the gospel of Jesus Christ.

In his introductory remarks on the gospel Paul stated that...

the wrath of God is revealed (literally being revealed, describing an ongoing process where revealed indicates it is not a human discovery but some God has made known) from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who suppress the truth in unrighteousness (See note Romans 1:18) (Comment: This verse explains why sinners need the gospel -- there is such a thing as the wrath of God, and only the gospel of salvation by grace through faith brings deliverance from that unspeakable wrath. Paul's emphasis on God's wrath in Romans makes it clear that God is not passive in the face of sin but is implacably, vigorously opposed to all wickedness. God's revelation of wrath from heaven indicates that God is continuously doing something in opposition to sin and is not winking at sin while He allows sinners to their own evil devices!).

In Romans 2 Paul explained to the those who had religion but no relationship with Christ that...

because of your stubbornness and unrepentant heart you are storing up wrath for yourself in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God (See note Romans 2:5)

Romans 2:8 but to those who are selfishly ambitious and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, wrath and indignation.

J Vernon McGee explains that...

The “wrath” mentioned here is what the prophets spoke of: “That day is a day of wrath, a day of trouble and distress, a day of wasteness and desolation, a day of darkness and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness” (Zeph 1:15). What is the great day of wrath? It is what the Lord Jesus called the Great Tribulation. And Paul tells believers that we shall be “saved from wrath.” We have been saved from the penalty of sin; He is constantly saving us today from the power of sin; and He is going to save us in the future from the presence of sin. That means that every believer will leave this earth at the Rapture (Table comparing Rapture vs Second Coming). We will escape that day of wrath (1Th 1:10, 3:3, 5:9, cp Mt 3:7), not because we are worthy, but because we have been saved by the grace of God. We have been saved by grace; we live by the grace of God; and ten billion years from today we will still be in heaven by the grace of God. We are saved from wrath through Him—through Christ. (McGee, J V: Thru the Bible Commentary:  Nashville: Thomas Nelson)

Ray Stedman explains that the wrath of God in this verse is a reference to...

not (only) hell, nor is it (only) the great tribulation. The wrath of God is the silent destruction of the soul and body that inevitably occurs when men disobey God, and it goes on all through life. Men are experiencing the wrath of God today -- that is what we read in the opening part of this book, didn't we? Notice (Romans1:18) And then he went on to show us how God has given men over to their bodily passions, their lusts, the foulness of their mind, the pride of their hearts, and how these things are constantly taking their deadly toll out of human life so that life is coming apart at the seams. Men are coming unglued, and destruction is gradually taking over in their heart and life and soul. That is the wrath of God -- being experienced right now. Jesus Christ will not stop with justifying you -- and getting you ready to enjoy heaven someday. That is part of it, but it also means that He has made full provision to save you from your meanness, from your stubbornness, from your selfishness, from your nasty, mean tongue, from your bitter rebellious spirit, from your dirty thought life, from your filthy habits, and from your ungracious way. I include myself in this, of course. He has come for this, and he does it, not by hounding me and beating me with the Law, not by taking the Ten Commandments and using them as a whip to bring me into submission, but by the impartation of His life -- His life lived again through me! You see, when I believed in the death of Jesus Christ, I was "in Christ," but when I began to appropriate His life, then it is "Christ in me." Jesus summed up the whole of the Christian life in these words: "ye in me, and I in you." {John 14:20 KJV}. That is the Christian life. Now, this is what we are going to learn about more fully in Romans 6, 7, 8. And I tell you that my heart's cry is that all of us will lay hold of this great delivering truth, that we may learn how to live through life taking it all at its very worst and rejoicing in those sufferings that come -- because this is the mark of having appropriated the fullness of the life of Jesus Christ. Jesus has come, you see, to prepare us to live -- to take life as it is at its worst, at its hardest, and to find in him those hidden streams that make it possible to rejoice in all the difficulties, all the hardships, all the trials, all the defeats, all the adverse circumstances, all the crushing disappointments, all the heartaches, because they are producing in us the very thing God is after, and making us what we want to be! (Click Faith Faces Life for full sermon) (Bolding added)

Some through the water, some through the flood,
Some through great sorrow, but God gives us song,
In the night season, and all the day long.

Through (1223) (dia) is  a marker of instrument by which something is accomplished. In other words it was by means of Christ's blood ransom that He bought for Himself fallen man to set him free from his sin, his guilt and his condemnation.

Through Him - The most important truth in this passage. There is no other escape from the wrath but through Him Who became sin for us and bore the wrath we deserved. See the following passages for a Scriptural study of Christ's role as Mediator...

A Simple Study...
Through Him

Consider the following simple study - observe and record the wonderful truths that accrue through Him - this would make an edifying, easy to prepare Sunday School lesson - then take some time to give thanks for these great truths by offering up a sacrifice of praise...through Him.

 

Jn 1:3 [NIV reads "through Him"], Jn 1:7, John 1:10, Jn 3:17, Jn 14:6, Acts 2:22, 3:16, Acts 7:25, Acts 10:43, Acts 13:38, 39, Ro 5:9 [note], Ro 8:37 [note], Ro 11:36 [note]; 1Co 8:6, Ep 2:18 [note], Php 4:13 [note], Col 1:20 [note], Col 2:15 [note], Col 3:17 [note], Heb 7:25 [note], Heb 13:15 [note], 1Pe 1:21[note], 1John 4:9

 

Would you like more study on the wonderful topic of through Him? Study also the NT uses of the parallel phrase through Jesus (or similar phrases - "through Whom", "through our Lord", etc) - John 1:17, Acts 10:36, Ro 1:4, 5- note; Ro 1:8-note, Ro 2:16-note,  Ro 5:1-note; Ro 5:2-note Ro 5:11-note,  Ro 5:21-note, Ro 7:25-note, Ro 16:27-note, 1Cor 15:57, 2Cor 1:5, 3:4, 5:18, Gal 1:1, Eph 1:5-note, Php 1:11-note, 1Th 5:9-note; Titus 3:6-note, He 1:2-note; He 2:10-note, Heb 13:21-note, 1Pe 2:5-note, 1Pe 4:11-note, Jude 1:25)

All things are from Him, through Him and to Him. To Him be the glory forever. Amen.

ROMANS 5
FIVE MUCH MORES

Romans 5 has been called the chapter of "the five much mores"

Romans 5:9 Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from the wrath of God through Him. (Mark this down dearly beloved of God -- Since we as believers are now cleared of every charge by the blood of the God's dear Son of God, we are forever beyond the reach of the divine vengeance against sin. Thank You Jesus!)

Romans 5:10 For if while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life. (This much more describes the believer's present preservation by His resurrection life. If God purchased our reconciliation at so dear a price of the blood of His only begotten Son, will He ever let us go? The resurrection and the present interceding life of Jesus in heaven [Heb 7:25-note] provide the divine guarantee that believers shall continue being saved [sanctification] until that salvation is consummated at the return of Christ [glorification]. In other words this much more conveys the truth that we have been delivered from sin's penalty; we are being delivered from sin's power; and we will ultimately be delivered from sin's presence. Hallelujah!)

Romans 5:15 But the free gift is not like the transgression. For if by the transgression of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abound to the many. (The grace of God through Jesus Christ was even greater in its impact upon mankind then was the sin of Adam and its devastating effect to all people. Jesus showed that God's grace is greater than all human sin.)

Romans 5:17 For if by the transgression of the one, death reigned through the one, much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ. (If His death had such power to save us, how much more will His life have power to keep us!)

Romans 5:20 And the Law came in that the transgression might increase; but where sin increased, grace abounded all the more (KJV = "much more"), (The Law came that sin could be seen in full measure in its ugliness, which demonstrated even more vividly the superabundant grace of God.)

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He Paid The Toll (Read - 1Cor 15:1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8) -My daughter Ann and her family were about to cross the Mackinac Bridge into Michigan's Upper Peninsula when a wild storm hit. High winds forced authorities to close the world's longest suspension bridge. When it finally opened, a long string of cars crossed over.

Ann and her family drove up to the booth to pay the toll, but the attendant said, "You don't need to pay. The guy in front of you paid your toll for you." As they watched the taillights of the minivan in front of them disappear, they knew they had no chance to thank the generous driver.

This reminded me of the enormous price that was required for our entrance into heaven--a price we could never pay. But as that driver ahead paid the toll for my daughter, so One has paid the price for our safe entrance into heaven. Jesus paid the full "toll." He shed His blood on the cross to satisfy the demands of a holy God (1 Cor. 15:3, 4). Christ redeemed us by His death, and now by faith we can be freed of the penalty of our sin and be allowed to enter heaven.

If you are not a believer in Jesus Christ, accept the payment He made for you on the cross. There is no other way to be reconciled to God. — David C. Egner (
Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

All my iniquities on Him were laid--
He nailed them all to the tree;
Jesus the debt of my sin fully paid--
He paid the ransom for me. --Moore
© 1953 Singspiration, Inc.

Our salvation is free because Christ paid an enormous price.

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Last Updated July, 2013

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