AND IT SHALL BE THAT IN THE PLACE WHERE IT WAS SAID TO THEM
YOU ARE NOT MY PEOPLE: kai estai
(3SFMI) en to topo ou errethe (3SAPI) autois ou laos mou humeis::
Paul continues the sentence
quoting directly from the
of Hosea 1:10
(highlighted Scripture below corresponds to the words Paul quoted)...
Yet the number of the sons of Israel Will be like the sand of the
sea, Which cannot be measured or numbered; And it will come about that,
in the place Where it is said to them, "You are not My people," It will
be said to them, "You are the sons of the living God."
This addition from Hosea 1:10
further emphasizes the divine call that makes the "not my people" into
"sons of the living God".
Once again, in its
Old Testament context Hosea was not speaking of the Gentiles but describing
Israel’s future restoration to God’s favor. Yet under the inspiration of
the Holy Spirit, Paul applies it to God’s
acknowledgment of the Gentiles as His sons. This is another illustration
of the fact that when the Holy Spirit quotes verses from the OT in the
NT, He can rightfully apply them as He wishes.
SHALL BE CALLED SONS OF THE LIVING GOD: ekei
klethesontai (3PFPI) huioi theou zontos (PAPMSG):
They - refers to the
Gentiles and is a promise included in the original promise to Abraham,
Moses recording God's promise...
Genesis 12:3 And I will bless
those who bless you, and the one who curses you I will curse. And in you
all the families of the earth shall be blessed."
phrase "all the families of the earth" would include the Gentiles.
Inherent in God's promise to bless
all the families is the promise of the coming of Abraham's Seed, the
Messiah, for it was only through Him that the blessing to Abraham would
pass. Paul explains this in the NT in Galatians writing...
Galatians 3:8 And the
Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith,
preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, "ALL THE NATIONS
SHALL BE BLESSED IN YOU." 9 So then those who are of faith are
blessed with Abraham, the believer...16 Now the promises were
spoken to Abraham and to his
(this is how all the nations, which would include the Gentiles, would be
blessed "in" Abraham - in his seed was the line of the Messiah,
the Christ, through which the blessings could flow to all who would
believe like Abraham!). He does not say, "And to seeds," as referring to
many, but rather to One,
"And to your Seed,"
that is, Christ.
(Comment: In Genesis 22:17 God reaffirms His promise of Genesis
12:1-3 but even more specifically states "indeed I will greatly bless
you, and I will greatly multiply your
[masculine, singular in the Hebrew = prophesying of the Messiah] as the
stars of the heavens")
Called (2564)(kaleo) means to speak to another in order to bring
them nearer, either physically or in a personal relationship. A number
of the NT uses convey the nuance of an invitation. (See related study on
Again there is the thought of God’s
effectual call, this time directed to people in the situation of
Gentiles. It is not the situation that prevails, but the divine call.
And the call is to membership in the heavenly family. The substantives
have no articles, which puts the stress on the quality. The people who
were not God’s people will be called nothing less than sons (with all
the rights and privileges that that implies) of One who is none less
than God, and living God at that (Morris,
L. The Epistle to the Romans. W. B. Eerdmans; Inter-Varsity Press)
(Comment: Regarding Gentiles as God's sons, see related
discussion on "adoption as sons" in
Harry Ironside writes that in
when grace is going out to the
Gentiles, Israel would be set to one side nationally. By-and-by the same
grace that is now being shown to the Gentile nations will be manifested
again to the Israelites, and they will once more be called the children
of the living God. Isaiah prophesied that although the number of the
children of Israel would be as the sands of the sea, yet of this vast
throng only a remnant would be saved. And that salvation would come in
the day of the Lord's indignation, when He would be executing His
judgment on the earth (see Isaiah 10:22-23). (Ironside, H. Romans).
Commenting on Romans 9:25-26
Thomas Constable writes that "The inclusion of Gentiles in this
group is in harmony with Old Testament prophecy. Hosea 2:23 and 1:10 in
their contexts refer to a reversal of Israel’s status. Some interpreters
say that this is a direct fulfillment of Old Testament prophecy. Others
claim that this was an initial partial fulfillment that does not
eliminate a future complete fulfillment. A better explanation, I think,
is that Paul saw an analogy between God’s present calling of Gentiles
and His future calling of Israel. Gentiles were not a distinct people as
were the Jews but constituted the mass of humanity. Nevertheless by
God’s grace believing Gentiles became members of the new people of God,
the church." (Romans
refers literally to natural physical life (opposite of death, Acts
22:22, 25:24, 28:4, Ro 7:1-3, 1Cor 7:39, of Adam = 1Cor 15:45; 2Cor 4:11
= refers to natural lives of believers; Php 1:22 - "to live on in the
[physical] flesh"; 1Th 4:15,17 = believers physically alive at time of
Rapture; Heb 2:15; Heb 9:17; James 4:15 = "we shall live" physically if
God so wills it!), to come
to life after death (Mt 9:18), to recover life after sickness (Jn 4:50).
Zao refers to supernatural, spiritual life (cf Jn 11:25, 26),
Paul explaining that Christ "lives because of the power of God."
(2Cor 13:4) In Rev 16:3 "living thing" refers to the biological life of
all the sea animals. In Rev 19:20 the Antichrist and his False Prophet
will be "thrown alive into the lake of fire," indicating they will have
conscious awareness of their torment (forever and ever).
Zao refers to the new birth
wrought by one's faith in the Gospel (Ro 1:17)
Zao refers to to means of
compensation in 1Cor 9:14 ("get their living from the Gospel")
In Php 1:21 Paul said "to live
(zao) is Christ" indicating his (as should every believer's) life
found it summa bonum, it's highest good, it's truest meaning, it's
greatest satisfaction, it's most complete fulfillment, IN CHRIST, in His
life lived out through us!
In ancient Greece, Attics rarely used
zao except in the present and imperfect tenses, supplying the other tenses
from bióo (980)
to spend one’s existence, simply to pass one’s life, from which is
derived our word “biography,” the narrative of how one spent his life.
Faith is intimately, vitally
associated with zao in the life of believers who "live by
faith" (Ro 1:17, Gal 3:11, Heb 10:38)
To live is used frequently as a
metaphorical description of one's behavior, lifestyle or daily conduct (Lk 15:13, cp "loose living"
= ungodly conduct; lived as a Pharisee = Acts 26:5; live in
the sphere, "atmosphere," and power/dominion of sin as one's lifestyle = Ro 6:2
[cf Col 3:7] which contrasts with Jesus life He lives for He "lives to
God" = Ro 6:10, Gal 2:19; live like
the Gentiles = Gal 2:14; 2Ti 3:12 = live godly as their
lifestyle; believers no longer have to live their lives subject to the
power of the fallen flesh = Ro 8:12; Ro 10:5 = "live by that
righteousness" based on law, legalism - see also Gal 3:12; Titus 2:12 =
"live sensibly" referring to believers daily conduct; to "live to
righteousness" is now our privilege and power - 1Pe 2:24; believers
supernaturally "live through" Christ = 1Jn 4:9). Zao describes
Jesus' present heavenly ministry - "He always lives to make
intercession" for us (Heb 7:25). The phrase "new and living way"
refers to Christ (Heb 10:20; cf "the Way" Jn 14:6). Believers have a
living hope based on the resurrection of Jesus Christ (1Pe 1:3).
Zao speaks of the believer's
source of a brand
new quality of life, a supernatural life in Christ (Ro 6:11, 13; Gal
2:20, Gal 5:25; 1Thes 5:10 = "live together with Him" = speaks of
glorified state) and in the Spirit in
contrast to living in the unregenerate state (in the flesh) (Ro 8:13).
Zao refers to the believer's present "resurrection life" ("alive from
the dead" - Ro 6:13). Heb 12:9 emphasizes that godly discipline
encourages us and lead us to live godly lives.
In the phrase "living and the
dead," zao in the used in the context of judgment to refer to
those who are born again (the living) and the dead are those who
have rejected Christ (Acts 10:42, 2Ti 4:1, 1Pe 4:5)
Zao speaks of God as the
source of life (in Him we live
In Romans 7:9 zao is used in
the phrase "sin became alive," referring to the ability of the Law to
stimulate, excite or stir up our fallen sin nature (to then commit
Zao describes Jesus' healing
(resurrecting in a sense) of those with fatal illnesses (John 4:50, 51,
53, cf Peter raising Tabitha - Acts 9:41, Paul raising the boy who feel
asleep during his sermon, feel out of the window and died - Acts 20:12,
(living) is used in the context of the resurrection and life after death
(in general = Mt 22:32, Mark 12:27; in reference to Jesus living
post-resurrection = Mk 16:11, Lk 24:5, 23, Acts 1:3, Paul's assertion in
Acts 25:19; Jesus use of the phrase "As I live" = while He has always
lived, this appears to refer to His post-resurrection life; Rev 1:18,
2:8). The phrase "came
to life" refers to the resurrection of believers (Rev 20:4).
Jesus will be worshipped as the One Who "lives forever and ever." (Rev
4:10, 10:6). Zao describes the counterfeit resurrection of the
Antichrist (Rev 13:14).
God is not a dead god like the idols
but is the "Living Father" (Jn 6:57) and the "Living
God" (Mt 16:16, Acts 14:15, Ro 9:26, 2Cor 3:3, 6:16, 1Ti 3:15,
4:10, Heb 3:12, Heb 9:13, 10:31, 12:22, Rev 7:2). Jesus is referred to as the "living
One" (Luke 24:5, Rev 1:18) and the "Living Bread" (Jn 6:51)
which all must "eat" (clearly speaks of belief as explained in Jn 11:25.
Eating probably speaks of entering an unbreakable union of eternal
covenant with Jesus - pictured by married couples feeding each other
cake) of Him will live (Jn 6:51, 57). His Word is
more life giving than physical bread (Mt 4:4, Lk 4:4). Living
water (Jn 4:10,11) in context describes Jesus' message of salvation, the
Gospel. In the future we will drink from "springs of the water of
life" (NIV = "Living water" = Rev 7:17) Jesus is our living
Stone (1Pe 2:4 and because of our union with him, we are "living stones"
1Pe 2:5). In John 7:38 living water refers to the Holy Spirit.
Believers are to present themselves to God as a living...sacrifice
(Ro 12:1) which is our act of worship. God's word is described as
living (living oracles = Acts 7:38, living and active = Heb 4:12;
living and abiding Word of God = 1Pe 1:23). "Living
creatures" describes those around the Throne of God (Rev 4:9, 5:14, Rev
ALL THE USES OF ZAO
IN THE NEW TESTAMENT
Zao - 140x in 124 verses -
Usage: alive(15), get their living(1), holding(1), life(6), life*(1),
live(53), lived(3), lives(19), living(44).
Matthew 4:4 But He answered and said,
"It is written, 'MAN SHALL NOT LIVE ON BREAD ALONE, BUT ON EVERY WORD
THAT PROCEEDS OUT OF THE MOUTH OF GOD.'"
Matthew 9:18 While He was saying these things to them, a synagogue
official came and bowed down before Him, and said, "My daughter has just
died; but come and lay Your hand on her, and she will live."
Matthew 16:16 Simon Peter answered, "You are the Christ, the Son of the
Matthew 22:32 'I AM (ego eimi - Jesus is equating Himself with Yahweh,
the great I Am of Ex 3:14) THE GOD OF ABRAHAM, AND THE GOD OF ISAAC, AND THE
GOD OF JACOB '? He is not the God of the dead but of the living."
Comment: The clear implication
is that the patriarchs live even though they died (which would directly
refute the Sadducees who did not belief in the resurrection (context -
Mt 22:23-30, 31) and thus denied life after death..
Matthew 26:63 But Jesus kept silent. And the high priest said to Him, "I
adjure You by the living God, that You tell us whether You are the
Christ, the Son of God."
Matthew 27:63 and said, "Sir, we remember that when He was still alive
that deceiver said, 'After three days I am to rise again.'
Mark 5:23 and implored Him earnestly, saying, "My little daughter is at
the point of death; please come and lay Your hands on her, so that she
will get well and live."
Mark 12:27 "He is not the God of the dead, but of the living; you are
Mark 16:11 When they heard that He was alive and had been seen by her,
they refused to believe it.
Luke 2:36 And there was a prophetess, Anna the daughter of Phanuel, of
the tribe of Asher. She was advanced in years and had lived with her
husband seven years after her marriage,
Luke 4:4 And Jesus answered him, "It is written, 'MAN SHALL NOT LIVE ON
Luke 10:28 And He said to him, "You have answered correctly; DO THIS AND
YOU WILL LIVE."
Comment: Jesus was not
teaching salvation by works (do this). Salvation is only by faith, but
true faith that saves will manifest itself as works. The root is faith,
the fruit is works. The "fruit" does not save, but demonstrates the
"plant" is alive and "genuine!"
Luke 15:13 "And not many days later, the younger son gathered everything
together and went on a journey into a distant country, and there he
squandered his estate with loose living.
32 'But we had to celebrate and rejoice, for this brother of yours was
dead and has begun to live, and was lost and has been found.'"
Luke 20:38 "Now He is not the God of the dead but of the living; for all
live to Him."
Comment: Lk 20:37 Jesus had
just mentioned God was the God of the OT patriarchs and for Him to have
such a (continuing, living) relationship with them presupposed their
resurrection from the dead (see Lk 20:36).
Luke 24:5 and as the women were terrified and bowed their faces to the
ground, the men said to them, "Why do you seek the living One among the
23 and did not find His body, they came, saying that they had also seen
a vision of angels who said that He was alive.
John 4:10 Jesus answered and said to her, "If you knew the gift of God,
and who it is who says to you, 'Give Me a drink,' you would have asked
Him, and He would have given you living water."
11 She said to Him, "Sir, You have nothing to draw with and the well is
deep; where then do You get that living water?
John 4:50 Jesus said to him, "Go; your son lives." The man believed the word
that Jesus spoke to him and started off.
51 As he was now going down, his slaves met him, saying that his son was
53 So the father knew that it was at that hour in which Jesus said to
him, "Your son lives"; and he himself believed and his whole household.
John 5:25 "Truly, truly, I say to you, an hour is coming and now is,
when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear
John 6:51 "I am the living bread that came down out of heaven; if anyone
eats of this bread, he will live forever; and the bread also which I
will give for the life of the world is My flesh."
57 "As the living Father sent Me, and I live because of the Father, so
he who eats Me, he also will live because of Me. 58 "This is the bread which came down out of heaven; not as the fathers
ate and died; he who eats this bread will live forever."
John 7:38 "He who believes in Me, as the Scripture said, 'From his
innermost being will flow rivers of living water.'"
John 11:25 Jesus said to her, "I am the resurrection and the life; he
who believes in Me will live even if he dies,
26 and everyone who lives and believes in Me will never die. Do you
John 14:19 "After a little while the world will no longer see Me, but
you will see Me; because I live, you will live also.
Acts 1:3 To these He also presented Himself alive after His suffering,
by many convincing proofs, appearing to them over a period of forty days
and speaking of the things concerning the kingdom of God.
Acts 7:38 "This is the one who was in the congregation in the wilderness
together with the Angel (This is almost certainly the pre-incarnate
Messiah - cf Acts 7:30, 38 - see
Angel of the LORD) who was speaking to him on Mount Sinai, and who
was with our fathers; and he received living oracles to pass on to you.
Acts 9:41 And he gave her his hand and raised her up; and calling the
saints and widows, he presented her alive.
Acts 10:42 "And He ordered us to preach to the people, and solemnly to
testify that this is the One who has been appointed by God as Judge of
the living and the dead.
Acts 14:15 and saying, "Men, why are you doing these things? We are also
men of the same nature as you, and preach the gospel to you that you
should turn from these vain things to a living God, WHO MADE THE HEAVEN
AND THE EARTH AND THE SEA AND ALL THAT IS IN THEM.
Acts 17:28 for in Him we live and move and exist (God gives life
to EVERY person, born again and dead in trespasses and sin), as even some of your
own poets have said, 'For we also are His children.'
Acts 20:12 They took away the boy alive, and were greatly comforted.
Acts 22:22 They listened to him up to this statement, and then they
raised their voices and said, "Away with such a fellow from the earth,
for he should not be allowed to live!"
Acts 25:19 but they simply had some points of disagreement with him
about their own religion and about a dead man, Jesus, whom Paul asserted
to be alive.
24 Festus said, "King Agrippa, and all you gentlemen here present with
us, you see this man about whom all the people of the Jews appealed to
me, both at Jerusalem and here, loudly declaring that he ought not to
live any longer.
Acts 26:5 since they have known about me for a long time, if they are
willing to testify, that I lived as a Pharisee according to the
strictest sect of our religion.
Acts 28:4 When the natives saw the creature hanging from his hand, they
began saying to one another, "Undoubtedly this man is a murderer, and
though he has been saved from the sea, justice has not allowed him to
Romans 1:17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to
faith; as it is written, "BUT THE RIGHTEOUS man SHALL LIVE BY FAITH."
Romans 6:2 May it never be! How shall we who died to sin still live in
10 For the death that He died, He died to sin once for all; but the life
that He lives, He lives to God.
11 Even so consider yourselves to be dead to sin, but alive to God in
13 and do not go on presenting the members of your body to sin as
instruments of unrighteousness; but present yourselves to God as those
alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness to
Romans 7:1 Or do you not know, brethren (for I am speaking to those who
know the law), that the law has jurisdiction over a person as long as he
2 For the married woman is bound by law to her husband while he is
living; but if her husband dies, she is released from the law concerning
3 So then, if while her husband is living she is joined to another man,
she shall be called an adulteress; but if her husband dies, she is free
from the law, so that she is not an adulteress though she is joined to
9 I was once alive apart from the Law; but when the commandment came,
sin became alive and I died;
Romans 8:12 So then, brethren, we are under obligation, not to the
flesh, to live according to the flesh--13 for if you are living according to the flesh, you must die; but if by
the Spirit you are putting to death the deeds of the body, you will
Comment: Beware that some
otherwise conservative, evangelical sources (e.g., College Press NIV
Commentary, which as an aside is not my favorite) make the grievous
comment "This verse is a strong affirmation of the real possibility that
a Christian can fall from grace and lose his salvation. Those who cling
to the dogma of “once saved, always saved” deny this, of course."
Paul is not saying one can lose their salvation! The point is that if
one has a lifestyle that is continually controlled by the desires of the
flesh, how can such a one ever make the claim that he was a believer in
the first place and in fact he will die in his sins (unless He accepts
the life giving Gospel that also provides the "sin-killing" power of the
indwelling Holy Spirit). In short, one who habitually lives like an
unbeliever does so because he is and always was an unbeliever. Do not be
deceived by a profession of faith without a possession of some power and
inclination toward holiness and godliness -- notice I did not say that
one would achieve perfection (in regard to holiness or godliness), but
that they would definitely give evidence that this was the general
direction of their life! Direction not perfection (at least not until
Romans 9:26 "AND IT SHALL BE THAT IN THE PLACE WHERE IT WAS SAID TO
THEM, 'YOU ARE NOT MY PEOPLE,' THERE THEY SHALL BE CALLED SONS OF THE
Romans 10:5 For Moses writes that the man who practices the
righteousness which is based on law shall live by that righteousness.
Romans 12:1 Therefore I urge you, brethren, by the mercies of God, to
present your bodies a living and holy sacrifice, acceptable to God,
which is your spiritual service of worship.
Romans 14:7 For not one of us lives for himself, and not one dies for
8 for if we live, we live for the Lord, or if we die, we die for the
Lord; therefore whether we live or die, we are the Lord's.
9 For to this end Christ died and lived again, that He might be Lord
both of the dead and of the living.
Ray Stedman - He is not
talking about funerals, and life and death in that sense. He is talking
about those who feel free to enjoy liberty to the fullest. They are
living, while others, because of deep convictions of their own, limit
themselves, and to that degree they are dying, because death is
limitation....The important thing is that we belong to the Lord. He
understands." That, therefore, is what we ought to remember in our
relationships with one another. We belong to the Lord. We are brothers
and sisters. We are not servants of each other. We are servants of the
Lord and he has the right to change us." While we live, we live to
please the Lord. And when we die, we go to be with the Lord. So in life
and in death, we belong to the Lord.
11 For it is written, "AS I LIVE, SAYS THE LORD, EVERY KNEE SHALL BOW TO
ME, AND EVERY TONGUE SHALL GIVE PRAISE TO GOD."
1 Corinthians 7:39 A wife is bound as long as her husband lives; but if
her husband is dead, she is free to be married to whom she wishes, only
in the Lord.
1 Corinthians 9:14 So also the Lord directed those who proclaim the
gospel to get their living from the gospel.
1 Corinthians 15:45 So also it is written, "The first MAN, Adam, BECAME
A LIVING SOUL." The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.
2 Corinthians 1:8 For we do not want you to be unaware, brethren, of our
affliction which came to us in Asia, that we were burdened excessively,
beyond our strength, so that we despaired even of life;
2 Corinthians 3:3 being manifested that you are a letter of Christ,
cared for by us, written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living
God, not on tablets of stone but on tablets of human hearts.
2 Corinthians 4:11 For we who live are constantly being delivered over
to death for Jesus' sake, so that the life of Jesus also may be
manifested in our mortal flesh.
2 Corinthians 5:15 and He died for all, so that they who live might no
longer live for themselves, but for Him who died and rose again on their
2 Corinthians 6:9 as unknown yet well-known, as dying yet behold, we
live; as punished yet not put to death,
16 Or what agreement has the temple of God with idols? For we are the
temple of the living God; just as God said, "I WILL DWELL IN THEM AND
WALK AMONG THEM; AND I WILL BE THEIR GOD, AND THEY SHALL BE MY PEOPLE.
2 Corinthians 13:4 For indeed He was crucified because of weakness, yet
He lives because of the power of God. For we also are weak in Him, yet
we will live with Him because of the power of God directed toward you.
Galatians 2:14 But when I saw that they were not straightforward about
the truth of the gospel, I said to Cephas in the presence of all, "If
you, being a Jew, live like the Gentiles and not like the Jews, how is
it that you compel the Gentiles to live like Jews?
Galatians 2:19 "For through the Law I died to the Law, so that I might
live to God.
20 "I have been crucified with Christ; and it is no longer I who live,
but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I
live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself up for
Galatians 3:11 Now that no one is justified by the Law before God is
evident; for, "THE RIGHTEOUS MAN SHALL LIVE BY FAITH."
12 However, the Law is not of faith; on the contrary, "HE WHO PRACTICES
THEM SHALL LIVE BY THEM."
Galatians 5:25 If we live by the Spirit, let us also walk by the Spirit.
Philippians 1:21 For to me, to live is Christ and to die is gain.
22 But if I am to live on in the flesh, this will mean fruitful labor
for me; and I do not know which to choose.
Colossians 2:20 If you have died with Christ to the elementary
principles of the world, why, as if you were living in the world, do you
submit yourself to decrees, such as,
Colossians 3:7 and in them you also once walked, when you were living in
1 Thessalonians 1:9 For they themselves report about us what kind of a
reception we had with you, and how you turned to God from idols to serve
a living and true God,
1 Thessalonians 3:8 for now we really live, if you stand firm in the
1 Thessalonians 4:15 For this we say to you by the word of the Lord,
that we who are alive and remain until the coming of the Lord, will not
precede those who have fallen asleep.
17 Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them
in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air, and so we shall always be
with the Lord.
1 Thessalonians 5:10 who died for us, so that whether we are awake or
asleep, we will live together with Him.
1 Timothy 3:15 but in case I am delayed, I write so that you will know
how one ought to conduct himself in the household of God, which is the
church of the living God, the pillar and support of the truth.
1 Timothy 4:10 For it is for this we labor and strive, because we have
fixed our hope on the living God, who is the Savior of all men,
especially of believers.
1 Timothy 5:6 But she who gives herself to wanton pleasure is dead even
while she lives.
2 Timothy 3:12 Indeed, all who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will
2 Timothy 4:1 I solemnly charge you in the presence of God and of Christ
Jesus, who is to judge the living and the dead, and by His appearing and
Titus 2:12 instructing us to deny ungodliness and worldly desires and to
live sensibly, righteously and godly in the present age,
Hebrews 2:15 and might free those who through fear of death were subject
to slavery all their lives.
Hebrews 3:12 Take care, brethren, that there not be in any one of you an
evil, unbelieving heart that falls away from the living God.
Hebrews 4:12 For the word of God is living and active and sharper than
any two-edged sword, and piercing as far as the division of soul and
spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to judge the thoughts and
intentions of the heart.
Hebrews 7:8 In this case mortal men receive tithes, but in that case one
receives them, of whom it is witnessed that he lives on.
25 Therefore He is able also to save forever those who draw near to God
through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them.
Hebrews 9:14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the
eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your
conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
17 For a covenant is valid only when men are dead, for it is never in
force while the one who made it lives.
Hebrews 10:20 by a new and living way which He inaugurated for us
through the veil, that is, His flesh,
31 It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God.
38 BUT MY RIGHTEOUS ONE SHALL LIVE BY FAITH; AND IF HE SHRINKS BACK, MY
SOUL HAS NO PLEASURE IN HIM.
Hebrews 12:9 Furthermore, we had earthly fathers to discipline us, and
we respected them; shall we not much rather be subject to the Father of
spirits, and live?
22 But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God,
the heavenly Jerusalem, and to myriads of angels,
James 4:15 Instead, you ought to say, "If the Lord wills, we will live
and also do this or that."
1 Peter 1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who
according to His great mercy has caused us to be born again to a living
hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
23 for you have been born again not of seed which is perishable but
imperishable, that is, through the living and enduring word of God.
1 Peter 2:4 And coming to Him as to a living stone which has been
rejected by men, but is choice and precious in the sight of God,
5 you also, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house
for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to
God through Jesus Christ.
24 and He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, so that we
might die to sin and live to righteousness; for by His wounds you were
1 Peter 4:5 but they will give account to Him who is ready to judge the
living and the dead.
6 For the gospel has for this purpose been preached even to those who
are dead, that though they are judged in the flesh as men, they may live
in the spirit according to the will of God.
1 John 4:9 By this the love of God was manifested in us, that God has
sent His only begotten Son into the world so that we might live through
Revelation 1:18 and the living One; and I was dead, and behold, I am
alive forevermore, and I have the keys of death and of Hades.
Revelation 2:8 "And to the angel of the church in Smyrna write: The
first and the last, who was dead, and has come to life, says this:
Revelation 3:1 "To the angel of the church in Sardis write: He who has
the seven Spirits of God and the seven stars, says this: 'I know your
deeds, that you have a name that you are alive, but you are dead.
Revelation 4:9 And when the living creatures give glory and honor and
thanks to Him who sits on the throne, to Him who lives forever and ever,
10 the twenty-four elders will fall down before Him who sits on the
throne, and will worship Him who lives forever and ever, and will cast
their crowns before the throne, saying,
Revelation 7:2 And I saw another angel ascending from the rising of the
sun, having the seal of the living God; and he cried out with a loud
voice to the four angels to whom it was granted to harm the earth and
Revelation 10:6 and swore by Him who lives forever and ever, WHO CREATED
HEAVEN AND THE THINGS IN IT, AND THE EARTH AND THE THINGS IN IT, AND THE
SEA AND THE THINGS IN IT, that there will be delay no longer,
Revelation 13:14 And he deceives those who dwell on the earth because of
the signs which it was given him to perform in the presence of the
beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the
beast who had the wound of the sword and has come to life.
Revelation 15:7 Then one of the four living creatures gave to the seven
angels seven golden bowls full of the wrath of God, who lives forever
Revelation 19:20 And the beast was seized, and with him the false
prophet who performed the signs in his presence, by which he deceived
those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshiped his
image; these two were thrown alive into the lake of fire which burns
Revelation 20:4 Then I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment
was given to them. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded
because of their testimony of Jesus and because of the word of God, and
those who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received
the mark on their forehead and on their hand; and they came to life and
reigned with Christ for a thousand years.
5 The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years
were completed. This is the first resurrection.
Zao - 523v in non-apocryphal
Septuagint - Gen 1:20, 24; 2:7, 19; 3:20, 22; 5:3, 5ff, 9f, 12f,
15f, 18f, 21, 25ff, 30; 8:21; 9:3, 10, 12, 15f, 28; 11:11ff; 12:13;
17:18; 19:19f; 20:7; 21:19; 25:6f; 26:19; 27:40, 46; 31:32; 35:28; 42:2,
18; 43:7f, 27f; 45:3, 26, 28; 46:30; 47:19; 50:22; Exod 4:18; 19:13;
21:35; 22:4; 33:20; Lev 11:10; 13:10, 14; 14:4ff, 49ff; 16:10, 20f;
18:5, 18; 25:35f; Num 4:19; 5:17; 14:21, 28, 38; 16:30, 33, 48; 19:17;
21:8f; 24:23; Deut 4:1, 4, 10, 33, 42; 5:3, 24, 26; 6:24; 8:1, 3; 11:8;
12:1, 19; 16:20; 19:4f; 30:6, 16, 19; 31:13, 27; 32:39f; 33:6; Josh
3:10; 4:14; 8:23; 9:21; Judg 8:19; 15:19; Ruth 2:20; 3:13; 1 Sam 1:26,
28; 5:12; 10:24; 14:39, 45; 15:8f; 17:36; 19:6; 20:3, 14, 21, 31; 25:26,
34; 26:10, 16; 28:10; 29:6; 2 Sam 1:10; 2:27; 4:9; 11:11; 12:5, 18, 21f;
14:11, 19; 15:21, 34; 16:16; 18:14, 18; 19:6; 20:3; 22:47; 1 Kgs 1:25,
29, 31, 34, 39; 2:24, 35; 3:22f, 25f; 8:40; 12:6, 24; 17:1, 12, 23;
18:10, 15; 20:18, 32; 21:15; 22:14; 2 Kgs 1:2; 2:2, 4, 6; 3:14; 4:7,
16f, 30; 5:16, 20; 7:4, 12; 8:8ff, 14; 10:14, 19, 21; 11:12; 13:21;
14:17; 18:32; 19:4, 16; 20:1; 2 Chr 6:31; 10:6; 18:13; 23:11; 25:25; Neh
2:3; 5:2; 6:11; 9:29; Esth 4:17; 6:13; 8:12; Job 7:16; 8:17; 12:10;
14:14; 18:19; 21:7; 27:2; 42:16; Ps 18:46; 22:26, 29; 27:13; 38:19;
39:5; 41:2; 42:2; 49:8; 52:5; 55:15; 56:13; 58:9; 69:28, 32; 72:15;
84:2; 89:48; 115:18; 116:9; 118:17; 119:17, 25, 37, 40, 50, 77, 88, 93,
107, 116, 144, 149, 154, 156, 159, 175; 124:3; 138:7; 142:5; 143:2, 11;
Prov 1:12; 3:22; 9:6, 11, 18; 28:16; Eccl 4:2, 15; 6:3, 6; 7:2, 14;
9:4f; 10:19; 11:8; Song 4:15; Isa 8:19; 37:4, 17; 38:1, 16, 19; 49:18;
55:3; Jer 4:2; 5:2; 11:19; 12:16; 16:14f; 21:9; 22:24; 23:7f; 35:7;
38:2, 16f, 20; 44:26; 46:18; 49:11; 52:33; Lam 3:39; 4:20; Ezek 3:18,
21; 5:11; 13:19, 22; 14:16, 18, 20; 16:22, 48; 17:16, 19; 18:3, 9, 13,
17, 19, 21ff, 28; 20:3, 11, 13, 21, 25, 31, 33; 33:10f, 15f, 19, 27;
34:8; 35:6, 11; 37:3, 6, 9f, 14; 47:9; Dan 2:4, 28, 30; 3:9, 24; 4:1,
17, 22, 27, 34; 5:10, 23; 6:6, 20f, 26; 12:7; Hos 1:10; 4:15; 6:2; 14:7;
Amos 5:4, 6, 14; 8:14; Jonah 4:3, 8; Hab 2:4; Zeph 2:9; Zech 1:5; 13:3;