Romans 8:31-33 Commentary

 

 

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Romans 8:31-33 Commentary

Romans 8:31 What then shall we say to these things ? If God is for us, who is against us? (NASB: Lockman)

Greek Ti oun eroumen (1PFAI) pros tauta? ei o theos huper hemon, tis kath' hemon? 
Amplified: What then shall we say to [all] this? If God is for us, who [can be] against us? [Who can be our foe, if God is on our side?] [Ps 118:6.]
 (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
NLT: What can we say about such wonderful things as these? If God is for us, who can ever be against us? (
NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: In face of all this, what is there left to say? If God is for us, who can be against us?  (
Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest:  What then shall we say to these things? In view of the fact that God is on our behalf, who could be against us?  (
Eerdmans
Young's Literal:   What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who is against us?

REFERENCES
Resources Updated July 18, 2014

Henry Alford
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Romans 8 No Condemnation, No Separation
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Romans 8:1-4: Frustration of Living Under Law

Romans 8:5-11: Free to Be What God Wants
Romans 8:12-17: Rights of the Holy Spirit 

Romans 8:18-21: Reward of the Holy Spirit
Romans 8:22-25: Resource of the Holy Spirit
Romans 8:26-29: Resource of the Holy Spirit- 2
Romans 8:28-39: Revelation/Resolve the Spirit

Romans 8 Commentary
Romans 8: Notes
Romans 8:1-11 No Condo

Romans 8:12-17 The Spirit of Adoption

Romans 8:18-27 From Groans to Glory
Romans 8:28-30 A Providence Minded Man

Romans 8:31-39 A Love That Keeps on Giving

Romans 8 Commentary
Romans 8 Commentary
Romans 8 Commentary
Romans 8:1: No Condemnation
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Romans 8:1 How to Do What God Wants You to Do
Romans 8:2-11 Living the Spirit-controlled Life
Romans 8:12-17 Allowing God's Spirit to Lead You

Romans 8:18-25 Back to the Future - missing
Romans 8:26-27 When We Don’t Know What to Pray
Romans 8:28-30 The Promises of Predestination
Romans 8:31-37 Conquering Christians
Romans 8:38-39  Lessons from a Lockdown

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Romans 8:1-4 The Deliverance Of The Spirit Life
Romans 8:5-13 The Differences Of The Spirit Life
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Romans 8:17 Groaning Here, Glory There 
Romans 8:18-27 The Diligence Of The Spirit Life 
Romans 8:28-30 he Determination Of The Spirit Life
Romans 8:28 The Chemistry Of The Cross 
Romans 8:31-39 The Distinction Of The Spirit Life
Romans 8:33-39 Absolute Security

Romans 8:37 More Than Conquerors

Romans 6:1-8:39 The Final Work of Salvation in Us
Romans 8:1-9 Notes  (More Notes)
Romans 8:1-4: Set Free (excellent series of sermons)

Romans 8:5-6: Two Groups, Two Destinies

Romans 8:6-8: Understanding the Unbelieving Mind

Romans 8:9-11: Do You Belong to Christ?

Romans 8:12-13: Kill Your Sin!

Romans 8:14-16: Signs of True Assurance

Romans 8:17: Adopted Heirs of God

Romans 8:18-25: Present Suffering, Future Glory

Romans 8:26-27: The Spirit Helps Us Pray

Romans 8:28: All Things for Good for Us

Romans 8:29: Why All Things Work Together for Good for Us

Romans 8:29-30: Why Our Salvation is Secure

Romans 8:31-32: Enduring Opposition

Romans 8:33-34: God’s Answer for Guilt

Romans 8:35-39: The Triumph of God’s Love

Romans 8 Notes
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Romans 8 From Agony to Ecstasy
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Romans 8:18-27 From Groaning to Glory

Romans 8:28 A Solace in Suffering: The Sovereignty of God

Romans 8:29 God’s Eternal Decree

Romans 8:30 The Glory of God

Romans 8:31-39 Comforting Questions

Romans 8 Commentary - Expositor's Greek Testament
Romans 8 Commentary
Romans 8 Commentary
Romans 8:1-4 Delivered by the Spirit by Death of Christ
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Romans 8:12-17 Children of God

Romans 8:15-25 Present Suffering/ Future Glory

Romans 8:26-27 The Spirit Intercedes for Us

Romans 8:28-30 The Purpose of God

Romans 8:31-32 God is for Us, So Who is Against Us?
Romans 8:33-34 God Has Justified Us, So Who Can Condemn Us?
Romans 8:35-39 More than Conquerors

Romans 8 from Anti-Nicene Fathers
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Romans 8:6-17 Your Debt to God's Spirit
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Romans 8 Commentary (H C G Moule)
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Romans 8:1-39 The Glorious Eighth Chapter Of Romans
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Romans 8:17 Heirs of God

Romans 8:18-33 The Magnitude of Our Heavenly Inheritance

Romans 8:21 Liberty - Glorious Liberty

Romans 8:24 Hope 1037.htm

Romans 8:28 09:11 The Sevenfold Purpose of God

Romans 8:28 The Called

Romans 8:28 The Mystery of Providence

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Romans 8:28 A Promise You Need to Know

Romans 8:29,30 The Golden Chain of God's Grace  1

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Romans 8:31-34 A Bold Declaration of Hope

Romans 8:35-39 An Ongoing Reason for Gratitude
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Romans 8:15-39 The Spirit's Work in the Believer

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Romans 8:18-30  Groaning For Glory

Romans 8:31-39 Love That Never Leaves
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Romans 8:18-25 History's Painful Waiting.

Romans 8:31-39 Unshakeable Foundations.
Romans 8:3-4 Law or Love

Romans 8:6 The Carnal and the Spiritual

Romans 8:9 The Owner's Mark

Romans 8:11 The Resurrection of the Body

Romans 8:14 The Leading of the Spirit

Romans 8:15 The Spirit of a Son

Romans 8:16 The Assurance of Sonship 
Romans 8:17 Joint-Heirs with Christ

Romans 8:18 Another good Reckoning

Romans 8:19 An Expectant Creation

Romans 8:24-25 The Saving Grace of Hope

Romans 8:26 How to Pray as We Ought

Romans 8:28 Love's Prosperity

Romans 8:32 The Inclusive Gift

Romans 8:33-34 No Case

Romans 8:38-39 An Inseparable Love 

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Romans 8:1-4 Power of the Indwelling Spirit

Romans 8:5-17 Life by the Spirit, part I

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Romans 8:18-27 Three Groanings for Glory

Romans 8:28-30 The Divine Purpose

Romans 8:31-39 God For Us, or No Separation
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Romans 8:18-30 Homesick for Heaven

Romans 8:31-39 Secure for Sure!
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Romans 8:31-39 The Challenges of Christian Invincibility

Romans 8:28-39 The Ultimate Security

Romans 8:31-32 Salvation Is Irrevocable, Pt. 1 
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Romans 8 Devotional Exposition - Paul's Song of Songs - 16 chapters
Romans 8 Devotional Exposition - A Song in the Night

Romans 8:2 Thy Free Spirit
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Romans 8:16 The Witness of the Spirit
Romans 8:17 Sons and Heirs

Romans 8:19 The Revelation of Sons

Romans 8:23 The Redemption of the Body
Romans 8:26 The Interceding Spirit

Romans 8:32 The Gift that Brings All Gifts

Romans 8:37 More Than Conquerors

Romans 8:38-39 Love's Triumph

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Romans 8:5-8 The Striking Contrast

Romans 8:9-11 Does the Spirit Dwell in You?

Romans 8:12-17 How God Gives Believers Assurance, Pt. 1

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Romans 8:18-25 Suffering & Hope, Pt. 1

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Romans 8:26-27 The Spirit’s Help, Pt. 1

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Romans 8:28-30 God, the Christian, and His Purpose, Pt. 1

Romans 8:28 All Things

Romans 8:28-30 God, the Christian, and His Purpose, Pt. 2

Romans 8:28-30 God, the Christian, and His Purpose, Pt. 3

Romans 8:31-32 Is God For You?

Romans 8:33-34 The Believer’s Steady Assurance, Pt. 1

Romans 8:33-37 The Believer’s Steady Assurance, Pt. 2

Romans 8:37-39 More than Conquerors

Romans 8:1-39 How Romans 8 Applies Everyday—A Review

Romans 8 Commentary
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Romans 8:28-32 God Did Not Spare His Own Son
Romans 8:31-37 It Is God Who Justifies!
Romans 8:31-37 The All-Conquering Love of Christ
Romans 8:32 Unsparing Pain, Unsparing Pleasure

Romans 8 Commentary
Romans 8 Commentary

Romans 8:1-4 No Condemnation
Romans 8:5-17: Life in the Spirit

Romans 8:18-27 Why Bad Things to God's People

Romans 8:26-27 When God Prays for You
Romans 8:28: Can We Still Believe in Romans 8:28
Romans 8:28: Can We Still Believe in Romans 8:28 - II
Romans 8:29-30: The Golden Chain
Romans 8:31-37: More Than Conquerors
Romans 8:38-39: No Separation

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Romans 8:1ff: How to Have Victory Over Sin
Romans 8:1-4 Free to Fly
Romans 8:1-11 Being Spiritually Minded

Romans 8:14-17 The Joy Of Being Grown Up

Romans 8:16-17 We Belong To Him

Romans 8:16-29 Seeing The Big Picture

Romans 8:29-39 More Than Conquerors Through Him

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Romans 8:31 God is With Us

Romans 8:32 The Gospel of Abraham's Sacrifice of Isaac
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Romans 8 Commentary
Romans 7:14-8:4: False Consecration
Romans 7:25-8:4: No Condemnation
Romans 8:1-17. The Ministry of the Spirit
Romans 8:18-31. The Best is Yet to Come
Romans 8:31-39. Eternally Secure
Romans 8:1-30 Sermon
Romans 8:31-39 Sermon
Romans 8 Commentary
Romans 8:1-6 No Condemnation

Romans 8:7-13 The Power of the Holy Spirit
Romans 8:14-19 What Does It Mean to be a Child of God?

Romans 8:20-25 God Just Keeps on Giving and Giving and Giving

Romans 8:26-28 Every Adversity Is the Seed of A Greater Benefit

Romans 8:28-34 There's More to Being a Christian than Just Saying You are One

Romans 8:31-39 Once Saved, Always Saved

Romans 8:1-4 The Best Chapter in the Bible (1): No Condemnation
Romans 8:5-8 The Best Chapter in the Bible (2): Never Mind

Romans 8:9-11 The Best Chapter in the Bible (3): Always Mind
Romans 8:12-13 The Best Chapter in the Bible (4): Killing Fields

Romans 8:14-17 The Best Chapter in the Bible (5): Lovers of Abba
Romans 8:13 Putting Sin to Death
Romans 8:18-25 The Best Chapter in the Bible (6): Hope of Glory
Romans 8:18-25 Sons Displayed in Glory
Romans 8:26-39 God's Care for His Children
Romans 8:26-27 The Best Chapter in the Bible (7): Spirit Power
Romans 8:28-30 The Best Chapter in the Bible (8): Golden Chain
Romans 8:31-32 The Best Chapter in the Bible (9): If God Is For Us (1)
Romans 8:28-30 The Best Chapter in the Bible (10): If God Is For Us (2)
Romans 8:38-39 The Best Chapter in the Bible (11): No Separation

Romans 8 Sermons - 23 sermons on Romans 8!
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Romans 8 Devotional Exposition - No Condemnation - 35 Chapters
Romans 7:16-8:7 How Do We Live By The Spirit not the Flesh? 
Romans 8:8-11 The Spirit Of Christ Resides In Every Child Of God 
Romans 8:12-17 To Be Adopted By God
Romans 8:18-23 We In Christ Groan Inwardly As We Await Our Adoption 
Romans 8:24-28 With Perseverance, Wait Eagerly For Your Hope In Christ 
Romans 8:29-30 For Those God Foreknew He Also Predestined 
Romans 8:31-39 If Christ Is For Us, Who Can Be Against Us? 

Romans 8:1-17 Living By The Spirit
Romans 8:27-39 Romans 8:31 Romans 8:31-39 Romans 8:31-39 Romans 8:31-39 Romans 8:31-39 Romans 8:31-39 Romans 8:32
Romans 8:33 Romans 8:33

ROMANS ROAD
to RIGHTEOUSNESS
Romans
1
:18-3:20
Romans
3:21-5:21
Romans
6:1-8:39
Romans
9:1-11:36
Romans
12:1-16:27
SIN SALVATION SANCTIFICATION SOVEREIGNTY SERVICE
NEED
FOR
SALVATION
WAY
OF
SALVATION
LIFE
OF
SALVATION
SCOPE
OF
SALVATION
SERVICE
OF
SALVATION
God's Holiness
In
Condemning
Sin
God's Grace
In
Justifying
Sinners
God's Power
In
Sanctifying
Believers
God's Sovereignty
In
Saving
Jew and Gentile
Gods Glory
The
Object of
Service
Deadliness
of Sin
Design
of Grace
Demonstration of Salvation
Power Given Promises Fulfilled Paths Pursued
Righteousness
Needed
Righteousness
Credited
Righteousness
Demonstrated
Righteousness
Restored to Israel
Righteousness
Applied
God's Righteousness
IN LAW
God's Righteousness
IMPUTED
God's Righteousness
OBEYED
God's Righteousness
IN ELECTION
God's Righteousness
DISPLAYED
Slaves to Sin Slaves to God Slaves Serving God
Doctrine Duty
Life by Faith Service by Faith

Modified from Irving L. Jensen's excellent work "Jensen's Survey of the NT"

WHAT THEN SHALL WE SAY TO THESE THINGS: Ti oun eroumen (1PFAI) pros tauta: (Ro 4:1)

If we are interested in a life crowned with confidence, this could be our foundational text.

Romans 8:31 was John Calvin’s life verse.

The logic of our text, seriously applied, pushes us to the heights of confidence. This verse means more than the fact that God is graciously disposed toward believers but that He is for us in all that He does. Beloved, as you read this note, you may feel "defeated", but Paul's encouraging truth is that evil will never prevail. Believers will always be led to victory in Christ because God is for us. Write your name in the verse and believe it is true..

"God is for __________________"

William Newell explains that

Our weak hearts, prone to legalism and unbelief, receive these words with great difficulty: God is for us . . .They have failed Him; but He is for them. They are ignorant; but He is for them. They have not yet brought forth much fruit; but He is for them.  (Romans 8: Expository Notes Verse by Verse)

Ray Stedman commenting on this section Romans 8:31-39 writes...

"Now, that is a wonderful statement, and, in times of doubt, I suggest that you try to answer these questions...Now, what is the effect of this realization? It is clear from this passage that it is the removal of fear. If God is for us, who can be against us? All fear of successful opposition is removed. It is not that there is no opposition. The Law is still there, the Sin nature is still there, the flesh nature is still there -- there is still going to be opposition (1Pe 2:11-note  Gal 5:16-note; Gal 5:17-note; Gal 5:18-note). But Paul is saying, "If God is for us, what difference does it make?" A few weeks ago at our elders' meeting, Barney Brogan was telling us about his grandson. His daughter has moved to Missouri with the boys. As some of you know, their father is Chicano, and the children look like their dad. Their 13-year-old ran into a tremendous nest of White Supremacy at school. Because of the prejudice against blacks and Chicanos, that little innocent lad began to suffer very unjust torment and persecution. He didn't understand it; he came home weeping, beaten up because of his looks. His mother didn't know what to do, and so she wrote and asked us to pray for this situation, and we did. A week or so later a letter came back and described how one night the biggest kid in school appeared at their door and said that he was a Christian, that he knew they were Christians, and that he had come to tell them that he had gone to every kid in school who had beat up on the boy and told them that if they ever did anything like that again, they would answer to him. I don't know what that boy's name was, but let's call him Mike. I can imagine this little boy going back to school, walking in the shadow of Mike, with all his tormentors looking at him. He probably would be saying to himself, "If Mike is for me, who can be against me?" That is what God is saying here." (If God be For Us)

In regard to these things Denney says

The idea underlying all that precedes is that of the suffering to be endured by those who would share Christ’s glory (Ro 8:17-note). The apostle has disparaged the suffering in comparison with the glory (Ro 8:18-note); he has interpreted it (Ro 8:19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27 -see notes Ro 8:19ff thru 8:27) as in a manner prophetic of the glory; he has in these last verses asserted the presence through all the Christian’s life of an eternal victorious purpose of love: all this is included in ‘these things.’ (Nicoll, W Robertson, Editor: Expositors Greek Testament: 5 Volumes. Out of print. Search Google)

Concerning these things Nelson Study Bible says

The words these things refer to God’s purpose (v28-30). If God has done everything from foreknowledge to glorification for us, all adversaries are powerless. (Radmacher, E. D., Allen, R. B., & House, H. W. The Nelson Study Bible: NKJV.  Nashville: Thomas Nelson)

IF (Because) GOD...FOR US, WHO...AGAINST US: ei o theos huper hemon, tis kath hemon: (Ge 15:1; Nu 14:9; Dt 33:29; Josh 10:42; 1Sa 14:6; 17:45, 46, 47; Ps 27:1, 2, 3; Ps 46:1, 2, 3,7,11; 56:4,11; 84:11,12; 118:6; Isa 50:7, 8, 9; 54:17; Jer 1:19; 20:11; Jn 10:28, 29, 30; 1Jn 4:4)

Literally If God for us, who against us?

The word if translates the Greek first class conditional particle ei, signifying a fulfilled condition, not a mere possibility. The meaning of the first clause then is not really a question but an unchanging maxim we can live on --

In view of the fact that or because God is for us nothing can be against us.

The obvious implication is that if anyone were able to rob us of salvation they would have to be greater than God Himself, because He is both the Giver and the Sustainer of salvation. To Christians Paul is asking, in effect, “Who could conceivably take away our no-condemnation status?” (Ro 8:1-note). Is there anyone stronger than God, the Creator of everything and everyone who exists?

That is, "What difference does it make who is against us?" If God is for us, is there anything that can be against us that is greater than he?

The thought of Paul is not in the form of a hypothetical condition, as if it were a question whether God was for us or not. His thought is, “In view of the fact that God is for us, who is or could be against us, so as to do us harm? That is, since God is for the saints, on their side, who can harm them?”

Spurgeon comments that...

If God is that great working One who does all this, who can be against us? “Why, a great many,” says one. But they are nothing, nor are all put together anything at all, as compared with him who is on our side.

Two great men stood side by side in the early Reformation movement. One was, of course, Martin Luther, the activist. The other was Philip Melanchthon, the scholar. Luther once said of their relationship:

I am rough, boisterous, stormy, and altogether warlike, fighting against innumerable monsters and devils. I am born for the removing of stumps and stones, cutting away thistles and thorns, and clearing the wild forests; but master Philippus comes along softly and gently, sowing and watering with joy, according to the gifts which God has abundantly bestowed upon him.

Where did Melanchthon get his strength? What made this gentle, retiring man stand with Luther against the world? The heart of the text, Romans 8:31, gives the answer:

If God is for us, who can be against us?

In his lectures and correspondence that verse is quoted more than any other Scripture. It still hangs on his study wall in Wittenberg where visitors can see it. As the record has it, when Melanchthon sensed he was dying he asked to be placed on the traveling bed in his study because that is where he was happiest. When the pastor read Ro 8:31, Melanchthon exclaimed,

“Read those words again!”

The pastor read,

“If God is for us, who can be against us?”

Melanchthon murmured in a kind of ecstasy,

“That’s it! That’s it!”

This text had always been the greatest comfort to him. In the darkest hours of his life when death's cold stare threatened, he comforted himself again by reciting, “If God is for us, who can be against us?”

In Ro 8:31-39 Paul developed the fact that God will not lose one whom He has foreknown in this climactic section, and he gloried in this great truth.

Mounce - "Nowhere in the annals of sacred literature do we find anything to match the power and beauty of this remarkable paean of praise."

Jamieson & Fausset - "This whole passage strikes all thoughtful interpreters and readers, as transcending almost everything in language"

When Chrysostom was brought before the Roman Emperor, the Emperor threatened him with banishment if he remained a Christian. Chrysostom replied,

"Thou canst not banish me for this world is my father’s house.”

“But I will slay thee,” said the Emperor.

“Nay, thou canst not,” said the noble champion of the faith, “for my life is hid with Christ in God.”

“I will take away thy treasures.”

“Nay, but thou canst not for my treasure is in heaven and my heart is there.”

“But I will drive thee away from man and thou shalt have no friend left.”

“Nay, thou canst not, for I have a friend in heaven from whom thou canst not separate me. I defy thee; for there is nothing that thou canst do to hurt me.”

C H Spurgeon writes the following thoughts on Romans 8:31

And so it was, for, as he could not travel quickly, the journey was prolonged, and he arrived at London some days later than had been expected. When they reached Highgate, they heard the bells ringing merrily in the city down below. They asked the meaning and were told, "Queen Mary is dead, and there will be no more burning of Protestants!"

"Ah," said Gilpin, "you see, it is all for the best." It is a blessing to break a leg if thereby a life is saved. How often our calamities are our preservatives!

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There is an opposite to this, and it belongs to some who are here: If God be against you, who can be for you? If you are an enemy to God, your very blessings are curses to you. Your pleasures are only the prelude to your pains. Whether you have adversity or prosperity, so long as God is against you, you can never truly prosper. Take half an hour this afternoon to think this over: If God be against me, what then? What will become of me in time and eternity? How shall I die? How shall I face him in the day of judgment? It is not an impossi­ble "if" but an "if" which amounts to a certainty, I fear, in the case of many who are sitting in this house today.

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You may assume that those of us who are always before the public speaking of the blessed promises of God are never downcast or heartbroken. You are mistaken. We have been there, and perhaps we know how to say a word in season to any who are now going through similar experiences. With many enterprises on my hands, far too great for my own unaided strength, I am often driven to fall flat on this promise of my God, “I will never leave you nor forsake you” (see note Hebrews 13:5).

If I feel that any plan has been of my devising, or that I sought my own honor, then I know that the plan must rightly fail. But when I can prove that God has thrust it on me, that I am moved by a divine impulse and not my own feelings and wishes, then how can my God forsake me? How can He lie, however weak I may be? How is it possible for Him to send His servant to battle and not comfort him with reinforcements when the battle goes hard? God is not David when he put Uriah in the front lines and left him to die (2 Sa 11:15). God will never desert any of His servants.

Dear brothers and sisters, if the Lord calls you to things you cannot do, He will give you the strength to do them. If He should push you still further, until your difficulties increase and your burdens become heavy, “as your days, so shall your strength be” (Deut. 33:25). You shall march with the indomitable spirit of those who have tried and trusted the naked arm of the Eternal God.

“I will never leave you nor forsake you.” Then what is the trouble? Though all the world were against you, you could shake all the world as Samson shook the lion (see notes Judges 14:6). “If God is for us, who can be against us?” Though earth, hell, and all their crew come against you, if the God of Jacob stands at your back, you will thresh them as though they were wheat and drive them as though they were chaff. Roll this promise under your tongue. It is a sweet food.

 

Romans 8:32  He who did not spare His own Son, but delivered Him over for us all, how will He not also with Him freely give us all things? (NASB: Lockman)

Greek os ge tou idiou huiou ouk epheisato, (3SAMI) alla huper hemon panton paredoken (3SAAI) auton, pos ouchi kai sun auto ta panta hemin charisetai? (3SFMI)
Amplified: He who did not withhold or spare [even] His own Son but gave Him up for us all, will He not also with Him freely and graciously give us all [other] things? (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
NLT: Since God did not spare even his own Son but gave him up for us all, won't God, who gave us Christ, also give us everything else? (
NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: He that did not hesitate to spare his own Son but gave him up for us all - can we not trust such a God to give us, with him, everything else that we can need? (
Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: Indeed, He who His own Son did not spare, but on behalf of us all delivered Him up, how is it possible that He shall not with Him in grace give us all things?  (
Eerdmans
Young's Literal: He who did not spare His own Son, but delivered Him up for us all, how will He not also with Him freely give us all things?

HE WHO DID NOT SPARE HIS OWN SON: os ge tou idiou huiou ouk epheisato (3SAMI): (Romans 5:6, 7, 8, 9, 10; 11:21; Ge 22:12; Isaiah 53:10; Matthew 3:17; John 3:16; 2Corinthians 5:21; 2Peter 2:4,5; 1John 4:10)

This presents the chief point in the proof that God is for us, the greatest exhibition of the love of God toward us. The reference to Abraham’s offering of Isaac is evident.

Spared (5339) (pheidomai [word study]) means to save from loss or discomfort. In some contexts it means to refrain from doing something (cf 2Cor 12:6)

Pheidomai - 10x in 9v - Acts 20:29; Rom 8:32; 11:21; 1 Cor 7:28; 2 Cor 1:23; 12:6; 13:2; 2 Pet 2:4f

The word rendered spared is the same as in the Septuagint (LXX) of Genesis 22

Genesis 22:12 And he said, "Do not stretch out your hand against the lad, and do nothing to him; for now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld (Hebrew = chasak = withhold, keep back, spare; Lxx = pheidomai) your son, your only son, from Me."

Genesis 22:16 and said, "By Myself I have sworn, declares the LORD, because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only son

In providing His only Son as the Substitute for sacrifice, God was showing His ultimate provision for our needs, even as foreshadowed in Genesis 22 where Abraham experienced the reality that He is Jehovah Who Provides the ram in the thicket and the Lamb on the Cross. God sees our needs and provides for those needs and is fittingly known as Jehovah Jireh.

He who so freely gave the choicest thing that he had to give when we were yet helpless, ungodly, sinners and enemies of God (Ro 5:6, 8, 10-see notes Romans 5:6; 5:8; 5:10) -- now that we are His friends -- will He not complete the process (Php 1:6-note)?

BUT DELIVERED HIM UP FOR US ALL: alla huper hemon panton paredoken (3SAAI) auton:

Delivered Him up - This repeats what Paul stated at the end Romans 4...

He who was delivered over because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification (Ro 4:25-note)

Delivered (3860)(paradidomi [word study] from para = alongside, beside,  to the side of, over to + didomi = to give) conveys the  basic meaning of to give over from one's hand to someone or something, especially to give over to the power of another.

Paradidomi - 119x in 117v - Matt 4:12; 5:25; 10:4, 17, 19, 21; 11:27; 17:22; 18:34; 20:18f; 24:9f; 25:14, 20, 22; 26:2, 15f, 21, 23ff, 45f, 48; 27:2ff, 18, 26; Mark 1:14; 3:19; 4:29; 7:13; 9:31; 10:33; 13:9, 11f; 14:10f, 18, 21, 41f, 44; 15:1, 10, 15; Luke 1:2; 4:6; 9:44; 10:22; 12:58; 18:32; 20:20; 21:12, 16; 22:4, 6, 21f, 48; 23:25; 24:7, 20; John 6:64, 71; 12:4; 13:2, 11, 21; 18:2, 5, 30, 35f; 19:11, 16, 30; 21:20; Acts 3:13; 6:14; 7:42; 8:3; 12:4; 14:26; 15:26, 40; 16:4; 21:11; 22:4; 27:1; 28:17; Rom 1:24, 26, 28; 4:25; 6:17; 8:32; 1 Cor 5:5; 11:2, 23; 13:3; 15:3, 24; 2 Cor 4:11; Gal 2:20; Eph 4:19; 5:2, 25; 1 Tim 1:20; 1 Pet 2:23; 2 Pet 2:4, 21; Jude 1:3. NAS = betray(17), betrayed(10), betraying(9), betrays(3), commended(1), committed(3), deliver(6), delivered(21), delivered over(1), delivering(3), entrusted(3), entrusting(1), gave(4), gave...over(3), given...over(1), hand(6), handed(9), handed...over(1), handed down(4), handed over(4), hands(1), permits(1), put(1), putting(1), risked(1), surrender(1), taken into custody(2), turn...over(1).

Paradidomi  is used in legal parlance to describe handing someone into the custody of the police, authorities, etc. To deliver up one to custody, to be judged, condemned, punished, scourged, tormented, put to death.

Matthew 10:17 "But beware of men; for they will deliver you up to the courts, and scourge you in their synagogues... 10:19 "But when they deliver you up, do not become anxious about how or what you will speak; for it shall be given you in that hour what you are to speak... 10:21 "And brother will deliver up brother to death, and a father his child; and children will rise up against parents, and cause them to be put to death.

Mark 15:1 And early in the morning the chief priests with the elders and scribes, and the whole Council, immediately held a consultation; and binding Jesus, they led Him away, and delivered Him up to Pilate.

2Peter 2:4 (note) For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed (paradidomi) them to pits of darkness, reserved for judgment;

For (5228) (huper) is a Greek preposition  which in the context expresses the idea of substitution (Click here for study of this use of huper in the NT). Instead of for one can render it as Christ died...“in place of, for the benefit of, on behalf of, or  instead of." This act of love can never be fully appreciated until we understand exactly who the objects of that love were (unlovable, unlovely, ungodly, helpless to help themselves, sinners constantly rebelling against God's will for their lives, God's mortal enemies!)

If accusations are brought against us, we need not fear, for the charges are silenced by the upraised, pierced hands of our Intercessor. If we are to be condemned, it will have to be over Christ’s resurrected body, which is the basis of our salvation! How is that for confidence?

S Lewis Johnson - Romans 5:8-10 and Romans 8:32 appear to me to be unanswerable texts for those who deny the scriptural teaching of Christ's substitutionary atonement. These passages state plainly that, if Jesus gave Himself for us in atonement, everything else must follow because, having done the most that He could do in dying as our substitute, the lesser things—such as conviction of sin, repentance, effectual grace, faith— must inevitably follow. God's great eternal purpose, expressed so beautifully in 8:28-30, must reach its fruition in glorification for all those for whom He died."

HOW WILL HE NOT ALSO WITH HIM FREELY GIVE US ALL THINGS: pos ouchi kai sun auto ta panta hemin charisetai (3SFMI): (Ro 8:28; 6:23; Ps 84:11; 1Co 2:12; 3:21, 22, 23; 2Co 4:15; Rev 21:7)

Freely give (5483) (charizomai from charis = grace, undeserved merit or favor) has the basic meaning of to give. To grant as a favor. To give gratuitously, generously, graciously and in kindness. It means to bestow as a gift of grace or out of grace. To give out of grace. To give help to those who don't deserve it. To show grace by providing undeserved help to someone unworthy (see Eph 4:32)

Vine adds charizomai means

to bestow a favor unconditionally...then to remit a debt, and hence to forgive...Charizomai primarily denotes to show a favor (charis)...In each case the idea of a free, unconditioned act is involved, and in all save one or two cases this is the dominant thought, cp. Acts 27:24; Philemon 22 (Vine, W. Collected writings of W. E. Vine. Nashville: Thomas Nelson)

The specific meaning of charizomai depends on the context of what is given accounting for the following renderings in the NAS...

bestowed(1), forgave(2), forgive(3), forgiven(4), forgiving(2), freely give(1), given(1),graciously forgave(1), granted(5), hand(2), things freely given(1).

Half of the NT uses of charizomai (12/23) convey the sense of granting forgiveness, both Divine and human. To forgive out of grace, doing it freely and graciously. In Luke 7:42 this meaning overlaps with the forgiving or canceling of a debt, which in a sense is what one does when they forgive another individual. 

In Acts 25:11, 16 charizomai is used as a legal technical term of putting Paul under the control of another and so to hand him over.

Charizomai was a common term ancient Greece in honorific documents lauding officials and civic-minded persons for their beneficence.

Here are the 23 NT uses of this great verb charizomai...

Luke 7:21 At that very time He cured many people of diseases and afflictions and evil spirits; and He granted sight to many who were blind.

Luke 7:42 "When they were unable to repay, he graciously forgave them both. Which of them therefore will love him more?" 43 Simon answered and said, "I suppose the one whom he forgave more." And He said to him, "You have judged correctly."

Acts 3:14 "But you disowned the Holy and Righteous One, and asked for a murderer to be granted to you. (Comment:  Here charizomai speaks of the release of a prisoner under sentence, as an act of clemency).

Acts 25:11 "If then I am a wrongdoer, and have committed anything worthy of death, I do not refuse to die; but if none of those things is true of which these men accuse me, no one can hand me over to them. I appeal to Caesar." (Comment: In the legal context the idea is to release.)

Acts 25:16 "And I answered them that it is not the custom of the Romans to hand over any man before the accused meets his accusers face to face, and has an opportunity to make his defense against the charges. (Comment: Although charizomai usually has a good meaning "give freely or graciously" as God gives to us His favor, here it is a matter of giving a prisoner over to his enemies)

Acts 27:24 saying, 'Do not be afraid, Paul; you must stand before Caesar; and behold, God has granted you all those who are sailing with you.'

Romans 8:32 (note) He who did not spare His own Son, but delivered Him up for us all, how will He not also with Him freely give us all things?

1 Corinthians 2:12 Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, that we might know the things freely given to us by God,

2 Corinthians 2:7 so that on the contrary you should rather forgive and comfort him, lest somehow such a one be overwhelmed by excessive sorrow.

2 Corinthians 2:10 But whom you forgive anything, I forgive also; for indeed what I have forgiven, if I have forgiven anything, I did it for your sakes in the presence of Christ,

2 Corinthians 12:13 For in what respect were you treated as inferior to the rest of the churches, except that I myself did not become a burden to you? Forgive me this wrong!

Galatians 3:18 For if the inheritance is based on law, it is no longer based on a promise; but God has granted it to Abraham by means of a promise. (Comment: Wuest writes that charizomai "is a specialized word. It denotes not merely a gift, but a gift which is given out of the spontaneous generosity of the giver’s heart, with no strings tied to it. The Greek word grace [charis] has the same root and the same meaning. Thus the word refers, not to an undertaking based upon terms of mutual agreement, but upon the free act of one who gives something, expecting no pay for it. This at once shows the difference between law and grace [Ed note: Especially in context of Galatians]. If salvation were by obedience to the law, that would mean that it would be based upon a mutual agreement between God and the sinner whereby God would obligate Himself to give salvation to any sinner who would earn it by obedience to the law. But the very genius of the word charizomai militates against the teaching of the Judaizers, namely, that salvation is by works. There is a Greek word huposchesis  which is used of an offer based upon the terms of a mutual agreement. But it is not used here. (Wuest, K. S)

Ephesians 4:32 (note) And be kind to one another, tender-hearted, forgiving each other, just as God in Christ also has forgiven you. (Comment: Means "forgive freely"—graciously, not grudgingly.  To forgive in the sense of treating the offending party graciously.” The same word is used of God here forgiving us in Christ. That is the way God has forgiven us, so that is, the way we [enabled by His Spirit] should forgive others. The idea of freeness lies in the word forgive, which is forth-give.).

Philippians 1:29 (note) For to you it has been granted for Christ's sake, not only to believe in Him, but also to suffer for His sake (Comment: Lightfoot writes that "God has granted you the high privilege of suffering for Christ; this is the surest sign that He looks upon you with favor." Freely bestowed, even as Jesus freely offered Himself to humiliation.)

Philippians 2:9 (note) Therefore also God highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name, (Comment: Here charizomai means to give freely, confer, here signifies that God the Father bestowed the Name upon Him as a gift of supreme love and approval)

Colossians 2:13 (note) And when you were dead in your transgressions and the uncircumcision of your flesh, He made you alive together with Him, having forgiven us all our transgressions, (Comment: Note that the more common word for forgive is aphiemi which literally means to leave off or send away. The verb charizomai for forgive carries a deeper sense of wholehearted forgiveness.)

Colossians 3:13 (note) bearing with one another, and forgiving each other, whoever has a complaint against anyone; just as the Lord forgave you, so also should you.

Philemon 1:22 And at the same time also prepare me a lodging; for I hope that through your prayers I shall be given to you.

The Psalmist extols the gracious Giver of every good gift...

For the LORD God is a sun and shield;
The LORD gives grace and glory;
No good thing does He withhold
From those who walk uprightly. (Psalm 84:11)

Spurgeon's Note = Grace makes us walk uprightly and this secures every covenant blessing to us. What a wide promise! Some apparent good may be withheld, but no real good, no, not one. "All things are yours, and ye are Christ's, and Christ is God's." God has all good, there is no good apart from him, and there is no good which he either needs to keep back or will on any account refuse us, if we are but ready to receive it. We must be upright and neither lean to this or that form of evil: and this uprightness must be practical, -- we must walk in truth and holiness, then shall we be heirs of all things, and as we come of age all things shall be in our actual possession; and meanwhile, according to our capacity for receiving shall be the measure of the divine bestowal. This is true, not of a favoured few, but of all the saints for evermore.

MacArthur has a slightly different interpretation based on the meanings of charizomai (see above)...

It therefore seems reasonable to interpret Paul’s use of charizomai in Romans 8:32 as including the idea of God’s gracious forgiveness as well as His gracious giving. If so, the apostle is also saying that God freely forgives us all things (cf. 1John 1:9). God’s unlimited forgiveness makes it impossible for a believer to sin himself out of God’s grace. (MacArthur, J: Romans 1-8. Chicago: Moody Press or Logos)

Denny on the other hand says that freely give us all things...

is usually taken to mean the whole of what furthers the Christian's life, the whole of what contributes to the perfecting of his salvation; all this will be freely give to him by God. But why should it not mean all things without any such qualification? When God gives us His Son He gives us the world. There is nothing which does not work together for our good. All things are ours. cf 1Cor 3:22ff.

Considering the nuances of the verb charizomai it is reasonable to interpret passage as freely gives and freely forgives all things. Is that indeed not what we have experienced in our Christian life so far?

How can we be so certain of this promise? Because the greatest gift ensures all the rest, whether one interprets it as giving or forgiving. The logic that flows from this is irresistible. If God has already given us the greatest gift of His Son as our Savior and Redeemer, is there any lesser gift that He will not give? If He has already paid the highest price, will He hesitate to pay any lower price? If He has gone to such lengths to procure our salvation, will He ever let us go? In short, if the Father has already given His ultimate Gift, how can we think that He will fail to give us the smaller gifts?

Mackintosh comments on the way Paul phrases this question writing that...

The language of unbelief “is ’How shall He?’ The language of faith is ’How shall He not?

Stedman - He who has already given us the best, the greatest, the dearest, the most precious thing He has, and Who did so while we were sinners -- while we were enemies, while we were helpless -- will He not also give us some of these trivial, piddling little things that we need? If someone thinks enough of you to give you a costly, brilliant, beautiful, flawless diamond, do you think he will object when you ask him for the box that goes with it? If a mother will give up a baby, do you think she will object if they ask to take his clothes too? And if God has given us his own Son already, do you really think God is going to withhold anything else that we need? Paul's argument is unanswerable: Of course he won't. We can say with David in the 23rd Psalm, "The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want," {Ps 23:1 - }. (If God be For Us)

Our Father freely gives as illustrated by the story of a poor European family who saved for years to buy tickets to sail to America. Once at sea, they carefully rationed the cheese and bread they had brought for the journey. After 3 days, the boy complained to his father,

“I hate cheese sandwiches. If I don’t eat anything else before we get to America, I’m going to die.”

Giving the boy his last nickel, the father told him to go to the ship’s galley and buy an ice-cream cone. When the boy returned a long time later with a wide smile, his worried dad asked,

“Where were you?”

“In the galley, eating three ice-cream cones and a steak dinner!”

“All that for a nickel?”

“Oh, no, the food is free,” the boy replied. “It comes with the ticket.”

Spurgeon commenting on He freely gives has the following devotional thoughts...

IF this is not a promise in form, it is in fact. Indeed, it is more than one promise, it is a conglomerate of promises. It is a mass of rubies and emeralds and diamonds, with a nugget of gold for their setting. It is a question which can never be answered so as to cause us any anxiety of heart. What can the Lord deny us after giving us Jesus? If we need all things in heaven and earth, He will grant them to us: for if there had been a limit anywhere, He would have kept back His own Son.

What do I want today? I have only to ask for it. I may seek earnestly, but not as if I had to use pressure and extort an unwilling gift from the Lord’s hand; for He will give freely. Of His own will, He gave us His own Son. Certainly no one would have proposed such a gift to Him. No one would have ventured to ask for it. It would have been too presumptuous. He freely gave His Only Begotten; and, O my soul, canst thou not trust thy heavenly Father to give thee anything, to give thee everything? Thy poor prayer would have no force with Omnipotence if force were needed; but His love, like a spring, rises of itself and overflows for the supply of all thy needs.

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Cheese Sandwiches - Author Peter Kreeft tells the story of a poor European family who saved for years to buy tickets to sail to America. Once at sea, they carefully rationed the cheese and bread they had brought for the journey.

After 3 days, the boy complained to his father, “I hate cheese sandwiches. If I don’t eat anything else before we get to America, I’m going to die.” Giving the boy his last nickel, the father told him to go to the ship’s galley and buy an ice-cream cone.

When the boy returned a long time later with a wide smile, his worried dad asked, “Where were you?”

“In the galley, eating three ice-cream cones and a steak dinner!”

“All that for a nickel?”

“Oh, no, the food is free,” the boy replied. “It comes with the ticket.”  (
Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved)

 

Romans 8:33  Who will bring a charge against God's elect? God is the one who justifies; (NASB: Lockman)

Greek tis egkalesei (3SFAI) kata eklekton theou? theos o dikaion; (PAPMSN
Amplified: Who shall bring any charge against God’s elect [when it is] God Who justifies [that is, Who puts us in right relation to Himself? Who shall come forward and accuse or impeach those whom God has chosen? Will God, Who acquits us?] (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
NLT: Who dares accuse us whom God has chosen for his own? Will God? No! He is the one who has given us right standing with himself. (
NLT - Tyndale House)
Phillips: Who would dare to accuse us, whom God has chosen? The judge himself has declared us free from sin.  (
Phillips: Touchstone)
Wuest: Who shall bring a charge against God’s chosen-out ones? God, the One who justifies?  (
Eerdmans
Young's Literal: Who will bring a charge against God's elect? God is the one who justifies;

WHO WILL BRING A CHARGE AGAINST GOD'S ELECT?: tis egkalesei (3SFAI) kata eklekton theou: (Ro 8:1; Job 1:9-11; 2:4, 5, 6; 22:6-30; 34:8,9; 42:7, 8, 9; Psalms 35:11; Isaiah 54:17; Zechariah 3:1, 2, 3, 4; Revelation 12:10,11) (Isaiah 42:1; Matthew 24:24; Luke 18:7; 1Thessalonians 1:4; Titus 1:1; 1Peter 1:2)

Bring a charge (1458) (egkaleo from en = in, on, at + kaleo = call) literally means a call in and thus a summons and was the Greek legal term meaning to accuse, call into account or bring charges against.

Egkaleo - 7x in 7v - Acts 19:38, 40; 23:28f; 26:2, 7; Ro 8:33. NAS = accused(4), accusing(1), bring a charge(1), bring charges against(1).

And thus Paul still has us in a courtroom setting, but now a remarkable change has taken place. While the justified sinner stands before the bench, the call goes out for any accusers to step forward. But there is none! How could there be? If God has already justified His elect, who can bring a charge? If God, the Supreme Judge, justifies, then who is going to successfully bring a charge against us?

We are secure from all charges against us; if we have been declared "not guilty" by the highest Judge in the land, who can bring additional charges against us?

To be sure, Satan is identified as the accuser of God’s people in both the Old and New Testaments (Rev 12:10 [note] cf. Zech 3:1, Job 1-2). He charges the chosen of God with sin.  In a sense his accusations are valid, because they are based on the believer’s sinfulness and defilement. However Satan  gets nowhere with God because all sin is against God ultimately (Ps 51:4). Therefore God is the only One in the position to charge the believer with guilt. And so the Adversary's accusations against us will be dismissed, thrown out of court, because it is God Who justifies. The Judge Himself declares the accused righteous on the basis of their faith in Jesus Christ (Ro 3:24-
note; Ro 5:1-note). In short, no one can bring an accusation against us that will stand. And God will not accuse us because we are safe in Christ and His righteousness.

Denny - the one thing Paul is concerned with is the security given by the eternal love of God that the work of salvation will be carried through, in spite of all impediments, from foreknowledge to final glory. The elect of God are those who ought to have such security: thy should have a faith and an assurance proportioned to the love of God. Paul is one of them, and because he is, he is sure, not that he is called to serve God, but that nothing can ever separate him from God's love in Christ. (Romans 8 - The Expositor's Greek Testament)

Elect (1588)(eklektos from verb eklego which in middle voice [eklegomai] means select or pick out for one's self which is derived from ek =out + lego =call) (see sermon Chosen in Christ) means literally the "called out ones" or "chosen out ones". The idea of eklektos is the ones who have been chosen for one's self, selected out of a larger number.

In regard to election as related to salvation, Wuest comments that

"This election does not imply the rejection of the rest (those not chosen out), but is the outcome of the love of God lavished upon those chosen-out.(Wuest's Word Studies from the Greek New Testament)

Webster's definition of elect is not bad --

"to pick out; to select from among two or more, that which is preferred...in theology, to designate, choose or select as an object of (divine) mercy or favor". 

Someone else has written that

Election is God's eternal choice of persons unto everlasting life -- not because of foreseen merit in them, but of His mere mercy in Christ - in consequence of which choice they are called, justified, and glorified.

You may not realize it but you've sung about the "elect" if you've ever sung "The Church's One Foundation" for the second stanza begins "Elect from every nation...." Indeed, election is a doctrine worth singing about, worth studying and eminently worth preaching (have you encouraged your sheep with the glorious truth that they have been chosen

"in Him (Christ) before the foundation of the world, that (they) should be holy and blameless before Him"? Ep 1:4-note)

The prince of preachers, C H Spurgeon was right when he said

There seems to be an inveterate prejudice in the human mind against this doctrine (of election) and although most other doctrines will be received by professing Christians, some with caution, others with pleasure, yet this one seems to be most frequently disregarded and discarded.

The doctrine of election is surely "solid food" and as such it is tempting as a pastor to avoid preaching this truth ,but remember that

"solid food is for the mature, who because of practice have their senses trained to discern good and evil." (Heb 5:14-note)

Jeffrey writes that

"Discussions of divine election, with its subheadings of predestination and divine foreknowledge, provide the millstones by which countless theological efforts in Western Christendom have been ground. Yet in its rudiments, election means simply the act of choice whereby God in love picks an individual or group out of a larger company for a purpose or destiny of his own appointment." (A Dictionary of Biblical Tradition in English literature. Grand Rapids, Mich. Eerdmans)

The elect of God is a privilege which conveys the responsibility to walk worthy of the calling to which we have been called. Thus Paul reminds the Colossians that

"those who have been chosen of God, holy and beloved" should strive to "put on a heart of compassion, kindness, humility, gentleness and patience..." (Col 3:12-note)

Paul clearly accepted the doctrine of election writing to Timothy that

"for this reason (the preeminence of Christ and the power of God's word) I endure all things for the sake of those who are chosen (destined for salvation but not yet brought to it), that they also may obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus and with it eternal glory." (2Ti 2:10-note)

The doctrine of election did not discourage Paul from evangelizing the lost, but in fact had the opposite effect. Don't let the truth about election discourage you from proclaiming the gospel to all men.

In the last use of eklektos in the NT, we see that at the end of this age rebellious men led by the Antichrist

"will wage war against the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, because He is Lord of lords and King of kings, and those who are with Him are the called and chosen and faithful." (Rev 17:14-note)

The elect will have the incredible privilege of witnessing the overthrow of the final evil world ruler and all those who follow him.

Eklektos was used in secular Greek to describe anything that was specially chosen, such as specially chosen ("choice") fruit, articles specially chosen because they are so outstandingly well made or picked troops specially chosen for some great exploit.

Eklektos carries the accessory ideas of kindness, favor, love. Specifically in regard to salvation, God’s choice is part of His predetermined plan, not based on any merit in those who are chosen, but solely on His grace and love. The verb form (eklegomai) is used in Eph 1:4-note where it is rendered “chose,” referring to the act of God in sovereign grace choosing out certain ones from among mankind for Himself "before the foundation of the world" (see notes Ephesians 1:4).. The verb (eklegomai) is middle voice (reflexive...conveys the sense of "for Himself") which indicates that God as the subject was acting in His own interest.

Nelson's New Illustrated Bible Dictionary writes that election is

"the gracious and free act of God by which He calls those who become part of His kingdom and special beneficiaries of His love and blessings. The Bible describes the concept of election in three distinct ways. (1) Election sometimes refers to the choice of Israel (see next paragraph) and the church as a people for special service and privileges. (2) Election may also refer to the choice of a specific individual to some office or to perform some special service. (3) Still other passages of the Bible refer to the election of individuals to be children of God and heirs of eternal life." (Youngblood, R. F., Bruce, F. F., Harrison, R. K., & Thomas Nelson Publishers. Nelson's New Illustrated Bible Dictionary) (Numbers added)

The principle of God's sovereign good pleasure in election is illustrated In the OT Israel where God reminds Israel 

"I have chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth." (Dt 7:6).

The "election" of Israel differs from election of believers in the NT as the former election is national and does not necessarily imply salvation of those chosen, whereas election in the NT refers only to those who are granted salvation.

D L Moody has a pithy way of defining election stating that...

The elect are the whosoever wills, the non-elect are the whosoever won'ts.

GOD IS THE ONE WHO JUSTIFIES: theos o dikaion (PAPMSN): (Ro 3:26; Isaiah 50:8,9; Galatians 3:8; Revelation 12:10,11)

The One Who justifies - earlier Paul written that God is just and the Justifies of the one who has faith in Jesus (Ro 3:26-note)

Justifies (acquits, vindicates, frees) (1344)(dikaioo [word study] from dike = right, expected behavior or conformity, not according to one’s own standard, but according to an imposed standard with prescribed punishment for nonconformity) primarily means to deem to be right. Note dikaioo is in the present tense indicating this is what God always does -- He is the justifying God. His nature is to justify sinners creating saints. Even in the new heaven and new earth when there will no longer be need for justification for there will be no sin, God will still be eternally the justifying God and we will praise and worship Him for that glorious attribute which wrought so great a salvation as we possess forevermore.

Dikaioo describes the act by which a man is brought into a right state of relationship to God. Dikaioo is a legal term having to do with the law and the the courtroom, where it represented the legally binding verdict of the judge.  This is the sense in which Paul uses dikaioo in this section in Romans (Ro 3:21-5:11) in which he unfolds the doctrine of justification.

The meaning of dikaioo depends on the context and depending on which lexicon you consult you will come up with a variety of definitions so the following is an attempt as classifying most of the NT uses, but please be a Berean and do you own study of this word.

(1) To cause someone to be in a proper or right relation with someone else. This use corresponds to the vitally important truth imputed righteousness and thus means to justify or to declare righteous, which is only accomplished by faith and not by works as explained in definition #2.

Romans 3:24 being justified (declared righteous and in proper or right relation to God) as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus

Titus 3:7 that being justified (declared righteous and in proper or right relation to God) by His grace we might be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.

(2)  To show to be right or righteous.

Matthew 11:19 "The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they say, 'Behold, a gluttonous man and a drunkard, a friend of tax-gatherers and sinners!' Yet wisdom is vindicated (dikaioo - shown to be right, proved to be in the right and accepted by God) by her deeds."

Luke 7:35 "Yet wisdom is vindicated (dikaioo - shown to be right) by all her children."

James uses dikaioo in this sense - to show to be righteous. And so we see that Abraham's works show that he was righteous. He had been declared righteous by faith in Genesis 15:6, but was shown to be righteous in Genesis 22, which is the point that James is making in the following passages.

James 2:21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he offered up Isaac his son on the altar? (Note: Do not misunderstand. James is not using dikaioo in this context to say a Abraham was declared righteous but that he was shown to be righteous by his work - his willingness to offer Isaac. This "work" was the visible manifestation to men of the fact that at some point in time in the past -- Genesis 15:6 -- Abraham had been justified by faith and declared righteous by God on the basis of his faith, not on the basis of his works. This verse illustrates why it one has to be very careful to observe the context when defining any Greek word. Many people read these three passages in James and are confused because they read them in light of definition #1 above which does not apply to this context. The New Living Translation does an excellent job of accurately paraphrasing this passage to give it the intended meaning...

James 2:21 Don't you remember that our ancestor Abraham was shown to be right with God by his actions when he offered his son Isaac on the altar? (NLT)

James 2:24 You see that a man is justified (shown to be righteous) by works, and not by faith alone.

James 2:25 And in the same way was not Rahab the harlot also justified (shown to be righteous) by works, when she received the messengers and sent them out by another way?

In some cases dikaioo refers to Jesus or God Who are demonstrated to be morally right (Divine vindication)...

Romans 3:4  May it never be! Rather, let God be found true, though every man be found a liar, as it is written, "That Thou mightest be justified (shown to be just) in Thy words, And mightest prevail when Thou art judged." (quoting Ps 51:4)

1Timothy 3:6 (This description refers to Jesus) And by common confession great is the mystery of godliness: He who was revealed in the flesh, Was vindicated (dikaioo - shown to be right) in the Spirit, Beheld by angels, Proclaimed among the nations, Believed on in the world, Taken up in glory.

(3) To make free, liberate, set free or release from the control of . This meaning is similar to another Greek verb eleutheroo. BDAG explains that the idea is "to cause someone to be released from personal or institutional claims that are no longer to be considered pertinent or valid"

Romans 6:7 For he who has died is freed (dikaioo in the passive voice = has been released) from sin (the power of Sin to which we were enslaved)

Acts 13:39 and through Him everyone who believes is freed (dikaioo -  passive voice = has been set free) from all things, from which you could not be freed through the Law of Moses.

(4) Acknowledging that someone is just or right.

Luke 7:29 And when all the people and the tax-gatherers heard this, they acknowledged God's justice, (they acknowledged that God's way was right) having been baptized with the baptism of John.

(5) Man declaring that he is just or right. This is something man does and based on his standard of righteousness (self righteousness) not God's standard.

Luke 10:29 But wishing to justify (declare himself righteous) himself, he said to Jesus, "And who is my neighbor?" (Comment: Notice that this young lawyer is trying to limit the demand of the law by asking "Who is my neighbor?" and by limiting it he would then show that he had fulfilled it. In other words this man would judge himself by his own standard of righteousness -- not God's perfect standard -- but he would not be justified in the sense of definition #1)

Wiersbe - “Do not confuse justification and sanctification. Sanctification is the process whereby God makes the believer more and more like Christ. Sanctification may change from day to day. Justification never changes. When the sinner trusts Christ, God declares him righteous, and that declaration will never be repealed.” (Wiersbe, W: Bible Exposition Commentary. 1989. Victor)

God is the One Who justifies - A more literal rendering is God is the (One) justifying i.e., the Justifier, with stress upon the word God. It greatly clarifies the argument of this verse and the following one if we supply the words “No one, because ... ” before each answer. Thus this verse would read,

Who shall bring a charge against God’s elect? No one, because it is God Who justifies.

If we do not supply these words, it might sound as if God is going to bring a charge against His elect, the very thing that Paul is denying!

Stedman - Now, the devil is the accuser of the brethren. He will try to accuse us constantly. (Job 1:9, 10, 11 2:4, 5, 6 Zec3:1, 2, 3, 4 Rev 12:10, 11 1Pe 5:8)This verse tells us that we must not listen to his voice. We must not listen to these thoughts that condemn us, that put us down, that make us feel that there is no hope for us. These thoughts will come -- they cannot be stopped -- but we do not have to listen to them. We know God is not listening to these accusations. Who can condemn us when God justifies us? Therefore we refuse to be condemned. We don't do this by ignoring our sin or trying to cover it over, or pretending that it isn't there; we do it by admitting that we fully deserve to be condemned, but that God, through Christ, has already borne our guilt. That is the only way out. That is why Christians should not hesitate to admit their failure and their sin. You will never be justified until you admit it. But when you admit it, then you also can face the full glory of the fact that God justifies the ungodly, and therefore there is no condemnation. (
If God be For Us)

 


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