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RUTH RESOURCES
Part 1 of 2
Commentaries, Sermons, Illustrations, Devotionals
See Disclaimer

Updated February 18, 2016

Index to Resources

RUTH: GOD PROVIDES
A KINSMAN-REDEEMER

Ruth 1 Ruth 2 Ruth 3 Ruth 4
Ruth's Decision:
Return with Naomi
Ruth's Devotion:
Provide for Naomi
Ruth's Request:
Redemption by Boaz
Ruth's Reward:
Relative of Messiah
Ruth
and Naomi
Ruth
and Boaz
Death of
Naomi's Family
Ruth Cares
for Naomi
Boaz Cares
for Ruth
God Blesses
with New Birth
Location:
Plains
of Moab
Location:
Fields
of Bethlehem
Location:
Threshing floor
of Bethlehem
Location:
Little town
of Bethlehem
Time Lapsed:
About 30 Years

Key Verses: Ruth 1:16, Ruth 3:11
Key Words: Redeem (Ruth 3:13, 4:4, 4:6, 4:14), Rest (Ru 1:9, 3:18, 4:15, Ru 3:1 = root of "security" is rest) Relative, Close relative (Hebrew = Ga'al/Goel ~ Kinsman Redeemer) (Ruth 2:20, 3:9, 12, 4:1, 4:3, 4:6, 4:8)
Introduction/Overview:
Ruth by John MacArthur, Ruth by James Van Dine

I. A Famine - Ruth 1

     A. A Disturbed Family - Ruth 1:1-5

     B. A Decided Future - Ruth 1:6-14

     C. A Declared Faith Ruth 1:15-22
 

II. A Field - Ruth 2

     A. Expecting Grace Ruth 2:1-3

     B. Experiencing grace Ruth 2:4-17

     C. Expressing grace Ruth 2:18-23
 

III. A Floor - Ruth 3

     A. Preparation Ruth 3:1-5

     B. Presentation Ruth 3:6-13

     C. Proclamation Ruth 3:14-18
 

IV. A Family - Ruth 4
     A. Arrangements (redeemed) Ruth 4:1-8

     B. Announcements (respected) Ruth 4:9-17

     C. Accomplishments (related) Ruth 4:18-22

Ruth Commentary
Verse by Verse

Commentary notes onsite

See also: Goel - Our Kinsman Redeemer - In Shadow (Type) & Substance

Ruth 1:1
Ruth 1:2
Ruth 1:3
Ruth 1:4
Ruth 1:5
Ruth 1:6
Ruth 1:7
Ruth 1:8
Ruth 1:9
Ruth 1:10
Ruth 1:11
Ruth 1:12
Ruth 1:13
Ruth 1:14

Ruth 1:15
Ruth 1:16
Ruth 1:17
Ruth 1:18
Ruth 1:19
Ruth 1:20
Ruth 1:21
Ruth 1:22

Ruth 2:1
Ruth 2:2
Ruth 2:3
Ruth 2:4
Ruth 2:5
Ruth 2:6
Ruth 2:7
Ruth 2:8
Ruth 2:9
Ruth 2:10
Ruth 2:11
Ruth 2:12
Ruth 2:13
Ruth 2:14
Ruth 2:15

Ruth 2:16
Ruth 2:17
Ruth 2:18
Ruth 2:19
Ruth 2:20
Ruth 2:21
Ruth 2:22
Ruth 2:23
Ruth 3:1
Ruth 3:2
Ruth 3:3
Ruth 3:4
Ruth 3:5
Ruth 3:6
Ruth 3:7
Ruth 3:8
Ruth 3:9
Ruth 3:10
Ruth 3:11
Ruth 3:12
Ruth 3:13

Ruth 3:14
Ruth 3:15
Ruth 3:16
Ruth 3:17
Ruth 3:18
Ruth 4:1
Ruth 4:2
Ruth 4:3
Ruth 4:4
Ruth 4:5
Ruth 4:6
Ruth 4:7
Ruth 4:8
Ruth 4:9
Ruth 4:10
Ruth 4:11

Ruth 4:12
Ruth 4:13
Ruth 4:14
Ruth 4:15
Ruth 4:16
Ruth 4:17

Ruth 4:18
Ruth 4:19
Ruth 4:20
Ruth 4:21
Ruth 4:22

Paul Apple
Commentary on Ruth
Recommended
48 Pages

Ruth Commentary

Excerpts-
BACKGROUND NOTES
Malick: Purposes of the Book of Ruth:
A. To provide a biographical sketch of the pious ancestors of David the King (which the books of Samuel do not provide)
B. To contrast the reproach brought upon Bethlehem in Judges 17--21 with the account of the righteous in Bethlehem
C. To emphasize the fulfillment of God’s covenant promises through Judah at a time when the nation Israel had lost her first king--Saul from the line of Benjamin
D. To demonstrate how YHWH supplies for the enormous needs of his people bothindividually and nationally in accordance with his covenant promises

Brian Bill: Many people have said that the Book of Ruth is the most beautiful short story ever written. It’s an account of anxiety, fear, love, and commitment that inflames the imagination and soothes the soul. It begins with despair and ends with delight. (See his sermon - Ruth- A Loyal Love Story)

Biblical.com: Redemption is a key concept throughout the account; the Hebrew word in its various forms occurs 23 times. The book is primarily a story of Naomi’s transformation from despair to happiness through the selfless, God-blessed acts of Ruth and Boaz. She moves from emptiness to fullness (Ruth 1:21; 3:17; see notes on Ruth 1:1,3,5–6,12,21–22; 3:17; 4:15), from destitution (Ruth 1:1–5) to security and hope (Ruth 4:13–17). Similarly, Israel was transformed from national desperation at the death of Eli (1Sa 4:18) to peace and prosperity in the early days of Solomon (1Ki 4:20–34; 5:4) through the selfless devotion of David, a true descendant of Ruth and Boaz. The author thus reminded Israel that the reign of the house of David, as the means of God’s benevolent rule in Israel, held the prospect of God’s promised peace and rest. But this rest would continue only so long as those who participated in the kingdom—prince and people alike—reflected in their daily lives the selfless love exemplified by Ruth and Boaz. In Jesus, the great “son of David” (Mt 1:1), and his redemptive work, the promised blessings of the kingdom of God find their fulfillment

Roy Hession: “I went out full, and the Lord hath brought me home again empty." -- The first chapter of the book of Ruth is a very important one. Every preacher knows, or should know, he has to begin by awakening a sense of need in his hearers. He cannot plunge in too quickly with the positive side of his message. He must first convince the people that they are in just that state of need which requires the provision he proposes to speak about. So it is, before we are introduced to the subject of redemption in the book of Ruth, we have

Comments on Ruth 1...
Oswald Chambers: The majority of us begin with the bigger problems outside and forget the one inside.

Wiersbe: How do you walk by faith? By claiming the promises of God and obeying the Word of God, in spite of what you see, how you feel, or what may happen. It means committing yourself to the Lord and relying wholly on Him to meet the need. When we live by faith, it glorifies God, witnesses to a lost world, and builds Christian character into our lives.

Watson: Elimelech, seeing his possessions melt away, has decided to leave Judah for a time so as to save what remains to him till the famine is over, and he chooses the nearest refuge, the watered field of Moab beyond the Salt Sea. It was not far; he could imagine himself returning soon to resume the accustomed life in the old home.

Block: It seems, however, that Elimelech designed his own solution instead of calling on God for mercy and repenting of the sins that plagued the nation during the dark days of the judges. How did the Israelites feel about the Moabites??
1) contemptible origins in the incestuous relationship of Lot and his daughter (Gen 19:30-38)
2) their resistance to Israelite passage through their territory when they came from Egypt (Numbers 22-24)
3) Moabite women’s seduction of the Israelites and the latter’s subsequent punishment (Nu 25:1-9)
4) Israel’s constitutional exclusion of Moab from the assembly of the Lord (Deut. 23:3-6)
5) the recent oppression of the Israelites by Eglon the king of Moab (Judges 3:15-30)

Block: to be buried in an unclean foreign land was considered the ultimate punishment (Amos 7:17)

Albert Barnes
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Art in the Bible
on Ruth

Ruth 1 pictures (Ruth and Naomi)
Ruth 2 pictures (Ruth and Boaz)
Ruth 3 pictures (Ruth and Kinsman Redeemer)
Ruth 4 pictures

Ruth Pictures
Clip Art
Clip Art
Clip Art

Joseph Benson
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Richard Bernard
Commentary on Ruth
Delivered In Several Sermons

Ruth 1 Commentary

Ruth 2 Commentary

Ruth 3 Commentary

Ruth 4 Commentary

Brian Bell
Sermons on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary (Pdf)
Ruth 2 Commentary (Pdf)
Ruth 3 Commentary
(
Pdf)
Ruth 4 Commentary (
Pdf)

Bible.org Resources
Resources that Reference Ruth
on the largest Bible Study Resource on the Web
Hint: Do a "control + find" when you open a "hit" and search Ru as well as the full name.
This may take some practice but is guaranteed to yield some "gems"!

Ruth 1
Ruth 2
Ruth 3
Ruth 4

 

 

For best results, be as specific as possible.

<> The old functionality to search by book. still exists. Just type in the book only (like: John or Gen. standard abbreviations are accepted) and you will get the same functionality as the old site.

<> You can also search by chapter like: John 1 or Gen. 2

<> You can also search by simple or complex references like: James 1:2 or Hebrews 1:1-3,6; 5:4

Biblical Illustrator
Joseph Exell, Editor
Commentary, Sermons, Homilies on Ruth
Ruth overview - The Biblical Illustrator

Ruth 1 - 37 pages
Ruth 2 - 23 pages
Ruth 3 -  4 pages
Ruth 4  - 5 pages

Edward Boone
Commentary  on Ruth

Ruth 1:1-5 The Distress and the Removal

Ruth 1:6-18 The Decision to Return

Ruth 1:19-21 The Damage and the Reception
Ruth 2:1-14 The Damsel and the Relationship
Ruth 2:15-23 The Demand and the Revelation
Ruth 3:1-18 The Devotion and the Reward
Ruth 4:1-22 David and the Redeemer

Ruth on the Road to Redemption
Boaz the Buyer and the Bridegroom

Alan Carr
Sermons on Ruth

Ruth 1:1-22 An Example Of A Steadfast Life
Ruth 1:1-7 Three Tombstones In A Washpot
Ruth 1:6-18 Three Widows In A Washpot
Ruth 1:19-22 Coming Home The Hard Way
Ruth 2:1-3 Searching For Grace
Ruth 2:4-17 In The Field Of Grace
Ruth 2:17-21 Good News From The Field Of Grace
Ruth 2:21-23 Abiding In The Field Of Grace
Ruth 3:1-2 Looking For A Little Rest
Ruth 3:3 Getting Ready To Meet The Master
Ruth 3:1-11 Finding Your Place At His Feet
Ruth 3:9-4:12 Redeemed, Redeemed By Love Divine
Ruth 4:1-17 Redeemed! How I Love To Proclaim It! 
Ruth 4:13-17  Ruth: From Brokenness To Blessedness
Ruth 4:13-22 Somebody Pinch Me Please

Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Rich Cathers
Sermon Notes on Ruth

Ruth 1-2
Ruth 1:1-18
Ruth 3-4
Ruth 4:1-10

Adam Clarke
Commentary on Ruth
(
Click caveat)

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Century Bible
Commentary on Ruth
Brief comments

Ruth Introduction
Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Thomas Constable
Commentary on Ruth

HINT: Click here to Scroll Bible text synchronized with Constable's notes. Very useful feature!

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

J N Darby
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Ron Daniel
Sermon Notes on Ruth

Ruth 1 Sermon Notes
Ruth 2 Sermon Notes
Ruth 3-4:10  Sermon Notes
Ruth 4:11-22 Sermon Notes

Warren Doud
Commentary Notes on Ruth

Ruth 1:1-10     Ruth 1 Quiz

Ruth 1:11-22   Ruth 2 Quiz

Ruth 2:1-7      Ruth 3 Quiz

Ruth 2:8-14    Ruth 4 Quiz

Ruth 2:15-23  Ruth 5 Quiz

Ruth 3:1-6      Ruth 6 Quiz

Ruth 3:7-11    Ruth 7 Quiz

Ruth 3:12-18  Ruth 8 Quiz

Ruth 4:1-8      Ruth 9 Quiz

Ruth 4:9-22    Ruth 10 Quiz

John Dummelow
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Charles Ellicott
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Expositor's Bible Commentary
Commentary on Ruth
R A Watson

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Expositor's Dictionary of Texts
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Don Fortner
Complete Book on Ruth

Discovering Christ In Ruth - 132 page book in Pdf
Ruth - Thru the Bible Series

Ruth 1:1 Seven Lessons From the Book of Ruth
Ruth 1:1-5 A Very Costly Move

Ruth 1:6 Good News Heard In Moab
Ruth 1:6-18 Three Women

Ruth 1:14 Ruth's Choice
Ruth 1:16-18 The Resolute Consecration of True Faith
Ruth 1:19-22 Change And Decay In All Around I See

Ruth 1:22 The Beginning of Barley Harvest

Ruth 2:4-9 The Congregation of The Lord

Ruth 2:15-16 Handfuls of Purpose

Ruth 2:1-12 Seek And Ye Shall Find

Ruth 2:12 Ruth's Reward

Ruth 2:14 Mealtime With Boaz

Ruth 2:15-16 Handfuls of Purpose

Ruth 2:20 One That Has Right to Redeem

Ruth 3:1-18 Ruth Comes to Boaz
Ruth 3:9 Christ Our Kinsman Redeemer

Ruth 3:9 Christ Our Kinsman Redeemer

Ruth 3:9 Christ Our Kinsman Redeemer

Ruth 3:12-13 Three Nearer Kinsmen But Only One Redeemer

Ruth 4:1-22 Boaz Redeems Ruth
Ruth 4:4-8 To Raise Up The Name Of The Dead

Max Frazier
The Romance of Redemption
Devotional Commentary on Ruth

Click here for the commentary
corresponding to the devotionals listed below

Ruth 1:1: No Bread in Bethlehem
Ruth 1:2-7: Elimelech's Mistake
Ruth 1:8-9: God at Work in Godless Moab
Ruth 1:8-13 A Mother Prays for Her Daughters-in-law
Ruth 1:14-18: Two Pictures of Love
Ruth 1:19-22: A Changed Name

Ruth 2:1-3: A Willing Heart
Ruth 2:4: The Importance of a Greeting
Ruth 2:5-13: Motivated by Kindness
Ruth 2:4-13: More Acts of Kindness
Ruth 3:1: An Unselfish Act
Ruth 3:2-4: New Clothes for a New You
Ruth 3:6-15: A Very Unusual Wedding Proposal

Ruth 4:1-22: What is a Redeemer

A C Gaebelein
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

John Gill
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

GotQuestions
Book of Ruth

Book of Ruth - Bible Survey
Who was Naomi in the Bible?
What should we learn from the life of Ruth?
Why did Ruth and Orpah make different decisions?
Why was Ruth so loyal to Naomi?
What is the story of Ruth and Boaz?
What did it mean to spread the corner of your garment over someone?
What is a kinsman redeemer?
What is a levirate marriage?
Why did the first kinsman redeemer in Ruth refuse to marry her?

L M Grant
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Dave Guzik
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary

Ruth 3 Commentary

Ruth 4 Commentary

James Hastings
Great Texts of the Bible
From Ruth

Ruth 1:16-17 A Woman's Choice
Ruth 2:4 A Greeting in Harvest

Robert Hawker
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary

Ruth 3 Commentary

Ruth 4 Commentary

Susie Hawkins
Study on Ruth
Primarily Audio
See Audio Links on Right side of Page

Ruth 1: Laying the Foundation
Ruth 2: God's Providential Care
Ruth 3: The Rescue Operation

Ruth 4: The Happy Ending

The House That Ruth Built

Matthew Henry
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

William Heslop
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth Introduction
Ruth 1 Expositional Commentary
Ruth 2 Expositional Commentary
Ruth 3 Expositional Commentary
Ruth 4 Expositional Commentary
Rubies From Ruth

Selwyn Hughes
Devotional Commentary
Ruth

Ruth 1:1
Ruth 1:2
Ruth 1:3
Ruth 1:4
Ruth 1:5

Ruth 1:6

Ruth 1:7

Ruth 1:8

Ruth 1:9

Ruth 1:10

Ruth 1:11

Ruth 1:12

Ruth 1:13

Ruth 1:14

Ruth 1:15

Ruth 1:16

Ruth 1:17

Ruth 1:18

Ruth 1:19

Ruth 1:20

Ruth 1:21

Ruth 1:22

Ruth 2:1

Ruth 2:2

Ruth 2:3

Ruth 2:3

Ruth 2:4

Ruth 2:5

Ruth 2:6

Ruth 2:7

Ruth 2:8

Ruth 2:9

Ruth 2:10

Ruth 2:11

Ruth 2:12

Ruth 2:13

Ruth 2:14

Ruth 2:15

Ruth 2:16

Ruth 2:17

Ruth 2:18

Ruth 2:19

Ruth 2:20

Ruth 2:21

Ruth 2:22

Ruth 2:23

Ruth 3:1

Ruth 3:2

Ruth 3:3

Ruth 3:4

Ruth 3:5

Ruth 3:8

Ruth 3:9

Ruth 3:10

Ruth 3:11

Ruth 3:12

Ruth 3:13

Ruth 3:14

Ruth 3:15

Ruth 3:16

Ruth 3:17

Ruth 3:18

Ruth 4:1

Ruth 4:2

Ruth 4:3

Ruth 4:4

Ruth 4:5

Ruth 4:6

Ruth 4:7

Ruth 4:8

Ruth 4:9

Ruth 4:10

Ruth 4:11

Ruth 4:12

Ruth 4:12

Ruth 4:13

Ruth 4:13

Ruth 4:14

Ruth 4:15

Ruth 4:16

Ruth 4:17

Ruth 4:18

Ruth 4:19

Ruth 4:20

Ruth 4:21

Ruth 4:2

Alfred Hunt
Ruth the Moabitess
A Short Commentary, Critical and Expository,
on the Book of Ruth
1884

Preface
Contents
Introduction
Leading Lessons
Ruth 1:1-5
Ruth 1:1-5 Hints for Lessons
Ruth 1:6-22 The Return
Ruth 1:6-22 Hints for lessons
Ruth 2:1-17 The Harvest Field
Ruth 2:1-17 Hints for lessons
Ruth 2:18-23 At Home
Ruth 2:18-23 Hints for lessons
Ruth 3:1-18 The Threshing Floor

Ruth 3:1-18 Hints for Lessons
Ruth 4:1-8 In the Gate
Ruth 4:1-8 Hints for Lessons
Ruth 4:9-12 The Betrothal
Ruth 4:13-17 The Marriage
Ruth 4:18-22 The Pedigree
Law of the Levirate
The Goel or Redeemer
Genealogy of Ruth 4:18-22
Notes on Characters
Outline Lessons - The Wanderer
Outline Lessons - The Two Travelers
Outline Lessons - The Redeemer

Jamieson, Fausset, Brown
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

 

UNABRIDGED VERSION

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Keil and Delitzsch
Commentary on Ruth
Ruth overview - Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

James Rosscup writes "Keil, C. F. and Franz Delitzsch. Commentary on the Old Testament. 25 volumes. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1950. This is the best older, overall treatment of a critical nature on the Old Testament Hebrew text verse by verse and is a good standard work to buy. The student can buy parts or the whole of this series. Sometimes it is evangelical, at other times liberal ideas enter." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

Ruth 1 Commentary - Ruth Goes with Naomi to Bethlehem
Ruth 2 Commentary - Ruth Gleans in the Field of Boaz
Ruth 3 Commentary - Ruth Seeks for Marriage with Boaz
Ruth 4 Commentary - Boaz Marries Ruth

John Kitto
Studies on Ruth
The Pictorial Bible on the Old Testament

Spurgeon comments - "Exceeding meritorious. Refer to it frequently....They are not exactly a commentary, but what marvelous expositions you have there! You have reading more interesting than any novel that was ever written, and as instructive as the heaviest theology. The matter is quite attractive and fascinating, and yet so weighty, that the man who shall study these volumes thoroughly, will not fail to read his Bible intelligently and with growing interest."

Ruth Introduction
Ruth 1 Pictorial Bible
Ruth 2 Pictorial Bible
Ruth 3 Pictorial Bible

Ruth 4 Pictorial Bible

Woodrow Kroll
Lessons on Living:
From the book of Ruth

Ruth 1 Devotionals (Multiple)
Ruth 2 Devotionals (Multiple)
Ruth 3 Devotionals (Multiple)
Ruth 4 Devotionals (Multiple)

Paul Kretzmann
Ruth Commentary

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Lange's Commentary
Ruth Commentary

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

David Legge
Sermons on
Book of Ruth

Ruth 1:1-6: Sojourn In Moab
Ruth 1:7-2:3: Return To Bethlehem
Ruth 2-3: At His Feet
Ruth 4: In His Family

J Vernon McGee
Thru the Bible Commentary
Ruth Commentary on Mp3
Complete Book of Ruth on Zip file
Ruth Notes (Purpose, Key verse, Outlines, etc) - 17Page Pdf
Following Are Individual Mp3's

Ruth Introduction
Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

F B Meyer
Ruth
Devotionals

Ruth 1:20 Call me not Naomi, all me Mara.
Ruth 2:12 - Under whose wings thou art come to trust
Ruth 3:18 The man will not be in rest until he have finished the thing
Ruth 3:18 The Secret of a Quiet Heart
Ruth 4:10 Ruth have I purchased to be my wife.

F B Meyer
Ruth
Through the Bible Commentary

Ruth  Introduction.
Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Miscellaneous Resources
on the Book of Ruth
Conservative, Evangelical
Indexed by Scripture

SEARCH >33 CONSERVATIVE THEOLOGICAL JOURNALS (literally 1000's of journal articles) - $50 fee/year or $5/month (click here - Monthly fee also available) required to view the entire article but allows access to literally thousands of conservative articles! This resource is potentially incredibly useful for in depth study.

 

CLICK FOR SEARCH BOX


(Suggested searches - try Ruth AND Boaz, Ruth AND Naomi, Naomi, etc)
(Try searching these - use quotes "Ruth 1", "Ruth 2", "Ruth 3" or "Ruth 4")

Below is a sampling of articles one can retrieve from searching the Theological Journals...
Theological Reflections On Naomi’s Shrewdness - R L Hubbard
Recognition, Rewards, and Renewal in the Book of Ruth - Funmi Para-Mallam

The Book of Ruth- Narration and Shared Themes -- Eugene H. Merrill

Ruth upon the Threshing Floor-Sin of Gibeah: A Biblical-Theological Study - Warren Austin Gage
The Genealogy Of Christ - George M. Clelland

Below are free online articles...

An Adjusted Symmetrical Structuring Of Ruth - A Boyd Luter

Literary Structure in the Book of Ruth - Leif Hongisto

Literary Structure in the Book of Ruth - Reg Grant
Naomi in the Book of Ruth in Light of the Mosaic Covenant - Charles Baylis
Goel in Ancient Israel: Theological Reflections on an Israelite Institution - R L Hubbard

Living A New Life: Old Testament Teaching About Conversion - William D. Barrick
The Purpose Of The Book Of Ruth - Louis B. Wolfenson

The Chiastic Structure of Ruth 2 - A Boyd Luter and Richard Rigsby

An Adjusted Symmetrical Structuring of Ruth - A Boyd Luter and Richard Rigsby
Ruth “Quoque” —A Coquette? (Ruth 4:5) - Murray D. Gow
New Life Amid the Alien Corn: The Book of Ruth - Michael E. W. Thompson

The Goel in Ruth 4:14, 15 - Julius A Bewer

Literary Structure and Theology in the Book of Ruth - Leif Hongisto

Journal Articles Online
Best Commentaries on Ruth by Tim Challies

Best Commentaries on Ruth by Keith Mathison - Ligonier Ministries Blog

Ruth - Best Commentaries by Genre-Jim Rosscup
Detailed Exegetical

1. F. Bush
2. D. Block
3. E. Campbell (Lib)
4. A. Cundall/L. Morris
5. D. Atkinson
 

Expositional Commentary

1. Paul Enns
2. J. J. Davis
3. E. J. Hamlin
4. R. Hubbard, Jr.
5. A. B. Luter
6. C. Goslinga
7. J. Reed (Bible Knowledge Commentary)

 

Devotional Commentary

1. Cyril J. Barber
2. J. V. McGee

Best Commentaries
Book of Ruth BiblicalTraining

Defender's Study Bible- Excellent, conservative, literal study Bible notes from a leading creationist commentator, Dr Henry Morris. In the box labeled "All these words" type in the name of the book and the chapter number and click "Advance Search." Scroll down to see Dr Morris' notes.
Ruth 1 Study Notes
Ruth 2 Study Notes
Ruth 3 Study Notes
Ruth 4 Study Notes

Henry Morris

Holman Christian Standard Bible Study Bible -  Well done free study notes but you must sign up for a free account.

Holman Publishing

Ruth - Same Introductory notes as in his Study Bible

John MacArthur

Ruth - Introductory notes

J Vernon McGee

Ruth - Introductory notes as NIV Study Bible

NIV Study Bible

Ruth - Outline

James Van Dine
Ruth Kinsman Redeemer - Lesson 1 of the inductive Bible Study

Kinsman Redeemer, Part 1 (from lectures on the Revelation)
Kinsman Redeemer, Part 2 (from lectures on the Revelation)

See Multiple Ruth Resources

MS Word Documents - Lectures on Ruth
Lecture 1 - Darkness, Followed by Light
Lecture 2 - Belonging to a Kinsman-Redeemer
Lecture 3 - A Blood Avenger

Kay Arthur
Precept Ministries International
Naomi and Ruth
Ruth and Boaz
Herman Baar
Ruth  Overview Mp3 Kenneth Boa

GOD MOVES IN A MYSTERIOUS WAY
Hauntingly beautiful Pictures w/ lyrics & guitar vocal-watch it in full screen
Lyrics w/ pictures & piano
Beautiful vocal by Lori Sealy-A MUST listen! Close your eyes. Ponder, even pray Cowper's profound lyrics!

William Cowper
(bio by John Piper)
Ruth Study - Week-five-Ruth-walking-loyal-love
(From
Step by Step: Learning to Walk with God (A MOMS Study))
Susan Curry
Naomi-A Widow Indeed - brief summary by chapter R Dawes
Ruth - The Surprise Mark Dever

Goel - Definition

Avenger of Blood - Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

Kin - Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

Goel - Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Goel - Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary

Goel - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Dictionary

Ruth, Theology of - Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology

Ruth - Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature

Ruth - Bridgeway Bible Dictionary

Ruth - American Tract Society Bible Dictionary

Ruth - Fausset's Bible Dictionary

Ruth - Holman Bible Dictionary

Ruth (Book of) - Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible

Ruth - Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary

Book of Ruth - 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica

Ruth - Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature

Ruth - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Ruth - Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Ruth, Book of - The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Dictionary
Ruth & Hannah: Learning To Walk By Faith - booklet Discovery House
Ruth Gracious Caring Founders
Ruth 2:3 Gleaning
Ruth 2:6 Mutual Salutations
Ruth 2:14 Vinegar-Parched Corn
Ruth 2:17 Rude Threshing
Ruth 3:2 The Time for Winnowing
Ruth 3:7 Watching the Grain
Ruth 3:9 Sign of Marriage
Ruth 3:15 The Vail (Veil)
Ruth 4:7 The Sign of the Shoe
James Freeman
Handbook of Bible Manners and Customs
An Unusual Love Story Bob Fromm
There Is A Redeemer - YouTube Video Keith Green
Christ in the Book of Ruth

Out from the darkness we have been studying, ''in the days when the judges ruled,'' there shines forth the sweet story of Ruth. In the midst of war and lawlessness and idolatry, there were still those, both rich and poor, who feared God and lived virtuous and simple lives to His praise.

The family of Elimelech were evidently among these, though they took the backsliding step of going down into the Land of Moab for succour. The name Elimelech means ''My God is King''; and if his faith had been strong enough to depend upon his King, much trouble might have been spared. ''There was a famine in the land,'' even in Bethlehem, ''the House of Bread,'' and they went to Moab in search of food, and, as often happens, ''they continued there.'' Trouble upon trouble followed this downward step. Elimelech died, his two sons married Moabitish women, and then the sons died also.

After about ten years, Naomi heard ''that the Lord had visited His people in giving them bread,'' and she arose to return to her own land [1:6]. And then follows the memorable choice of Ruth to cleave unto her mother-in-law in following her to an unknown land, and to what seemed a life of privation and toil. When Naomi saw that she was ''steadfastly minded'' to go with her, she left speaking to her.

There must have been something very beautiful in Naomi's life thus to win the devotion and love of Ruth, first to herself and then to her God; and it has been well to keep her name, which means ''Pleasant,'' instead of substituting her suggestion of Mara [which means ''bitter''].

They arrived at Bethlehem at the beginning of barley harvest, and proved it to be the House of Bread once more. The calm poetry of those harvest fields of Bethlehem, the eager gleaner among the maidens, the reapers, the lord of the harvest-- have all lived in golden sunshine in our imagination from our childhood.

''Her hap was to light on a part of the field belonging to Boaz.'' Behind our lives there is a guiding Hand which causes even insignificant things to be fraught with mighty issues.

In Boaz, the kinsman of Elimelech, ''a mighty man of wealth,'' we have another beautiful character. The simplicity of his life, the courtesy of his behavior to all with whom he came in contact, his generosity, his regard for the Law, above all his constant reference of every event to God, stand out in striking contrast against the dark background of his time.

The Goel.
It was to this man that Naomi bade Ruth appeal to fulfil the kinsman's part. The word used [for kinsman] is Goel, the redeemer, the one whose right and duty it was according to the Law to redeem the inheritance of the deceased relative, and marry his widow (see Lev 25:25-31, 47-55; Dt 25:5-10). As these rights belonged to the next of kin, Goel came to mean the nearest kinsman. To fulfill these rights was his bounden duty according to the Law of God, and it was the fulfillment of this Law that Naomi sought to bring about [Ruth 3].

The reply of Boaz was: ''It is true that I am a goel (redeemer), but there is a goel nearer of kin than I. If he will redeem thee, well, let him redeem thee; but if he is not willing to redeem thee, then will I redeem thee, as the Lord liveth.''

Then follows the quiet rest of faith on the part of Naomi and her daughter, and the dignified carrying out of the Law in the presence of the elders in the gate of the city, on the part of Boaz.

The next of kin was willing to purchase the land that belonged to Naomi, but he was not willing for what that purchase involved, to take Ruth to be his wife, lest he should mar his own inheritance. This left Boaz free to carry out his gracious purpose; and he bought the inheritance of Elimelech, and he purchased Ruth the Moabitess to be his wife, ''to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance.''
The Royal Line.
''So Boaz took Ruth, and she became his wife; and she bare a son. And Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse unto it. And the women her neighbors gave it a name, saying, There is a son born to Naomi; and they called his name Obed: he is the father of Jesse, the father of David.''

The story shows how unselfish devotion to God and to duty is rewarded. Orpah, who was content with the outward profession of affection, and returned to her people and her gods [1:14,15], forfeited her place in Israel. The kinsman who failed to fulfill his duty because of his own interests has not even his name recorded in God's Book. Ruth, on the other hand, who gave up all to follow Naomi and Naomi's God, and Boaz, who unhesitatingly fulfilled the kinsman's part, have their names handed down to all time as worthy of praise, and as the ancestors, not only of David, but of David's greater Son [Mat 1:1-6].
The Precision of Prophecy.
One of the most marvelous proofs of the truth of the Bible is to be found in the prophecies concerning the birth of the Messiah. Every time prophecy predicts a fresh branch of the family as being the chosen one, a fresh risk, humanly speaking, is involved. But because God inspired the prophecies, the choice is made with unerring precision. Of Noah's sons, Shem is chosen; of Abraham's sons, Isaac; [of Isaac's sons, Jacob]; of Jacob's twelve sons, Judah is selected; and the promise is renewed to David. Again, Messiah must have a birthplace. Of three known continents Asia is chosen, and of its many countries, the Land of Promise. Of its three districts, Judea; and of its thousands of villages, Bethlehem is selected. ''The prophet puts his finger on one obscure village on the map of the world; but he speaks infallibly, for the Omniscient God was behind his utterances'' (Dr. Pierson).
The Kinsman Redeemer.
But the Key-note of the book of Ruth is The Kinsman Redeemer. In him, we see Christ, who has purchased the Church to be His Bride.
''Thirty times in this short book the word 'kinsman' is found, or 'redeemer,' 'near kinsman,' 'next of kin,' 'kindred,' --like words, all having reference to like things...
How plainly this book is intended to teach the doctrine concerning Redemption will be seen by examining Ruth 4:4-10. Here the word 'redemption' occurs five times in three verses; and in the tenth verse, Boaz declares that in redeeming the property he also purchases the widow of Mahlon to be his own wife. Nothing can explain the extreme minuteness of detail here, except a typical design on the part of the inspiring Spirit...

Our Lord Jesus had to become one with man in order to have the right to redeem. He is, therefore, our fellow-man; but if He had been involved in man's fall and identified with man's sin, He could not have acted as Redeemer. No sinner can redeem himself, much less can he redeem his brother (Psa 49:7). He is therefore, as the God-man, our Boaz [whose name means 'Strength' or 'Ability']; by that kinship and strength of ability, He is able to save to the uttermost all that come unto God by Him'' (Pierson). [Heb 7:25]
''The Church which He hath purchased with His own blood'' (Acts 20:28).
''Christ also loved the Church, and gave Himself for it; that He might present it to Himself a glorious Church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing'' [Eph 5:25-27].
The Christian Life.
For the individual believer, the book [of Ruth] is full of teaching.
- - First, the definite choice has to be made, the trust placed under the wings of the Lord God of Israel.
- - Then the diligent gleaning in the field, the beating out of the corn and the feeding upon it, which represents the diligent feeding of our souls upon the Word. The soul thus fed has food to pass on to others (Ruth 2:18).
- - The work in the harvest field is also a picture of the wider service of the ingathering of souls in God's great harvest field of the world [Mat 9:37,38], and we may well ask ourselves evening by evening, ''Where hast thou gleaned today?''
Union with Christ.
Though the union of Ruth with Boaz is typical of the Church as a whole, yet there is for the individual believer, the blessed experience of union with Christ set forth under so many figures, such as the abiding of the branch in the Vine [John 15]. If there has been in our lives any of the failure Israel experienced in Judges, a turning unto our own way, the remedy for us is to seek a closer union with Christ. Lest we be discouraged, God has placed the Book of Joshua and the Book of Ruth on each side of the Book of Judges, as if to show us that the Victory of Faith and the Rest of Faith is the experience we are to look for as followers of an Almighty Saviour.

A M Hodgkin
Ruth (Ruth 1-4) guide for teaching children Jodi Hooper

Goel - The Go’el in Ancient Israel: Theological Reflections on an Israelite Institution

Robert Hubbard
Entreat Me Not to Leave Thee
The Gleaner
Hymns
The Levirate and Goel Institutions in the OT - 347 page book! Donald Leggett
Ruth- The Perfect Short Story – Study Questions, Resources, and Quotations Nathan Lewis
The Book of Ruth
An Argument of the Book of Ruth
A Selected Bibliography on the Book of Ruth
David Malick
Judges and Ruth Overview Bill McRae
Notes on Ruth Middletown Bible
Mp3's by Chapter - Ruth Monergism
The Message of Ruth - 6 page summary (or here)
Ruth in the Analyzed Bible - 10 pages
The Choice of Faith
The Venture of Faith
The Reward of Faith
G Campbell Morgan

Ruth: The Book of Recovery by a Kinsman Redeemer

William Newell
Goel, Ga'al - Discussion of Redemption On Site
Gleanings from Ruth Plymouth Brethren
Leviticus 25:25 Ruth 1-4 Our Kinsman Redeemer
Ruth Our Kinsman Redeemer - Introduction
Wil Pounds

Goel - Our Kinsman Redeemer - In Shadow (Type) & Substance

Blood Avenger - Avenges Man's "Murder", Reclaims Title Deed of Earth
Providence - Study of the Doctrine of Divine Providence

Preceptaustin

Ruth & Hannah: Learning To Walk By Faith
How Can I Live with My Loss  (download opens a pdf)

When Disappointment Deceives
When Hope Is Lost: Dealing With Depression

RBC Booklets
Ruth - Reformation Study Bible Reformation Study Bible
Ruth 9 Page Summary with nice outline Ken Ristau

My Redeemer Lives - WATCH THIS GOD GLORIFYING VIDEO - YOU WILL WILL WANT TO WORSHIP OUR GREAT REDEEMER WHO IS ALIVE! If you can keep a dry eye at the 3 minute mark I will be amazed - and you'll love the end of the story! Hallelujah!

Nicole C Smith
Studies in the Book of Ruth - Background
Studies in the Book of Ruth - Ruth 1
Studies in the Book of Ruth - Ruth 2 (Boaz)
Studies in the Book of Ruth - Ruth 2-3
Studies in the Book of Ruth - Ruth 3
Studies in the Book of Ruth - Ruth 4
I Steele
The Gospel from the book of Ruth. W. T. P. Wolston

SERMONS ON
THE BOOK OF RUTH

Ruth
Ruth - Musings on Scripture
J. G. Bellet
Ruth’s Redeemer
Ruth- A Loyal Love Story
Brian Bill
The Fear Nots of the Old and New Testament Andrew Bonar
Biblical Characters, 12 - The Mother in Law - Naomi Clovis G. Chappell
Ruth: A Light in Dark Days Bob L. Deffinbaugh
Two Widows and Their God Bruce Goettsche
Ruth Sermons - most are audio only - Alistair Begg, Mark Dever, Tim Keller, et al - Over 50 sermons Gospel Coalition
Ruth - A Home Given- Where there's Faith, there's Hope Scott Grant
Christ, Our Kinsman-Redeemer - sermon S Lewis Johnson

Spurgeon's Comments on Kitto: "Then, of course, gentlemen, you will economize rigidly until you have accumulated funds to purchase Kitto’s Pictorial Bible. You mean to take that goodly freight on board before you launch upon the sea of married life. As you cannot visit the Holy Land, it is well for you that there is a work like the Pictorial Bible, in which the notes of the most observant travellers are arranged under the texts which they illustrate. For the geography, zoology, botany, and manners and customs of Palestine, this will be your counselor and guide....A work of art as well as learning."

Pictorial Bible - Ruth
Ruth 1
Ruth 2
Ruth 3
Ruth 4 - Numerous pictures of different types of ancient sandals

John Kitto
Ruth The Kinsman Redeemer John MacArthur
The Kinsman-Redeemer  - a sermon Alexander Maclaren
Ruth - The Kinsman-Redeemer Henry Mahan
Ruth 1 - Illustrations
Ruth 2 - Illustrations
Ruth 3 - Illustrations
Ruth 4 - Illustrations
Sermoncentral
Ruth Sermons - 195 sorted by "Rating" Sermoncentral
Ruth: The Romance of Redemption Ray Stedman
Discipline in the School of God: Chapter 14 - Ruth J B Stoney
Two to Get Ready: The Story of Boaz & Ruth Richard L. Strauss
Book of Ruth Overview - Insight for Living Ministries Chuck Swindoll

COMMENTARIES ON
THE BOOK OF RUTH

Ruth - God in the Lives of Ordinary People - 59 page Pdf Brett W Avants
Ruth Notes 62 page Pdf Evan Baltz
Ruth Sermon Series - God of the Ordinary - see list of sermons at bottom of page Alistair Begg
Ruth Bible Commentary by verse - combines comments from Barnes, Clarke, Keil Biblos
Ruth - Ruth's Romance of Redemption
Ruth on the Road to Redemption
Boaz the Buyer and the Bridegroom
Edward Boone

The Book of Ruth-66 pages (1874)- some well done comments

His commentary is very original, fresh, suggestive, abounding in historical examples and parables . . . The grammatical notes on The Book of Ruth . . . will be found very valuable, and this part of the work . . . will be regarded as a rich treasure. (The Evangelical Repository and United Presbyterian Review)

Paulus Cassel
Ruth: Ruth Obeys God and Finds Love (Easy English Commentary)
There is A Redeemer
Gordon Churchyard
Commentary on Ruth (also Judges, Joshua) - 649 pages (Ruth commentary begins on page 578 in Pdf) - Interesting format = while not strictly speaking verse by verse does go through the chapters by asking a series of questions and answers2) College Press
Willard W Winter
Ruth - Sermon Outlines Mark Copeland

The Book of Ruth - A Popular Exposition-184 pages
This is a most admirable little treatise, full of thought and the results of research, communicated in the most pleasant and attractive guise. Mr. Cox's gifts in the way of exposition are very marked. Few men have a greater power of giving a complete and distinctive view, unembarrassed by minor references. In his treatment of the Book of Ruth no point of interest is missed . . . There is not a dull sentence in it. (British Quarterly Review)

Samuel Cox

The Beautiful Gleaner: A Hebrew Pastoral Story. Being Familiar Expositions of the Book of Ruth - 137 pages (1872)
Mr. Braden rightly judgest that the true Gospel to men—the Lord—is that which ennobles the holiness of all relationships and of common things. He has made the Book Ruth the occasion of discoursings on the relations of family life, and the beauty of holiness of family affections, more especially of marriage. This he has done with much ingenuity, with neatness and felicity of illustration, and often with great intellectual beauty; while a gentle spirit of beautiful piety suffuses the whole. It is a very charming little book, and should be a household volume. (British Quarterly Review)

William Braden
Ruth Introduction
Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary
John Dummelow

Ruth Introduction
Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

A C Gaebelein

Ruth Introduction
Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

L M Grant

Ruth Introduction
Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Robert Hawker

Ruth the Moabitess: A Short Commentary, Critical and Expository, on the Book of Ruth 89 pages (1884) - Brief non-technical comments with a devotional flavor and with potentially helpful sections called "Hints for Lessons"  (See Example)

Alfred Leedes Hunt
Table of Contents to entire book John Angell James

Introduction

Ruth 1

Ruth 2

Ruth 3

Ruth 4

James Rosscup - "Keil, C. F. and Franz Delitzsch. Commentary on the Old Testament. 25 volumes. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1950. This is the best older, overall treatment of a critical nature on the Old Testament Hebrew text verse by verse and is a good standard work to buy. The student can buy parts or the whole of this series. Sometimes it is evangelical, at other times liberal ideas enter." (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An Annotated Bibliography of Selected Works)

Keil and Delitzsch
On Levirate Marriage in Deuteronomy 25:5-10 from Keil and Delitzsch Keil and Delitzsch
Ruth Comments William Kelly

Ruth Introduction
Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Paul E Kretzman
Lutheran Perspective

Discourses on the Book of Ruth and Other Important Subjects-389 pages (1871)
The discourses are good reading.—Charles Spurgeon

John MacGowan

Ruth The Gleaner - 74 pages (1897)
A poetic interpretation of the Book of Ruth. In five short chapters, he offers readers a simple approach to this book of the Bible, while emphasizing the book’s essential theme: love. McKean illustrates the importance of not just loving, but being loveable and winning others to Christ through it.

May Field McKean
Ruth Thru the Bible on Mp3 - complete Book
Ruth divided into 26 Mp3 files
J Vernon McGee

Ruth Introduction
Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

James Nisbet
Church Pulpit Commentary

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Peter Pett

Ruth Introduction
Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Matthew Poole

Ruth - 163 pages (1869)
This volume is a compilation of seven lectures delivered to Rev. Aubrey Price’s congregation. It analyzes the lessons and events of the book of Ruth and shows how they apply to modern-day life and experiences. Each lecture focuses on a key character in Ruth and what they represent.

Aubrey C Price
Ruth a Synoptical Study Charles J. Rolls
Ruth Henri Rossier
The Book of Ruth - Commentary Hamilton Smith
Ruth - The Romance of Redemption - some nice tables John Stevenson
Ruth sermons Rob Salvato

Home Life in Ancient Palestine- Studies in the Book of Ruth - 213 pages (1877)
Thomson's aim is to “remove its obscurities, unravel its difficulties, to state some of the many lessons of religion, morality, and prudence that are scattered over it like its own rich harvest gleanings, and to show the manifold application of these to our own circumstances and times.”

Andrew Thomson
Expository Discourses on the Book of Ruth - 107 Pages (1848) - sermon collection T N Toller

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

John Trapp

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Daniel Whedon

Ruth - Introduction, Critically-Revised Text, Critical Notes, Translation, and Explanatory Notes - 40 pages (1911)

Louis B Wolfenson

Ruth 1

Ruth 1:1
Ruth 1:2
Ruth 1:3
Ruth 1:4
Ruth 1:5

Verse by Verse
Ruth Introduction
Ruth 1 Expositional Commentary
Rubies From Ruth
William Heslop
Ruth 1 Devotionals and Illustrations
Ruth 2 Devotionals and Illustrations
Ruth 3 Devotionals and Illustrations
Ruth 4 Devotionals and Illustrations
Various Sources

Ruth 1: Some Graces Grow Best in Winter
Ruth 1-2: When Life Tastes Bitter

Derek W H Thomas
Kept By The Power Of God (gleanings from the life of Ruth)
The Clouds Ye So Much Dread (Ruth 1)
Bryn MacPhail

Ruth 1 Comments (Note - Comments on all Chapters)

John Piper

Ruth 1: Sweet and Bitter Providence

Robert Neighbour

Ruth 1 Devotional - "Ruth and Naomi"

J R Miller
Ruth 1 Exposition C H Spurgeon

Ruth 1: Mother in Law

Sermon Outline
Ruth 1 from Ruth the Gleaner William Taylor
Ruth 1 Return to Bethlehem
Ruth: A Story of Redemption -- A Study of the Book of Ruth
Bob Deffinbaugh
Ruth 1 Thomas Fuller (1865)
Ruth 1   Always For Us Our Daily Bread
Ruth 1:1-17 Ruth and Orpah Robert Neighbour
Ruth - A Loyal Love Story Brian Bill
Ruth:  A Story Of Redemption And Prophecy Jim Bomkamp
Ruth 1: Introduction
Ruth 1: Doctrine of Chastening
Ruth 1: Ruth Returning
Joe Temple

Ruth 1:1-2
Ruth 1:3-5

Selwyn Hughes

Ruth 1:1-5 The Distress and the Removal

Ruth 1:6-18 The Decision to Return

Edward Boone
Ruth 1:1-22 An Example Of A Steadfast Life
Ruth 1:1-7 Three Tombstones In A Washpot
Alan Carr
Ruth 1:1-5 Making The Wrong Decisions Leland Johnson

Ruth 1-4 The Romance of Ruth

Ruth 1-4 The Story of Ruth
Ruth 1-4 The Spiritual Meaning of Ruth

Ruth 1-4 Romans of Ruth

Ruth 1 - The Guiding Grace of God
Ruth 1 - Facing Homeward

W A Criswell
Ruth 1:1-5 Very Costly Move Don Fortner

Ruth 1 Not a Chance! Coincidences or Divine Appointment?

Robert Morgan

Ruth 1:1-10

Warren Doud

Ruth 1:1-5

Ruth 1:6-18

Don Robinson

Ruth 1:1-4: A Light Shining in a Dark Place

Steve Zeisler
Ruth 1 Albert Barnes

Ruth 1:1-22: A Tale of Two Widows

Steve Zeisler

Ruth 1:1-2:23 The Greatness of Gratitude

Steve Zeisler

Ruth 1:6-13

Selwyn Hughes

Ruth 1:6
Ruth 1:7
Ruth 1:8
Ruth 1:9
Ruth 1:10
Ruth 1:11
Ruth 1:12
Ruth 1:13

Verse by Verse
Ruth 1:6-18 Three Widows In A Washpot Alan Carr
Ruth 1:6 Good News Heard In Moab - Ruth #4
Ruth 1:6-18 Three Women
Don Fortner

Ruth 1:14
Ruth 1:15
Ruth 1:16
Ruth 1:17
Ruth 1:18

Verse by Verse
Ruth 1:14 Ruth’s Choice Don Fortner
Ruth 1:14 The Kiss of the Backslider Horatius Bonar

Ruth 1:14-18

Selwyn Hughes
Ruth 1:16 - Thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God G Campbell Morgan
Ruth 1:16-22 A Gentle Heroine, A Gentile Convert Alexander Maclaren
Ruth 1:16,17 A Woman's Choice (17 pages) from "Great Texts of the Bible" James Hastings
Ruth 1:16 Thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God. G C Morgan
Ruth 1:16: Deciding for God
Ruth 1:16:
Sermon Notes
C H Spurgeon
Ruth 1:16-17 The Power of Affection James Smith, 1856
Ruth 1:16   Committed to Serve
Ruth 1:16-17 Poisoned Well
Our Daily Bread
Ruth 1:1-16 Kept by the Power of God
The Clouds Ye So Much Dread
Bryn MacPhail
Ruth 1:16- Ruth's Resolutions Jonathan Edwards
Ruth 1:16-18 The Resolute Consecration Of True Faith Don Fortner
Ruth 1:16-17 Ruth: A Divine Love Story (click OT, then Ruth) David Holwick

Ruth 1:11-22   Ruth 2 Quiz

Warren Dodd

Ruth 1:19-22

Don Robinson

Ruth 1:19

Ruth 1:20

Ruth 1:21

Ruth 1:22

Selwyn Hughes

Ruth 1:20 If God Gave us No Thorn (1873)

John MacDuff

Ruth 1:19-21 The Damage and the Reception

Edward Boone
Ruth 1:19-22 Coming Home The Hard Way Alan Carr

Ruth 1:19-22

Verse by Verse
Ruth 1:19-22 Change And Decay All Around Me I See Don Fortner
Ruth 1:20 Comments Samuel Ridout
Ruth 1:20 Call me not Naomi, all me Mara. F B Meyer
Ruth 2-1 - Expositor's Bible Commentary Expositor's Bible Commentary
Ruth 1:22 The Beginning Of Barley Harvest Don Fortner
Ruth 1:22 Exposition C H Spurgeon

Ruth 2

Ruth 2:1
Ruth 2:2
Ruth 2:3
Ruth 2:4
Ruth 2:5
Ruth 2:6
Ruth 2:7

Verse by Verse
Goel - Our Kinsman Redeemer - In Shadow (Type) & Substance - Table On Site
Ruth 2 Expositional Commentary
Rubies From Ruth
William Heslop

Ruth 2: Under the Wings of God

John Piper
Ruth 2 - Several Messages Sermon Bible Commentary
Ruth 2 Thomas Fuller (1865)

Ruth 1-2: When Life Tastes Bitter
Ruth 2: Models of Love

Derek W H Thomas
Ruth 2 Can eHarmony Beat This? Bob Deffinbaugh

Ruth 2 Principles for Gleaners  

Sermon
Ruth 2 Israel And The Church Foreordained By God Jim Bomkamp
Ruth 2: Ruth Reaping Joe Temple

Ruth 2:1-7

Warren Dodd

Ruth 2:1-14 The Damsel and the Relationship

Edward Boone

Ruth 2:1-16: One Fine Day
Ruth 2:1-3:13: Lover's Language

Steve Zeisler
Ruth 2:1-12 Seek And Ye Shall Find Don Fortner

Ruth 2:1-23

Don Robinson
Ruth 2 Albert Barnes
Ruth 2:1-3 Searching For Grace Alan Carr

Ruth 2:1

Ruth 2:2-3

Ruth 2:3

Selwyn Hughes

Ruth 2:1-7  Ruth 3 Quiz

Ruth 2:8-14   Ruth 4 Quiz

Ruth 2:15-23   Ruth 5 Quiz

Warren Dodd
Ruth 2:3 - The Insignificant T. De Witt Talmage
Ruth 2:3 - Her hap was to light on the portion of the field belonging unto Boaz. G Campbell Morgan
Ruth 2:4 Water of Life and Other Sermons, 10 - RUTH Charles Kingsley
Ruth 2:4 A Greeting in Harvest (11 pages) from "Great Texts of the Bible" James Hastings
Ruth 2:4-9 The Congregation Of The Lord Don Fortner
Ruth 2:4-17 In The Field Of Grace Alan Carr

Ruth 2:4

Ruth 2:5-12

Selwyn Hughes

Ruth 2:8
Ruth 2:9
Ruth 2:10
Ruth 2:11
Ruth 2:12
Ruth 2:13
Ruth 2:14

Verse by Verse

Ruth 2:8-14

Warren Dodd
Ruth 2:10   Do We Truly Care
Ruth 2:12   Two Sides of Work
Our Daily Bread
Ruth 2:11-12 A Full Reward J Hudson Taylor
Ruth 2:11-12 Ruth's Piety and Reward Charles Simeon
Ruth 2:12: Reward or Cheer for Converts C H Spurgeon
Ruth 2:12 - Under God's wings J R Miller
Ruth 2:12 - Under whose wings thou art come to trust F B Meyer
Ruth 2:12 Ruth’s Reward
Ruth 2:14 Mealtime With Boaz
Don Fortner

Ruth 2:13-17

Selwyn Hughes
Ruth 2:14: Mealtime in the Cornfields C H Spurgeon

Ruth 2:17-3:13: Managing And Measuring God

Steve Zeisler

Ruth 2:15-23 The Demand and the Revelation

Edward Boone

Ruth 2:18
Ruth 2:19
Ruth 2:20
Ruth 2:21
Ruth 2:22

Ruth 2:23

Verse by Verse
Ruth 2:15 Spiritual Gleaning
Ruth 2:15-16: A Sermon for Gleaners
C H Spurgeon
Ruth 2:15-16 Handfuls Of Purpose Don Fortner

Ruth 2:15-23

Warren Dodd
Ruth 2:17-21 Good News From The Field Of Grace
Ruth 2:21-23 Abiding In The Field Of Grace
Alan Carr

Ruth 2:18-21

Ruth 2:22-23

Selwyn Hughes
Ruth 2:20 One Who Has Right To Redeem Don Fortner

Ruth 3

Ruth 3:1
Ruth 3:2
Ruth 3:3
Ruth 3:4
Ruth 3:5
Ruth 3:6
Ruth 3:7

Verse by Verse

Ruth 3: Strategic Righteousness

John Piper
Ruth 3 Expositional Commentary
Rubies From Ruth
William Heslop
Ruth 3 Preparation For Marriage:  Imminent Return Of Christ Jim Bomkamp

Ruth 3: Single Moabite Woman (Widow) Seeks Attractive Young Man: Marriage Desired

Derek W H Thomas
Ruth 3: Ruth Resting Joe Temple

Ruth 3:1-18 The Devotion and the Reward

Edward Boone
Ruth 3:1 Comments Samuel Cox

Ruth 3:1-6

Warren Dodd

Ruth 3:1-4:22: Your God Is Too Small
Ruth 3:1- 18 Sexual Attraction and Moral Choices

Steve Zeisler

Ruth 3:1-6   Ruth 6 Quiz

Ruth 3:7-11   Ruth 7 Quiz

Ruth 3:12-18   Ruth 8 Quiz

Warren Dodd
Ruth 3:1-18 Ruth Comes To Boaz Don Fortner
Ruth 3 Albert Barnes
Ruth 3 Cutting Corners: Naomi’s Under Cover Operation Bob Deffinbaugh

Ruth 3 - The Goel

W A Criswell
Ruth 3:1-2 Looking For A Little Rest
Ruth 3:3 Getting Ready To Meet The Master
Ruth 3:1-11 Finding Your Place At His Feet
Alan Carr

Ruth 3:1-18

Don Robinson

Ruth 3:1

Ruth 3:2-5

Ruth 3:8-9

Selwyn Hughes

Ruth 3:7-11

Warren Dodd

Ruth 3:8
Ruth 3:9
Ruth 3:10
Ruth 3:11
Ruth 3:12

Verse by Verse
Ruth 3:9: Christ Our Kinsman Redeemer Don Fortner
Ruth 3:9-4:12 Redeemed, Redeemed By Love Divine
Ruth 4:1-17 Redeemed! How I Love To Proclaim It! 
Alan Carr

Ruth 3:10-13

Ruth 3:14-17

Ruth 3:18

Selwyn Hughes
Ruth 3:12-13 Three Nearer Kinsmen, But Only One Redeemer Don Fortner

Ruth 3:12-18

Warren Dodd

Ruth 3:13
Ruth 3:14
Ruth 3:15
Ruth 3:16
Ruth 3:17
Ruth 3:18

Verse by Verse
Ruth 3:13 - Then will I do the part of a kinsman to thee G Campbell Morgan
Ruth 3:18 The man will not be in rest until he have finished the thing
Ruth 3:18 The Secret of a Quiet Heart
F B Meyer

Ruth 4

Ruth 4:1
Ruth 4:2
Ruth 4:3
Ruth 4:4
Ruth 4:5

Verse by Verse
Ruth 4 The Redemption and the Inheritance J. G. Bellet

Ruth 4: The Best Is Yet to Come

John Piper
Ruth 4 Expositional Commentary
Rubies From Ruth
William Heslop
Ruth 4 Redeemed Bob Deffinbaugh
Ruth 4: Ruth Rewarded
Ruth 4: Triumph in Tragedy
Joe Temple

Ruth 4: The Perfect Marriage?

Derek W H Thomas
Ruth 4 Albert Barnes

Ruth 4:1-8   Ruth 9 Quiz

Ruth 4:9-22  Ruth 10 Quiz

Warren Dodd
Leviticus 25:25 Ruth 1-4 Our Kinsman Redeemer
Ruth Our Kinsman Redeemer - Introduction
Wil Pounds

Ruth 4 - To Raise Up The Name of The Dead

W A Criswell
Ruth 4 Marriages Of Boaz And Ruth, Christ And The Church Jim Bomkamp

Ruth 4:1-8

Warren Dodd
Ruth 3:9-4:12 Redeemed, Redeemed By Love Divine
Ruth 4:1-17 Redeemed! How I Love To Proclaim It! 
Alan Carr

Ruth 4:1-12: Conspicuous Christianity

Steve Zeisler

Ruth 4:1-22 David and the Redeemer

Edward Boone
Ruth 4:1-22 Boaz Redeems Ruth Don Fortner

Ruth 4:1-22

Don Robinson

Ruth 4:1

Ruth 4:2-4

Ruth 4:5-6

Ruth 4:7-8

Ruth 4:9-10

Selwyn Hughes
Ruth 4:4-8 To Raise Up The Name Of The Dead Don Fortner

Ruth 4:6
Ruth 4:7
Ruth 4:8
Ruth 4:9
Ruth 4:10

Verse by Verse
Ruth 4:9-10 Boaz Claims Ruth- Redemption Our Daily Bread

Ruth 4:9-22

Warren Dodd
Ruth 4:10 Ruth have I purchased to be my wife. F B Meyer

Ruth 4:11-12

Ruth 4:11-12 (pt 2)

Ruth 4:13

Ruth 4:13-17

Selwyn Hughes

Ruth 4:11
Ruth 4:12
Ruth 4:13
Ruth 4:14
Ruth 4:15
Ruth 4:16

Verse by Verse
Ruth 4:13-17  Ruth: From Brokenness To Blessedness
Ruth 4:13-22 Somebody Pinch Me Please
Alan Carr

Ruth 4:13-22: The Kinsman Redeemer

Steve Zeisler

Ruth 4:18-22

Selwyn Hughes

Ruth 4:17
Ruth 4:18
Ruth 4:19
Ruth 4:20
Ruth 4:21
Ruth 4:22

Verse by Verse
Ruth 4:17 - Obed; he is the father of Jesse, the father of David G Campbell Morgan

Henry Morris

Commentary on the Book of Ruth
Scroll Down page for Notes from Defender's Study Bible

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary

Ruth 3 Commentary

Ruth 4 Commentary

Tom Nelson
Mp3 Sermon Series
Book of Ruth

1: Glory
2: Ruth the Iron Maiden: A Picture of the Elect
3: How To Know the Will of God Part I
4: How to Know the Will of God Part II
5: Our Model of Gratitude
6: What A Testimony Is Meant To Be
7: Romance of Redemption
8: The Blessing of the Redeemed

Net Bible Notes

on the Book of Ruth


Recommended: NETBible notes are in the right panel. You can also select the tab for "Constable's Notes." As you scroll the Bible text in the left panel, the notes are synchronized and will scroll to the same passage. This is a very helpful feature. Also has a nice parallel Bible feature (see Tab = "Parallel"). Select a different Bible translation (see Tab = "Bible"). Open Greek/Hebrew tab. Mouse over shows corresponding English word and has short definition at bottom of right panel.

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary

Ruth 3 Commentary

Ruth 4 Commentary

James Nisbet's Church Pulpit Commentary

Book of Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary

Ruth 3 Commentary

Ruth 4 Commentary

Our Daily Bread
Devotional Illustrations  on Ruth
See also on site posts of Our Daily Bread on Ruth

Ruth 1 Always For Us

Ruth 1:14
Ruth 1:16-17 - Poisoned Well

Ruth 1:1-13 Always For Us

Ruth 1:16 Committed To Serve
Ruth 1:15-22 Managing The Mess
Ruth 1:16 Johnstown Flood
Ruth 1:16-17 Poisoned Well
Ruth 1:16 Choices

 

Ruth 2:1-12 A Mere Happening?
Ruth 2:1-12 Safety Zone

Ruth 2:1-13a Do We Truly Care?
Ruth 2:11-23 Unexpected Blessing
Ruth 2:12   Two Sides of Work

Ruth 2:13-20 Take Notice

Ruth 2:14-20 The Giving Kind
Ruth 2:20 The Giving Kind

Ruth 2:20 Surprised by God

 

Ruth 3:1 The Romance


Ruth 4:9-10 Boaz Claims Ruth- Redemption
Ruth 4:13-22 Compete or Converge
Ruth 4:14 Naomi
Ruth 4:14a Life on Level One
Ruth 4:15 Unexpected Blessing

Joseph Parker
The People's Bible
Ruth

Joseph Parker - People's Bible - Rosscup: This work, later called Preaching Through the Bible (Baker Book House), is rich in its applications and exhortations, though often not particularly helpful for the reader who is looking for exposition that stays right with the text. Treatment of the texts is sermonic. (Commentaries for Biblical Expositors: An annotated bibliography of selected works)

Ruth 1 Annotated
Ruth 2 Annotated
Ruth 3 Annotated
Ruth 4 Annotated

Pastor Life
Sermons
Book of Ruth

Ruth - Introduction Ruth 1 Ruth Donald Cantrell
God of our Mothers Ruth 1:1-12 Mother; Women; Ruth David E. Owen
Facing Danger in Moab Ruth 1:1-5 Backsliding Donald Cantrell
Desertion in Moving to Moab Ruth 1:1-5 Backsliding; Disobedience; Worldliness Donald Cantrell
Depression in Naming a Name Ruth 1:19-22 Decisions; Will, God's Donald Cantrell
Desperation in Facing their Funerals Ruth 1:6-18 Death; Bereavement; Commitment Donald Cantrell
Landing in the Right Fold Ruth 2:10-23 God, Hand of; Will of God Donald Cantrell
Looking for the Right Field Ruth 2:1-9 Will of God; God, Leadership of; Purpose Donald Cantrell
The Mighty Boaz That Supplied Redemption Ruth 3:10-18 Redemption; Salvation, Price of; Boaz Donald Cantrell
The Moabitesh Beauty That Sought Redemption Ruth 3:1-9 Seeker; Redemption Donald Cantrell
The Big Finish of Boaz Ruth 4:1-13 Redeemer, Kinsman; Salvation, Price of Donald Cantrell
The Bright Future of Bethlehem Ruth 4:14-22 Heritage; Family, Christian Donald Cantrell
True Love Awaits Ruth 4:9 Love; Redeemer, Kinsman; Salvation Steve Wagers

Arthur Peake
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Peter Pett
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

John Piper
Sermons on Ruth

Ruth 1: Sweet and Bitter Providence
Ruth 2: Under the Wings of God

Ruth 3: Strategic Righteousness

Ruth 4: The Best Is Yet to Come

Matthew Poole
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Precept Ministry International
Ruth
Ruth Kinsman Redeemer - 
Lesson 1 of the inductive Bible Study

(recommended)

MS Word Documents - Lectures on Ruth
Lecture 1 - Darkness, Followed by Light - Kay Arthur
Lecture 2 - Belonging to a Kinsman-Redeemer - Kay Arthur
Lecture 3 - A Blood Avenger - Kay Arthur
Kinsman Redeemer, Part 1 (from lectures on the Revelation)
Kinsman Redeemer, Part 2 (from lectures on the Revelation)

Material below is from the Louisiana Precept affiliate
Key Word Bookmark
Lesson Plan (7 week)

Lesson One - The Setting of Ruth,  Understanding "Redeemer", Promise of "Redemption"
Cross-References
1-A  Cousins in the Middle East

1-A  RUTH  Overview
1-B  Definitions of Hebrew Words
1-B  Research the Meaning of a Word
1-C  Family Tree of Ruth
1-C  RUTH At-A-Glance

Lesson Two - Redemption-OT; Redemption-NT
Cross-References
2-A  OT Laws of Redemption
2-A  Feasts of Israel
2-A  SONG-Jubilee
2-B   NT Redemption
2-B  Crucifixion
2-B  HYMN-Redeemed, My Redeemer

Lesson Three - Redemption- 2nd Coming; Blood Avenger (OT & NT)
Cross-References

3-A  Final Redemption
3-A  Why Christians Should Study Prophecy
3-A Those Who Dwell on the Earth
3-B  Blood Avenger
3-B  Cities of Refuge
3-B  MAP-Highway of Holiness

Preacher's Homiletical Commentary
Ruth
Walter Baxendale
Excellent Resource
1892
Preface
Introduction

Index of Subjects
Table of Homiletical Themes by Chapter and Verse
List of Authors Consulted

Ruth 1 Critical and Exegetical Notes
Scroll Down the preceding link for homilies below
Ruth 1:1 The Famine and Exile
Ruth 1:1 The Beginning of Sorrows
Ruth 1:1 The Departure from Home
Ruth 1:1 Family Changes
Ruth 1:2 Man Proposing, God Disposing
Ruth 1:2 The Sojourn in Moab
Ruth 1:3 The First Breach in the Family Circle
Ruth 1:3 And She Was Left with her two sons
Ruth 1:4 Marriage in Moab
Ruth 1:5 The Second Great Bereavement
Ruth 1:6 The Awakening in Moab
Ruth 1:7 The Homeward Pilgrimage
Ruth 1:8 The First Trial of Affection
Ruth 1:8-9 A Benediction and a Valediction
Ruth 1:9 And they lifted up their voices and wept
Ruth 1:10 The Promising Commencement
Ruth 1:11-13 The Second Trial of Affection
Ruth 1:8-9 A Benediction and a Valediction
Ruth 1:9 And they lifted up their voices and wept
Ruth 1:10 The Promising Commencement
Ruth 1:13 Resignation in Suffering
Ruth 1:14 The Crisis and the Contrast Once Again
Ruth 1:14 The Failure of a Merely Earthly Affection
Ruth 1:14 Orpah or the Mere Professor
Ruth 1:14 The Constancy of a Divinely Kindled Love
Ruth 1:15 The Third and Last Trial of Affection
Ruth 1:16-17 Sacred Moments and Solemn Vows
Ruth 1:16-17 The Choice of Youth
Ruth 1:19 Steadfast-Mindedness
Ruth 1:19 Companionship in Progress
Ruth 1:19 A City in Astonishment
Ruth 1:20 Spiritual Despondency and Depression
Ruth 1:21 Painful Remembrances
Ruth 1:22 The Wanderer Home Again

 

Ruth 2 Critical and Exegetical Notes
Scroll Down the preceding link for homilies below

Ruth 2:1 The Claims of the Weak Upon the Strong
Ruth 2:2 Humble Toil...
Ruth 2:3 Seeming Chances, Real Providences
Ruth 2:3 The Gleaner
Ruth 2:4 The Right Relationship Between Masters and Servants
Ruth 2:5-7 Attention to the Stranger at the Gate
Ruth 2:5-7 Introduction to a Future Wife
Ruth 2:8-9 Care for the Stranger at the Gate
Ruth 2:10 The Lowly Attitude of a Grateful Heart
Ruth 2:11 The Second Gracious Approval
Ruth 2:12 The Recompense of Reward
Ruth 2:12 The Wings of the Almighty
Ruth 2:12 The Sheltering Wing
Ruth 2:12 The Habit of Holy Communion
Ruth 2:13 The Heart Realizing a Ministry of Love
Ruth 2:13 The Outward Proof of Divine Reward
Ruth 2:14 Provision for the Stranger at the Gate
Ruth 2:15-16 Liberal Giving, Like God's
Ruth 2:17 Labor Until the Evening
Ruth 2:18 The Bread-Winner and Her Precious Burden
Ruth 2:19 Home Confidences, Mutual Confessions, and Enquiries
Ruth 2:20 Kindness to the Living and the Dead
Ruth 2:20, 21 Kinship the Ground of Redemption
Ruth 2:22 Constancy at Home and Abroad

 

Ruth 3:1-6 Critical and Exegetical Notes
Scroll Down the preceding link for homilies below

Ruth 3:1 One Seeking Rest for Another
Ruth 3:2-4 An Important Reminder
Ruth 3:5-6 Obedience in Innocence
Ruth 3:7-14 A Delicate Mission Defended
Ruth 3:9 A Cry for Shelter and a Claim for Help
Ruth 3:10, 11 Virtue Recognized and Blessed
Ruth 3:12-13 Care for the Claims of Others
Ruth 3:14 Caring for a Good Name
Ruth 3:18 Rest in Ourselves and Rest in Another

 

Ruth 4:1-10 Critical and Exegetical Notes
Scroll Down the preceding link for homilies below
Ruth 4:1-5 Friends in Council
Ruth 4:6 A Shortsighted Policy and its Merited Oblivion
Ruth 4:9 The Kinsman Redeemer
Ruth 4:10 The Bridegroom Redeemer
Ruth 4:11-13 Prayers for Posterity and Prosperity
Ruth 4:11 Manliness, its Fit and Proper Sphere
Ruth 4:14-15 Congratulations and Good Wishes
Ruth 4:15-16 Youth and Age
Ruth 4:19-22 Links in the Chain Christward

Pulpit Commentary
on Ruth
Edited by H D M Spence and Joseph Exell
Introduction
Ruth Homiletic Index

Ruth 1:1-5 Exposition (scroll down for homilies or see alternate source below)
Ruth 1:1-5 The Emigrants and their Trials
Ruth 1 On the Book of Ruth
Ruth 1:1 In the Days When the Judges Ruled
Ruth 1:1 There Was a Famine in the Land
Ruth 1:1-2 A Family of Bethlehem
Ruth 1:1-2 Famine and Impoverishment
Ruth 1:1-2 Emigration

Ruth 1:3 Widowhood
Ruth 1:4 Marriage
Ruth 1:4-5 A Foreign Land
Ruth 1:5 Double Desolation

Ruth 1:6-14 Exposition (scroll down for homilies or see alternate source below)
Ruth 1:6-14 Longing for the Old Home
Ruth 1:6-7 Home Returning
Ruth 1:8 Benedictions
Ruth 1:8 As You Have Dealt With the Dead and Me
Ruth 1:8 Kindness

Ruth 1:15-22 Exposition (scroll down for homilies or see alternate source below)
Ruth 1:15-22 Devoted Attachment

Ruth 1:16-18 Constancy
Ruth 1:16-17 Entreat Me Not to Leave Thee
Ruth 1:18 Moral Steadfastness
Ruth 1:19 So They Went Till They Came to Bethlehem
Ruth 1:19 Never Seemed There a Sadder Contrast
Ruth 1:19-21 Heart Wounds Reopened
Ruth 1:21 I Went Out Full
Ruth 1:22, 2:1-3 Naomi's History...

 

Ruth 2:1-9 Exposition (scroll down for homilies or see alternate source below)
Ruth 2:1-9 The Harvest Field
Ruth 2:3, 1:22 The Gleaner
Ruth 2:3 Her Hap
Ruth 2:4 Salutations
Ruth 2:4 The Lord be with You
Ruth 2:5-14 Filial Piety and Fidelity Recognized and Recompensed
Ruth 2:7 I Pray Thee Let Me Glean

Ruth 2:10-17 Exposition (scroll down for homilies or see alternate source below)
Ruth 2:10 I Am a Stranger
Ruth 2:10-17 The Harvest Field Again
Ruth 2:12-13 The Lord Recompense Thy Work...
Ruth 2:15-17 Liberality to the Poor

Ruth 2:18-23 Exposition (scroll down for homilies or see alternate source below)
Ruth 2:18-23 Home From the Harvest Field

Ruth 2:20 Kindred and Kindness
Ruth 2:20 Who Hath Not Left His Kindness


Ruth 3:1-18 Exposition (scroll down for homilies or see alternate source below)
Ruth 3:1-18 Naomi's Maternal Solicitude
Ruth 3:1-18 Naomi's Solicitude
Ruth 3:1 Marriage and a Woman's Rest
Ruth 3:1 Thoughtful Love
Ruth 3:2 The Work of Winnowing
Ruth 3:2 Diligence in Business
Ruth 3:5-6 Filial Obedience
Ruth 3:7 The Joy of Harvest
Ruth 3:10 Benediction
Ruth 3:11 A Virtuous Woman
Ruth 3:11 Above Rubies
Ruth 3:12 Woman's Influence
Ruth 3:12-13 Respect for Other's Rights

Ruth 3:15-17 Generosity
Ruth 3:18 Sit Still!


Ruth 4:1-22 Exposition (scroll down for homilies or see alternate source below)
Ruth 4:1-2 A Primitive Council
Ruth 4:1-12 The Bridal of Boaz and Ruth
Ruth 4:3-8 The Goel
Ruth 4:4-6 Our Own Inheritance
Ruth 4:9-11 Honorable Conduct Honorably Witnessed
Ruth 4:10 The Name of the Dead
Ruth 4:11-12 Good Wishes
Ruth 4:13 The Birth of a Son
Ruth 4:13 The Birth Hour
Ruth 4:13-22 Little Obed
Ruth 4:14-17 The Benevolent Happiness of Old Age
Ruth 4:18-22 The Lineage of David

Ruth 4:1-22 Homilies

Robert Rayburn
Sermons on the
Book of Ruth

Ruth 1:1-22 Studies in Ruth No. 1

Ruth 2:1-23 Studies in Ruth No. 2

Ruth 3:1-18 Studies in Ruth No. 3

Ruth 4:1-22 Studies in Ruth No. 4

 

Ruth 1:1-22 Foolish Faith from Implausible Places

Ruth 2:1-23 Beyond Duty

Ruth 3:1-18 The Nature of a Redeemer

Ruth 4:1-22 Mrs. Bitter, the Mother of Kings

Grant Richison
Verse by Verse Commentary on Ruth

Ruth Introduction
Ruth 1:1
Ruth 1:2-5
Ruth 1:6-10
Ruth 1:11-18
Ruth 1:19-22

 

Ruth 2:1-3
Ruth 2:4-7
Ruth 2:8-10
Ruth 2:11-13
Ruth 2:14-17
Ruth 2:18-20

Ruth 2:21-23
Ruth 3:1-2
Ruth 3:3-7
Ruth 3:8-11
Ruth 3:12-13
Ruth 3:14-18

 
Ruth 4:1-6
Ruth 4:7-8
Ruth 4:9-12
Ruth 4:13-17

Ruth 4:18-22

Don Robinson
Studies in Ruth

Ruth 1:1-5

Ruth 1:6-18

Ruth 1:19-22

Ruth 2:1-23

Ruth 3:1-18

Ruth 4:1-22

Sermons Verse by Verse
Sermons on Ruth

Note: The links below are to the first verse in each chapter. Click the arrow to go to the next set of sermons. These are from the Biblical Illustrator.

Ruth 1 Sermons
Ruth 2 Sermons

Ruth 3 Sermons
Ruth 4 Sermons

Sermon Bible Commentary
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary

Speaker's Commentary
on Ruth

Introduction
Ruth 1:1-5 Commentary

Ruth 1:6-14 Commentary

Ruth 1:15-21Commentary

Ruth 1:22 Commentary
Ruth 2:1-6 Commentary
Ruth 2:7-12 Commentary

Ruth 2:13-17Commentary

Ruth 2:18-23 Commentary
Ruth 3:1 Commentary

Ruth 3:2-10 Commentary
Ruth 3:12-17 Commentary
Ruth 4:1-4 Commentary

Ruth 4:5-7 Commentary

Ruth 4:8-11Commentary

Ruth 4:12-17 Commentary

Ruth 4:18-21 Commentary

Charles Simeon
Sermons on Ruth

NOTE: If you are not familiar with the great saint Charles Simeon see Dr John Piper's discussion of Simeon's life - you will want to read Simeon's sermons after meeting him! - click Brothers We Must Not Mind a Little Suffering (Mp3 even better)

Ruth 1:15-17 The Character of Ruth
Ruth 1:19 The Changes Made by Time and Circumstances
Ruth 2:4 Boaz and His Reapers
Ruth 2:11-12 Ruth's Piety and Reward

Chuck Smith
Ruth Commentary

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Thru the Bible Series (C2000) audio corresponding to commentary above
 

Ruth 1:16,17; 2:12 Redemption

Ruth 2:12 Notes

Ruth 3:9 Goel

Ruth 3:9 My Redeemer

Ruth 3:18 Waiting on God

C. H. Spurgeon
All His Sermons on Ruth

Ruth 1:16: Deciding for God
Ruth 1:16 Sermon Notes
Ruth 2:12: Reward or Cheer for Converts
Ruth 2:14: Mealtime in the Cornfields
Ruth 2:15 Spiritual Gleaning
Ruth 2:15-16: A Sermon for Gleaners

Ruth 1 Commentary

C. H. Spurgeon
Devotionals on Ruth
Morning and Evening

Ruth 1:14: Cleaving with a Whole Heart
Ruth 2:2: Gleaning God's Field of Promises
Ruth 2:3: Not By Accident
Ruth 2:14: Satisfied
Ruth 2:17: Gleaning in God's Field

John Stevenson
Ruth - Sermons

Ruth - The Romance of Redemption
Ruth 1:1-18. The Exodus of Naomi: A Study in Leaving and Cleaving.
Ruth 1:19-22. Bitterness and the Dawn of Restoration.
Ruth 2:1-3. Poverty, Promise and Provision.
Ruth 2:1-16. Received by the Redeemer.
Ruth 2:17-23. This Man is Our Relative.
Ruth 3:1-6. Shall I not Seek Security for You?
Ruth 3:6-18. The Covering.
Ruth 4:1-6. Other Redeemers: Dealing with Alternatives to the Lord.
Ruth 4:12. Three Women who Built the House.
Ruth 4:13. Two Become One Become Three.
Ruth 4:17-22. The Big Picture.

Joseph Sutcliffe
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Joe Temple
Sermons on Ruth
Abilene Bible Church

Ruth 1: Introduction
Ruth 1: Doctrine of Chastening
Ruth 1: Ruth Returning

Ruth 2 :Ruth Reaping
Ruth 3: Ruth Resting
Ruth 4: Ruth Rewarded
Ruth 4: Triumph in Tragedy


Related Topics

The Kinsman Redeemer - Part I
The Kinsman Redeemer - Part II
The Kinsman Redeemer - Part III

The Ability to Redeem - Part I
The Ability to Redeem - Part II
Prophecy in Type

Elimelech in Moab - Israel in the World

Elimelech's Family Tribulation

God's Program for This Age

Derek Thomas
Sermons on Ruth

Ruth 1:1-23 Some Graces Grow Best in Winter

Ruth 1:1-2:23 When Life Tastes Bitter

Ruth 2:1-23 Models of Love

Ruth 3:1-18  Single Moabite Woman (Widow) Seeks Attractive Young Man- Marriage Desired

Ruth 4:1-22 The Perfect Marriage

Geoff Thomas
Sermons on Ruth
Alfred Place Baptist Church

Ruth 1:1-15  Blind unbelief is sure to err
Ruth 1:16-18 The great commitment of Ruth
Ruth 1:19-2:3 New problems bring new grace
Ruth 2:14-20 The nature of a Christian businessman
Ruth 3:7 Boaz: A portrait of a Christian businessman
Ruth 3:1-5 May Boaz and Ruth marry?
Ruth 4:1-13 Boaz and Ruth are wed

Third Millennium
Resources on Ruth

Outline & References

Structural Outline

References and Related Resources

 

Notes on the Text

Ruth 1

Naomi's Bitterness and Emptiness - Ruth 1:1-22

Naomi in Moab - Ruth 1:1-5

Naomi and Daughters-in-law Set Out - Ruth 1:6-7

Daughters-in-law Make Choices - Ruth 1:8-18

Naomi and Ruth Travel Toward Bethlehem - Judge 1:19

Naomi With Ruth in Bethlehem - Judges 1:19-22

 

Ruth 2

Ruth Discovers Her Kinsman-Redeemer - Ruth 2:1-23

Ruth Goes From Home to Work in the Field - Ruth 2:1-3

Boaz Inquires of His Men About Ruth - Ruth 2:4-7

Boaz Gives Protection and Blessing to Ruth - Ruth 2:8-14

Boaz Instructs His Men About Ruth - Ruth 2:15-16

Ruth Returns Home From Working in the Field - Ruth 2:17-23

 

Ruth 3

Boaz Promises Ruth a Kinsman-Redeemer - Ruth 3:1-18

Ruth Goes From Home to the Threshing Floor - Ruth 3:1-6

Ruth Meets Boaz at the Threshing Floor - Ruth 3:7

Ruth Requests a Kinsman-Redeemer and Boaz Commits - Ruth 3:8-13

Ruth Receives a Gift From Boaz - Ruth 3:14-15

Ruth Returns Home From the Threshing Floor - Ruth 3:16-18

 

Ruth 4

Boaz Becomes Ruth's Kinsman-Redeemer - Ruth 4:1-12

Boaz Clears the Way to Become Ruth's Kinsman-Redeemer - Ruth 4:1-8

Boaz Publicly Announces His Commitment to Ruth - Ruth 4:9-10

Boaz Is Blessed as Ruth's Kinsman-Redeemer - Ruth 4:11-12

Naomi's Blessing - Ruth 4:13-17

Boaz and Ruth Have a Son - Ruth 4:13

Naomi Blessed by the Son - Ruth 4:14-17

Boaz and Ruth Name the Son - Ruth 4:17

Genealogical Appendix - Ruth 4:18-22

T N Toler
Expository Discourses on
The Book of Ruth
1848

Preface by Walter Scott
Ruth 1 Sermon 1

Ruth 2 Sermon 2
Ruth 3 Sermon 3

Ruth 4 Sermon 4

John Trapp
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

R A Watson
The Expositor's Bible Commentary
Ruth Commentary
(1900)

Ruth 1:1-13 Naomi's Burden
Ruth 1:14-19 The Parting of the Ways
Ruth 1:19-2:23 In the Field of Boaz
Ruth 2 In the Field of Boaz

Ruth 3 The Hazardous Plan
Ruth 4 The Marriage at the Gate

Today in the Word
Devotionals on Ruth
Moody Bible Institute

Ruth 1-2

Ruth 1:1-22

Ruth 1:1-18; 2:1-9; 3:1-11; 4:1-12

Ruth 1:15-22

Ruth 1:1-18; 2:1-9
Ruth 1:1-22
Ruth 1:1-22

Ruth 1:1-2:23

Ruth 2:1-23
Ruth 2:1-13

Ruth 2:1-16; 4:1-13
Ruth 2:1-23
Ruth 3:1-18

Ruth 3:1-18
Ruth 4:13-17
Ruth 4:1-22
Ruth 4:1-22
Ruth 4:1-21

Paul Van Gorder
on Ruth
The Old Testament Presents...
Reflections of Christ

RUTH

The book of Ruth provides a postscript to the Judges. The story occurred during this time of strife and bloodshed. A famine swept through the land. Even Bethlehem, the most fertile of places, was affected. This beautiful narrative, involving a family, is a graphic picture of the gospel story-- the redemption provided in Christ Jesus.
 

OUTLINE OF THE BOOK--
Chapter 1:
.
.
The family, having left the ''house of bread,'' is in a far country.
They long to return. 
Two words characterize chapter 1-- yearning and returning.
Chapter 2: Ruth is in a field, seeking and serving.
Chapter 3: Ruth is at the door. She has been received.
Chapter 4:
.
What better place could Ruth be, than within the house,
chosen and rewarded?
THE NAMES IN RUTH--

Old Testament names often have great significance. The Hebrew language puts much importance upon names, both those of men and those of God. Following are the principal characters of Ruth and the meanings of their names. For further study, associate the meanings with the story and note the typology.

Elimelech... ''My God is King''
Bethlehem.. ''House of Bread''
Moab......... ''Under the Curse''
Naomi....... [''Pleasant'']
Mahlon..... ''Sick''
Chilion...... ''Pining''
Orpah....... ''Fawn''
Ruth........... ''Friendship,'' or ''Beauty''
Mara.......... ''Bitter''
Boaz......... ''Strength''
Let us now turn to a study of the typical teaching of this tender Old Testament story.
 
I. RUTH: A Portrayal of the Believing Sinner--

Ruth was a Moabitess, not an Israelite. God had commanded, ''[A] Moabite shall not enter into the congregation of the Lord'' (Dt 23:3). Moabites were cut off from the covenant relationship Israel had with God. This is also the position of Gentiles by nature, and it describes us before we were saved by grace. Paul wrote, ''That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world'' (Eph 2:12). Moab was under the curse of God.
 

II. RUTH: A Picture of Christian Experience--
Review the brief chapter outline with the following scriptural corroboration in mind:

Ruth Deciding (Ruth 1).Poignant words of Ruth to Naomi appear in verse 16, ''Entreat me not to leave thee, or to turn away from following thee; for where thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people shall be my people, and thy God, my God.'' This is like the believing sinner's experience as stated in Romans 10:9,10, ''That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised Him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.''

Ruth Serving (Ruth 2).- Ruth went out into the field to glean ears of grain. Having made her decision to go with the people of God to Bethlehem, the ''house of bread,'' she now takes the place of service. Romans 6:22 says, ''But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life.'' The apostle Paul declared to the believers at Corinth, ''For we preach not ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord, and ourselves your servants for Jesus' sake'' (2Cor 4;5).

Ruth Resting (Ruth 3). - What a beautiful scene! Ruth lay at the feet of Boaz, as was the Eastern custom. She was assured that he would do for her all that she needed. We read in Hebrews 4:10, ''For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his works, as God did from His.''

Ruth Rewarded (Ruth 4) What an amazing story of grace! Boaz took Ruth unto himself as his wife, but when he did, all the inheritance he had purchased became hers. From that precious union came children and much blessing. The New Testament picture? ''Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly places in Christ, according as He hath chosen us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him, in love'' (Eph 1:3,4).

 
III. RUTH: A Portrait of the Fullness of Redemption--
Three great words may be placed over this brief Old Testament story: Pardoned! Purchased! Placed!

Naomi's words to Ruth are striking. ''Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall; for the man will not be in rest, until he have finished the thing this day'' (Ruth 3:18).

Every Christian has this assurance from God's Word: ''Being confident of this very thing, that He who hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ'' (Php 1:6). Ruth already had some measures of barley that were proof and pledge of the fullness that was to come.
 

IV. NAOMI: An Example of Comfort for Backslidden Saints--

The author of Hebrews said, ''Whom the Lord loveth He chasteneth'' [Heb 12:6]. Naomi, who with her family had gone into the far country away from the ''house of bread,'' comes home, driven by loneliness and hunger. ''She had heard in the country of Moab how the Lord had visited His people in giving them food'' (Ruth 1:6). We are told that ''they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest'' (Ruth 1:22). In the far country, she had lost her husband in death. Her two sons became ill and died. How often God allows heartache, tragedy, and trouble to beset the path of His children who have strayed! He uses chastisement to bring them back to Himself.
 

V. BOAZ: Picture of Christ, our Kinsman-Redeemer--

It helps to become thoroughly familiar with the principles that were applied when Boaz redeemed the land that had belonged to Elimelech and restored it to Naomi and Ruth. I suggest that you read carefully the ''law of the kinsman-redeemer'' as stated in Leviticus 25. 
The following observations are significant:

  1. Kinsman-redemption involved both person and inheritance. - The levitical law stated, ''After he is sold he may be redeemed again; one of his brethren may redeem him'' (Lev 25:48). We read tremendous news in Galatians 4:4,5, ''But, when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth His Son, made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.'' Boaz redeemed the parcel of land so that he might restore it to Naomi. He also removed all of the encumbrances that were necessarily upon her and Ruth.

  2. The redeemer had to be a relative. - ''Any that is near of kin unto him of his family may redeem him'' (Lev 25:49). The Lord Jesus took our nature upon Himself to redeem us. Although He is called ''the last Adam'' [1Cor 15:45], He was not tainted by Adam's transgression in any way. He had no sin in Himself, for He was ''holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners'' (Heb 7:26). Yet, He ''made Himself of no reputation, and took upon Him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men'' (Php 2:7).

  3. The redeemer had to be able to redeem. - The law not only required the redemption of the property but also included the obligation to raise up seed to the deceased. As the kinsman-redeemer, Boaz was not only to buy back the property, but he was also to take Ruth as his wife so that she might bear children. In Ruth's case, the first one in line to do this was unable to redeem. [But Boaz, whose name means 'strength,' was able. In our case, the first Adam could not redeem us.] But there is One! ''Their Redeemer is strong, the Lord of hosts is His name'' (Jer 50:34). Here is what our great Kinsman-Redeemer said in John 10:11, ''I am the good shepherd; the good shepherd giveth His life for the sheep.'' Look also at Jn 10:18, ''No man taketh it from Me, but I lay it down of Myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again.'' Our Redeemer is able to redeem!

  4. The kinsman-redeemer had to pay the price in full.
  5. ''Free from the law, O happy condition;
    Jesus has died and there is remission.
    Cursed by the law and bruised by the fall,
    Christ has redeemed us, once for all!''
We can only skim the surface [in this brief overview]. Christ is seen prominently in the book of Ruth as the Kinsman-Redeemer. In the words of one biblical commentator, ''Add a Ruth postscript to the living epistle of your life; make Jesus your Lord, and rest in Him.''

[By God's grace, Ruth became a link in the line through which our Kinsman-Redeemer entered the world (Ruth 4:13-22; Mat 1:1-6).]

Daniel Whedon
Commentary on Ruth

Ruth 1 Commentary
Ruth 2 Commentary
Ruth 3 Commentary
Ruth 4 Commentary

Steve Zeisler
Sermons on Ruth
Peninsula Bible Church

Ruth 1:1-4: A Light Shining in a Dark Place
Ruth 1:1-2:23 The Greatness of Gratitude

Ruth 1:1-22: A Tale of Two Widows

 

Ruth 2:1-16: One Fine Day
Ruth 2:17-3:13: Managing And Measuring God
Ruth 2:1-3:13: Lover's Language

 

Ruth 3:1-4:22: Your God Is Too Small
Ruth 3:1- 18 Sexual Attraction and Moral Choices

 

Ruth 4:1-12: Conspicuous Christianity

Ruth 4:13-22: The Kinsman Redeemer

Ruth 4:13-22: The Kinsman Redeemer
 

SEE ALSO
Ruth 1:1-2:17 Fellow Heirs Of The Life -- Part I
Ruth 3-4 Fellow Heirs Of The Grace Of Life -- Part 2

 

Before you "go to the commentaries" go to the Scriptures and study them inductively (Click here for 3 part overview of how to do Inductive Bible Study) in dependence on your Teacher, the Holy Spirit, Who Jesus promised would guide us into all the truth (John 16:13). Remember that Scripture is always the best commentary on Scripture. Any commentary, even those by the most conservative and orthodox teacher/preachers cannot help but have at least some bias of the expositor based upon his training and experience. Therefore the inclusion of specific links does not indicate that we agree with every comment. We have made a sincere effort to select only the most conservative, "bibliocentric" commentaries. Should you discover some commentary or sermon you feel may not be orthodox, please email your concern. I have removed several links in response to concerns by discerning readers. I recommend that your priority be a steady intake of solid Biblical food so that with practice you will have your spiritual senses trained to discern good from evil (Heb 5:14-note).


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Last Updated February 21, 2015

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